Historical Events for Year 1875
Events 1 - 71 of 71
Jan 5th - Charles Garnier's new Opera opens in Paris
Jan 5th - President Grant sends federal troops to Vicksburg, Miss
Jan 12th - Kwang-su becomes emperor of China.
Jan 24th - Camille Saint-Saëns' "Danse Macabre," premieres
Jan 25th - Anti-slavery society forms (NY)
Jan 26th - Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green
Feb 24th - The SS Gothenburg hits the Great Barrier Reef and sinks off the Australian east coast, killing approximately 100, including a number of high profile civil servants and dignitaries.
Feb 25th - Kiowa Indians under Lone Wolf (Guipago) surrender at Ft Sill
Mar 1st - Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883
Mar 3rd - 1st recorded hockey game (Montreal)
Mar 3rd - Congress authorizes 20 cent coin, lasts only 3 years
Composer Georges Bizet Mar 3rd - Georges Bizet's opera "Carmen" premieres (Paris)
Mar 14th - Smetana's "Vysehrad" premieres
Mar 15th - 1st US cardinal (John McCloskey) invested
Apr 17th - Snooker invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain
Apr 25th - Latest date for measurable snow in NYC (3")
May 1st - 238 members of "Whiskey Ring" accused of anti-US activities
May 1st - Alexandra Palace, London, reopens after being burnt down in 1873
May 7th - German SS Schiller sinks near Scilly Islands, 312 killed
May 11th - George "Charmer" Zettlein pitches the 1st 9 inning shutout
May 12th - 1st recorded shutout in pro baseball, Chicago 1, St Louis 0
May 16th - Quake in Venezuela & Colombia kills 16,000
May 17th - 1st Kentucky Derby: Oliver Lewis aboard Aristides wins in 2:37.75
May 20th - International Bureau of Weights & Measures forms by treaty
May 28th - 3rd Preakness: L Hughes aboard Tom Ochiltree wins in 2:43.5
May 31st - Reciprocity Treaty between US & Hawaii ratified
Jun 2nd - James Augustine Healey became 1st Black Catholic Bishop in US
Inventor Alexander Graham Bell Jun 2nd - Alexander Graham Bell makes first sound transmission
Jun 4th - Pacific Stock Exchange opens
Jun 5th - Pacific Stock Exchange formally opens in San Francisco
Jun 6th - Netherlands goes on the gold standard
Jun 12th - 9th Belmont: Bobby Swim aboard Calvin wins in 2:42.25
Jun 19th - Formal opening of US Marine Hospital at Presidio
Jun 19th - The Herzegovinian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire begins.
Jun 22nd - Garonne Flood: great damage in Verdun & Toulouse, kills about 1,000
Jul 1st - Universal Postal Union established
Jul 4th - White Democrats kill several blacks in terrorist attacks in Vicksburg
Outlaw Jesse James Jul 7th - Jesse James robs train in Otterville Missouri
Jul 19th - Emma Abbott, a floating hospital for sick kids, makes trial trip, NYC
Aug 2nd - 1st roller skating rink opens (London)
Aug 14th - Society of Regte Afrikaanders establishes in Paarl
Aug 22nd - The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.
Aug 25th - Matthew Webb becomes 1st to swim English Channel (21h 45m)
Sep 1st - A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband.
Sep 9th - Lotta's Fountain (Kearny & Market) dedicated
Sep 11th - 1st newspaper cartoon strip
Sep 29th - US-Spanish relations decline in wake of Cuban rebellion
Oct 5th - Palace Hotel on Market Street, SF opens
Oct 16th - 1st Quebec vs Ontario football game, Ontario wins
Oct 16th - Brigham Young University is founded in Provo, Utah.
Oct 22nd - Sons of American Revolution organizes
Oct 22nd - First telegraphic connection in Argentina.
Composer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Oct 25th - The first performance of the Piano Concerto No. 1 by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is given in Boston, Massachusetts with Hans von Bülow as soloist.
Nov 2nd - Verney Cameroon reaches Benguela Angola, from Africa's east coast
Nov 4th - Passenger Steamship "Pacific" collides with sailing vessel "Orpheus" off Cape Flattery Wash, 236 die
Nov 4th - Tonga adopts constitution
Nov 7th - Verney Cameron is 1st European to cross equitorial Africa
Nov 13th - Harvard-Yale game is 1st college football contest with uniforms
Nov 13th - National Bowling Association organized in NYC
Nov 16th - Battle of Gundet: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
Nov 16th - William Bonwill, patents dental mallet to impact gold into cavities
Nov 17th - Amer Theosophical Society founded by Mme Blavatsky & Col Olcott
Nov 28th - British explorer Verney Cameron reaches East Africa
Dec 4th - William Marcy "Boss" Tweed (NYC-Tammany Hall) escapes from jail
Dec 6th - 44th Congress (1875-77) convenes
Dec 7th - Natives Sons of the West organized
Dec 8th - Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Volki i Ovsty" premieres in St Petersburg
Dec 9th - Massachusetts Rifle Association "America's Oldest Active Gun Club" is founded.
Dec 17th - Violent bread riots in Montreal
Dec 25th - Lambs Club in NY forms
Dec 30th - Andrassy Note calls for Christian-Muslim religious freedoms