Historical Events for Year 1866
Events 1 - 91 of 91
Jan 9th - Fisk University establishes
Jan 11th - Steamship London sinks in storm off Land's End, England and kills 220
Jan 12th - The Royal Aeronautical Society is formed in London.
Jan 15th - Bedrich Smetana's opera "Branibori v Cechach," premieres in Prague
Jan 20th - Prim's Insurrection in Spain ends
Feb 4th - Mary Baker Eddy cures her injuries by opening a bible
Feb 10th - Dutch government of Frans van der Putte forms
Feb 13th - Jesse James holds up his 1st bank, Liberty, Missouri ($15,000)
Feb 16th - Spencer Compton Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington becomes the British Secretary of State for War.
Feb 21st - Lucy B Hobbs (Taylor) becomes 1st US woman to earn a DDS degree
Feb 26th - New York Legislature forms NYC Metropolitan Board of Health
Outlaw Jesse James Mar 1st - Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana
Mar 2nd - 1st US company to make sewing needles by machine incorporated, Conn
Mar 19th - Immigrant ship Monarch of the Seas sinks in Liverpool; 738 die
Mar 21st - US Congress authorizes national soldiers' homes
Mar 27th - Andrew Rankin patents the urinal
Mar 27th - President Johnson vetoes civil rights bill; it later becomes 14th amendment
Mar 28th - 1st ambulance goes into service
Mar 30th - Bedrich Smetana's "Verkaufte Braut" (Sold Bride) premieres
Mar 31st - The Spanish Navy bombs the harbor of Valparaíso, Chile.
Apr 1st - US Congress rejects presidential veto giveing all equal rights in US
Apr 2nd - US President Johnson ends civil war in Ala, Ark, Fla, Ga, Miss, La, NC, SC, Tn & Va
Apr 4th - Alexander II of Russia narrowly escapes an assassination attempt in the city of Kiev.
Apr 6th - G.A.R. forms
Apr 8th - Italy and Prussia ally against Austria-Hungary.
17th US President Andrew Johnson Apr 9th - Civil Rights Bill passes over President Andrew Johnson's veto
Apr 10th - American Society for Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA) forms
Apr 16th - Karakozov attempts to assassinate Tsar Alexander II of Russia
Apr 16th - Nitroglycerine at Wells Fargo & Co office explodes
May 1st - American Equal Rights Association forms
May 2nd - Peruvian defenders fight off Spanish fleet at the Battle of Callao.
May 4th - Woodward's Gardens opens to public
May 7th - German premier Otto Von Bismarck seriously wounded in assassination attempt
May 16th - Charles Elmer Hires invents root beer
German Statesman Otto Von Bismarck May 16th - US Congress authorizes the nickel 5 cent piece (replaces silver half-dime)
May 18th - French government of De Putte resigns
May 21st - 1st-class debut of G F Grace aged 15 years 159 days
May 24th - Berkeley, California named (for George Berkeley, Bishop of Cloyne)
May 28th - Dutch government of Zuylen van Nijevelt/Heemskerk forms
May 30th - Opera "Die Verkaufte Braut" premieres (Prague)
Jun 1st - General Dutch Typographer Union forms
Jun 1st - Renegade Irish Fenians from US invade Fort Erie, Ontario
Jun 2nd - Renegade Irish Fenians surrender to US forces
Jun 7th - Irish Fenians raid Pigeon Hill, Quebec
Jun 7th - 1,800 Fenian raiders are repelled back to the United States after they loot and plunder around Saint-Armand and Frelighsburg, Quebec.
Jun 11th - The Agra High Court (ow the Allahabad High Court) is established in India.
Jun 13th - US House of representatives passes 14th Amendment (Civil rights)
Jun 15th - Prussia attacks Austria
Jun 20th - Italy declares war on Austria
Jun 24th - Second Battle at Custozza: the Austrian Imperial army, joined by the Venetian Army decisively defeated the Italian army, despite the Italians' strong numerical advantage.
Jul 4th - Firecracker thrown in wood starts fire destroying half of Portland, Mainee, US
Jul 10th - Indelible pencil patented by Edson P Clark, Northampton, Mass
Jul 17th - Italian fleet under Admiral Count Carlo Pellion di Persano captures Austrian Fort Lissa
Jul 19th - Tennessee is 1st to ratify 14th Amendment to the US constitution, guaranteeing civil rights
Jul 20th - Sea battle of Lissa-Austria vs Italy
Jul 21st - Cholera epidemic kills hundreds in London
Jul 23rd - Cincinnati Baseball club (Red Stockings) forms
Jul 24th - Tennessee becomes 1st Confederate state readmitted to Union
Jul 25th - 25th US Postmaster General: Alexander W Randall of Wisconsin takes office
Jul 25th - David Faragut appointed as 1st admiral in US Navy
US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant Jul 25th - Ulysses S. Grant named 1st general of Army
Jul 26th - Canoe Club opens in England
Jul 27th - Atlantic telegraph cable successfully laid (1,686 miles long)
Jul 28th - Metric system becomes a legal measurement system in US
Jul 30th - New Orleans's Democratic government orders police to raid an integrated Republican Party meeting, killing 40 people and injuring 150.
Aug 10th - Transatlantic cable laid-Pres Buchanan spoke to Queen Victoria
Aug 11th - World's 1st roller rink opens (Newport RI)
Aug 17th - Bathe & Prussia signs peace treaty
Aug 20th - President Andrew Johnson formally declares US Civil War over
Aug 23rd - Treaty of Prague ends Austro-Prussian war
Sep 1st - Last Navaho chief Manuelito turns himself in at Fort Wingate
Sep 4th - 1st Hawaiian daily newspaper published
Abolitionist Frederick Douglass Sep 6th - Frederick Douglass is 1st US black delegate to a national convention
Sep 22nd - Decisive battle of Curupaity in the War of the Triple Alliance.
Sep 25th - (Leonard W) Jerome Park opens in Bronx for horse racing
Oct 1st - Dutch Eindhoven-Venlo railway opens
Oct 2nd - J Osterhoudt patents tin can with key opener
Oct 6th - 1st train robbery in US (Reno Brothers take $13,000)
Oct 15th - Great fire in Quebec destroys 2,500 houses
Oct 22nd - Paraguay: Battle of Curupaytí against Brazil, Argentina and Uruguay.
Oct 30th - Jesse James gang robs bank in Lexington Missouri ($2000)
Nov 4th - Kingdom of Italy annexes Venetia
Nov 17th - Opera "Mignon" is produced (Paris)
Nov 20th - First national convention of Grand Army of Republic (veterans' org)
Nov 20th - Howard University founded (Washington DC)
Nov 20th - Pierre Lalemont patents rotary crank bicycle
Nov 30th - Work begins on 1st US underwater highway tunnel, Chicago
Dec 3rd - Paid fire dept replaces volunteer companies
Dec 6th - Chicago water supply tunnel 3,227 m into Lake Michigan completed
Dec 11th - 1st yacht race across Atlantic Ocean
Dec 21st - Cheyennes, Arapho's, Sioux, Fetterman Massacre