Historical Events for Year 1918
Events 1 - 150 of 315
Jan 1st - Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland
Jan 2nd - Dodgers trade Casey Stengel & Cutshaw to Pitts for Grimes & Mamaux
Jan 2nd - NHL Montreal Wanderers disband after Westmount arena burns down
Jan 3rd - US Employment Service opens as a unit of Deptartment of Labor
Jan 5th - British premier Lloyd George demand for unified peace
Jan 8th - Mississippi becomes 1st state to ratify 18th amendment (prohibition) of the US Constitution
Jan 8th - US President Wilson outlines his Fourteen Points for peace after the Great War
Jan 12th - Montreal Canadien Joe Malone scores 5 goals beating Ottawa 9-4
Jan 12th - Finland's "Mosaic Confessors" law went into effect, making Finnish Jews full citizens.
Jan 14th - Finland & USSR adopt New Style (Gregorian) calendar
Jan 16th - Austria and Germany are disrupted by strikes as people express impatience with leaders continuing the war
Jan 19th - Soviets disallow a Constitution Assembly
Jan 19th - Finnish Civil War: The first serious battles between the Red Guards and the White Guard.
Jan 22nd - Ukraine proclaimed a free republic (German puppet)
Jan 25th - Russia declared a republic of Soviets
31st US President Herbert Hoover Jan 26th - Herbert Hoover, US Food Administrator, calls for "wheatless" & "meatless" days for war effort
Jan 27th - "Tarzan of the Apes", 1st Tarzan film, premieres at Broadway Theater
Jan 27th - The first hostilities occurred in the Finnish Civil War.
Jan 28th - Strike on Berlin ammunition factory
Jan 28th - Finnish Civil War: Rebels seized control of the capital, Helsinki, and members of the Senate of Finland go underground.
Jan 31st - A series of accidental collisions on a misty Scottish night leads to the loss of two Royal Navy submarines with over a hundred lives, and damage to another five British warships.
Feb 1st - Franz Lehars opera "Wo die Lerche singt," premieres in Budapest
Feb 1st - Kern, Bolton & Wodehouse's musical premieres in NYC
Feb 1st - Russia adopts Gregorian calender (becomes Feb 14)
Feb 3rd - Twin Peaks Tunnel longest (11,920 feet) streetcar tunnel begins service
Feb 5th - 1st US pilot to down an enemy airplane, Stephen W Thompson
Feb 5th - Separation of church & state begins in USSR
Feb 6th - Britain grants women (30 & over) vote
Feb 8th - "Stars & Stripes," weekly US armed forces newspaper, 1st published
Feb 9th - Army chaplain school organizes at Ft Monroe Va
Feb 9th - Sacha Guitry's "Deburan," premieres in Paris
Feb 10th - In Finland, General Carl G. Von Mannerheim gathers an army known as the 'White Guard' to mount a counter revolution against the Bolshevik 'Red Guard'
Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky Feb 10th - Trotsky declares that Russia is leaving the war
Feb 11th - US President Wilson makes another speech before Congress and announces 'the Four Principles' - freedom of navigation, and end to secret diplomacy, and similar items - that supplement his Fourteen Points
Feb 14th - H Atteridge & S Rombergs musical "Sinbad," premieres in NYC
Feb 14th - USSR adopts New Style (Gregorian) calendar (originally Feb 1)
Feb 15th - US army troop ship torpedoed & sunk by Germany off Ireland
Feb 15th - Estonia, Latvia & Lithuania adopt Gregorian calendar
Feb 16th - Lithuania declares independence from Russia & Germany (National Day)
Feb 18th - Germany renews its offensive against the Russians, making dramatic gains against disorganized and dispirited Russian troops
Feb 21st - Australians chase Turkish troop out of Jericho, Dutch Palestine
Feb 21st - The last Carolina parakeet dies in captivity at the Cincinnati Zoo.
Feb 22nd - Germany claims Baltic states, Finland & Ukraine from Russia
Feb 23rd - First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser's German troops near Narva and Pskov. Since 1923 this date become the Day of Red Army in honour of this victory.
