Historical Events for Year 1879
Events 1 - 109 of 109
Jan 1st - John Brahms' Violin Concerto in D major premieres in Leipzig
Jan 2nd - 1st Test match hat-trick, Fred Spofforth at the MCG
Jan 2nd - British battleship Thunder explodes in Gulf of Ismid, 9 die
Jan 2nd - Dr Benjamin E Mays, named president of Atlanta Board of Education
Jan 2nd - Northwestern League (minor baseball league) organized, Rockford, Ill
Jan 9th - Cheyenne prisoners led by Dull Knife revolt at Ft Robinson
Jan 9th - Kirland Warbler discovered on Andros Island in Bahamas
Jan 11th - Zulu war against British colonial rule in South Africa begins
Jan 12th - British Zulu War begins: Lt-General Chelmsford invades Zululand
Jan 16th - January record 13" of snow falls in NYC (broken Jan 7, 1996)
Jan 20th - British troops under Lord Chelmsford set camp at Isandlwana
Jan 21st - Henrik Ibsen's "Et Dukkehjem," premieres in Copenhagen
Jan 22nd - Zulus attack British Army camp in Isandhlwana South Africa
Jan 22nd - James Shields (D) elected US senator from Missouri after previously serving as US senator from Illinois & Minnesota
Jan 22nd - Battle at Rorkes Drift: British garrison of 150 holds off 3,000-4,000 Zulus
Jan 23rd - National Archery Association forms (Crawfordsville Ind)
Jan 25th - The Bulgarian National Bank is founded.
Jan 29th - Custer Battlefield National Monument, Mont established
Jan 30th - French President MacMahon resigns
Feb 5th - Joseph Swan demonstrates light bulb using carbon glow
Feb 8th - Sandford Fleming first proposes adoption of Universal Standard Time at a meeting of the Royal Canadian Institute.
Feb 10th - 1st electric arc light used (California Theater)
Feb 10th - Henry Morton Stanley departs to the Congo
Feb 12th - 1st artificial ice rink in North America (Madison Sq Garden, NYC)
Feb 12th - News about slaughtering of Isandlwana reaches London
Feb 14th - Chilean troops occupy Antofagasta
Feb 15th - Congress authorizes women lawyers to practice before Supreme Ct
Feb 18th - Arabs capture Egyptian premier Nabar Pasha
Feb 22nd - 1st 5 cent & 10 cent store opened by Frank W Woolworth (Utica NY)
Feb 25th - Congress passed 1st Timberland Protection Act
Feb 27th - Constantine Fahlberg discovers saccharin (artificial sweetener)
Feb 28th - "Exodus of 1879" southern blacks flee political/economic exploitation
Mar 1st - Library of Hawaii founded
Mar 3rd - 1st female lawyer heard by Supreme Court (Belva Ann Bennett Lockwood)
Mar 3rd - US Geological Survey director authorized in Dept of the Interior
Mar 23rd - War of the Pacific was fought between Chile and the joints forces of Bolivia and Peru. Chile successfully took over Arica and Tarapacá which left Bolivia as a landlocked country.
Mar 27th - Longest championship fight (136 rounds)
Mar 29th - Tsjaikovski's opera "Jevgeni Onegin," premieres in Moscow
Apr 5th - Chile declares war on Bolivia and Peru, starting the War of the Pacific.
Apr 8th - Khedive Ismael of Egypt fires French/British ministers
Apr 8th - Milk was sold in glass bottles for 1st time
Apr 18th - Trial of Standing Bear-Crook on indians citizen rights begins
Apr 20th - 1st mobile home (horse drawn) used in a journey from London & Cyprus
May 8th - George Selden files for 1st patent for a gasoline-driven automobile
May 10th - Meteor falls near Estherville, Iowa
May 14th - The first group of 463 Indian indentured labourers arrive in Fiji aboard the Leonidas.
May 16th - Antonin Dvorák's "Slavic Dancing," premieres
May 16th - Treaty of Gandamak to set up Afghan state between Russia & English
May 20th - 5th Kentucky Derby: Charlie Shauer aboard Lord Murphy wins in 2:37
May 21st - Battle of Iquiquw
May 21st - War of the Pacific: Two Chilean ships blocking the harbor of Iquique (then belonging to Peru) battle two Peruvian vessels in the Battle of Iquique.
May 24th - 7th Preakness: L Hughes aboard Harold wins in 2:40.5
May 30th - 92°F highest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in May
May 30th - Gilmore Garden (NYC) renamed Madison Square Garden
May 30th - An F4 tornado strikes Irving, Kansas, killing 18 and injuring 60.
