Historical Events for Year 1937

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Months in Year 1937: January February March April May June July August September October November December

Events 1 - 150 of 271

Jan 1st - Anastasio Somoza becomes president of Nicaragua
Jan 1st - Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to captain
Jan 1st - US Army Air Corps physiological research laboratory completed, Ohio
Jan 1st - Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in Great Britain.
Jan 5th - Fingleton & Bradman make record stand of 346 for 6th wkt
Jan 5th - Only unicameral state legislature in US opens 1st session (Nebr)
Jan 6th - Bradman scores 270 Aust v England at the MCG, incl 110 singles
Jan 8th - -50°F (-45.6°C), San Jacinto, Nevada (state record)
Jan 9th - Italian regime bans marriages between Italians & Abyssinians
Jan 9th - Maxwell Anderson's "High Tor" premieres in NYC
Jan 12th - Plow for laying submarine cable patented
Jan 19th - Cy Young, Tris Speaker & Nap Lajorie elected to Baseball Hall of Fame
Jan 19th - Millionaire Howard Hughes sets transcontinental air record (7h28m25s)
Jan 20th - -45°F (-43°C), Boca, California (state record)
Jan 20th - 1st US Presidential Inauguration day held on Jan 20th, (previously March 4th)
Soviet Union Premier Joseph StalinSoviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin Jan 23rd - Karl Radek & 16 others go on trial in Stalin's great purge
Jan 25th - 1st broadcast of "Guiding Light" on NBC radio
Jan 25th - Miami-to-Tampa bus overturned in a canal, kills 13
Jan 25th - Soap Opera "Guiding Light" premieres on radio
Jan 30th - 2nd of Stalin's purge trials; Pyatakov & 16 others sentenced to death
Feb 1st - Stapleton, Staten Island becomes a customs-free port
Feb 3rd - Bradman scores 212 (in 441 minutes!) in 5th Test Cricket v England
Feb 4th - Jim Margie, Philadelphia, bowls 900 in 3 (unsanctioned) games
Feb 5th - 1st Charlie Chaplin talkie, "Modern Times," released
Feb 5th - FDR proposes enlarging Supreme Court, "court packing" plan failed
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt Feb 6th - K Elizabeth Ohi becomes 1st Japanese-US female lawyer
Feb 8th - Maxwell Anderson's "Masque of Kings," premieres in NYC
Feb 10th - Ragnhild Hveger swims world free style record 400m (5:14.2)
Feb 11th - 44-day sit-down strike at General Motors in Flint Mich ends
Feb 12th - Cleveland (now St Louis) Rams granted an NFL franchise
Feb 13th - "Prince Valiant" comic strip appears; known for historical detail
Feb 13th - Bradman scores 123 SA v Queensland, 165 mins, 10-4s 1-6 in cricket
Feb 13th - Maribel Vinson wins her 9th US figure skating championship
Feb 13th - NFL Boston Redskins move to Wash DC
Feb 13th - US female Figure Skating championship won by Maribel Vinson
Feb 13th - US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
Feb 16th - DuPont Corp patents nylon, developed by employee Wallace H Carothers
Feb 16th - Jean Anouilh's "Le Voyageur Sans Baggage," premieres in Paris
Feb 20th - 1st automobile/airplane combination tested, Santa Monica, Ca
Feb 21st - Initial flight of the first successful flying car, Waldo Waterman's Arrowbile.
Feb 21st - The League of Nations bans foreign national "volunteers" in the Spanish Civil War.
Feb 24th - 1st US group hospital-medical cooperative authorized, Wash, DC
Feb 26th - C Isherwood/WH Auden's "Ascent of F6," premieres in London
Feb 27th - Bradman scores 169 in 5th Test Cricket v England in 223 minutes
Mar 1st - 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Ct)
Mar 1st - Gov Wouters innaugrates the radio station on the Dutch Antilles
Mar 1st - US Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day
Mar 2nd - Mexico nationalizes oil
Mar 3rd - Australia snatch series against England 3-2 after being 2-0 down
Mar 4th - 9th Academy Awards - "The Great Ziegfeld", Paul Muni & Luise Rainer wins
Mar 7th - Bucharin, Jagoda & Rykov pushed out of CPSU in USSR
Mar 14th - Battle of the Century: Fred Allen & Jack Benny meet on radio
Mar 14th - Pope Pius XI publishes anti-nazi-encyclical Mit brennender Sorge
Mar 15th - 1st blood bank forms (Chicago IL)
Mar 15th - 1st state contraceptive clinic opens (Raleigh NC)
Mar 16th - All but one senior fouls out of a scrimmage game between seniors & sophomores, but he holds on to win the game 35-32
Mar 18th - Gas explosion in school in New London Texas: 294 die
Mar 18th - The human-powered aircraft, Pedaliante, flies 1 kilometre (0.62 miles) outside Milan.
