Historical Events for Year 1871

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Months in Year 1871: January February March April May June July August September October November December

Events 1 - 90 of 90

Jan 1st - Belgium disbands salt tax
Jan 2nd - King Amadeus I of Spain inaugurated at 25
Jan 3rd - Oleomargarine patented by Henry Bradley, Binghamton, NY
Jan 16th - Jefferson Long of Georgia sworn in as 2nd black congressman
Jan 17th - 1st cable car patented, by Andrew S Hallidie (begins service in 1873)
Jan 18th - 2nd German Empire proclaimed by Kaiser Wilhelm I & Bismarck
Jan 19th - 1st Negro lodge of US Masons approved, New Jersey
Jan 26th - British Rugby Union forms
Jan 26th - US income tax repealed
Jan 28th - Paris surrenders to Prussians
Jan 31st - Millions of birds fly over western SF, darkening the sky
Feb 1st - Jefferson Long of Georgia is 1st black to make an official speech in House of Reps (opposing leniency to former Confederates)
Feb 9th - Federal fish protection office authorized by Congress
Feb 27th - Meeting of Alabama claims commission
Feb 28th - 2nd Enforcement Act gives federal control of congressional elections
Mar 1st - J Milton Turner named minister to Liberia
Mar 3rd - US Congress changes Indian tribes status from independent to dependent
Mar 3rd - US Congress establishes the civil service system
Mar 16th - 1st fertilizer law enacted
Politician Otto Von BismarckPolitician Otto Von Bismarck Mar 17th - National Association of Professional Base-Ball players organized
Mar 18th - Communards revolt in Paris
Mar 21st - Journalist Henry M Stanley begins his famous expedition to Africa
Mar 21st - Otto von Bismarck elevated to rank of F├╝rst (Prince)
Mar 22nd - William Holden of NC becomes 1st governor removed by impeachment
Mar 26th - Paris Commune founded
Mar 27th - 1st international rugby game-Scotland 1, England 0
Mar 28th - SF Art Association holds open reception at 430 Pine
Mar 29th - Albert Hall opened by Queen Victoria in London
Mar 29th - Royal Albert Hall of Arts and Sciences opens
Apr 10th - William Hammond Hall's maps & surveys of Golden Gate Park accepted
Apr 14th - Canada sets denominations of currency as dollars, cents, & mills
Apr 16th - German Empire ends all anti-Jewish civil restrictions
Apr 20th - 3rd Enforcement Act (President can suspend writ of habeas corpus)
Apr 23rd - Blossom Rock in SF Bay blown up
Apr 30th - The Camp Grant Massacre of Apaches in Arizona Territory, perpetrated by white & Mexican adventurers; 144 die
May 4th - 1st baseball league game (National Association of Baseball Players), (Ft Wayne 2, Cleveland 0) Deacon Jim White gets 1st hit, a double
May 8th - English-US treaty ends Alabama dispute
May 10th - Peace of Frankfurt-am-Main concluded between France & Germany ends Franco-Prussian war
May 12th - Segregated street cars integrated in Louisville, Ky
May 17th - Indians fighter Gen Sherman escapes in ambulance vs Comanches
May 21st - -July 28] French regular troops attack Commune of Paris; 17,000 die
May 28th - Paris communards revolt put down
Outlaw Jesse JamesOutlaw Jesse James Jun 3rd - Jesse James & his gang robs Obocock Bank (Corydon Iowa), of $15,000
Jun 10th - 5th Belmont: W Miller aboard Harry Basset wins in 2:56
Jun 10th - Sinmiyangyo: Captain McLane Tilton leads 109 Marines in naval attack on Han River forts on Kanghwa Island, Korea.
Jun 13th - Hurricane kills 300 in Labrador
Jun 15th - Phoebe Couzins is 1st woman graduate of a US collegiate law school
Jun 16th - Ancient Arabic Order of Nobles of Mystic Shrine founded, NYC
