Historical Events for Year 1937

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Months in Year 1937: January February March April May June July August September October November December

Events 1 - 150 of 273

Jan 1st - Anastasio Somoza becomes president of Nicaragua
Jan 1st - Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to captain
Jan 1st - US Army Air Corps physiological research laboratory completed, Ohio
Jan 1st - Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in Great Britain.
Jan 5th - Fingleton & Bradman make record stand of 346 for 6th wkt
Jan 5th - Only unicameral state legislature in US opens 1st session (Nebr)
Jan 6th - Bradman scores 270 Aust v England at the MCG, incl 110 singles
Jan 8th - -50°F (-45.6°C), San Jacinto, Nevada (state record)
Jan 9th - Italian regime bans marriages between Italians & Abyssinians
Jan 9th - Maxwell Anderson's "High Tor" premieres in NYC
Jan 12th - Plow for laying submarine cable patented
Cricket Legend Donald BradmanCricket Legend Donald Bradman Jan 19th - Cy Young, Tris Speaker & Nap Lajorie elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
Jan 19th - Millionaire Howard Hughes sets transcontinental air record (7h28m25s)
Jan 20th - -45°F (-43°C), Boca, California (state record)
Jan 20th - 1st US Presidential Inauguration day held on Jan 20th, (previously March 4th)
Jan 23rd - Karl Radek & 16 others go on trial in Stalin's great purge
Jan 25th - 1st broadcast of "Guiding Light" on NBC radio
Jan 25th - Miami-to-Tampa bus overturned in a canal, kills 13
Jan 25th - Soap Opera "Guiding Light" premieres on radio
Jan 30th - 2nd of Stalin's purge trials; Pyatakov & 16 others sentenced to death
Soviet Union Premier Joseph StalinSoviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin Feb 1st - Stapleton, Staten Island becomes a customs-free port
Feb 3rd - Bradman scores 212 (in 441 minutes!) in 5th Test Cricket v England
Feb 4th - Jim Margie, Philadelphia, bowls 900 in 3 (unsanctioned) games
Feb 5th - 1st Charlie Chaplin talkie, "Modern Times," released
Feb 5th - FDR proposes enlarging Supreme Court, "court packing" plan failed
Feb 6th - K Elizabeth Ohi becomes 1st Japanese-US female lawyer
Feb 8th - Maxwell Anderson's "Masque of Kings," premieres in NYC
Feb 10th - Ragnhild Hveger swims world free style record 400m (5:14.2)
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt Feb 11th - 44-day sit-down strike at General Motors in Flint Mich ends
Feb 12th - Cleveland (now St Louis) Rams granted an NFL franchise
Feb 13th - "Prince Valiant" comic strip appears; known for historical detail
Feb 13th - Bradman scores 123 SA v Queensland, 165 mins, 10-4s 1-6 in cricket
Feb 13th - Maribel Vinson wins her 9th US figure skating championship
Feb 13th - NFL Boston Redskins move to Wash DC
Feb 13th - US female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
Feb 13th - US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
Feb 16th - DuPont Corp patents nylon, developed by employee Wallace H Carothers
Feb 16th - Jean Anouilh's "Le Voyageur Sans Baggage," premieres in Paris
Feb 20th - 1st automobile/airplane combination tested, Santa Monica, Ca
Feb 21st - Initial flight of the first successful flying car, Waldo Waterman's Arrowbile.
Feb 21st - The League of Nations bans foreign national "volunteers" in the Spanish Civil War.
Feb 24th - 1st US group hospital-medical cooperative authorized, Wash, DC
Feb 26th - C Isherwood/WH Auden's "Ascent of F6," premieres in London
Feb 27th - Bradman scores 169 in 5th Test Cricket v England in 223 minutes
Mar 1st - 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Ct)
Mar 1st - Gov Wouters innaugrates the radio station on the Dutch Antilles
Mar 1st - US Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day
Mar 2nd - Mexico nationalizes oil
Mar 3rd - Australia snatch series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down
Mar 4th - 9th Academy Awards - "The Great Ziegfeld", Paul Muni & Luise Rainer wins
Mar 7th - Bucharin, Jagoda & Rykov pushed out of CPSU in USSR
Mar 14th - Battle of the Century: Fred Allen & Jack Benny meet on radio
Mar 14th - Pope Pius XI publishes anti-nazi-encyclical Mit brennender Sorge
Mar 15th - 1st blood bank forms (Chicago IL)
Mar 15th - 1st state contraceptive clinic opens (Raleigh NC)
Mar 16th - All but one senior fouls out of a scrimmage game between seniors & sophomores, but he holds on to win the game 35-32
Mar 18th - Gas explosion in school in New London Texas: 294 die
Mar 18th - The human-powered aircraft, Pedaliante, flies 1 kilometre (0.62 miles) outside Milan.
