Historical Events for Year 1865

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Months in Year 1865: January February March April May June July August September October November December

Events 1 - 150 of 181

Jan 1st - -Apr 26th] Carolinas' campaign
Jan 3rd - Con Orem & Hugh O'Neill box 193 rounds before darkness ends match
Jan 4th - The New York Stock Exchange opens its first permanent headquarters at 10-12 Broad near Wall Street in New York City.
Jan 11th - Battle of Beverly, WV
Jan 12th - -13] Union fleet bombs Fort Fisher NC
Jan 13th - -Jan 15th] BBT & CPT Ft Fisher, NC
Jan 15th - Ft Fisher, NC falls to Union troops
Jan 16th - Drunken sailor attacks munitions at Ft Fisher NC, 40 die
Jan 16th - Gen Wm Sherman issues Field Order #15 (land for blacks)
Jan 16th - SF Dramatic Chronicle started
Jan 18th - Battle of Ft Moultrie, SC
Jan 19th - NV Suriname Bank established
Jan 19th - Union occupies Fort Anderson, NC
Jan 23rd - -Jan 25th) Battle of City Point, VA (James River, Trent's Reach)
Jan 25th - CSS Shenandoah arrives in Melbourne, Australia
Jan 28th - Confederate President Jefferson Davis names 3 peace commissioners
Jan 31st - Congress passes 13th Amendment, abolishing slavery in America (121-24)
Jan 31st - Gen Robert E. Lee named Commander-in-Chief of Confederate Armies during US Civil War
Feb 1st - 13th amendment approved (National Freedom Day)
Confederate General Robert E. LeeConfederate General Robert E. Lee Feb 1st - General Sherman's march through South Carolina begins
Feb 1st - JS Rock, 1st black lawyer to practice in Supreme Ct, admitted to bar
Feb 3rd - Hampton Roads Peace Conference, Lincoln & Stephens reach an impasse
Feb 4th - Hawaiian Board of Education formed
Feb 4th - Robert E. Lee is named general-in-chief of Confederate forces
Feb 5th - Battle of Hatcher's Run, VA (Armstrong's Mill, Dabney's Mill)
Feb 6th - 2nd day of battle at Dabney's Mills (Hatcher's Run)
Feb 8th - 1st black major in US army, Martin Robinson Delany
Feb 12th - Henry Highland Garnet, is 1st black to speak in US House of Reps
Feb 17th - -18] Battle of Charleston SC
Feb 17th - Columbia SC burns down during Civil War
Feb 18th - Battle of Fort Moultrie, SC occupied by Federals
Feb 18th - Evacuation of Charleston, SC
Feb 18th - Union troops force Confederates to abandon Ft Anderson, NC
Feb 20th - M I T forms 1st US collegiate architectural school
Feb 22nd - Battle of Wilmington, NC (Fort Anderson) occupied by Federals
Feb 22nd - Tennessee adopts a new constitution abolishing slavery
Feb 27th - Civil War skirmish near Sturgeon, Missouri
Mar 2nd - British newspaper "Morning Chronicle" begins publishing
Mar 2nd - Freedman's Bureau founded for Black Education, 1865
Mar 2nd - Gen Early's army is defeated at Waynesborough
Mar 2nd - Battle of Waynesboro VA
Mar 2nd - Second Taranaki War: The Volkner Incident in New Zealand.
US President Abraham LincolnUS President Abraham Lincoln Mar 3rd - US Bureau of Refugees, Freedmen, & Abandoned Lands established by Abraham Lincoln to help destitute free blacks
Mar 3rd - Opening of the Hongkong and Shanghai Banking Corporation, the founding member of the HSBC Group.