May 31st - 1st electric railway opens at Berlin Trades Exposition
4th US President James Madison May 31st - Madison Square Garden opens in New York, named after 4th President James Madison
Jun 1st - Napoleon Eugene, the last dynastic Bonaparte, is killed in the Anglo-Zulu War.
Jun 5th - 13th Belmont: George Evans aboard Spendthrift wins in 2:42.75
Jun 16th - Gilbert & Sullivan's "HMS Pinafore" debuts at Bowery Theater NYC
Jun 18th - W H Richardson, a black inventor, patents the children's carriage
Jun 21st - F W Woolworth opens 1st store (failed almost immediately)
Jun 26th - Ismael Pasha resigns as khedive of Egypt
Jun 30th - Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha leaves Cairo with train full stolen goods
Jul 1st - Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha sails from Alexandria to Naples
Jul 1st - Charles Taze Russell publishes the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower.
Jul 4th - Africaner Union forms by Rev SJ du Toit at Cape colony
Jul 17th - 1st railroad opens in Hawaii
Jul 19th - Doc Holliday kills for the first time after a man shoots up his New Mexico saloon.
Aug 4th - Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Aeterni Patris
Aug 7th - The opening of the Poor Man's Palace in Manchester.
Aug 12th - 1st National Archery Association tournament (Chicago)
Aug 17th - Ferdinand de Lesseps forms French Panama Canal Company
Aug 20th - Government Kappeijne of Coppello resigns
Aug 21st - The Virgin Mary, along with St. Joseph and St. John the Evangelist, reportedly appears to the people of Knock, County Mayo, Ireland.
Aug 23rd - Governor-general Charles Gordon of Sudan returns to Cairo
Aug 28th - Battle at Ulundi: Lord Chelmsford beats king Cetshwayo's Zuluz
Sep 15th - Pim Mulier forms "Haarlem Football Club"
Sep 18th - The Blackpool Illuminations are switched on for the first time.
Sep 19th - Thomas Ray becomes youngest to break a world track & field record pole-vaulting 11' 2½" at age 17 years & 198 days
Sep 20th - US Grants come to SF for elaborate extended visit
Sep 23rd - Baldwin steam motors tram 1st tried in Sydney Australia
Sep 23rd - Richard Rhodes invented a hearing aid called the Audiophone
Sep 28th - Sydney Australia inaugurates steam motor tram route
Sep 29th - NL owners meeting in Buffalo adopt reserve clause, giving each team exclusive rights to their players
Oct 1st - Cincinnati Enquirer publishes 1st report on baseball reserve clause
Oct 2nd - Start of Sherlock Holmes adventure "Musgrave Ritual" (BG)
Oct 7th - Germany & Austrian-Hungary sign Twofold Covenant
Oct 8th - War of the Pacific: the Chilean Navy defeats the Peruvian Navy in the Battle of Angamos, Peruvian Admiral Miguel Grau is killed in the encounter.
Oct 12th - British troops occupy Kabul Afghanistan
Oct 19th - Afghan's emir Mohammed Yakub forced to resign
Inventor Thomas Edison Oct 19th - Thomas Edison demonstrates electric light
Oct 21st - Thomas Edison perfects carbonized cotton filament light bulb
Nov 2nd - In a 6-day footrace a Mr Weston loses to a horse, 900 to 885 km
Nov 4th - Elkins patents refrigerating apparatus
Nov 4th - James Ritty patents 1st cash register, to combat stealing by bartenders in his Dayton, Ohio saloon
Nov 6th - Canada celebrates 1st Thanksgiving Day
Nov 19th - Natl Association of Trotting Horse Breeders determines what "is" a trotter
Nov 28th - Battle at Lydenburg South Africa: Gen Wolseley beats Sekhukhenes Pedi-Zulu
Dec 5th - 1st automatic telephone switching system patented
Dec 13th - 1st federal fish hatching steamer lauched (Wilmington Delaware)
Dec 20th - Tom Edison privately demonstrated incandescent light at Menlo Park
Dec 26th - John Brahms' "Tragic Ouverture," premieres
Dec 28th - North British Railway's train falls as Firth bridge collapses (Scot)
Dec 30th - Gilbert & Sullivan's "Pirates of Penzance," premieres
Dec 31st - Cornerstone laid for Iolani Palace (only royal palace in US)
Dec 31st - Cornerstone laid for Honolulu's Iolani Palace
Dec 31st - Edison gives 1st public demonstration of his incandescent lamp
Dec 31st - Gilbert and Sullivan's Opera "Pirates of Penzance," premieres in NYC