Mar 19th - Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism
Mar 19th - Astronomer Fritz Zwicky publishes his research on stellar explosion in which he coins the term "supernova" and hypothesizes that they were the origin of cosmic rays
Spanish Dictator and General Francisco FrancoSpanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco Mar 20th - Franco offensive at Guadalajara, Spain
Mar 21st - Ponce massacre, police kill 19 at Puerto Rican Nationalist parade
Mar 23rd - LA Railway Co starts using PCC streetcars
Mar 24th - Bus blew a tire, going out of control, killing 18 (Salem Illinois)
Mar 24th - National Gallery of Art established by Congress
Mar 25th - It is revealed Quaker Oats pays Babe Ruth $25,000 per year for ads
Mar 25th - Italy & Yugoslavia sign non-aggression treaty (Pact of Belgrade)
Mar 25th - Lionel Conacher misses on 1st Stanley Cup penalty shot
Mar 25th - Wash Daily News is 1st US newspaper with perfumed advertising page
MLB Legend Ty CobbMLB Legend Ty Cobb Mar 26th - Joe DiMaggio takes Ty Cobb's advice & replace his 40 with 36 oz bat
Mar 26th - Spinach growers of Crystal City, Tx, erect statue of Popeye
Mar 26th - William H Hastie becomes 1st black federal judge (Virgin Islands)
Mar 27th - Feyenoord-stadium official opens in Rotterdam
Apr 1st - Aden becomes a British crown colony
Apr 4th - 4th Golf Masters Championship: Byron Nelson wins, shooting a 283
Apr 12th - Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft at Rugby, England.
Apr 15th - Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat NY Rangers, 3 games to 2
Golfer Byron NelsonGolfer Byron Nelson Apr 17th - Cartoon characters Daffy Duck, Elmer J Fudd & Petunia Pig, debut
Apr 19th - 41st Boston Marathon won by Walter Young of Canada in 2:33:20
Apr 22nd - NYC college students stage 4th annual peace strike
Apr 26th - German Luftwaffe destroys Basque town of Guernica in Spain
Apr 27th - 1st US social security payment made
Apr 28th - 1st animated cartoon electric sign displayed (NYC)
Apr 28th - 1st commercial flight across Pacific, Pan Am
Apr 30th - The Philippines holds a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; over 90% would vote in the affirmative.
May 1st - FDR signs act of neutrality
Author Margaret MitchellAuthor Margaret Mitchell May 3rd - Margaret Mitchell wins Pulitzer Prize for "Gone With the Wind"
May 6th - German airship Hindenburg explodes in flames at Lakehurst, NJ (36 die)
May 8th - 63rd Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on War Admiral wins 2:03.2
May 9th - Reds beat Phillies 21-10 (Ernie Lombardi goes 6 for 6)
May 10th - Busmen strike in London
May 12th - St Louis Cards beat Philadelphia Phillies, 15-3
May 12th - Coronation of King George VI of Great Britain (and his other realms and territories beyond the sea) at Westminster Abbey.
