Historical Events for Year 1879
Events 1 - 112 of 112
Jan 1st - John Brahms' Violin Concerto in D major premieres in Leipzig
Jan 2nd - 1st Test match hat-trick, Fred Spofforth at the MCG
Jan 2nd - British battleship Thunder explodes in Gulf of Ismid, 9 die
Jan 2nd - Dr Benjamin E Mays, named president of Atlanta Board of Education
Jan 2nd - Northwestern League (minor baseball league) organized, Rockford, Ill
Jan 9th - Cheyenne prisoners led by Dull Knife revolt at Ft Robinson
Jan 9th - Kirland Warbler discovered on Andros Island in Bahamas
Jan 11th - Zulu war against British colonial rule in South Africa begins
Jan 12th - British Zulu War begins: Lt-General Chelmsford invades Zululand
Jan 16th - January record 13" of snow falls in NYC (broken Jan 7, 1996)
Jan 20th - British troops under Lord Chelmsford set camp at Isandlwana
Jan 21st - Henrik Ibsen's "Et Dukkehjem" premieres in Copenhagen
Jan 22nd - Zulu warriors attack British Army camp in Isandhlwana South Africa
Jan 22nd - James Shields (D) elected US senator from Missouri after previously serving as US senator from Illinois & Minnesota
Cricketer Fred Spofforth Jan 22nd - Battle of Rorke's Drift: British garrison of 150 holds off 3,000-4,000 Zulu warriors. Eleven Victoria Crosses and a number of other decorations were awarded to the defenders.
Jan 23rd - US National Archery Association forms (Crawfordsville, Ind)
Jan 25th - The Bulgarian National Bank is founded.
Jan 29th - Custer Battlefield National Monument, Mont established
Jan 30th - French President Patrice de Mac-Mahon resigns
Feb 5th - Joseph Swan demonstrates light bulb using carbon glow
Feb 8th - Sandford Fleming first proposes adoption of Universal Standard Time at a meeting of the Royal Canadian Institute.
Feb 10th - 1st electric arc light used (California Theater)
Feb 10th - Henry Morton Stanley departs for the Congo
Feb 12th - 1st artificial ice rink in North America (Madison Sq Garden, NYC)
Union General George Armstrong Custer Feb 12th - News about slaughtering of Isandlwana reaches London
Feb 14th - Chilean troops occupy Antofagasta
Feb 15th - Congress authorizes women lawyers to practice before Supreme Ct
Feb 18th - Arabs capture Egyptian premier Nabar Pasha
Feb 18th - Sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi is awarded a patent for his design for the Statue of Liberty
Feb 22nd - 1st 5 cent & 10 cent store opened by Frank W Woolworth (Utica NY)
Feb 25th - Congress passed 1st Timberland Protection Act
Feb 27th - Constantine Fahlberg discovers saccharin (artificial sweetener)
Feb 28th - "Exodus of 1879" southern blacks flee political/economic exploitation
Mar 1st - Library of Hawaii founded
Mar 3rd - 1st female lawyer heard by US Supreme Court (Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood)
Sculptor Frederic Auguste Bartholdi Mar 3rd - US Geological Survey director authorized in Dept of the Interior
Mar 23rd - War of the Pacific was fought between Chile and the joints forces of Bolivia and Peru. Chile successfully took over Arica and Tarapacá which left Bolivia as a landlocked country.
Mar 27th - Longest championship fight (136 rounds)
Mar 29th - Tsjaikovski's opera "Jevgeni Onegin," premieres in Moscow
Apr 5th - Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
Apr 8th - Khedive Ismael of Egypt fires French/British ministers
Apr 8th - Milk was sold in glass bottles for 1st time
Apr 18th - Trial of Standing Bear-Crook on indians citizen rights begins
Apr 20th - 1st mobile home (horse drawn) used in a journey from London & Cyprus
May 8th - George Selden files for 1st patent for a gasoline-driven automobile
May 10th - Meteor falls near Estherville, Iowa
May 14th - The first group of 463 Indian indentured labourers arrive in Fiji aboard the Leonidas.
May 16th - Antonin Dvorák's "Slavic Dancing" premieres
May 16th - Treaty of Gandamak to set up Afghan state between Russia & English
May 20th - 5th Kentucky Derby: Charlie Shauer aboard Lord Murphy wins in 2:37
May 21st - Battle of Iquiquw
May 21st - War of the Pacific: Two Chilean ships blocking the harbor of Iquique (then belonging to Peru) battle two Peruvian vessels in the Battle of Iquique.
May 24th - 7th Preakness: L Hughes aboard Harold wins in 2:40.5
May 30th - 92°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in May
May 30th - Gilmore Garden (NYC) renamed Madison Square Garden
May 30th - An F4 tornado strikes Irving, Kansas, killing 18 and injuring 60.
