Historical Events for Year 1881
Events 1 - 114 of 114
Jan 1st - Dr John H Watson is introduced to Sherlock Holmes
Jan 2nd - Camille Saint-Saëns' 3rd Concerto in B, premieres
Jan 4th - Johannes Brahms' "Academic Festival Overture" premieres, Breslau
Jan 22nd - Ancient Egyptian obelisk "Cleopatra's Needle" erected in Central Park, New York
Jan 25th - Thomas Edison and Alexander Graham Bell form the Oriental Telephone Company.
Jan 26th - Union of Baptists Communities forms in Foxholl
Jan 28th - Battle at Laing's Neck Natal: Boers beat superior powered British
Feb 1st - US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri authorized
Feb 5th - Phoenix, Az incorporates
Feb 7th - Battle at Ingogo, Transvaal: Boers beat superior British forces
Feb 10th - Jacques Offenbach's opera "Les Contes d'Hoffman," premieres in Paris
Inventor Alexander Graham Bell Feb 13th - The feminist newspaper La Citoyenne is first published in Paris by the activist Hubertine Auclert.
Feb 19th - Kansas becomes 1st state to prohibit all alcoholic beverages
Feb 24th - De Lesseps' Co begins work on Panama Canal
Feb 24th - China and Russia sign the Sino-Russian Ili Treaty.
Feb 26th - -27] Natal: British troops under Major General Colley occupy Majuba Hill
Feb 26th - SS Ceylon begins 1st round-the-world cruise from Liverpool
Feb 27th - Battle at Amajuba, S Afr: Boers vs Brit army under Gen Colley
Mar 4th - California becomes 1st state to pass plant quarantine legislation
Mar 4th - Holmes & Watson begin "A Study in Scarlet", 1st case together
20th US President James Garfield Mar 4th - James A Garfield inaugurated as 20th president
Mar 4th - South African president Kruger accepts ceasefire
Mar 12th - Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world's first black international football player and captain.
Mar 16th - Barnum & Bailey Circus debuts
Mar 18th - Barnum & Bailey's Greatest Show on Earth opens (Madison Square Garden)
Mar 23rd - Boers & Britain sign peace accord; end 1st Boer war
Mar 23rd - Gas lamp sets fire to Nice France opera house; 70 die
Mar 26th - Thessaly is freed and becomes part of Greece again.
Mar 27th - Rioting takes place in Basingstoke, Hampshire, in protest against the daily vociferous promotion of rigid Temperance by the Salvation Army.
Mar 28th - "Greatest Show On Earth" was formed by PT Barnum & James A Bailey
Apr 1st - Anti-Jewish riots in Jerusalem
Apr 1st - Kingdom post office in Netherlands opens
Apr 5th - Transvaal regains independence under British suzerainty
Apr 11th - River ferry "Princess Victoria" sinks in Thames River, Ontario, 180 die
Apr 11th - Spelman College founded
Apr 14th - The Four Dead in Five Seconds Gunfight erupts in El Paso, Texas.
Apr 16th - In Dodge City, Kansas, Bat Masterson fights his last gun battle.
Apr 18th - Natural History Museum opens in South Kensington, England
Frontier Outlaw Billy the Kid Apr 18th - Billy the Kid escapes from the Lincoln County jail in Mesilla, New Mexico.
Apr 23rd - Gilbert & Sullivan's opera "Patience" produced in London
Apr 25th - 250,000 Germans petition to bar foreign Jews from entering Germany
Apr 25th - French troops occupy Algeria & Tunisia
Apr 27th - Pogroms against Russian Jews start in Elisabethgrad
May 5th - Anit-Jewish rioting in Kiev Ukraine
May 8th - Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolian monarch
May 10th - Lighthouse on Ameland begins operation
May 11th - Bedrich Smetana's opera "Libusa" premieres in Prague
May 12th - Treaty of Bardo, Tunisia becomes a French protectorate
May 16th - World's 1st electric tram goes into service in Lichterfelder (near Berlin)
May 17th - 7th Kentucky Derby: Jim McLaughlin aboard Hindoo wins in 2:40
Abolitionist Frederick Douglass May 17th - Frederick Douglass appointed recorder of deeds for Wash DC
May 17th - Revised version of New Testament
May 21st - American Red Cross founded by Clara Barton
May 21st - US Nation Lawn Tennis Association forms
May 24th - Canadian ferry Princess Victoria sinks near London Ontario, 200 die
May 24th - Turkey cedes Thessaly and Arta back to Greece.