May 15th - 63rd Preakness: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 1:58.4
May 17th - Juan Negrin succeeds Largo Caballero as Spain's premier
May 19th - John Murray/Allen Boretz's "Room Service" premieres in NYC
May 25th - 1st airmail letter to circle globe returns to NY
May 26th - Dutch Rail NV at law forms
May 26th - San Francisco Bay's Golden Gate Bridge opens
May 27th - Carl Hubbell wins his 24th consecutive game (since July 17, 1936)
May 27th - Golden Gate Bridge, SF, dedicated
May 28th - Golden Gate Bridge in SF opens to vehicular traffic
British Prime Minister Neville ChamberlainBritish Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain May 28th - Neville Chamberlain becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
May 30th - 20th PGA Championship: Denny Shute at Pittsburgh FC Aspinwall PA
May 30th - Memorial Day Massacre - Chicago police shoot on union marchers, 10 die
May 30th - Pitcher Carl Hubbell's 24th consecutive victory
May 30th - Police kill 10 strikers at Republic Steel Plant in Chicago
May 30th - 61,756, 2nd-largest crowd in Polo Grounds history, sees Dodgers ends Carl Hubbell's consecutive-game winning streak at 24
May 31st - 1st quadruplets to finish college (Baylor University)
Golfer and Three-Time Major Championship Winner Denny ShuteGolfer and Three-Time Major Championship Winner Denny Shute May 31st - Brooklyn Dodgers snap NY Giant Carl Hubbell's 24-game winning streak
May 31st - German battleships bombard Almeria, Spain
May 31st - Indianapolis 500: Wilbur Shaw wins in 4:24:07.861 (182.789 km/h)
Jun 1st - Chicago White Sox Bill Dietrich no-hits St Louis Browns, 8-0
Jun 1st - Prince Konoye becomes Japanese premier
Jun 3rd - Josh Gibson HR's just 2 feet below rim of Yankee Stadium (580' drive)
Jun 4th - Leon Blum becomes premier of People's front government of France
Jun 5th - 69th Belmont: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 2:28.6
Ford Motor Company Founder Henry FordFord Motor Company Founder Henry Ford Jun 5th - Henry Ford initiates 32 hour work week
Jun 6th - Phillies trailing 8-2 to St Louis, forfeit game
Jun 8th - World's largest flower blooms in NY Botanical Garden, 12' calla lily
Jun 11th - Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" released
Jun 12th - 41st US Golf Open: Ralph Guldahl shoots a 281 at Oakland Hills Mich
Jun 12th - USSR executes 8 army leaders as Stalin's purge continues
Jun 13th - Joe DiMaggio hits 3 consecutive HRs against St Louis Browns
Jun 13th - Stalin executes Russian officers Tuchachevski, Jakir, Putna & Uberevitch
Jun 16th - Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" opens in LA
Baseball Player Joe DiMaggioBaseball Player Joe DiMaggio Jun 17th - Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" opens in NY
Jun 19th - Franco-troops conquer Bilbao Basques
Jun 21st - French People's front government-Blum falls
Jun 22nd - Joe Louis KOs James J Braddock in 18 for heavyweight boxing title
Jun 25th - Cub Augie Galan becomes 1st player to switch hit HRs in a game
Jun 26th - Test cricket debut of Len Hutton v NZ at Lord's, scores 0 & 1
Jul 1st - Britain begins using 999 emergency phone number
Jul 1st - Rev Martin Niemöller (Bekennende Kirche) arrested in Germany
Jul 1st - Spanish bishops support Franco & fascists
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe LouisBoxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis Jul 2nd - 57th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Don Budge beats G von Cramm (6-3 6-4 6-2)
Jul 2nd - Amelia Earhart & Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean
Jul 2nd - 50th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Dorothy Little beats J Jędrzejowska (6-2 2-6 7-5)
Jul 5th - 117°F (47°C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)
Jul 5th - Chicago Cub Frank Demaree gets 6 hits in 1st game & 2 in 2nd game
Jul 5th - Joe DiMaggio's 1st grand slammer
Jul 5th - Republican offensive by Brunete in Spain
Jul 5th - Spam, the luncheon meat, was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.
Aviation Pioneer Amelia EarhartAviation Pioneer Amelia Earhart Jul 7th - 5th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 8-3 at Griffith Stadium, Wash
Jul 7th - Japanese & Chinese troops clash, (Marco Polo Bridge), beginning of Second Sino-Japanese War
Jul 9th - 72nd British Golf Open: Henry Cotton shoots a 290 at Carnoustie Golf Links
Jul 10th - Dutch Django Reinhardts "Quintette, premieres in du Hot Club"
Jul 12th - -13) Tupolev ANT-25 non-stop flight Moscow to San Jacinto Calif
Jul 15th - Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens
Jul 15th - Japanese attack Marco Polo Bridge, invade China

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