Mar 19th - Pope Pius XI publishes encyclical Divini redemptoris against communism
Spanish Dictator and General Francisco FrancoSpanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco Mar 20th - Franco offensive at Guadalajara, Spain
Mar 21st - Ponce massacre, police kill 19 at Puerto Rican Nationalist parade
Mar 23rd - LA Railway Co starts using PCC streetcars
Mar 24th - Bus blew a tire, going out of control, killing 18 (Salem Illinois)
Mar 24th - National Gallery of Art established by Congress
Mar 25th - It is revealed Quaker Oats pays Babe Ruth $25,000 per year for ads
Mar 25th - Italy & Yugoslavia sign non-aggression treaty (Pact of Belgrade)
Mar 25th - Lionel Conacher misses on 1st Stanley Cup penalty shot
Mar 25th - Wash Daily News is 1st US newspaper with perfumed advertising page
MLB Legend Ty CobbMLB Legend Ty Cobb Mar 26th - Joe DiMaggio takes Ty Cobb's advice & replace his 40 with 36 oz bat
Mar 26th - Spinach growers of Crystal City, Tx, erect statue of Popeye
Mar 26th - William H Hastie becomes 1st black federal judge (Virgin Islands)
Mar 27th - Feyenoord-stadium official opens in Rotterdam
Apr 1st - Aden becomes a British crown colony
Apr 4th - 4th Golf Masters Championship: Byron Nelson wins, shooting a 283
Apr 12th - Sir Frank Whittle ground-tests the first jet engine designed to power an aircraft at Rugby, England.
Apr 15th - Stanley Cup: Detroit Red Wings beat NY Rangers, 3 games to 2
Golfer Byron NelsonGolfer Byron Nelson Apr 17th - Cartoon characters Daffy Duck, Elmer J Fudd & Petunia Pig, debut
Apr 19th - 41st Boston Marathon won by Walter Young of Canada in 2:33:20
Apr 22nd - NYC college students stage 4th annual peace strike
Apr 26th - German Luftwaffe destroys Basque town of Guernica in Spain
Apr 27th - 1st US social security payment made
Apr 28th - 1st animated cartoon electric sign displayed (NYC)
Apr 28th - 1st commercial flight across Pacific, Pan Am
Apr 30th - The Philippines holds a plebiscite for Filipino women on whether they should be extended the right to suffrage; over 90% would vote in the affirmative.
May 1st - FDR signs act of neutrality
Author Margaret MitchellAuthor Margaret Mitchell May 3rd - Margaret Mitchell wins Pulitzer Prize for "Gone With the Wind"
May 6th - German airship Hindenburg explodes in flames at Lakehurst, NJ (36 die)
May 8th - 63rd Kentucky Derby: Charley Kurtsinger on War Admiral wins 2:03.2
May 9th - Reds beat Phillies 21-10 (Ernie Lombardi goes 6 for 6)
May 10th - Busmen strike in London
May 12th - St Louis Cards beat Philadelphia Phillies, 15-3
May 12th - Coronation of King George VI of Great Britain (and his other realms and territories beyond the sea) at Westminster Abbey.
