Historical Events for Year 1863

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Months in Year 1863: January February March April May June July August September October November December

Events 1 - 150 of 258

Jan 1st - 1st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebr
Jan 1st - Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city
Jan 1st - Emancipation Proclamation (ending slavery) issued by Lincoln
Jan 1st - Franz Schubert's "Missa Solemnis," premieres in Leipzig
Jan 2nd - Battle of Murfreesboro (Stone's River) ends
Jan 4th - 4 wheeled roller skates patented by James Plimpton of NY
Jan 8th - American Civil War: Second Battle of Springfield
Jan 9th - -Jan 11th] Battle of Arkansas Post, AR (Ft Hindman)
Jan 10th - 1st underground railway opens in London
Jan 10th - General McClernand's Union troops surround Fort Hindman Ark
Jan 10th - January-uprising begins in Poland
Jan 11th - Naval engagement near Galveston between CSS Alabama & USS Hatteras
Jan 11th - Union forces capture Arkansas Post, or Ft Hindman, Arkansas
Jan 12th - President Davis delivers his "State of Confederacy" address
Jan 13th - Chenille manufacturing machine patented by William Canter, NYC
Jan 13th - Thomas Crapper pioneers one-piece pedestal flushing toilet
Jan 14th - Battle between gunboats at Bayou Teche Louisiana
Jan 15th - 1st US newspaper printed on wood-pulp paper, Boston Morning Journal
Jan 16th - -Aug 23rd) Cruise of CSS Florida
Composer Franz SchubertComposer Franz Schubert Jan 17th - Civil War skirmish near Newtown, Virginia
Jan 19th - General Mieroslawski appointed dictator of Poland
Jan 21st - City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years
Jan 22nd - Union General Burnside's "Mud March"
Jan 25th - Battle of Kinston, NC
Jan 25th - General Joseph Hooker replaces Burnside as head of Army of Potomac
Jan 26th - American Civil War: Massachusetts Governor receives permission from Secretary of War to raise a militia organization for men of African descent (54th Massachusetts Regiment)
Jan 29th - Battle at Bear River, Washington: US army vs indians
Jan 31st - 1st black Civil War regiment, SC Volunteers, mustered into US army
Feb 2nd - Samuel Clemens becomes Mark Twain for 1st time
Feb 7th - HMS Orpheus sinks off the coast of Auckland, New Zealand, killing 189.
Feb 10th - 1st US fire extinguisher patent granted to Alanson Crane, Virginia
Feb 24th - Arizona Territory created
Feb 24th - Forrest's raid on Brentwood, Tennessee
Feb 25th - Congress creates national banking system, comptroller of currency
Feb 26th - Lincoln signs National Currency Act
Feb 28th - Confederate raider "Nashville" sinks near Fort McAllister Georgia
Mar 3rd - US Congress authorizes track width of 4'8½" for Union Pacific Railroad
Mar 3rd - 1st US wartime military conscription bill enacted
US President Abraham LincolnUS President Abraham Lincoln Mar 3rd - Abraham Lincoln approves charter for National Academy of Sciences
Mar 3rd - Congress authorizes a US mint at Carson City, Nevada
Mar 3rd - Federal ironclad ships bombard Fort McAllister, Georgia
Mar 3rd - Free city delivery replaces zone postage; 449 letter carriers hired
Mar 3rd - Gold certificates (currency) authorized by Congress
Mar 3rd - Idaho Territory forms
Mar 4th - Battle of Thompson's Station, TN
Mar 4th - Territory of Idaho established
Mar 17th - Battle of Kelly's Ford, VA (211 casualities)
Mar 19th - The SS Georgiana, said to have been the most powerful Confederate cruiser, is destroyed on her maiden voyage with a cargo of munitions, medicines and merchandise then valued at over $1,000,000. The wreck was discovered on the same day and month, exactly 102 years later by then teenage diver and pioneer underwater archaeologist E. Lee Spence.
