Historical Events for Year 1923

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Months in Year 1923: January February March April May June July August September October November December

Events 1 - 150 of 304

Jan 1st - Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established
Jan 1st - Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMSR.
Jan 2nd - Ku Klux Klan surprise attack on black residential area Rosewood Fla, 8 killed (compensation awarded in 1995)
Jan 4th - 1st broadcast of "Barn Dance Show" (WBAP - Fort Worth Texas)
Jan 4th - Lenin's "Political Testament" calls for removal of Stalin
Jan 7th - Baltimore Sun warns of Ku Klux Klan
Jan 8th - Typography strike in Amsterdam
Jan 9th - Juan de la Cierva makes 1st autogiro (helicopter) flight, Spain
Jan 10th - Last US troops leave Rhineland (Germany)
Jan 10th - Lithuania seizes & annexes country of Memel
Jan 11th - 1st Dutch Dada-evening (Theo Van Doesburg & Kurt Schwitters)
Marxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir LeninMarxist Revolutionary and Russian Leader Vladimir Lenin Jan 11th - French & Belgian troops occupy Ruhr to collect reparations
Jan 17th - Belgian Working people Party protest against occupied Ruhrgebied
Jan 17th - Origin of Brown lunation numbers
Jan 18th - 1st radio telegraph message from Netherlands to Dutch East Indies
Jan 19th - WMC-AM in Memphis TN begins radio transmissions
Jan 23rd - Taxi strike in Amsterdam begins (through March 9th)
Jan 24th - Aztec Ruins National Monument, NM established
Jan 25th - NVV donates 100,000 gulden to mine workers of Ruhrgebied
Jan 28th - 1st "Reichs Party" (NSDAP) forms in Munich
Jan 28th - Demonstration against a Dutch University in Ghent
Jan 28th - NSDAP 1st election in Munich
Jan 29th - 1st flight of autogiro (Juan de la Cierva, Madrid Spain)
Feb 1st - Allied ultimatum on Lithuanian occupation of Memel
Italian Dictator Benito MussoliniItalian Dictator Benito Mussolini Feb 1st - Fascists Voluntary Militia forms in Italy under Benito Mussolini
Feb 1st - Noel Coward's "Young Idea," premieres in London
Feb 2nd - Ethyl gasoline 1st marketed, Dayton, Ohio
Feb 2nd - US signs friendship treaty with Central American countries
Feb 3rd - The Alpha Zeta chapter of Phi Mu Alpha Sinfonia founded at Pennsylvania State University.
Feb 5th - General mine strike against wage cuts in Saar
Feb 5th - Mass arrests of socialists & communists in Italy
Feb 8th - Coal mine explosion at Dawson, New Mexico kills 120
Feb 8th - German NSDAP Volkischer Beobachter newspaper becomes a daily
Feb 9th - Soviet Aeroflot airlines forms
Feb 10th - Ink paste manufactured for 1st time by Standard Ink Company
Feb 10th - Owen Davis' "Icebound," premieres in NYC
Feb 10th - SDAP speaks out against allied occupation of the Ruhr
Feb 13th - 1st Black pro Basketball team, "Renaissance," organizes
Feb 16th - Allies accept Latvia's occupation of Memel territory
Archaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun Howard CarterArchaeologist and Discoverer of Tutankhamun Howard Carter Feb 16th - Howard Carter opens the inner burial chamber of the Pharaoh Tutankhamen's tomb and finds the sarcophagus
Feb 16th - US female Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld Blanchard
Feb 16th - US male Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
Feb 17th - Ottawa Senator Cy Denneny becomes NHL's all time scorer (143 goals)
Feb 18th - Belgium: Borinage-mine workers strike for higher wages
Feb 19th - Jean Sibelius' 6th Symphony, premieres
Feb 19th - Philip Barry's "You & I," premieres in NYC
Feb 20th - Christy Mathewson becomes pres of Boston Braves
Feb 21st - Andre Charlot's musical "Rats," premieres in London
NHL Left Winger Cy DennenyNHL Left Winger Cy Denneny Feb 22nd - 1st successful chinchilla farm in US (Los Angeles California)
