Historical Events for Year 1859
Events 1 - 76 of 76
- Second Italian War of Independence: the Battle of Magenta, resulting in a French-Sardinian victory under Napoleon III against the Austrians under Marshal Ferencz Gyulai.
Jan 5th - 1st steamboat sails, Red River
Jan 22nd - Brahms' 1st piano concerto (in D minor) premieres, Hanover
Jan 23rd - Mauna Loa volcano in Hawaii begins an eruption that lasts 300 days
Jan 24th - Political union of Moldavia and Wallachia; Alexandru Ioan Cuza is elected as ruler.
Feb 4th - The Codex Sinaiticus is discovered in Egypt.
Feb 5th - Wallachia and Moldavia are united under Alexander John Cuza as the United Principalities.
Feb 10th - Gen Horsford defeats Begum of Oude & Nana Sahib in Indian mutiny
Feb 14th - Oregon admitted as 33rd state of the Union
Feb 16th - The French Government passes a law to set the A-note above middle C to a frequency of 435 Hz, in an attempt to standardize the pitch.
Feb 17th - Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Un Ballo in maschera" premieres in Napoli
Composer Giuseppe Verdi Feb 25th - 1st use of "insanity plea" to prove innocence
Feb 26th - Paul Morphy's chess match vs Augustus Mongredien begins; Morphy wins
Feb 28th - Arkansas legislature requires free blacks to choose exile or slavery
Mar 1st - Present seal of SF adopted (its 2nd)
Mar 18th - Vera Cruz besieged by Miramon (Cons) in Mexican War of Reform
Mar 19th - Opera "Faust" by Charles Gounod premieres in Paris
Mar 21st - Scottish National Gallery opens in Edinburgh
Mar 21st - Zoological Society of Philadelphia, 1st in US, incorporated
Mar 26th - 1st supposed sighting of Vulcan, a planet thought to orbit inside Mercury; it doesn't exist
Mar 28th - 1st performance of John Brahms' 1st Serenade for orchestra
Apr 4th - Opera "Dinorah" is produced (Paris)
Apr 4th - Bryant's Minstrels debut "Dixie" in New York City in the finale of a blackface minstrel show.
Apr 6th - US recognizes Liberal government in Mexico's War of Reform
Apr 12th - Hibernia Savings & Loan Society of SF incorporates
Apr 25th - Ground broken for Suez Canal
Apr 26th - Dan Sickles is acquitted of murder on grounds of temporary insanity - 1st time this defense used successfully in the US
Apr 27th - "Pomona" sinks in North Atlantic drowning all 400 aboard
Novelist Charles Dickens Apr 30th - Charles Dickens' "A Tale Of Two Cities" is first published in literary periodical All the Year Round, continues in weekly installments until Nov 26
Apr 30th - Paul Morphy returns from 10-month chess tour of Europe, retires
May 4th - The Cornwall Railway opens across the Royal Albert Bridge linking the counties of Devon and Cornwall in England.
May 17th - Australian Rules Football first 'laws of the game' published
May 31st - Phila A's organize to play "town ball" became baseball 20 years later
Jun 6th - Australia: Queensland is established as a separate colony from New South Wales (Queensland Day).
Jun 11th - Comstock silver load discovered near Virginia City, Nevada
Jun 12th - Comstock Silver Lode in Nevada discovered
Jun 15th - Pig War: Ambiguity in the Oregon Treaty leads to the "Northwestern Boundary Dispute" between U.S. and British/Canadian settlers.
King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II Jun 24th - Battle of Solferino, Northern Italy: a French Army under Napoleon III and Sardinian Army under Victor Emmanuel II overcame the Austrian Army under Emperor Franz Joseph I.
Jun 28th - 1st dog show held (Newcastle-on-Tyne, England)
Jun 30th - Charles Blondin is 1st to cross Niagara Falls on a tightrope
Jul 1st - 1st intercollegiate baseball game, Amherst beats Williams 66-32
Jul 1st - Balloon covers a record 809 miles over St Louis
Jul 5th - Capt N C Brooks discovers Midway Islands
Jul 8th - King Charles XV/Carl IV accedes to the throne of Sweden-Norway.
Jul 12th - Paper bag manufacturing machine patents by William Goodale, Mass
Jul 22nd - V E Walker takes 10-74 in an innings for England v Surrey
Aug 9th - Elevator patented
Aug 17th - 1st air mail (in a balloon) took off from Lafayette, Indiana
Aug 27th - 1st successful oil well drilled, near Titusville, Penn by Edwin Drake
Aug 28th - A geomagnetic storm causes the Aurora Borealis to shine so brightly that it is seen clearly over parts of USA, Europe, and even as far afield as Japan.
Sep 1st - 1st Pullman sleeping car in service
Sep 1st - R C Carrington & R Hodgson make 1st observation of solar flare
Sep 1st - A solar superstorm affects electrical telegraph service.
Sep 2nd - Gas lighting introduced to Hawaii
Sep 2nd - A solar super storm affects electrical telegraph service.
Physician and Explorer David Livingstone Sep 16th - Lake Nyasa, which forms Malawi's boundary with Tanzania & Mozambique discovered by British explorer David Livingstone
Sep 17th - Joshua Abraham Norton, born in England but a resident of San Francisco, proclaims himself his Imperial Majesty Emperor Norton I, Emperor of the United States of America. Eccentric possibly, but 30,000 turned up for his funeral.
Sep 17th - James Donnelly is sentenced to hang for murdering Patrick Farrell, but a petition for clemency reduces his sentence to 7 years in Kingston Penitentiary
Sep 20th - George Simpson patents electric range
Sep 29th - Great auroral display in US
Oct 12th - Self-proclaimed Emperor of the USA, Emperor Norton issues edit abolishing the US Congress
Oct 16th - John Brown leads 21 in raid on federal arsenal, Harper's Ferry, Va
Abolitionist John Brown Oct 19th - Wilhelm Tempel discovers diffuse nebula around Pleid star Merope
Oct 25th - Merchant vessel Royal Charter runs aground at Liverpool, 459 die
Oct 26th - The Royal Charter is wrecked on the coast of Anglesey, north Wales with 459 dead.
Oct 29th - Spain declares war on Morocco.
Nov 1st - The current Cape Lookout, North Carolina, lighthouse was lit for the first time. Its first-order Fresnel lens can be seen for about 19 miles (30 kilometers), in good conditions.
Nov 12th - Jules Leotard performs 1st Flying Trapeze circus act (Paris) He also designed garment that bears his name
Nov 16th - Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Groza" premieres in Moscow
Nov 24th - Charles Darwin publishes "On the Origin of Species"
Nov 26th - Last weekly installment of Charles Dickens' "A Tale Of Two Cities" is published in literary periodical All the Year Round
Naturalist Charles Darwin Dec 5th - Dion Boucicault's "Octaroon" premieres in NYC
Dec 15th - GR Kirchoff describes chemical composition of Sun
Dec 18th - South Carolina declared an "independent commonwealth"
Dec 19th - Grading started for Market Street RR
Dec 31st - Dutch colony in Dutch Indies counts 4,800 slaves