Historical Events for Year 1845
Events 1 - 53 of 53
Jan 1st - The Cobble Hill Tunnel in Brooklyn is completed.
Jan 10th - Poets Elizabeth Barrett & Robert Browning begin corresponding
Jan 23rd - Uniform US election day for president & VP authorized
Jan 29th - Edgar Allen Poe's "Raven" 1st published (NYC)
Feb 15th - William Parsons, Earl of Rosse, 1st uses 72 inch (183 cm) reflector
Mar 1st - President Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas
Mar 3rd - 1st time, US Senate overrides presidential (Tyler) veto
Mar 3rd - Congress authorizes ocean mail contracts for foreign mail delivery
Mar 3rd - Florida becomes 27th state of the Union
Mar 4th - James K. Polk inaugurated as 11th US President
Mar 11th - The Flagstaff War: In New Zealand, Chiefs Hone Heke and Kawiti lead 700 Māoris to chop down the British flagpole and drive settlers out of the British colonial settlement of Kororareka because of breaches of the 1840 Treaty of Waitangi.
11th US President James Knox Polk Mar 14th - -5.3°F (-20.7°C) in Groningen
Mar 17th - Bristol man, Henry Jones, patents self-raising flour
Mar 17th - Rubber band patented by Stephen Perry of London
Mar 26th - Joseph Francis, NYC, patents a corrugated sheet-iron lifeboat
Mar 26th - Patent awarded for adhesive medicated plaster, precusor of bandaid
Mar 28th - Mexico drops diplomatic relations with US
Apr 2nd - H L Fizeau & J Leon Foucault take 1st photo of Sun
Apr 10th - More than 1,000 buildings damaged by fire in Pittsburgh, Pa
Apr 29th - Macon B Allen & Robert Morris Jr, 1st African Americans to open a law practice in the US
May 2nd - Argentinian Domingo Sarmiento publishes his anti-tyranny work "Facundo Civilización y Barbarie"
May 3rd - 1st African American lawyer (Macon B Allen) admitted to the bar (Mass)
May 3rd - Fire kills 1,600 in popular theater in Canton, China
May 14th - Utrecht-Arnhem Railway opens
May 17th - Rubber band patents
May 20th - 1st legislative assembly convenes in Hawaii
May 20th - HMS Erebus and HMS Terror with 134 men under John Franklin sail from the River Thames in England, beginning a disastrous expedition to find the Northwest Passage. All hands are lost.
May 28th - Fire in Quebec, Canada, 1,500 houses destroyed
Jun 1st - Homing pigeon completes 11,000 km trip (Namibia-London) in 55 days
Jun 4th - Mexican-US war starts
Jun 12th - George Abernethy becomes 1st governor of Oregon Country
Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau Jul 4th - Henry David Thoreau moves into his shack on Walden Pond
Jul 4th - Texas Congress votes for annexation to US
Jul 14th - 1st postmasters' provisional stamps issued, NYC
Jul 14th - Fire in NYC destroys 1,000 homes & kills many
Jul 16th - NY Yacht Club holds its 1st regatta
Aug 6th - The Russian Geographical Society is founded in Saint Petersburg.
Aug 28th - Scientific American magazine publishes its first issue.
Sep 10th - King Willem II opens Amsterdam Stock exchange
Sep 23rd - 1st baseball team, NY Knickerbockers organize, adopt rule code
Sep 23rd - Hunger strike in Hague
Oct 9th - The eminent and controversial Anglican, John Henry Newman, is received into the Roman Catholic Church.
Oct 10th - Naval School (now called US Naval Academy) opens at Annapolis
Oct 13th - Texas ratifies a state constitution
Composer Richard Wagner Oct 19th - Richard Wagner's opera "Tannhäuser," premieres in Dresden
Nov 4th - First nationally observed uniform election day in US
Nov 15th - Opera "Maritana" is produced (London)
Nov 29th - The Sonderbund is defeated by the joint forces of other Swiss cantons under General Guillaume-Henri Dufour.
Dec 2nd - Manifest Destiny: US President James K. Polk announces to Congress that the United States should aggressively expand into the West.
Dec 6th - Alpha Sigma Phi Fraternity is founded at Yale College.
Dec 17th - German explorer Ludwig Leichhardt arrives in Port Essington after a nearly 4,800 km (3,000 mi) overland journey to explore Australia's Northern Territory
Dec 27th - Ether 1st used in childbirth in US in Jefferson, Georgia
Dec 29th - Texas admitted as 28th state