Feb 22nd - Transcontinental airmail service begins
Feb 23rd - German Republic day with laws against worker
Feb 23rd - Great Britain lowers import duty on German products from 26% to 5%
Feb 24th - Flying Scotsman goes into service
Feb 24th - Mass arrests in US of mafia
Feb 25th - Bread in Berlin rises to 2,000 mark
Feb 26th - Italian nationalist & fascists merge (blue-shirts & black-shirts)
Feb 28th - Swedish king Gustaaf V begins state visit to Netherlands
Mar 1st - Allies occupy Ruhrgebied: killing railroad striker
Mar 3rd - Time magazine publishes 1st issue featuring Joseph G. Cannon (Speaker of US House of Representatives)
Mar 3rd - US Senate rejects membership of the International Court of Justice, The Hague
Mar 4th - Lenin's last article in Pravda (about Red bureaucracy)
Mar 5th - Montana & Nevada become 1st states to enact old age pension laws
Mar 6th - Cards announce their players will wear numbers on their uniforms
Mar 9th - Amsterdam taxi strike ended
Mar 9th - Elmer Rice's "Adding Machine" premieres in NYC
Mar 9th - NHL Championship: Mont Canadiens outscore Ottawa Senators, 3-2, in 2
Mar 13th - Lee de Forest demonstrates his sound-on-film moving pictures (NYC)
Mar 14th - Allies accepts Vilnus taking East-Galicia in Poland
Mar 14th - German Supreme Court prohibits NSDAP (Nazi party)
Mar 14th - Pres Warren G Harding becomes 1st pres to pay taxes
Mar 15th - Lenin is hit with his 3rd stroke
Mar 16th - Hugo von Hofmannsthal's "Der Unbestechliche" premieres in Vienna
Mar 20th - Bavarian minister of interior refuses to forbid Nazi Sturm Abteilung
Mar 20th - Belgian Senate rejects Dutch University in Ghent
Mar 21st - US foreign minister Charles Hughes refuses USSR recognition
Mar 22nd - The first radio broadcast of ice hockey is made by Foster Hewitt.
Mar 23rd - Frank Silver & Irving Conn release "Yes, We Have No Bananas"
Mar 25th - British government grants Trans-Jordan autonomy
Mar 26th - Stanley Cup: Ott Senators beat Vanc Millionaires (PCHA), 3 games to 1
Mar 30th - Zeta Phi Beta Sorority, formed at Howard U in 1920, incorporates
Mar 31st - 1st dance marathon-NYC-Alma Cummings sets record of 27 hrs
Mar 31st - French soldiers fire on workers at Krupp factory in Essen; 13 die
Mar 31st - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) sweep Edm Eskimos (WCHL) in 2 games
Apr 3rd - 2 "Black Sox" sue White Sox (unsuccessfully) for back salary
Tire Industrialist Harvey FirestoneTire Industrialist Harvey Firestone Apr 5th - Firestone Co put their inflatable tires into production
Apr 6th - The first Prefects Board in Southeast Asia is formed in Victoria Institution, Malaysia.
Apr 7th - 1st brain tumor operation under local anesthetic performed (Beth Israel Hospital in NYC) by Dr K Winfield Ney
Apr 7th - Workers Party of America (NYC) becomes official communist party
Apr 9th - Sean O'Casey's "Shadow of a Gunman" premieres in Dublin
Apr 10th - Hitler demands "hatred & more hatred" in Berlin
Apr 13th - Army wins 1st college three-weapon fencing championships
Apr 14th - Etienne Oehmichen sets helicopter distance record of 358 meters
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler Apr 15th - 1st sound on film public performance shown at Rialto Theater (NYC)
Apr 15th - Insulin becomes generally available for diabetics
Apr 17th - Longest NL opening game, Phillies & Dodgers tie 5-5 in 14
Apr 18th - 74,000 (62,281 paid) on hand for opening of Yankee Stadium
Apr 18th - Poland annexes Central Lithuania
Apr 19th - 27th Boston Marathon won by Clarence DeMar of Mass in 2:23:37.4
Apr 19th - New Egyptian law allows suffrage for men, except soldiers
Apr 23rd - Inauguration ceremonies take place of Gdynia as a temporary military port and fishers' shelter.