May 15th - 63rd Preakness: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 1:58.4
May 17th - Juan Negrin succeeds Largo Caballero as Spain's premier
May 19th - John Murray/Allen Boretz's "Room Service" premieres in NYC
May 25th - 1st airmail letter to circle globe returns to NY
May 26th - Dutch Rail NV at law forms
May 26th - San Francisco Bay's Golden Gate Bridge opens
May 27th - Carl Hubbell wins his 24th consecutive game (since July 17, 1936)
May 27th - Golden Gate Bridge, SF, dedicated
May 28th - Golden Gate Bridge in SF opens to vehicular traffic
British Prime Minister Neville ChamberlainBritish Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain May 28th - Neville Chamberlain becomes Prime Minister of the United Kingdom
May 30th - 20th PGA Championship: Denny Shute at Pittsburgh FC Aspinwall PA
May 30th - Memorial Day Massacre - Chicago police shoot on union marchers, 10 die
May 30th - Pitcher Carl Hubbell's 24th consecutive victory
May 30th - Police kill 10 strikers at Republic Steel Plant in Chicago
May 30th - 61,756, 2nd-largest crowd in Polo Grounds history, sees Dodgers ends Carl Hubbell's consecutive-game winning streak at 24
May 31st - 1st quadruplets to finish college (Baylor University)
May 31st - Brooklyn Dodgers snap NY Giant Carl Hubbell's 24-game winning streak
May 31st - German battleships bombard Almeria, Spain
May 31st - Indianapolis 500: Wilbur Shaw wins in 4:24:07.861 (182.789 km/h)
Jun 1st - Chicago White Sox Bill Dietrich no-hits St Louis Browns, 8-0
Jun 1st - Prince Konoye becomes Japanese premier
Jun 3rd - Josh Gibson HR's just 2 feet below rim of Yankee Stadium (580' drive)
Jun 4th - Leon Blum becomes premier of People's front government of France
Jun 5th - 69th Belmont: Charley Kurtsinger aboard War Admiral wins in 2:28.6
Ford Motor Company Founder Henry FordFord Motor Company Founder Henry Ford Jun 5th - Henry Ford initiates 32 hour work week
Jun 6th - Phillies trailing 8-2 to St Louis, forfeit game
Jun 8th - World's largest flower blooms in NY Botanical Garden, 12' calla lily
Jun 11th - Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" released
Jun 12th - 41st US Golf Open: Ralph Guldahl shoots a 281 at Oakland Hills Mich
Jun 12th - USSR executes 8 army leaders as Stalin's purge continues
Jun 13th - Joe DiMaggio hits 3 consecutive HRs against St Louis Browns
Jun 13th - Stalin executes Russian officers Tuchachevski, Jakir, Putna & Uberevitch
Jun 16th - Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" opens in LA
Baseball Player Joe DiMaggioBaseball Player Joe DiMaggio Jun 17th - Marx Brothers' "A Day At The Races" opens in NY
Jun 19th - Franco-troops conquer Bilbao Basques
Jun 21st - French People's front government-Blum falls
Jun 22nd - Joe Louis KOs James J Braddock in 18 for heavyweight boxing title
Jun 25th - Cub Augie Galan becomes 1st player to switch hit HRs in a game
Jun 26th - Test cricket debut of Len Hutton v NZ at Lord's, scores 0 & 1
Jul 1st - Britain begins using 999 emergency phone number
Jul 1st - Rev Martin Niemöller (Bekennende Kirche) arrested in Germany
Jul 1st - Spanish bishops support Franco & fascists
Jul 2nd - 57th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Don Budge beats G von Cramm (6-3 6-4 6-2)
Aviation Pioneer Amelia EarhartAviation Pioneer Amelia Earhart Jul 2nd - Amelia Earhart & Fred Noonan disappear over Pacific Ocean
Jul 2nd - 50th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Dorothy Little beats J Jędrzejowska (6-2 2-6 7-5)
Jul 5th - 117°F (47°C), Medicine Lake, Montana (state record)
Jul 5th - Chicago Cub Frank Demaree gets 6 hits in 1st game & 2 in 2nd game
Jul 5th - Joe DiMaggio's 1st grand slammer
Jul 5th - Republican offensive by Brunete in Spain
Jul 5th - Spam, the luncheon meat, was introduced into the market by the Hormel Foods Corporation.
Jul 7th - 5th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 8-3 at Griffith Stadium, Wash
Jul 7th - Japanese & Chinese troops clash, (Marco Polo Bridge), beginning of Second Sino-Japanese War
Jul 9th - 72nd British Golf Open: Henry Cotton shoots a 290 at Carnoustie Golf Links
Jul 10th - Dutch Django Reinhardts "Quintette, premieres in du Hot Club"
Jul 12th - -13) Tupolev ANT-25 non-stop flight Moscow to San Jacinto Calif
Jul 15th - Buchenwald Concentration Camp opens
Jul 15th - Japanese attack Marco Polo Bridge, invade China
Jul 19th - Entartete Art Fair opens in Munich

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