Historical Events for Year 1870

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Months in Year 1870: January February March April May June July August September October November December

Events 1 - 122 of 122

Jan 3rd - Construction begins on Brooklyn Bridge in New York; completed May 24, 1883
Jan 6th - The inauguration of the Musikverein (Vienna).
Jan 8th - US mint at Carson City, Nevada begins issuing coins
Jan 10th - Georgia legislature reconvenes
Jan 10th - John D Rockefeller incorporates Standard Oil
Jan 15th - Donkey 1st used as symbol of Democratic Party, in Harper's Weekly
Jan 16th - Virginia becomes 8th state readmitted to US after Civil War
Jan 20th - "City of Boston" vanishes at sea with all 177 aboard
Jan 20th - Hiram R. Revels elected to fill unexpired term of Jefferson Davis
Jan 23rd - 173 Blackfoot (140 women & children) killed in Montana by US Army
Jan 25th - Soda fountain patented by Gustavus Dows
Jan 26th - Virginia rejoins US
Minister and US Senator Hiram R. RevelsMinister and US Senator Hiram R. Revels Jan 27th - 1st sorority (Kappa Alpha Theta) (DePauw U in Greencastle, Indiana)
Jan 27th - After accepting 15th amendment, Virginia is readmitted to Union
Jan 27th - Manitoba & Northwest Territories incorporated
Feb 2nd - Cardiff Giant (supposed petrified human) proved to be gypsum
Feb 3rd - US state of Iowa ratifies the 15th Amendment of the United States Constitution allowing suffrage for all races & colour
Feb 5th - 1st motion picture shown to a theater audience, Philadelphia
Feb 9th - US Army establishes US National Weather Service
Feb 10th - City of Anaheim incorporates (1st time)
Feb 10th - YWCA (Young Women's Christian Association) forms (NYC)
Feb 12th - Official proclamation sets April 15 as last day of grace for US silver coins to circulate in Canada
Feb 15th - Ground broken for Northern Pacific Railway near Duluth, Minn
Feb 17th - Esther Morris appointed 1st female judge
Feb 17th - Mississippi becomes 9th state readmitted to US after Civil War
Feb 23rd - Mississippi is readmitted to US
Feb 25th - Hiram R. Revels, is sworn in as 1st black member of Congress (Sen-R-MS)
Feb 26th - 1st NYC subway line opens (pneumatic powered)
Feb 28th - The Bulgarian Exarchate is established by decree of Sultan Abd-ul-Aziz of the Ottoman Empire.
Politician Louis RielPolitician Louis Riel Mar 4th - On command of Louis Riel, Thomas Scott is executed by a firing squad. Riel rejects all appeals and requests to intervene in an attempt to demonstrate to the Canadian government that the Metis must be taken seriously
Mar 7th - Cin Red Stockings, 1st pro BB team, begin 8-mo tour of Midwest & East
Mar 14th - California legislature approves act making Golden Gate Park possible
Mar 17th - Mass legislature authorizes incorporation of Wellesley Female Seminary
Mar 18th - 1st US National Wildlife Preserve (Lake Meritt in Oakland California)
Mar 19th - The opera "Guarany" premieres in Milan
Mar 30th - 15th Amendment passes, guarantees right to vote regardless of race
Mar 30th - Texas becomes last confederate state readmitted to Union
Mar 30th - Florida territorial government established.
Mar 31st - 1st black to vote in US (Thomas P Mundy of Perth Amboy NJ)
Apr 2nd - Victoria Woodhull is 1st woman to be nominated for US pres
Apr 4th - Golden Gate Park forms by City Order #800
Apr 9th - American Anti-Slavery Society dissolves
Apr 13th - Metropolitan Museum of Art forms in NYC
Apr 15th - Last day US silver coins allow to circulate in Canada
Apr 16th - Vaudeville Theatre Strand opens in London
Apr 27th - Heinrich Schliemann discovers Troi
May 10th - Jem Mace & defends his heavyweight crown against Irish champ Joe Coburn, it lasts 1 hr & 17 minutes, & neither is struck by a punch
May 12th - Manitoba becomes a province of Canada
May 20th - Second Chamber of the Dutch Parliament abolishes capital punishment in The Netherlands
May 24th - Memoria of Jackson Kemper, 1st Missionary Bishop in US
May 25th - Irish Fenians raid Eccles Hill, Quebec
May 31st - Congress passes 1st Enforcement Act (rights of blacks)
May 31st - E J DeSemdt patents asphalt pavement
Jun 4th - 4th Belmont: W Dick aboard Kingfisher wins in 2:59.5
Jun 5th - Constantinople fire; 900 die
Jun 9th - Washington: Pres Grant meets with Sioux chief Red Cloud
Jun 11th - 1st-stone Amstel Brewery opens in Amsterdam
Jun 14th - All-pro Cincinnati Red Stockings suffer 1st loss in 130 games
Jun 22nd - 1st Boardwalk in America invented
Jun 22nd - US Congress creates Department of Justice
