Historical Events for Year 1854
Events 1 - 82 of 82
Jan 1st - Lincoln University, a black college, chartered (Oxford, Penn)
Jan 4th - The McDonald Islands are discovered by Captain William McDonald aboard the Samarang.
Jan 5th - Steamship San Francisco wrecked-300 die
Jan 9th - Astor Library opens in NYC
Jan 13th - Anthony Foss patents accordion
Jan 18th - Filibuster William Walker proclaims Republic of Sonora in NW Mexico
Jan 25th - Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Bednost ne Porok," premieres in Moscow
Jan 30th - 1st election in Washington Territory; 1,682 votes cast
Jan 31st - Dutch KNMI established (Royal Meteorological Institute)
Feb 2nd - Pope Pius IX encyclical "On persecution of Armenians"
Feb 4th - Alvan Bovay proposes name "Republican Party," Ripon, Wisc
Feb 6th - Composer R Schumann is saved from suicide attempt into the Rhine
Feb 11th - Major streets lit by coal gas for 1st time
Composer/Pianist Franz Liszt Feb 16th - Franz Liszts symphony "Orpheus," premieres
Feb 17th - Britain recognises independence of Orange Free State (South Africa)
Feb 22nd - 1st meeting of Republican Party (Michigan)
Feb 23rd - Great-Britain & Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein
Feb 27th - Composer Robert Schumann saved from suicide attempt in Rhine
Feb 28th - Republican Party formally organized at Ripon, Wisc
Mar 1st - SS City of Glasgow leaves Liverpool harbor & is never seen again
Mar 1st - German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg.
Mar 7th - Charles Miller patents 1st US sewing machine to stitch buttonholes
Mar 8th - US Commodore Matthew C Perry's 2nd trip to Japan
Mar 17th - 1st park land purchased by a US city, Worcester, Mass
Mar 28th - Britain & France declare war on Russia (Crimean War)
Mar 31st - Treaty of Kanagawa: Commodore Perry forces Japan to opens ports to US
Novelist Charles Dickens Apr 1st - Hard Times begins serialisation in Charles Dickens magazine, Household Words.
Apr 16th - Franz Liszt's "Mazeppa" premieres
Apr 16th - San Salvador destroyed by earthquake
Apr 16th - Steamer "Long Beach" sinks off Long Beach NY, 311 die
May 1st - Amsterdam begins transferring drinking water out of the dunes
May 5th - English pirate Plumridge robs along pro-English Finnish coast
May 21st - Frederic Mistral, Joseph Roumanille, and five other Provencal poets found Félibrige, a literary and cultural association
Provencal Poet Frederic Mistral May 24th - Anthony Burns, slave, arrested by US Deputy marshals in Boston
May 24th - Lincoln University, Penn, 1st Black college in US founded by John Miller Dickey and Sarah Emlen Cresson
May 27th - Marine Telegraph from Ft Point to SF completed
May 30th - Kansas-Nebraska Act repealed Missouri Compromise opens north slavery
May 30th - Territories of Kansas & Nebraska created
Jun 10th - Georg F B Reiman proposes that space is curved
Jun 10th - The first class of the United States Naval Academy students graduate.
Jun 21st - First Victoria Cross won during bombardment of Bomarsund in the Aland Islands (Crimean War)
Jun 23rd - Antwerp-Roosendaal railway goes into use
Jun 29th - Netherlands allows corporal punishment
Jul 6th - 1st Republican state convention (Jackson, Mich)
Jul 13th - US forces shell & burn San Juan del Norte, Nicaragua
Jul 13th - In the Battle of Guaymas, Mexico, General Jose Maria Yanez stops the French invasion led by Count Gaston de Raousset Boulbon.
Jul 25th - Walter Hunt is awarded the first U.S. patent for a paper shirt collar
Aug 4th - The Hinomaru is established as the official flag to be flown from Japanese ships.
Aug 8th - Smith & Wesson patents metal bullet cartridges
Naturalist/Pacifist Henry David Thoreau Aug 9th - Henry David Thoreau publishes "Walden"
Aug 24th - National emigration convention meets in Cleveland
Aug 29th - Self-governing windmill patented (Daniel Halladay)
Sep 4th - English/French assault on Petropavlovsk Kamchatka
Sep 14th - Allied armies, including those of Britain & France, land in Crimea
Sep 19th - Henry Meyer patents sleeping rail car
Sep 20th - Battle of the Alma: first major battle of Crimean War. British and French alliance defeat the Russians
Sep 27th - Steamship "Arctic" sinks with 300 people on board
Oct 1st - The watch company founded in 1850 in Roxbury by Aaron Lufkin Dennison relocates to Waltham, Massachusetts, to become the Waltham Watch Company, a pioneer in the American System of Watch Manufacturing.
US President Abraham Lincoln Oct 4th - Abraham Lincoln made his 1st political speech at Illinois State Fair
Oct 6th - The Great Fire of Newcastle and Gateshead started shortly after midnight, leading to 53 deaths and hundreds injured.
Oct 9th - The siege of Sebastopol begins (Crimean War)
Oct 10th - US Assay Office in NY City, NY opens
Oct 12th - Lincoln University founded as Ashmun Institute
Oct 21st - Florence Nightingale and a staff of 38 nurses were sent to the Crimean War.
Oct 23rd - The Times gives precise British positions in Crimea
Oct 25th - Charge of Light Brigade (Battle of Balaclava, Crimean War), 409 die
Nurse Florence Nightingale Oct 25th - Prince Menshikov of Crimea occupies British base at Balaclava
Nov 2nd - Cobblestone paving of Washington St between Dupont & Kearny starts
Nov 4th - Lighthouse built on Alcatraz Island
Nov 5th - Crimean War: British & French defeat Russian force of 50,000 at Inkerman
Nov 9th - Franz Liszt's "Fest-Long," premieres
Nov 13th - "New Era" sinks off NJ coast with loss of 300
Nov 15th - In Egypt, the Suez Canal, linking the Mediterranean Sea with the Red Sea, is given the necessary royal concession.
Nov 28th - Dutch army stops Chinese uprising in Borneo
Dec 3rd - Eureka Stockade: In what is claimed by many to be the birth of Australian democracy, more than 20 goldminers at Ballarat, Victoria, Australia are killed by state troopers in an uprising over mining licences.
Dec 5th - Aaron Allen of Boston patents folding theater chair
Dec 8th - Pope Pius IX proclaims Immaculate Conception, makes Mary, free of Original Sin
Poet Alfred Tennyson Dec 9th - Alfred Tennyson's poem, "Charge of the Light Brigade," published
Dec 15th - 1st street-cleaning machine in US 1st used in Philadelphia
Dec 19th - Allen Wilson of Conn patents sewing machine to sew curving seams
Dec 26th - Wood-pulp paper 1st exhibited, Buffalo
Dec 30th - Pennsylvania Rock Oil Co, 1st in US, incorporated in NYC