Historical Events for Year 1848
Events 1 - 99 of 99
Jan 1st - Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua
Jan 3rd - Joseph Jenkins Roberts is sworn in as the first President of the independent African Republic of Liberia.
Jan 8th - Austrian soldiers kill 10 students, Pavia
Jan 9th - 1st commercial bank in SF established
Jan 9th - People's uprising in Palermo Sicily
Jan 24th - James Marshall finds gold in Sutter's Mill in Coloma, Calif
Jan 28th - King of Naples grants his subjects a constitution
Jan 29th - Sicily accepts new Constitution (choose parliament/freedom of press)
Feb 2nd - 1st ship load of Chinese arrive in SF
Feb 2nd - Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo ends Mexican War; US acquires Texas California, New Mexico & Arizona for $15 million
Feb 12th - Ballet "Faust" premieres, Milan
Feb 15th - Sarah Roberts barred from white school in Boston
Feb 17th - Toscane gets liberal Constitution
Feb 24th - King Louis-Philippe abdicates, 2nd French republic declared
Feb 26th - 2nd French Republic proclaimed
Feb 26th - Marx & Engels publish "Communist Manifesto"
Feb 29th - Neufchatel declares independence of Switzerland
Mar 4th - Sardinia-Piemonte gets new Constitution
Mar 4th - Carlo Alberto di Savoia signs the Statuto Albertino that will later represent the first constitution of the Regno d'Italia
Mar 5th - Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance.
Mar 7th - In Hawaii, Great Mahele (division of lands) signed
Mar 11th - Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine and Robert Baldwin become the first Prime Ministers of the Province of Canada to be democratically elected under a system of responsible government.
Mar 12th - 2nd republic established in France
Mar 15th - A revolution breaks out in Hungary. The Habsburg rulers are compelled to meet the demands of the Reform party.
Mar 23rd - The ship John Wickliffe arrives at Port Chalmers carrying the first Scottish settlers for Dunedin, New Zealand. Otago province is founded.
Mar 24th - State of siege proclaimed in Amsterdam
Mar 27th - John Parker Paynard originates medicated adhesive plaster
Mar 29th - Niagara Falls stops flowing for 30 hours due to an ice jam
Apr 3rd - Thomas Douglas becomes 1st SF public teacher
Apr 6th - Jews of Prussia granted equality
Apr 8th - 1st battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
Apr 8th - Battle at Xaquixaguana, Peru: Pedro de la Gasca beats Gonzalo Pizarro
Apr 11th - Hungary becomes constitutional monarchy under king Ferdinand of Aust
Apr 18th - American victory at the battle of Cerro Gordo opens the way for invasion of Mexico.
Naturalist, biologist, and explorer Alfred Russel Wallace Apr 26th - Alfred Russel Wallace departs the U.K. for South America, beginning four years of travel, collecting, and research in the region
Apr 28th - Free last slaves in French colonies
May 1st - The Fraternity of Phi Gamma Delta is founded at Jefferson College in Canonsburg, Pennsylvania.
May 6th - Otto Tank ends slavery in Suriname colony
May 7th - Prussians stop insurrection in Varsovia
May 13th - First performance of Finland's national anthem.
May 17th - Gerrit, Count Schimmelpenninck resigns as Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Netherlands
May 18th - Opening of the first German National Assembly (Nationalversammlung) in Frankfurt, Germany.
May 19th - 1st department store opens
May 19th - Mexico gives Texas to US, ending the war
May 29th - Battle at Curtazone: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
May 29th - Wisconsin becomes 30th state
May 30th - 2nd battle at Gioto: Sardinia-Piemonte beats Austrians
May 30th - William G Young patents ice cream freezer
May 30th - Mexico ratifies treaty giving US; New Mexico, California & parts of Nevada, Utah, Arizona & Colorado in return for $15 million
Jun 2nd - The Slavic congress in Prague begins.
Jun 5th - Statue of prince William the Silent, Prince of Orange, unveiled
Jun 10th - 1st telegraph link between NYC & Chicago
Jun 10th - Battle at Vicenza: Austrians beat Sardinia-Piemonte
Jun 22nd - Barnburners (anti-slavery) party nominates Martin Van Buren for Pres
Jun 22nd - Beginning of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
Jun 23rd - Bloody insurrection of workers in Paris
Jun 26th - 1st pure food law enacted in US
Jun 26th - End of the June Days Uprising in Paris.
Jul 3rd - Slaves freed in Danish West Indies (now US Virgin Islands)
Jul 6th - Mexican-American War ended with the Treaty of Guadaloupe Hidalgo
Jul 11th - Edmund Hickly gets 1st known 10 wicket innings (Kent v England)
Jul 11th - London's Waterloo Station opens
Women's Rights Activist Elizabeth Cady Stanton Jul 19th - 1st US women's rights convention held in Seneca Falls NY, organised by Elizabeth Cady Stanton & Lucretia Mott
Jul 19th - German Parliament demands Dutch province of Limburg
Jul 23rd - Battle of Custoza-Italian War of Independence, starts
Jul 25th - 1st battle at Custozza: Austrians under Radetzky beat Italian
Jul 26th - 1st Woman's Rights Convention (Senecca Falls NY)
Jul 29th - Irish Potato Famine: Tipperary Revolt - in Tipperary, an unsuccessful nationalist revolt against British rule is put down by police.
Aug 9th - Austria & Sardinia sign cease fire
Aug 9th - Barnburners (anti-slavery) party merges with Free Soil Party nominateing Martin Van Buren for president
Aug 14th - Oregon Territory created
Aug 15th - M Waldo Hanchett patents dental chair
Aug 18th - Camila O'Gorman and Ladislao Gutierrez are executed on the orders of Argentine dictator Juan Manuel de Rosas.
Aug 22nd - The United States annexes New Mexico
Sep 6th - National Black Convention meets (Cleveland)
Sep 12th - Switzerland becomes a Federal state.
Sep 14th - Alexander Stewart opens 1st US dept store
Sep 16th - Slavery abolished in all French territories
Sep 18th - Baseball rules 1st baseman can tag base for out instead of runner
Sep 19th - Hyperion, moon of Saturn, discovered by Bond (US) & Lassell (England)
Sep 20th - The American Association for the Advancement of Science is created.
Sep 29th - Battle of Pákozd: Hungarian forces defeat Croats at Pákozd; the first battle of the War of Independence.
Oct 16th - 1st US homeopathic medical college opens in Pennsylvania
Oct 28th - The first railroad in Spain - between Barcelona and Mataró - is opened.
Nov 1st - 1st US woman's medical school opens (Boston)
Nov 3rd - Johan Thorbeckes revises Great Force
Nov 7th - General Zachary Taylor elected as 12th President of US
Nov 9th - Post office at Clay & Pike opens
Nov 9th - Robert Blum, a German revolutionary and MP (Liberal), is executed in Vienna.
Nov 21st - Alfred de Musset's "Andre del Sarto," premieres in Paris
Nov 21st - Cincinnati Turngemeinde founded
Nov 23rd - Female Medical Educational Society forms in Boston
Dec 2nd - Franz Josef I becomes emperor of Austria & King of Hungary
Dec 5th - President Polk triggers Gold Rush of 1849 by confirming gold discovery in California
Dec 25th - New Haven Railroad opens
Dec 26th - 1st gold seekers arrive in Panama en route to SF
Dec 26th - William & Ellen Craft escape from slavery in Georgia
Dec 26th - The Phi Delta Theta fraternity is founded at Miami University, Oxford, Ohio.
Dec 29th - Gas lights 1st installed at White House (Polk's administration)