Jun 16th - The University Tests Act allows students to enter the Universities of Oxford, Cambridge and Durham without religious tests, except for courses in theology.
Jun 20th - Ku Klux Klan trials began in federal court in Oxford Miss
Jun 30th - Guatemala revolts for agrarian reforms
Jul 1st - The decimal currency system is made uniform in Canada
Jul 3rd - Jesse James robs bank in Corydon, Iowa ($45,000)
Jul 5th - Trial against Kiowa chief Satanta (White Bear) & Big Tree, begins
Jul 20th - British Columbia joins the confederation of Canada.
Jul 25th - Carousel patents by Wilhelm Schneider, Davenport, Iowa
Aug 29th - Emperor Meiji orders the Abolition of the han system and the establishment of prefectures as local centers of administration. (Traditional Japanese date: July 14, 1871).
Sep 7th - Bay of Biskaje: English warship HMS Captain capsizes, 500 killed
Sep 17th - Mont Cenis railway tunnel Switzerland opens
Sep 20th - Bishop John Coleridge Patteson martyred on the island of Nukapu, a Polynesian outlier island now in the Temotu province of the Solomon Islands. He was the first bishop of Melanesia.
Oct 1st - General Dutch Werkliedenverbond (ANWV), forms in Utrecht
Oct 2nd - Brigham Young, mormon leader, arrest for bigamy
Oct 6th - Fisk Jubilee Singers begin 1st national tour
Oct 7th - 16-hour fire injures 30 of Chicago's 185 firefighters
Oct 8th - Gas explosion destroys Peshtigo, Wisconsin
Oct 8th - Great Fire kills 200, destroys over 4 square miles (10 square km) of Chicago buildings, & original Emancipation Proclamation
Oct 11th - Great Chicago Fire is finally extinguished after 3 days, 300 killed
Oct 12th - Pres Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan
Oct 13th - The Delphic Fraternity is founded as the Delphic Society at the State Normal School in Geneseo, New York.
Oct 17th - Great Britain annexes Griqualand South Africa
Oct 17th - President Grant suspends writ of habeas corpus
Oct 21st - 1st US amateur outdoor athletic games (NY)
Oct 23rd - Columbia & Sappho (US) beat Livonia (UK) in 3rd America's Cup
Oct 24th - Mob in LA hangs 18 Chinese
Oct 27th - Boss Tweed (William Macy Tweed), Democratic leader of Tammany Hall, arrested after NY Times exposed his corruption
Oct 30th - Phila Athletics beat Chicago for 1st Natl Association baseball pennant
Oct 31st - Founding of Netherland Protestant Union in Dokkum
Nov 6th - Cameroon reaches coast of Angola after trip through Africa
Physician and Explorer David LivingstonePhysician and Explorer David Livingstone Nov 10th - Henry Morton Stanley in Ujiji, Central Africa, encounters David Livingstone with the immortal words 'Dr Livingstone, I presume?'
Nov 18th - American suffragette Susan B Anthony arrested after voting on the 5th November in Rochester NY
Nov 21st - Moses F Gale patents a cigar lighter (NYC)
Nov 21st - The 1st human cannonball, Emilio Onra, is shot
Nov 23rd - Railway bridge over Dutch Deep opens
Nov 24th - National Rifle Association organized (NYC)
Nov 28th - Ku Klux Klan trials began in Federal District Court in South Carolina
Dec 12th - Jules Janssen discovers dark lines in solar corona spectrum
Dec 19th - Albert L Jones (NYC), patents corrugated paper
Dec 24th - Giusseppi Verdi's "Aida" premieres in Cairo, at the opening of the Suez canal
Dec 26th - Gilbert and Sullivan collaborate for the first time, on their lost opera, Thespis. It does modestly well, but the two would not collaborate again for four years.
Dec 27th - World's 1st cat show (Crystal Palace, London)

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