Historical Events for Year 1809
Events 1 - 42 of 42
Jan 1st - Holland Brigade under brig gen Chasse reaches Madrid
Jan 5th - Treaty of Dardanelles concluded between Britain & France
Jan 12th - British take Cayenne (French Guiana) from French (until 1814)
Jan 16th - Peninsular War: The British defeat the French at the Battle of Corunna
Jan 20th - 1st US geology book published by William Maclure
Feb 1st - Dutch King Louis Napoleon accepts metric system
Feb 3rd - Territory of Illinois organizes (including present-day Wisconsin)
Feb 8th - Franz I of Austria declares war on France
Feb 11th - Robert Fulton patents steamboat
Feb 13th - French take Saragossa, Spain after a long siege
Feb 20th - Supreme Court rules federal government power greater than any state
Mar 1st - Embargo Act of 1807 repealed & Non-Intercourse Act signed
Mar 4th - Madison becomes 1st president inaugurated in American-made clothes
Mar 22nd - Charles XIII succeeds Gustav IV Adolf to the Swedish throne.
Mar 28th - Peninsular War: France defeats Spain in the Battle of Medelin.
Mar 29th - King Gustav IV Adolf of Sweden abdicates after a coup d'état. At the Diet of Porvoo, Finland's four Estates pledge allegiance to Alexander I of Russia, commencing the secession of the Grand Duchy of Finland from Sweden.
Apr 14th - Napoleon defeated Austria in the Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
Apr 18th - 1st run of 2,000 guineas horse race at Newmarket England
Apr 20th - Napoleon I defeats Austria at Battle of Abensberg, Bavaria
Commercial Steamboat Inventor Robert Fulton Apr 22nd - Battle at Eckmuhl - Napoleon beats Austria arch duke Karl
May 5th - Citizenship is denied to Jews of Canton of Aargau Switzerland
May 5th - Mary Kies is 1st woman issued a US patent (weaving straw)
May 17th - Papal States annexed by France
May 21st - Battle at Aspern-Essling: Austrian arch duke Karl beats Napoleon
May 24th - Dartmoor Prison opens to house French prisoners of war
Jun 1st - Allardyce Barclay begins a bet of walking 1 mile every hour for 1,000 hours. Each hour he walked a mile round trip from his home
Jun 6th - Sweden declares independence, constitutional monarchy established
Jun 6th - Sweden promulgates a new Constitution, which restores political power to the Riksdag of the Estates after 20 years of Enlightened absolutism.
Jun 10th - 1st US steamboat to a make an ocean voyage leaves NY for Phila
Jul 5th - -6) Battle of Wagram - Napoleon beats archduke Charles
Jul 16th - The city of La Paz, in what is today Bolivia, declared its independence from Spanish Crown and formed the Junta Tuitiva, the first independent government in Spanish America, lead by Pedro Domingo Murillo.
Jul 27th - Battle at Talavera: British/Spanish army vs French army
Jul 30th - British armed force of 39,000 lands in Walcheren
Jul 31st - 1st practical US railroad track (wooden, for horse-drawn cars), Phila
Aug 8th - 70 disciples of Gaon of Vilnus, arrive in Israel (Palestine)
Aug 10th - Ecuador declares independence from Spain (National Day)
Sep 17th - Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War. The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
Sep 18th - Royal Opera House in London opens
Soldier/Public Administrator Meriwether Lewis Oct 11th - Along the Natchez Trace in Tennessee, explorer Meriwether Lewis dies under mysterious circumstances at an inn called Grinder's Stand.
Nov 22nd - Peregrine Williamson of Baltimore patents a steel pen
Dec 26th - English invasionary troop leaves Vlissingen
Dec 30th - Wearing masks at balls forbidden in Boston