May 31st - 1st electric railway opens at Berlin Trades Exposition
4th US President James Madison May 31st - Madison Square Garden opens in New York, named after 4th President James Madison
Jun 1st - Napoleon Eugene, the last dynastic Bonaparte, is killed serving with British forces in the Anglo-Zulu War. He is buried in Farnborough, Hampshire.
Jun 5th - 13th Belmont: George Evans riding Spendthrift wins in 2:42.75
Jun 16th - Gilbert & Sullivan's "HMS Pinafore" debuts at Bowery Theater NYC
Jun 18th - W H Richardson, a black inventor, patents the children's carriage
Jun 21st - F W Woolworth opens 1st store (failed almost immediately)
Jun 26th - Ismael Pasha resigns as khedive of Egypt
Jun 30th - Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha leaves Cairo with train full stolen goods
Jul 1st - Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha sails from Alexandria to Naples
Jul 1st - Charles Taze Russell publishes the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower.
Jul 4th - Africaner Union forms by Rev SJ du Toit at Cape colony
Jul 4th - Battle at Ulundi: Lord Chelmsford beats Zulu King Cetshwayo
Jul 16th - 3rd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: John Hartley beats V Goold (6-2 6-4 6-2)
Jul 17th - 1st railroad opens in Hawaii
Gunfighter in the American Old West Doc Holliday Jul 19th - Doc Holliday kills for the first time after a man shoots up his New Mexico saloon.
Jul 31st - The first cable connection between South Africa and Europe is laid by the British electrical engineer Charles Tilston Bright as part of his project to link the British Empire with growing telecommunications technologies
Aug 4th - Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Aeterni Patris
Aug 7th - The opening of the Poor Man's Palace in Manchester.
Aug 12th - 1st National Archery Association tournament (Chicago)
Aug 17th - Ferdinand de Lesseps forms French Panama Canal Company
Aug 20th - Government Kappeijne of Coppello resigns
Aug 21st - The Virgin Mary, along with St. Joseph and St. John the Evangelist, reportedly appears to the people of Knock, County Mayo, Ireland.
Aug 23rd - Governor-general Charles Gordon of Sudan returns to Cairo
Sep 5th - George Washington De Long, American Arctic Explorer, and commander on board the Jeannette, becomes trapped with his crew in pack ice during his attempt to reach the North Pole
Sep 15th - Pim Mulier forms "Haarlem Football Club"
Sep 19th - Thomas Ray becomes youngest to break a world track & field record pole-vaulting 11' 2½" at age 17 years & 198 days
Sep 19th - The Blackpool Illuminations are switched on for the first time.
US President & Union General Ulysses S. Grant Sep 20th - Ulysses S. Grant and family go to SF for elaborate extended visit
Sep 23rd - Baldwin steam motors tram 1st tried in Sydney Australia
Sep 23rd - Richard Rhodes invented a hearing aid called the Audiophone
Sep 28th - Sydney Australia inaugurates steam motor tram route
Sep 29th - NL owners meeting in Buffalo adopt reserve clause, giving each team exclusive rights to their players
Sep 29th - 19th British Golf Open: Jamie Anderson shoots a 169 at St Andrews
Oct 1st - Cincinnati Enquirer publishes 1st report on baseball reserve clause
Oct 2nd - Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Musgrave Ritual" (BG)
Oct 7th - Germany & Austrian-Hungary sign Twofold Covenant
Oct 8th - War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter.
Oct 12th - British troops occupy Kabul, Afghanistan
Oct 19th - Afghan's emir Mohammed Yakub forced to resign
Inventor Thomas Edison Oct 22nd - Thomas Edison perfects carbonized cotton filament light bulb
Nov 2nd - In a 6-day footrace a Mr Weston loses to a horse, 900 to 885 km
Nov 4th - Elkins patents refrigerating apparatus
Nov 4th - James Ritty patents first cash register, to combat stealing by bartenders in his Dayton, Ohio saloon
Nov 6th - Canada celebrates 1st Thanksgiving Day
Nov 19th - Natl Association of Trotting Horse Breeders determines what "is" a trotter
Nov 28th - Battle at Lydenburg South Africa: Gen Wolseley beats Sekhukhenes Pedi-Zulu
Dec 5th - 1st automatic telephone switching system patented
Dec 13th - First federal fish hatching steamer launched (Wilmington, Delaware)
Dec 20th - Tom Edison privately demonstrated incandescent light at Menlo Park
Dec 26th - Johannes Brahms' "Tragic Ouverture" premieres
Dec 28th - North British Railway's train falls as Tay bridge collapses (Scotland)
Dec 30th - Gilbert & Sullivan's "Pirates of Penzance" premieres
Dec 31st - Cornerstone laid for Honolulu's Iolani Palace (only royal palace in US)
Dec 31st - Edison gives 1st public demonstration of his incandescent lamp
Dec 31st - Gilbert and Sullivan's comic opera "Pirates of Penzance" premieres in NYC