Historical Events for Year 1870

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Months in Year 1870: January February March April May June July August September October November December

Events 1 - 122 of 122

Jan 3rd - Construction begins on Brooklyn Bridge in New York; completed May 24, 1883
Jan 6th - The inauguration of the Musikverein (Vienna).
Jan 8th - US mint at Carson City, Nevada begins issuing coins
Jan 10th - Georgia legislature reconvenes
Jan 10th - John D. Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil
Jan 15th - Donkey 1st used as symbol of Democratic Party, in Harper's Weekly
Jan 16th - Virginia becomes 8th state readmitted to US after Civil War
Jan 20th - "City of Boston" vanishes at sea with all 177 aboard
Jan 20th - Hiram R. Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Jefferson Davis
Jan 23rd - 173 Blackfoot (140 women & children) killed in Montana by US Army
Jan 25th - Soda fountain patented by Gustavus Dows
Jan 26th - Virginia rejoins US
Minister and US Senator Hiram R. RevelsMinister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels Jan 27th - 1st sorority (Kappa Alpha Theta) (DePauw U in Greencastle, Indiana)
Jan 27th - After accepting 15th amendment, Virginia is readmitted to Union
Jan 27th - Manitoba & Northwest Territories incorporated
Feb 2nd - Cardiff Giant (supposed petrified human) proved to be gypsum
Feb 3rd - US state of Iowa ratifies the 15th Amendment of the United States Constitution allowing suffrage for all races & colour
Feb 5th - 1st motion picture shown to a theater audience, Philadelphia
Feb 9th - US Army establishes US National Weather Service
Feb 10th - City of Anaheim incorporates (1st time)
Feb 10th - YWCA (Young Women's Christian Association) forms (NYC)
Feb 12th - Official proclamation sets April 15 as last day of grace for US silver coins to circulate in Canada
Feb 15th - Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minn
Feb 17th - Esther Morris appointed 1st female judge
Feb 17th - Mississippi becomes 9th state readmitted to US after Civil War
Feb 23rd - Mississippi is readmitted to US
Feb 25th - Hiram R. Revels, is sworn in as 1st African American member of Congress (Sen-R-MS)
Feb 26th - 1st NYC subway line opens (pneumatic powered)
Feb 28th - The Bulgarian Exarchate is established by decree of Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz of the Ottoman Empire.
Politician Louis RielPolitician Louis Riel Mar 4th - On command of Louis Riel, Thomas Scott is executed by a firing squad. Riel rejects all appeals and requests to intervene in an attempt to demonstrate to the Canadian government that the Metis must be taken seriously
Mar 7th - Cin Red Stockings, 1st pro BB team, begin 8-mo tour of Midwest & East
Mar 14th - California legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible
Mar 17th - Mass legislature authorizes incorporation of Wellesley Female Seminary
Mar 18th - 1st US National Wildlife Preserve (Lake Meritt in Oakland California)
Mar 19th - The opera "Guarany" premieres in Milan
Mar 30th - 15th Amendment to the US constitution is adopted, guarantees right to vote regardless of race
Mar 30th - Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union
Mar 30th - Florida territorial government established.
Mar 31st - 1st black to vote in US (Thomas P Mundy of Perth Amboy NJ)
Apr 4th - Golden Gate Park forms by City Order #800
Apr 9th - American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves
Apr 13th - Metropolitan Museum of Art forms in NYC
Apr 15th - Last day US silver coins allow to circulate in Canada
Apr 16th - Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London
Apr 27th - Heinrich Schliemann discovers Troi
May 10th - Jem Mace & defends his heavyweight crown against Irish champ Joe Coburn, it lasts 1 hr & 17 minutes, & neither is struck by a punch
May 12th - Manitoba becomes a province of Canada
May 20th - Second Chamber of the Dutch Parliament abolishes capital punishment in The Netherlands
May 24th - Memoria of Jackson Kemper, 1st Missionary Bishop in US
May 25th - Irish Fenians raid Eccles Hill, Quebec
May 31st - Congress passes 1st Enforcement Act (rights of blacks)
May 31st - E J DeSemdt patents asphalt pavement
Jun 4th - 4th Belmont: W Dick aboard Kingfisher wins in 2:59.5
Jun 5th - Constantinople fire; 900 die
Jun 9th - Washington: Pres Grant meets with Sioux chief Red Cloud
Jun 11th - 1st-stone Amstel Brewery opens in Amsterdam
Jun 14th - All-pro Cincinnati Red Stockings suffer 1st loss in 130 games
Jun 22nd - 1st Boardwalk in America invented
Jun 22nd - US Congress creates Department of Justice
Jun 25th - Opera "Die Walküre (The Valkyrie)" is produced (Munich)
Jun 26th - 1st section of Atlantic City (NJ) Boardwalk opens