Jun 25th - Opera "Die Walküre (The Valkyrie)" is produced (Munich)
Jun 26th - 1st section of Atlantic City (NJ) Boardwalk opens
Jun 26th - Wagner's opera "Valkyrie" premieres in Munich
Jun 26th - The Christian holiday of Christmas is declared a federal holiday in the United States.
Jun 30th - Ada Kepley becomes 1st female law college graduate
Jul 1st - James W Smith of SC is one of 1st African Americans to enter West Point
Jul 2nd - Jules Joseph d'Anethan is elected the tenth Prime Minister of Belgium.
Jul 8th - US Congress authorizes registration of trademarks
Jul 8th - Gov Holden of NC declares Casswell County in a state of insurrection
German Statesman Otto Von BismarckGerman Statesman Otto Von Bismarck Jul 13th - King Wilhelm of Prussia sends "Emser Depeche" on Bismarck
Jul 15th - Georgia becomes last confederate to be readmitted to US
Jul 15th - Manitoba becomes 5th Canadian province & NW Territories created
Jul 15th - Hudson's Bay & Northwest Territories transferred to Canada
Jul 18th - Pontifical infalliability proclaimed
Jul 19th - France declares war on Prussia; Franco-Prussian war begins
Jul 23rd - Emperor Napoleon III appoints Empress Eugenie as Regent of France
Jul 24th - 1st trans-US rail service begins
Jul 30th - Staten Island ferry "Westfield" burns, killing 100
Jul 30th - The Republic of Klipdrift is proclaimed by Transvaal President Andries Pretorius after the discovery of diamonds in South Africa in 1866 resulted in a flood of treasure hunters; ownership of the diamond fields was contested by the Boer republics
Aug 1st - Irish Land Act gives rights to tenants of landlords in Ireland.
Aug 2nd - Tower Subway, the world's first underground tube railway, opens in London.
Aug 4th - British Red Cross Society forms
Aug 6th - Battle at Spicheren: Prussia beats France
Aug 6th - White conservatives suppresed black vote & captured Tennessee legislature
Aug 8th - Magic (US) defeats Cambria (England) in 2nd running of America's Cup
Aug 8th - The Republic of Ploieşti, a failed Radical-Liberal rising against Domnitor Carol of Romania.
Aug 15th - Transcontinental Railway actually completed in Colorado
Aug 16th - Fred Goldsmith demonstrates curve ball isn't an optical illusion
Aug 17th - 1st ascent of Mt Rainier, Washington
Aug 17th - Mrs Esther Morris becomes 1st US woman magistrate (South Pass, Wyoming)
Aug 18th - Battle at Gravelotte Privat: Prussia beat France, 32,000 casualties
Aug 24th - The Wolseley Expedition reaches Manitoba to end the Red River Rebellion.
Sep 1st - Napoleon III captured at Sedan
Sep 2nd - Napoleon III surrenders to Prussian armies
Sep 4th - 3rd French republic proclaimed as French overthrow their king
Sep 6th - Ship sinks in Gulf of Biskaje; 483 die
Sep 8th - Neth & Engl sign "Koelietraktaat" Br-Indian contract work in Suriname
Sep 10th - Dutch Jurist Cooperation forms
Sep 15th - Dutch 1st Chamber abolishes Capital punishment (20-18)
Sep 19th - Siege of Paris by Prussian Forces begins (lasts until January 28 1871)
King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel IIKing of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II Sep 20th - Italian army under Victor Emmanuel II seizes Rome from the French
Sep 20th - Mayor William Tweed accused of robbing NY treasury
Sep 20th - Pope Pius IX surrenders to King Victor Emmanuel
Oct 2nd - Italy annexes Rome & Papal States; Rome made Italian capital
Oct 7th - Leon Gambetta flees Paris in balloon
Oct 9th - Rome is incorporated into Italy by royal decree
Oct 13th - Gustav Mahler (10) gives his 1st public piano concert
Oct 19th - 1st (4) blacks elected to House of Reps
Oct 19th - British steamship SS Cambria wrecked off the north-west of Ireland with the loss of 178 lives
Oct 25th - Pimlico Race Course opens in Baltimore
Oct 25th - Postcards 1st used in US
Nov 1st - US Weather Bureau begins operations (24 locations)
Nov 8th - Democratic governor elected in Tennessee
Nov 15th - Bathe becomes member of Noordduitse Union
Nov 16th - Spanish Cortes selects King Amadeus I
Nov 27th - NY Times dubs baseball "The National Game"
Nov 29th - Compulsory education proclaimed in England
Dec 6th - Joseph H Rainey, 1st black in House of Reps (SC)
Dec 12th - Joseph Rainey (SC) became 1st black sworn into House of Reps
Dec 22nd - Jules Janssen, flys in a balloon in order to study a solar eclipse
Dec 26th - The 12.8-km long Fréjus Rail Tunnel through the Alps is completed.
Dec 31st - J D Schneiter patents rocket mail in France, (not done)

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