Feb 24th - Estonia declares independence from Russia
Feb 26th - Stands at Hong Kong Jockey Club collapse & burn, killing 604
Mar 2nd - NY Yankees purchase 1st baseman George Burns from Detroit Tigers & immediately trades him to Phila A's
Mar 3rd - Richard Goering's "Seeschlacht," premieres in Berlin
Mar 3rd - Treaty of Brest-Litovsk: Germany, Austria & Russia sign
Mar 3rd - Facing pressure from internal counterrevolutionary forces and an external German offensive, the Bolsheviks are forced to signs the harsh treaty of Brest-Litovsk
Mar 4th - Terek Autonomous Republic established in RSFSR (until 1921)
Mar 6th - US naval boat "Cyclops" disappears in Bermuda Triangle
Mar 7th - H Carroll & J McCarthy's musical "Oh, Look!" premieres in NYC
Mar 7th - Pres Wilson authorizes US Army's Distinguished Service Medal
Mar 7th - World War I: Finland forms an alliance with Germany.
Mar 8th - The first case of Spanish flu occurs, the start of a devastating worldwide pandemic.
Mar 9th - Russian Bolshevik Party becomes the Communist Party
Mar 9th - Ukrainian mobs massacre Jews of Seredino Buda
Mar 9th - Wageningen Agricultural College Neth opens
Mar 11th - Moscow becomes capital of revolutionary Russia
Mar 11th - Save the Redwoods League founded
Mar 11th - First confirmed cases of the Spanish Flu in the US are reported at Fort Riley, Kansas.
Mar 13th - Trotsky gains control of the Red Army
Mar 13th - American Red Magen David (Jewish Red Cross) forms
Mar 13th - 1st NHL championship: Mont Canadiens beat Toronto Arenas, outscoring them 10-7 in a 2 game set
Mar 14th - 1st concrete ship to cross the Atlantic (Faith) is launched, SF
Mar 16th - Geoffrey O'Hara's "K-K-K-Katy" song published
Mar 17th - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Rosemary Beresford
Mar 17th - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Nathaniel Niles
Mar 18th - Soccer team SON OF Meerssen forms
Mar 18th - Socialist Youth AJC organizes in Amsterdam
Mar 19th - US Congress authorizes time zones & approves daylight saving time
Mar 19th - S Potter becomes 1st US pilot to shoot down a German seaplane
Mar 21st - -28] During WW I Germany launches Somme offensive
Mar 23rd - Alick Wickham dives 200' into Australia's Yarra River
Mar 23rd - Crépy-en-Laonnoise: German artillery shells Paris, 256 killed
Mar 23rd - Lithuania proclaims independence
Mar 23rd - Paris bombs "Thick Bertha's Dike" (nickname for the widow Krupp)
Mar 23rd - German forces advance 14 miles to the Somme River
Mar 25th - The Belarusian People's Republic is established.
Mar 27th - Moldova and Bessarabia join Romania.
Mar 30th - Stanley Cup: Toronto Arenas (NHL) beat Vancouver Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 2
Mar 31st - 1st daylight savings time in US goes into effect
Author Henry Miller Apr 1st - Henry Miller's Theater opens at 124 W 43rd St NYC
Apr 1st - United Kingdom: the Royal Air Force is created from the Royal Naval Air Service and the Royal Flying Corps.
Apr 3rd - US House of Representatives accepts American Creed written by William Tyler
Apr 4th - Battle of Somme ends
Apr 4th - Food riot in Amsterdam
Apr 9th - Latvia proclaims independence
Apr 13th - Electrical fire kills 38 mental patients at Oklahoma State Hospital
Apr 14th - Douglas Campbell is 1st US ace pilot (shooting down 5th German plane)
Apr 15th - Clemenceau publishes secret French/Austrian documents
Apr 16th - The British House of Commons passes a new Military Service Bill, taking males up to 55 years old and extending to Ireland
Apr 18th - Cleveland center fielder Tris Speaker turns an unassisted double play
Pilot The Red Baron Apr 20th - Manfred von Richthofen, aka The Red Baron, shoots down his 79th and 80th victims marking his final victories before his death the following day.
Apr 21st - World War I: German fighter ace Baron Manfred von Richthofen, known as "The Red Baron", is shot down and killed over Vaux sur Somme in France. Canadian pilot Captain Arthur Roy Brown was credited with the kill.
Apr 23rd - Battle of Zeebrugge ends
Apr 23rd - Dover Patrol overthrows Germany U-boat in East Sea
Apr 23rd - National Urban League forms
Apr 27th - Giants' 9-0 winning start & Dodgers' 0-9 losing streak are stopped
Apr 29th - Tris Speaker ties career outfield record of 4 unassisted double plays
Apr 30th - Orange Nassau soccer team forms in Groningen
May 2nd - General Motors acquires the Chevrolet Motor Company of Delaware.