Apr 24th - General harbor strike begins in NYC
Apr 28th - Wembley Stadium opens-Bolton Wanderers vs West Ham United (FA Cup)
MLB Pitcher Walter JohnsonMLB Pitcher Walter Johnson May 2nd - Senator Walter Johnson pitches his 100th shutout, beats Yanks 3-0
May 3rd - 1st nonstop transcontinental flight (NY-San Diego) completed
May 4th - Bloody street battles between nazis, socialist & police in Vienna
May 4th - NY state revokes Prohibition law
May 7th - Mine strike at Belgian Borinage railroad
May 8th - Hobbs scores his 100th 100, 116* v Somerset at Bath
May 11th - 10 HRs hit in Phillies 20-14 victory over St Louis Cards
May 12th - 49th Preakness: Benny Marinelli aboard Vigil wins in 1:53.6
May 13th - Pulitzer prize awarded to Willa Carter (One of Ours)
May 15th - Cooperation of Dutch Molen forms
May 17th - Fire during closing day ceremonies at Grover Cleveland School (SC)
May 19th - 49th Kentucky Derby: Earl Sande aboard Zev wins in 2:05.4
May 19th - KPD (communist revolts) in German Ruhr cities occupied by Allies
May 20th - Stanley Baldwin, becomes PM of UK
May 22nd - Stanley Baldwin succeeds Andrew Bonar Law as British premier
May 23rd - Launch of Belgium's SABENA airline: first flight from Brussels to Lympne, England
May 25th - Britain recognizes Transjordan with Abdullah as its leader
May 26th - 1st Le Mans Grand Prix d'Endurance is run
May 26th - Socialist Workers Youth International forms in Hamburg
May 28th - Attorney General says it is legal for women to wear trousers anywhere
May 28th - US unemployment has nearly ended
May 30th - Howard Hanson's 1st Symphony "Nordic" premieres
May 30th - Indianapolis 500: Tommy Milton wins in 5:31:19.618 (145.718 km/h)
May 31st - China & USSR exchange diplomats
May 31st - The South African Indian Congress (SAIC) forms in Durban, South Africa, with Omar Hajee Amod Jhaveri as President.
Jun 1st - NY Giants beat Phillies, 22-5, Giants score in every inning
Gangster Albert AnastasiaGangster Albert Anastasia Jun 6th - Gangster Albert Anastasia is convicted of illegal possession of a firearm and sentenced to two years in prison
Jun 9th - 55th Belmont: Earl Sande riding Zev wins in 2:19
Jun 9th - Brinks unveils 1st armored security vans
Jun 9th - Bulgarian premier Stamboeliski & King Boris III overthrown
Jun 12th - Harry Houdini frees himself from a straight jacket while suspended upside down, 40 feet (12 m) above ground in NYC
Jun 14th - Recording of 1st country music hit (Little Old Log Cabin in the Lane)
Jun 15th - Belgium's Theunis government falls because of mine, post & railroad strike
Magician & Escape Artist Harry HoudiniMagician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini Jun 15th - 58th British Golf Open: Arthur Havers shoots a 295 at Troon Golf Club
Jun 16th - Sun Yat Sen founds military academy
Jun 19th - Comic Strip "Moon Mullins" debuts
Jun 19th - Baldwin-Mellon-agreement concerning Britain entering the war
Jun 21st - Marcus Garvey sentenced to 5 years for using mail to defraud
Jun 24th - Pope Pius XI speaks against allies occupying Ruhrgebied
Jun 27th - Capt. Lowell H. Smith and Lt. John P. Richter perform the first ever aerial refueling in a DH-4B biplane
Jun 28th - Dodgers lost 7-0 lead, as Phillies score 8 in bottom of 9th
Jun 28th - Queen Wilhelmina & Prince Henry of the Netherlands state visit to London
Jun 30th - New Zealand claims Ross Dependency in Antarctica
Jul 1st - 1st permanent radio network-AT&T (WEAF NY & WMAF Mass)
Jul 3rd - Dockers' strike in Hull/Grimsby/Cardiff/Bristol over to London
Heavyweight Boxing Champion Jack DempseyHeavyweight Boxing Champion Jack Dempsey Jul 4th - Jack Dempsey beats Tommy Gibbon in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
Jul 6th - 36th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Suzanne Lenglen beats K McKane (6-2 6-2)
Jul 6th - Rail crash on New Zealand's main trunk line; 17 killed and 28 injured

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