Jun 26th - Wagner's opera "Valkyrie" premieres in Munich
Jun 26th - The Christian holiday of Christmas is declared a federal holiday in the United States.
Jun 30th - Ada Kepley becomes 1st female law college graduate
Jul 1st - James W Smith of SC is one of 1st African Americans to enter West Point
Jul 2nd - Jules Joseph d'Anethan is elected the tenth Prime Minister of Belgium.
Jul 8th - US Congress authorizes registration of trademarks
Jul 8th - Gov Holden of NC declares Casswell County in a state of insurrection
German Statesman Otto Von BismarckGerman Statesman Otto Von Bismarck Jul 13th - King Wilhelm of Prussia sends "Emser Depeche" on Bismarck
Jul 14th - The United States Congress grants Mary Todd Lincoln a life pension in the amount of $3,000 a year
Jul 15th - Georgia becomes last confederate to be readmitted to US
Jul 15th - Manitoba becomes 5th Canadian province & NW Territories created
Jul 15th - Hudson's Bay & Northwest Territories transferred to Canada
Jul 18th - Pontifical infalliability proclaimed
Jul 19th - France declares war on Prussia; Franco-Prussian war begins
Jul 23rd - Emperor Napoleon III appoints Empress Eugenie as Regent of France
First Lady of the United States Mary Todd LincolnFirst Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln Jul 24th - 1st trans-US rail service begins
Jul 30th - Staten Island ferry "Westfield" burns, killing 100
Jul 30th - The Republic of Klipdrift is proclaimed by Transvaal President Andries Pretorius after the discovery of diamonds in South Africa in 1866 resulted in a flood of treasure hunters; ownership of the diamond fields was contested by the Boer republics
Aug 1st - Irish Land Act gives rights to tenants of landlords in Ireland.
Aug 2nd - Tower Subway, the world's first underground tube railway, opens in London.
Aug 4th - British Red Cross Society forms
Aug 6th - Battle at Spicheren: Prussia beats France
Aug 6th - White conservatives suppresed black vote & captured Tennessee legislature
Aug 8th - Magic (US) defeats Cambria (England) in 2nd running of America's Cup
Aug 8th - The Republic of Ploieşti, a failed Radical-Liberal rising against Domnitor Carol of Romania.
Aug 15th - Transcontinental Railway actually completed in Colorado
Aug 16th - Fred Goldsmith demonstrates curve ball isn't an optical illusion
Aug 17th - 1st ascent of Mt Rainier, Washington
Aug 17th - Mrs Esther Morris becomes 1st US woman magistrate (South Pass, Wyoming)
Aug 18th - Battle at Gravelotte Privat: Prussia beat France, 32,000 casualties
Aug 24th - The Wolseley Expedition reaches Manitoba to end the Red River Rebellion.
Sep 1st - Napoleon III captured at Sedan
Sep 2nd - Napoleon III surrenders to Prussian armies
Sep 4th - The Third French Republic proclaimed as French overthrow Emperor Napoleon III (who ironically was the elected president of the Second French Republic) after his defeat by Prussia at Sedan
Sep 6th - Ship sinks in Gulf of Biscay; 483 die
Sep 8th - Netherlands & Britain sign "Koelietraktaat" Br-Indian contract work in Suriname
Sep 10th - Dutch Jurist Cooperation forms
Sep 15th - Dutch 1st Chamber abolishes Capital punishment (20-18)
Sep 19th - Siege of Paris by Prussian Forces begins (lasts until January 28 1871)
King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel IIKing of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II Sep 20th - Italian army under Victor Emmanuel II seizes Rome from the French
Sep 20th - Mayor William Tweed accused of robbing NY treasury
Sep 20th - Pope Pius IX surrenders to King Victor Emmanuel
Oct 2nd - Italy annexes Rome & Papal States; Rome made Italian capital
Oct 7th - Leon Gambetta flees Paris in balloon
Oct 9th - Rome is incorporated into Italy by royal decree
Oct 13th - Gustav Mahler (10) gives his 1st public piano concert
Oct 19th - 1st African Americans (4) elected to US House of Representatives
Oct 19th - British steamship SS Cambria wrecked off the north-west of Ireland with the loss of 178 lives
Oct 25th - Pimlico Race Course opens in Baltimore
Oct 25th - Postcards first used in USA
Nov 1st - US Weather Bureau begins operations (24 locations)
Nov 8th - Democratic governor elected in Tennessee
Nov 15th - Bathe becomes member of Noordduitse Union
Nov 16th - Spanish Cortes selects King Amadeus I
Nov 27th - NY Times dubs baseball "The National Game"
Nov 29th - Compulsory education proclaimed in England
Dec 6th - Joseph H Rainey, 1st black in House of Reps (SC)
Dec 12th - Joseph Rainey (SC) became 1st black sworn into House of Reps
Dec 22nd - Jules Janssen, flys in a balloon in order to study a solar eclipse
Dec 26th - The 12.8-km long Fréjus Rail Tunnel through the Alps is completed.
Dec 31st - J D Schneiter patents rocket mail in France, (not done)

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