May 4th - Yankees set record with 8 sacrifices, beat Red Sox's Babe Ruth 5-4
May 10th - HMS Vindictive sunk to block entrance of Ostend Harbor
May 11th - 44th Kentucky Derby: William Knapp on Exterminator wins in 2:10.8
May 13th - 1st US airmail stamps issued (24 cents)
May 14th - Sunday baseball is made legal in Washton, DC
May 15th - 1st airmail postal service (NY, Phila & Wash DC)
May 15th - 1st regular airmail service (between NY & Wash) inaugurated
May 15th - 43rd Preakness: Johnny Loftus aboard War Cloud wins in 1:53.6
May 15th - 44th Preakness: Charles Peak aboard Jack Hare Jr wins in 1:53.4
May 15th - Greeks troops lands at Smyrna
MLB Pitcher Walter Johnson May 15th - Washington Senator Walter Johnson pitches 1-0, 18 inning game
May 15th - The Finnish Civil War ends.
May 16th - The Sedition Act of 1918 is passed by the U.S. Congress, making criticism of the government an imprisonable offense.
May 18th - Dutch Indian Volksraad installed in Batavia
May 18th - TNT explosion in chemical factory in Oakdale, Pennsylvania, kills 200
May 19th - Wash 1st Sunday game, Senators beat Cleveland 1-0 in 18 innings
May 20th - 1st electrically propelled warship (New Mexico)
May 21st - US House of Representatives passes amendment allowing women to vote
May 23rd - King Oil/Shell refinery on Curacao officially opens
May 24th - Cleveland Indians Stan Coveleski sets club record for most innings pitched (19)
May 24th - Cleveland beats Yankees 3-2 in 19th inning
May 24th - British officer General Poole lands at Murmansk, the Russian port on the Barents Sea
May 26th - Georgian Social Democratic Republic declares independence from Russia
May 26th - Armenia defeats the Ottoman Army in the Battle of Sardarapat.
May 27th - Battle of Aisne
May 28th - Azerbaijan gains independence and declares itself a Democratic Republic
Jun 1st - Excelsior Maassluis soccer team forms in Maassluis
Jun 1st - White Sox losing 5-4 against NY Yankees, load the bases in 9th with no outs Chick Gandil lines to Frank Baker who turns a triple play
Canadian First World War Flying Ace Billy Bishop Jun 1st - Canadian ace Billy Bishop downs 6 aircrafts over a three-day span, including German ace Paul Bilik, reclaiming his top scoring title from James McCudden
Jun 3rd - US Supreme Court in Hammer v. Dagenhart rules child labor laws unconstitutional
Jun 4th - French troops, with the aid of US troops, stop the Germans at Chateau-Thierry as they attempt to cross the Marne
Jun 6th - Battle of Belleau Wood, 1st US victory of WW I
Jun 8th - Nova Aquila, brightest nova since Kepler's nova of 1604, discovered
Jun 12th - 1st airplane bombing raid by an American unit, France
Jun 13th - Phillies & Cards tie 8-8 in 19 innings
Jun 15th - 1" of snow falls in Northern Pennsylvania
Jun 15th - 50th Belmont: Frank Robinson aboard Johren wins in 2:20.6
Tennis Player and Eight-Time U.S. Open Champion Molla Mallory Jun 22nd - 32nd US Womens Tennis: Molla Mallory beats E E Goss (6-4 6-3)
Jun 22nd - Circus train rammed by troop train kills 68 (Ivanhoe Illinois)
Jun 23rd - Boston Red Sox Dutch Leonard's 2nd no-hitter beats Tigers, 5-0
Jun 25th - Baku-Turkish communist party forms
Jun 26th - The Australian steamer Wimmera is sunk by a mine laid north of Cape Maria van Diemen in 1917 by the German raider Wolf; 26 of its 151 passengers and crew were killed
Jun 28th - 1st flight between Hawaiian Islands
Jun 29th - A provisional government opposed to the Bolsheviks establishes itself at Vladivostok, the Russian port on the Sea of Japan
Jun 30th - Prominent US Socialist and Pacifist Eugene Debs is arrested on charges of denouncing the government, a violation of the Espionage Act of 1917
Jul 3rd - SDAP'er Suze Groenweg elected 1st woman in Dutch parliament
Jul 4th - Altar dedicated at full-scale replica of Stonehenge at Maryhill, Wa