Mar 20th - Battle of Pensacola FL -evacuated by Federals
Mar 21st - Naval Engagement at Havana Cuba-USS Henrick Hudson vs BR Wild Pigeon
Mar 25th - 1st Army Medal of Honor awarded
Mar 25th - Skirmish at Brentwood Tennessee
Mar 26th - Voters in West Virginia approve gradual emancipation of slaves
Mar 27th - American Confederate President Jefferson Davis calls for this to be a day of fasting & prayer
Mar 30th - Danish prince Wilhelm Georg of Schleswig-Holstein-Sonderburg-Glucksburg chosen as king George of Greece
Mar 31st - Battle of Grand Gulf MS & Dinwiddie Court House VA
Apr 1st - 1st wartime conscription law in US goes into effect
Apr 2nd - Bread revolt in Richmond, Virginia
Apr 7th - Battle of Charleston SC, failed Federal fleet attack on Fort Sumter
Apr 10th - Rebel Gen Earl Van Dorn attacks at Franklin, Tenn
Apr 11th - Battle of Suffolk, VA (Norfleet House)
Apr 12th - -14] Gunboat battle at Bayou Teche Louisiana
Apr 13th - Battle of Irish Bend, LA (Ft Bisland)
Apr 13th - Hospital for Ruptured & Crippled in NY is 1st orthopedic hospital
Apr 14th - William Bullock patents continuous-roll printing press
Apr 17th - R Grierson's: La Grange, TN to Baton Rouge, LA
Apr 19th - Union troops/fleet occupy For Huger, Virginia
Apr 21st - Bahá'u'lláh, founder of the Bahá'í Faith, enters gardens of Rivden, near Baghdad. Makes the declaration of aha'u'llah during 12 days spent there
Apr 24th - Skirmish at Okolona/Birmingham, Mississippi (Grierson's Raid)
Apr 27th - Battle of Streight's raid: Tuscumbia to Cedar Bluff, AL
Apr 29th - Battle of Chancellorsville, VA (Fredericksburg, Wilderness Tavern)
Apr 30th - Mexican forces attacked the French Foreign Legion in Hacienda Camarón, Mexico.
May 1st - Battle of Chancellorsville, VA (29,000 injured or died)
May 1st - Battle of Port Gibson, Mississippi
May 1st - Confederate "National Flag" replaces "Stars & Bars"
May 1st - Confederate congress passed resolution to kill black soldiers
May 2nd - South defeats North in Battle of Chancellorsville, Va
May 2nd - Stonewall Jackson attacks Chancellorsville, wounded by his own men
May 3rd - Battle of Fredricksburg, VA (Marye's Heights)
May 3rd - Battle of Salem Church, VA
May 4th - Battle of Chancellorsville-action at Salem Church
May 4th - End of Chancellorsville - Beaten Union army withdraws
May 5th - Battle of Tupelo, MS
May 5th - Joe Coburn KOs Mike McCoole for US boxing title in 63rd round
May 8th - Confederación Granadina becomes Estados Unidos de Colombia
May 12th - Battle of Raymond, Miss
May 14th - American Civil War: The Battle of Jackson, MS takes place.
May 16th - Battle of Champion's Hill, MS-bloodiest action of Vicksburg Campaign
May 17th - Battle of Big Black River Bridge, MS
May 17th - Rosalía de Castro publishes Cantares Gallegos, her first book in the Galician language.
May 18th - Siege of Vicksburg, MS
May 19th - Siege of Vicksburg, investment of city complete
May 21st - Siege on Port Hudson, Louisiana begins
May 22nd - General Grant begins siege on Vicksburg
May 22nd - War Dept establishes Bureau of Colored Troops
May 23rd - Organization of the Seventh-day Adventist Church in Battle Creek, Michigan.