May 27th - 9th Preakness: T Costello aboard Saunterer wins in 2:40.5
Jun 1st - Bell Phone opens 1st Dutch telephone exchange
Jun 2nd - Haarlem-Zandvoort Railway opens
Jun 7th - 15th Belmont: T Costello aboard Saunterer wins in 2:47
Humanitarian Clara Barton Jun 12th - The USS Jeannette, under the command of George Washington De Long, is crushed by Arctic ice after 21 months of ice-bound drifting
Jun 13th - The USS Jeannette, under the command of George Washington De Long, sinks in the Arctic circle following 21 months of drifting after becoming trapped in the ice
Jun 14th - Player piano patented by John McTammany Jr (Cambridge, Mass)
Jun 16th - Austria-Hungary & Serbia sign military treaty
Jun 19th - Muhammad Ahmad becomes Mahdi of Sudan
Jun 24th - 200 drown as train runs off bridge near Cuautla, Mexico
Jun 29th - Pope Leo XIII publishes encyclical Diuturnum illud
Jun 30th - Henry Highland Garnet named minister to Liberia
Jul 1st - 1st international telephone conversation, Calais, ME-St Stephen, NB
Jul 1st - US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri opens
Jul 1st - General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Army's organisation, comes into effect.
Jul 2nd - US President James Garfield shot by Charles J Guiteau a disappointed office-seeker; Garfield died 79 days later
Education Pioneer Booker T. Washington Jul 4th - Booker T. Washington establishes Tuskegee Institute (Alabama)
Jul 13th - 5th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: William Renshaw beats J Hartley (6-0 6-1 6-1)
Jul 20th - Sioux Indian Chief Sitting Bull, surrenders to US federal troops
Jul 26th - French marines occupy Tunisian harbor city Sfax
Aug 1st - US Quarantine Station authorized for Angel Island, SF Bay
Aug 3rd - Boers signs Convention of Pretoria: Transvaal semi-autonomous
Aug 3rd - US National Lawn Tennis Association removes "National" from its name
Aug 4th - 122°F (50°C), Seville, Spain (European record)
Lakota Sioux Chief Sitting Bull Aug 13th - Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congolese monarch
Aug 27th - Hurricane hits Florida & Carolinas; about 700 die
Aug 31st - 1st US men's single tennis championships (Newport, RI)
Sep 3rd - 1st US Men's Tennis: Richard D Sears beats William E Glyn (6-0 6-3 6-2)
Sep 3rd - Anton Bruckner completes his 6th Symphony
Sep 9th - Egyptian military coup under colonel Arab "El Wahid"
Sep 11th - Triple landslides bury Elm Switz
Sep 13th - Lewis Latimer invents & patents electric lamp with a carbon filament
Sep 18th - Chicago Tribune reports on a televideo experiment
Sep 20th - Chester A. Arthur sworn in as 21st president
21st US President Chester A. Arthur Sep 24th - Henry Morton Stanley signs contract with Congo monarch
Sep 27th - Chicago Cubs beat Troy 10-8 before record small "crowd" of 12
Oct 4th - Edward Leveaux patents automatic player piano
Oct 11th - David Houston patents roll film for cameras
Oct 12th - Henry M Stanley signs contract with Congo monarch
Oct 13th - Revival of Hebrew language as Eliezer Ben-Yehuda & friends agree to use Hebrew exclusively in their conversations
Oct 15th - 1st American fishing magazine, American Angler published
Oct 22nd - Boston Symphony Orchestra gives its first concert
Oct 24th - Levi P Morton, US ambasador to France drives first rivet in Statue of Liberty
OK Corral Sheriff Wyatt Earp Oct 26th - Wyatt Earp, Doc Holliday & Clanton involved in gunfight at OK Corral, in Tombstone, Az
Oct 29th - Judge (U.S. magazine) first published.
Oct 31st - Metropolitan club plays its last game of its non-league season They win 80 of 151 games (18-43 versus NL teams)
Nov 2nd - Dutch New-Malthusiaanse Union forms
Nov 5th - French government-Ferry resigns
Nov 5th - 1,600 police and volunteers attack Māori settlement at Parihaka in western Taranaki which had become the symbol of protest against the confiscation of Māori land, New Zealand
Nov 14th - Charles J Guiteau went on trial for assassination of President Garfield
Nov 14th - Leon Gambetta forms French government
Nov 15th - American Federation of Labor (AFL) founded (Pittsburgh)
Nov 19th - A meteorite lands near the village of Großliebenthal, southwest of Odessa, Ukraine.
Dec 3rd - Henry Morton Stanley founds Leopoldville (now Kinshasa)
Dec 4th - The first edition of the Los Angeles Times is published.
Dec 5th - 47th Congress (1881-83) convenes
Dec 8th - Vienna's Ring Theater destroyed by fire, kills between 640-850
Dec 19th - Opera "Hérodiade" is produced (Brussels)