Historical Events for Year 1856
Events 1 - 55 of 55
Jan 8th - Dr John A Veatch discovers borax, Tuscan Springs, Calif
Jan 23rd - Steamer Pacific lost
Jan 25th - Battle of Seattle; skirmish between settlers & Indians
Jan 29th - Victoria Cross established to acknowledge valour in the face of the enemy (United Kingdom and Commonwealth countries)
Feb 1st - Auburn University is chartered as the East Alabama Male College.
Feb 7th - The colonial Tasmanian Parliament passes the first piece of legislation (the Electoral Act of 1856) anywhere in the world providing for elections by way of a secret ballot.
Feb 18th - American (Know-Nothing) Party abolishes secrecy
Feb 18th - The American Party (Know-Nothings) convenes in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania to nominate its first Presidential candidate, former President Millard Fillmore.
13th US President Millard Fillmore Feb 19th - Tin-type camera patented by Hamilton Smith, Gambier, Ohio
Feb 20th - John Rutledge, Liverpool-NY steamer, hits iceberg; many die
Feb 22nd - 1st national meeting of Republican Party (Pittsburgh)
Feb 29th - Hostilities in Russo-Turkish War cease
Mar 5th - Covent Garden Opera House, London, destroyed in a fire
Mar 5th - Georgia becomes 1st state to regulate railroads
Mar 9th - Sigma Alpha Epsilon is founded in the Johnston Mansion House on the University of Alabama
Mar 25th - A E Burnside patents Burnside carbine
Mar 26th - NSW's 1st 1st-class game, v Victoria at Melbourne NSW won
Mar 30th - Russia signs Peace of Paris, ending the Crimean War
Apr 3rd - Gunpowder in church explodes killing 4,000 in Rhodos
Apr 10th - The Theta Chi Fraternity is founded at Norwich University.
Apr 11th - Battle of Rivas; Costa Rica beats Wm Walker's invading Nicaraguans
Apr 18th - Russian Republic Chancellor Earl von Nesselrode resigns
Apr 29th - Peace between Britain & Russia
May 7th - Argentina & Brazil sign a navigation pact
May 15th - 2nd SF Vigilance Committee organized
May 19th - Sen Charles Sumner, Mass, spoke out against slavery
May 21st - Lawrence, Kansas, is captured and sacked by pro-slavery forces
May 22nd - Violence in Senate, SC rep Brooks used a cane on Mass Sen Sumner
May 24th - Pottawatomie Massacre took place in Kansas
May 27th - Doctor William Palmer found guilty of poisoning
Jun 3rd - Cullen Whipple patents screw machine
Jun 8th - Pitcairn Islanders arrive on Norfolk Island
Jun 9th - 500 Mormons leave Iowa City, Iowa and head west for Salt Lake City, Utah carrying all their possessions in two-wheeled handcarts.
Jun 17th - Republican Party opens its 1st national convention in Philadelphia
Jul 15th - Natal forms as a British colony separate from Cape Colony
Jul 16th - Statue of Laurens Jansz Coster unveiled in Haarlem
Jul 17th - The Great Train Wreck of 1856 between Camp Hill and Fort Washington, Pennsylvania kills over 60 people.
Jul 31st - Christchurch, New Zealand, is chartered as a city.
Aug 6th - The Great Bell is cast in the Great Clock of Westminster (Big Ben)
Aug 10th - Hurricane washes away 2-300 revelers at Last Island, Louisiana
Aug 12th - Anthony Fass patents accordion
Aug 20th - Wilberforce University forms in Ohio
Aug 21st - America's first consul to Japan, Townsend Harris, arrives in Shimoda. (Traditional Japanese date: July 21, 1856)
Sep 2nd - Tianjing's struggle Incident in Nanjing, China.
Sep 14th - Battle of San Jacinto at Hacienda San Jacinto, Nicaraguan forces defeat American filibusters
Oct 7th - Cyrus Chambers Jr patents folding machine that folds book & newspapers
Oct 8th - The Second Opium War or second Anglo-Chinese War: begins with the Arrow Incident on the Pearl River.
Oct 19th - James Kelly & Jack Smith fight bareknuckle for 6h15m in Melbourne
Oct 20th - Arnhem-Oberhausen railway in Netherlands opens
Oct 24th - Constitution of South Australia adopted
Nov 3rd - A British fleet bombards Canton.
15th US President James Buchanan Nov 4th - James Buchanan elected 15th US president
Nov 16th - Amsterdam post office at Nieuwezijds Voorburgwal opens
Nov 17th - On the Sonoita River in present-day southern Arizona, the United States Army establishes Fort Buchanan in order to help control new land acquired in the Gadsden Purchase.
Dec 9th - The Iranian city of Bushehr surrenders to occupying British forces.