May 27th - CSS Chattahoochie explodes on Chattahoochie River GA, 18 die
May 27th - Siege of Port Hudson LA
May 28th - 1st black regiment (54 Mass) leaves Boston to fight in Civil War
Abolitionist Harriet TubmanAbolitionist Harriet Tubman Jun 2nd - Harriet Tubman leads Union guerrillas into Maryland, freeing slaves
Jun 5th - Battle of Franklin's Crossing, VA (Deep Run)
Jun 5th - CSS "Alabama" captures "Tailsman" in Mid Atlantic
Jun 6th - Battle of Milliken's Bend, LA & Williamsport, MD
Jun 7th - Battle of Milliken's Bend, LA-Jefferson Davis' home burnt
Jun 7th - Mexico City captured by French troops
Jun 9th - Battle of Brandy Station, VA (Fleetwood, Beverly Ford)
Jun 10th - Battle of Brice's Crossroads, Miss; Nathan Bedford Forrest w/3500 defeats 8000 Feds
Jun 13th - Battle of Winchester VA
Jun 13th - Samuel Butler publishes 1st part of "Erewhon," Christchurch, NZ
Jun 13th - Skirmish at Berryville Virginia
Jun 14th - Battle of 2nd Winchester, Virginia
Jun 15th - 2nd battle at Winchester Va, ends in Federal defeat; 1350 casualities
Jun 17th - Battle at Middleburg Virginia
Jun 17th - Battle of Aldie, Confederates fail to drive back Union in Virginia
Confederate General/KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford ForrestConfederate General/KKK Grand Wizard Nathan Bedford Forrest Jun 17th - Naval Engagement at Warsaw Sound GA-USS Weehawken vs CSS Atlanta
Jun 17th - Travelers Insurance Co of Hartford chartered (1st accident insurer)
Jun 18th - After long neglect, Confederates hurriedly fortify Vicksburg
Jun 19th - Battle at Middleburg Virginia (100+ casualties)
Jun 20th - 1st bank chartered in US (National Bank of Davenport Iowa)
Jun 20th - Skirmish at Greencastle Pennsylvania
Jun 20th - West Virginia admitted as 35th US state
Jun 21st - Battle at Upperville Virginia, 389 casualities
Jun 23rd - Tullahoma campaign, TN
Jun 24th - Planning an invasion of Pennsylvania, Lee's army crosses Potomac
Jun 25th - US General George Meade replaces General Hooker to be more aggressive
Jun 27th - Skirmish at Fairfax (Courthouse) Virginia
Jun 29th - Battle at Westminster Maryland: Federal assault
Jun 29th - George A Custer ( aged 23) appointed Union Brigadier-General
Jun 29th - Lee orders his forces to concentrate near Gettysburg, Pennsylvania
US Cavalry Commander George Armstrong CusterUS Cavalry Commander George Armstrong Custer Jun 29th - Very 1st First National Bank opens in Davenport, Iowa
Jun 30th - Battles in Hanover Pennsylvania: 80 casualties
Jun 30th - Dutch colony Suriname counts population of 33,000 slaves
Jun 30th - Skirmish at Sporting Hill Pennsylvania
Jul 1st - -2] Battle at Baltimore: Crump's Crossroads Virginia
Jul 1st - Battle of Gettysburg, Pa; Lee's northward advance halted
Jul 1st - Free city delivery of mail begins in 49 US cities; postage 3 cents per oz
Jul 1st - Slavery abolished in Suriname & Netherlands Antilles
Jul 2nd - Battle of Gettysburg (2nd day)
Jul 2nd - R Morgan's: Burksville, KY to Salineville, OH [->JUL 26]
Jul 3rd - Battle of Donaldsonville, LA
Jul 3rd - Battle of Gettysburg Pa ends, major victory for North
Jul 4th - Boise, Idaho founded (now capital of Idaho)
Jul 4th - Failed Confederate assault on Helena Arkansas (640 casualties)
Jul 4th - General Lee's army withdraws from Gettysburg
Jul 4th - Skirmish at Smithburg, TN
Jul 4th - Vicksburg, Mississippi surrenders to Union forces
Jul 5th - Battle of Jackson, MS & Battle of Birdsong Ferry, MS
Jul 6th - Battle of Williamsport, MD [-Jul 07]
Jul 6th - Northern Territory passes from New South Wales to South Australia
Jul 7th - 1st military draft by US (exemptions cost $100)

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