Historical Events for Year 1791
Events 1 - 43 of 43
Jan 2nd - Big Bottom massacre in the Ohio Country, marking the beginning of the Northwest Indian War.
Feb 17th - Messier catalogs M83 (spiral galaxy in Hydra)
Feb 25th - 1st Bank of US chartered
Mar 2nd - Long-distance communication speeds up with the unveiling of a semaphore machine in Paris.
Mar 3rd - 1st US internal revenue act (taxing distilled spirits & carriages)
Mar 3rd - Congress establishes US Mint
Mar 4th - 1st Jewish member of US Congress, Israel Jacobs (PA), takes office
Mar 4th - Pres Washington calls the US Senate into its 1st special session
Mar 4th - Vermont admitted as 14th state (1st addition to the 13 colonies)
Mar 10th - John Stone, Concord, Mass, patents a pile driver
Mar 10th - Pope condemns France's Civil Constitution of the clergy
Mar 11th - Samuel Mulliken, Phila, is 1st to obtain more than 1 US patent
Mar 21st - Capt Hopley Yeaton of NH becomes 1st commissioned officer in USN
May 3rd - The Constitution of May 3 (the first modern constitution in Europe) is proclaimed by the Sejm of Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth.
May 15th - Maximilien Robespierre proposes the Self-denying Ordinance.
Jun 20th - King Louis XVI caught trying to escape French Revolution
Jun 21st - Fleeing French King Louis XVI & family captured at Varennes-en-Argonne
Jul 5th - Jose Maria Narvaez discovers Point Grey (now Vancouver BC)
Jul 14th - The Priestley Riots drive Joseph Priestley, a supporter of the French Revolution, out of Birmingham, England.
Jul 17th - Members of the French National Guard under the command of General Lafayette open fire on a crowd of radical Jacobins at the Champ de Mars, Paris, during the French Revolution, killing as many as 50 people.
Aug 2nd - Samuel Briggs & his son, patent nail-making machine
Aug 4th - The Treaty of Sistova is signed, ending the Ottoman-Habsburg wars.
Mathematician, Astronomer and Almanac Author Benjamin Banneker Aug 19th - Benjamin Banneker published his 1st Almanac
Facsimile of the engrossed copy of the United States Declaration of Independence Aug 19th - Benjamin Banneker writes a letter to the Secretary of State Thomas Jefferson using language from the "United States Declaration of Independence" to criticize Jefferson's pro-slavery stance and to request justice for African Americans
Aug 22nd - Haitian Slave Revolution begins under voodoo priest Boukman
Aug 26th - John Fitch granted US patent for his working steamboat
Aug 30th - HMS Pandora sank after running aground on a reef the previous day, on her return from her search for the Bounty and the mutineers who had taken her
3rd US President Thomas Jefferson Aug 30th - Thomas Jefferson responds to Benjamin Banneker's letter on the issue of slavery
Sep 3rd - French Constitution passed by French National Assembly
Sep 6th - Mozart's opera "La Clemenza di Tito" premieres in Prague
Sep 13th - France's King Louis XVI accepts constitution
Sep 30th - Mozart's opera "Magic Flute" premieres in Vienna
Sep 30th - The National Constituent Assembly in Paris is dissolved; Parisians hail Maximilien Robespierre and Jérôme Pétion as incorruptible patriots.
Oct 1st - 1st session of new French legislative assembly
Nov 3rd - Battle at Wabash: indians assault general St Clair/killed 637 soldiers
Nov 15th - 1st Catholic college in US, Georgetown, opens
Nov 21st - Colonel Napoléon Bonaparte is promoted to full general and appointed Commander-in-Chief of the Armies of the French Republic.
French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte Nov 29th - Chatham Islands sighted by HMS Chatham commanded by William Broughton
Dec 4th - Britain's Observer, oldest Sunday newspaper in the world, first published
Dec 12th - Bank of US opens
Dec 15th - 1st US law school established at University of Pennsylvania
Dec 15th - US Bill of Rights ratified when Virginia gives its approval. Becomes amendments 1-10 of the US constitution
Dec 17th - NYC traffic regulation creates 1st 1-way street