Mar 4th - Confederate congress approves final design of "official flag"
Mar 4th - President Lincoln inaugurated for his 2nd term as US president
Mar 6th - Battle of Natural Bridge, Florida
Mar 6th - President Lincoln's 2nd Inaugural Ball
Mar 7th - -10] Battles round Kinston NC
Mar 8th - Battle of Kingston, NC (Wilcox's ridge, Wise's Forks)
Mar 10th - Battle of Monroe's Crossroads, NC
Mar 11th - Gen Sherman's Union forces occupies Fayetteville, NC
Mar 13th - Jefferson Davis signs bill authorizing use of slaves as soldiers
Mar 13th - US Confederate Congress calls on black slaves for field service
Mar 16th - Battle of Averasboro NC (1,500 casualities)
Mar 18th - Battle of Wilson's raid to Selma, AL
Mar 18th - Congress of Confederate States of American adjourns for last time
Mar 19th - Battle of Bentonville-Confederates retreat from Greenville NC
Mar 20th - 2nd day of Battle of Bentonville NC
Mar 20th - Michigan authorizes workers' cooperatives
Mar 21st - Battle of Bentonville ends, last Confederate effort to stop Sherman
Mar 22nd - Raid at Wilson's: Chickaswas AL to Macon GA
Mar 23rd - General Sherman/Cox' troops reach Goldsboro NC
Mar 25th - Battle of Bluff Spring, FL
Mar 25th - Battle of Fort Stedman, VA - in front of Petersburg
Mar 25th - Battle of Mobile, AL (Spanish Fort, Fort Morgan, Fort Blakely)
Mar 25th - SS General Lyon at Cape Hatteras catches fire & sinks, killing 400
Mar 27th - Siege of Spanish Fort, AL-captured by Federals
Mar 29th - -Apr 9th], Appomattox campaign, VA , 7582 killed
Mar 29th - Battle of Quaker Road, VA
Mar 30th - -4] Battle at 5 Forks Virginia
Mar 31st - Battle of Boydton, VA (White Oaks Roads, Dinwiddie C H)
Mar 31st - Gen Pickette moves to 5 Forks, abandoning the defense of Peterburg
Apr 1st - -9] Battle at Blakely Alabama
Apr 1st - Battle of 5 Forks Virginia, signalling end of Lee's army
Apr 2nd - Battle of Petersburg, VA (Ft Gregg, Sutherland's Station)
Apr 2nd - CSA President Jefferson Davis flees Confederate capital of Richmond, VA
Apr 2nd - Battle of Ft Blakely AL & Selma AL
Apr 3rd - Battle at Namozine Church, Virginia (Appomattox Campaign)
Apr 3rd - Union forces occupy Confederate capital of Richmond Va & Petersberg
Apr 4th - Lee's army arrives at Amelia Courthouse
Apr 5th - Battle at Amelia Springs/Jetersville Va (Appomattox Campaign)
Apr 6th - Battle of Sayler's Creek during US Civil War, 1/4rd of Lee's army cut off
Apr 6th - Skirmish at High Bridge VA (Appomattox) during US Civil war;
Apr 7th - Battle of Farmville VA
Apr 9th - General Robert E. Lee and 26,765 troops, surrender at Appomattox Court House in Virginia to US Lieutenant General Ulysses S. Grant
Apr 10th - At Appomattox, Gen Lee issues Gen Order #9, his last
Apr 11th - Battle of Mobile, AL - evacuated by Confederates
Apr 11th - Abraham Lincoln urges a spirit of generous conciliation during reconstruction
Apr 13th - Battle of Raleigh, NC
Apr 13th - Sherman's march through Georgia begins
Apr 14th - Mobile, Alabama is captured
Apr 14th - US Secret Service created to fight counterfeiting
Apr 14th - U.S. Secretary of State William H. Seward and his family are attacked in his home by Lewis Powell.
