Historical Events for Year 1875

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Months in Year 1875: January February March April May June July August September October November December

Events 1 - 71 of 71

Jan 5th - Charles Garnier's new Opera opens in Paris
Jan 5th - President Grant sends federal troops to Vicksburg, Miss
Jan 12th - Kwang-su becomes emperor of China.
Jan 24th - Camille Saint-Saëns' "Danse Macabre," premieres
Jan 25th - Anti-slavery society forms (NY)
Jan 26th - Electric dental drill is patented by George F Green
Feb 24th - The SS Gothenburg hits the Great Barrier Reef and sinks off the Australian east coast, killing approximately 100, including a number of high profile civil servants and dignitaries.
Feb 25th - Kiowa Indians under Lone Wolf (Guipago) surrender at Ft Sill
Mar 1st - Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883
Mar 3rd - 1st recorded hockey game (Montreal)
Mar 3rd - Congress authorizes 20 cent coin, lasts only 3 years
Composer Georges BizetComposer Georges Bizet Mar 3rd - Georges Bizet's opera "Carmen" premieres (Paris)
Mar 14th - Smetana's "Vysehrad" premieres
Mar 15th - 1st US cardinal (John McCloskey) invested
Apr 17th - Snooker invented by Sir Neville Chamberlain
Apr 25th - Latest date for measurable snow in NYC (3")
May 1st - 238 members of "Whiskey Ring" accused of anti-US activities
May 1st - Alexandra Palace, London, reopens after being burnt down in 1873
May 7th - German SS Schiller sinks near Scilly Islands, 312 killed
May 11th - George "Charmer" Zettlein pitches the 1st 9 inning shutout
May 12th - 1st recorded shutout in pro baseball, Chicago 1, St Louis 0
May 16th - Quake in Venezuela & Colombia kills 16,000
May 17th - 1st Kentucky Derby: Oliver Lewis aboard Aristides wins in 2:37.75
May 20th - International Bureau of Weights & Measures forms by treaty
May 28th - 3rd Preakness: L Hughes aboard Tom Ochiltree wins in 2:43.5
May 31st - Reciprocity Treaty between US & Hawaii ratified
Jun 2nd - James Augustine Healey became 1st Black Catholic Bishop in US
Inventor Alexander Graham BellInventor Alexander Graham Bell Jun 2nd - Alexander Graham Bell makes first sound transmission
Jun 4th - Pacific Stock Exchange opens
Jun 5th - Pacific Stock Exchange formally opens in San Francisco
Jun 6th - Netherlands goes on the gold standard
Jun 12th - 9th Belmont: Bobby Swim aboard Calvin wins in 2:42.25
Jun 19th - Formal opening of US Marine Hospital at Presidio
Jun 19th - The Herzegovinian rebellion against the Ottoman Empire begins.
Jun 22nd - Garonne Flood: great damage in Verdun & Toulouse, kills about 1,000
Jul 1st - Universal Postal Union established
Jul 4th - White Democrats kill several blacks in terrorist attacks in Vicksburg
Outlaw Jesse JamesOutlaw Jesse James Jul 7th - Jesse James robs train in Otterville Missouri
Jul 19th - Emma Abbott, a floating hospital for sick kids, makes trial trip, NYC
Aug 2nd - 1st roller skating rink opens (London)
Aug 14th - Society of Regte Afrikaanders establishes in Paarl
Aug 22nd - The Treaty of Saint Petersburg between Japan and Russia is ratified, providing for the exchange of Sakhalin for the Kuril Islands.
Aug 25th - Matthew Webb becomes 1st to swim English Channel (21h 45m)
Sep 1st - A murder conviction effectively forces the violent Irish anti-owner coal miners, the "Molly Maguires", to disband.
Sep 9th - Lotta's Fountain (Kearny & Market) dedicated
Sep 11th - 1st newspaper cartoon strip
Sep 29th - US-Spanish relations decline in wake of Cuban rebellion
Oct 5th - Palace Hotel on Market Street, SF opens
Oct 16th - 1st Quebec vs Ontario football game, Ontario wins
Founder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham YoungFounder of Salt Lake City and President of the LDS Church Brigham Young Oct 16th - Brigham Young University is founded in Provo, Utah.
Oct 22nd - Sons of American Revolution organizes
Oct 22nd - First telegraphic connection in Argentina.
Oct 25th - The first performance of the Piano Concerto No. 1 by Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky is given in Boston, Massachusetts with Hans von Bülow as soloist.
Nov 2nd - Verney Cameroon reaches Benguela Angola, from Africa's east coast
Nov 4th - Passenger Steamship "Pacific" collides with sailing vessel "Orpheus" off Cape Flattery Wash, 236 die
Nov 4th - Tonga adopts constitution
Nov 7th - Verney Cameron is 1st European to cross equitorial Africa
Nov 13th - Harvard-Yale game is 1st college football contest with uniforms
Composer Pyotr Ilyich TchaikovskyComposer Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky Nov 13th - National Bowling Association organized in NYC
Nov 16th - Battle of Gundet: Ethiopian emperor Yohannes beats Egyptians
Nov 16th - William Bonwill, patents dental mallet to impact gold into cavities
Nov 17th - Amer Theosophical Society founded by Mme Blavatsky & Col Olcott
Nov 28th - British explorer Verney Cameron reaches East Africa
Dec 4th - William Marcy "Boss" Tweed (NYC-Tammany Hall) escapes from jail
Dec 6th - 44th Congress (1875-77) convenes
Dec 7th - Natives Sons of the West organized
Dec 8th - Aleksandr Ostrovsky's "Volki i Ovsty" premieres in St Petersburg
Dec 9th - Massachusetts Rifle Association "America's Oldest Active Gun Club" is founded.
Dec 17th - Violent bread riots in Montreal
Dec 25th - Lambs Club in NY forms
Dec 30th - Andrassy Note calls for Christian-Muslim religious freedoms

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