Historical Events for Year 1812
Events 1 - 51 of 51
Jan 9th - Swedish Pomerania (Germany) seized by Napoleon
Jan 12th - 1st cargo arrives in New Orleans by steam, from Natchez
Jan 19th - Peninsular War: After a ten day siege, Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington, orders British soldiers of the Light and third divisions to storm Ciudad Rodrigo.
Jan 23rd - 7.8 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
Feb 7th - 8.2 earthquake shakes New Madrid, Missouri
Feb 7th - Lord Byron makes his maiden speech in House of Lords
Feb 11th - Massachusetts Governor Elbridge Gerry signs a redistricting bill - 1st "gerrymander"
Mar 3rd - US passes 1st foreign aid bill (aids Venezuela earthquake vicitims)
Mar 11th - Citizenship granted to Prussian Jews
Mar 14th - Congress authorizes war bonds to finance War of 1812
Mar 15th - 1st Russian settlement in California, Russian River
1st Duke of Wellington & British Prime Minister Arthur Wellesley Mar 26th - Earthquake destroys 90% of Caracas, Venezuela; about 20,000 die
Apr 5th - Brits storm Badajoz fortress, held by French & Spanish
Apr 30th - (Eastern) Louisiana admitted as 18th US state
May 11th - Waltz introduced into English ballrooms. Some observers consider it disgusting & immoral.
May 11th - British Prime Minister Spencer Perceval is assassinated by John Bellingham in the lobby of the House of Commons, London. Ironically, descendants of both were later elected to Parliament at the same time.
Jun 4th - Louisiana Territory officially renamed "Missouri Territory"
Jun 18th - War of 1812 begins as US declares war against Britain
Canadian War Heroine Laura Secord Jun 22nd - Upon learning of plans by the Americans to execute a surprise attack, Laura Secord walks 32 km to warn the British troops, which results in a British surprise victory at the Battle of Beaver Dams
Jun 24th - Napoleon Bonaparte's forces invade Russia crossing the Neman River
Jul 11th - US invades Canada (Detroit frontier)
Jul 12th - US forces led by Gen Hull invade Canada (War of 1812)
Jul 22nd - Duke of Wellington defeats French at Battle of Salamanca, Spain
Jul 23rd - Battle of Mogilev Russia-Napoleon fights Czar Alexander I
Aug 1st - Rare tornado hits Westchester County NY
Native American Leader of the Shawnee Tecumseh Aug 5th - War of 1812: Tecumseh's Native American force ambushes Thomas Van Horne's 200 Americans at Brownstone Creek, causing them to flee and retreat.
Aug 12th - Duke of Wellington's troops enter Madrid
Aug 16th - General Hull surrenders Detroit & Michigan territory to British forces
Aug 16th - British forces under the command of Major General Sir Isaac Brock capture Fort Detroit with the help of Indigenous warriors led by Tecumseh
Aug 19th - US warship Constitution defeats British warship Guerriere
Sep 7th - Battle at Borodino: Napoleon-Kutuzov
Sep 14th - Napoleon occupies Moscow & fires start (fire extinguished on the 19th)
French Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte Sep 15th - French army under Napoleon reaches Kremlin, Moscow
Sep 16th - Fire of Moscow
Sep 18th - Fire in Moscow destroys 90% of houses & 1,000 churchs
Oct 13th - Battle of Queenstown Heights, Brit beats US attempt to invade Canada
Oct 14th - Work on London's Regent's Canal starts.
Oct 19th - Napoleon's forces begin their retreat from Moscow
Oct 22nd - Duke of Wellington seizes Burgos, Spain
Oct 23rd - Failed coup against emperor Napoleon
Oct 24th - Napoleonic Wars: The Battle of Maloyaroslavets takes place near Moscow.
Oct 25th - US frigate United States captures British vessel Macedonian
Nov 3rd - Napoleonic armies defeated at Vyazma
Nov 17th - Napoleonic Wars: Battle of Krasnoi during Napoleon's retreat from Moscow
Nov 29th - Napoleon's Grand Army crosses Berezina River in retreat from Russia
4th US President James Madison Dec 2nd - James Madison re-elected president of US, E Gerry vice-pres
Dec 4th - Peter Gaillard of Lancaster, Pa patents a horse-drawn mower
Dec 11th - 1st newspaper on Curacao (Curacao Gazette & Commercial Advertiser)
Dec 12th - French invasion of Russia comes to an end.
Dec 20th - "Grimm's Fairy Tales" by Jacob and Wilhelm Grimm is published
Dec 29th - The USS Constitution under the command of Captain William Bainbridge, captures the HMS Java off the coast of Brazil after a three hour battle.