Apr 14th - President Abraham Lincoln is shot by John Wilkes Booth at Ford's Theater
Politician Otto Von BismarckPolitician Otto Von Bismarck Apr 15th - Otto von Bismarck elevated to rank of Count of Bismarck-Schönhausen
Apr 16th - Battle of Columbus & West Point, GA (Ft Tyler)
Apr 17th - Mary Surratt is arrested as a conspirator in Lincoln's assassination
Apr 18th - Confederate Gen Johnson surrendered to Gen Sherman in North Carolina
Apr 20th - Chicago's Crosby Opera House opens
Apr 21st - Abraham Lincoln's funeral train leaves Washington
Apr 24th - Fire alarm & police telegraph system put into operation (SF)
Apr 26th - Battle of Durham Station, NC (Greensboro)
Apr 26th - Battle of Ft Tobacco, VA
Apr 26th - Confederate Gen J E Johnston surrenders Army of Tenn, at Durham NC
Apr 27th - Cornell University (Ithaca NY) is chartered
Apr 27th - Steamboat "Sultana" explodes in Mississippi River, kills up to 1,547. 1450 of 2000 paroled Union POWs on their way home are killed when river steamer "Sultana" blows up
Apr 28th - Giacomo Meyerbeer's opera "L'Africaine" premieres in Paris
Apr 30th - -5/1] Gen Shermans "Haines's Bluff" at Snyder's Mill, Virginia
May 2nd - Pres Johnson offers $100,000 reward for capture of Jefferson Davis
May 4th - Battle of Citronville, AL; Richard Taylor surrenders
May 4th - Battle of Mobile, AL
May 5th - 1st US train robbery (North Bend Ohio)
May 10th - Jefferson Davis captured at Irwinsville Georgia
May 10th - Surrender of Sam Jones
May 11th - Jeff Thompson surrenders
May 12th - Last land action of Civil war at Palmito Ranch, Texas
May 13th - S Brownsville, TX (Palmito Ranch) Final engagement of Civil War PVT John J Williams of 34th Indiana is last man killed
May 17th - The International Telegraph Union (later the International Telecommunication Union) is established.
May 19th - President Jefferson Davis is captured by Union Cavalry in Georgia
May 23rd - -24] Victory parade in Washington, DC (Grand Review)
May 23rd - Flag flown at full staff over White House, 1st time since Lincoln shot
May 26th - Battle of Galveston TX, surrender of Edmund Kirby Smith
Jun 2nd - At Galveston, Kirby-Smith surrenders Trans-Mississippi Dept
Jun 8th - Tristanderl und Zusholde, premieres
Jun 9th - Battle of Grand Gulf, MS
Jun 10th - Wagner's "Tristan und Isolde" 1st performance Munich Germany
Jun 13th - Pres Johnson proclaims reconstruction confederate states
Jun 19th - Siege of Richmond, VA
Jun 19th - Union General Granger declares slaves are free in Texas
Jun 22nd - 1st class cricket debut of Dr W G Grace
Jun 23rd - At Ft Towson, Gen Stand Watie surrenders last sizeable confed army
Jun 28th - The Army of the Potomac is disbanded
Jun 30th - 8 alleged conspirators in assassination of Lincoln are found guilty
Jul 2nd - William Booth founds Salvation Army (Army of the Salvation)
Jul 4th - 1st edition of "Alice in Wonderland" is published
Jul 5th - Great Britain delegate's world 1st maximum speed laws
Jul 5th - US Secret Service began operating under the Treasury Department
Jul 13th - Horace Greeley advises his readers to "Go west young man"
Jul 13th - P T Barnum's museum burns down
Jul 14th - Whymper, Hudson, Croz, Douglas & Hadow 1st to climb Matterhorn
Folk Hero of the American Old West Wild Bill HickokFolk Hero of the American Old West Wild Bill Hickok Jul 21st - In the market square of Springfield, Missouri, Wild Bill Hickok shoots and kills Davis Tutt in what is regarded as the first true western showdown.
Jul 22nd - V E Walker takes 10-104 in an innings for Middlesex v Lancs
Jul 26th - Patrick Francis Healy is 1st black awarded PhD (Louvain Belgium)
Jul 27th - Welsh settlers arrive at Chubut in Argentina.
Jul 30th - Pope Pius IX visits Suriname
Jul 31st - The first narrow gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Australia.
Aug 2nd - Lewis Carroll publishes "Alice's Adventures in Wonderland"
Aug 2nd - Trans Atlantic Cable being laid by SS Great Eastern snaps & is lost
Aug 12th - Joseph Lister performs 1st antiseptic surgery

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