Historical Events for Year 1945

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Months in Year 1945: January - February - March - April - May - June - July - August - September - October - November - December

Events 1 - 150 of 655

Jan 1st - France joins the UN
Jan 1st - German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels
Jan 2nd - Allied air raid on Nuremberg
Jan 2nd - Kentucky begins 130 home basketball game win streak, ends in 1955
Jan 2nd - Radio Orange ends cooperation at Liese-Aktion
Jan 3rd - Allies land on west coast of Burma, conquer Akyab
Jan 3rd - British Premier Winston Churchill visits France
Jan 3rd - Cato-Meridian School, NY, installs germicidal lamps in every room
Jan 3rd - Greek General Plastiras forms government
Jan 3rd - John Patrick's "Hasty Heart," premieres in NYC
Jan 3rd - US aircraft carriers attack Okinawa
Jan 4th - Germans execute resistance fighters in Amsterdam
Jan 4th - US jeep-aircraft carrier Ommaney Bay sinks after Japanese kamikaze attack
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston ChurchillSoldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill Jan 5th - Pepe LePew debuts in Warner Bros cartoon "Odor-able Kitty"
Jan 5th - Surprise attack on Liese-Aktion-office on Marnix St, Amsterdam
Jan 7th - Lord Haw-Haw reports total German victory in the Ardennes
Jan 7th - The last surface engagement between Allies and Japanese in the Pacific campaign, World War II
Jan 8th - "Youth for Christ" organizes
Jan 9th - US soldiers led by Gen Douglas MacArthur invades Philippines
Jan 10th - LA Railway (with 5 streetcar lines) forced to close
Jan 10th - No one is elected to baseball's Hall of Fame
Jan 12th - German forces in Belgium retreat in Battle of Bulge
WW2 General Douglas MacArthurWW2 General Douglas MacArthur Jan 12th - US Task Force 38 destroys 41 Jap ships in Battle of South China Sea
Jan 12th - The Soviets begin a large offensive against the Nazis in Eastern Europe
Jan 13th - Prokofchev's 5th Symphony premieres in Moscow
Jan 14th - In Greece, Communists and the British agree to a cease-fire in the struggle to control Athens (and with it Greece)
Jan 15th - "Make Mine Manhattan" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 429 perfs
Jan 15th - Every Amsterdammer gets 3 kg of sugar beets
Jan 15th - Red Army frees Crakow-Plaszow concentration camp
Jan 15th - The Manhattan Project's G-5 Group, headed by Physicist's Donald Kerst and Seth Neddermeyer, take their first betatron pictures of a nuclear implosion at the Los Alamos Laboratory
Jan 16th - Scottish 52nd land division/1st Commando brigade-assault at Heinsberg
Jan 16th - US 1st & 3rd army meet at Houffalise
Jan 17th - Auschwitz concentration camp begins evacuation
Jan 17th - Gilbert Dodds, record miler (4:05.3), retires to do gospel work
Jan 17th - Soviet army enters the devastated city of Warsaw and clears the German resistance
Jan 17th - Swedish diplomat Raoul Wallenberg, credited with saving tens of thousands of Jews from the Nazis, arrested by secret police in Hungary
Jan 19th - Soviet troops capture Krakow, Poland
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt Jan 20th - Franklin D. Roosevelt sworn-in for an unprecedented (and never to be repeated) 4th term as US President
Jan 20th - The Hungarian Provisional Government concludes an armistice with the USSR, US, and Britain, agree to pay reparations and to join the war against Germany
Jan 21st - British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma
Jan 22nd - Burma highway reopens
Jan 22nd - Heavy US air raid on Okinawa
Jan 23rd - Dutch Premier Gerbrandy, exiled in London, tenders his resignation
Jan 23rd - World War II: Karl Dönitz launches Operation Hannibal.
Jan 24th - Scottish 52nd Lowland division occupies Heinsberg
Jan 25th - Dan Topping, Del Webb & Larry MacPhail purchase NY Yanks for $2.8 mil
Navy Commander Karl DönitzNavy Commander Karl Dönitz Jan 25th - Grand Rapids, Michigan, becomes 1st US city to fluoridate its water
Jan 25th - Japanese occupiers of Batavia arrest Indo-European youths
Jan 25th - NY Yankees sold by Ruppert estate to construction magnate Del Webb and partners Dan Topping and Larry MacPhail for $2.8 million
Jan 25th - West Africa 82nd division occupies Myohaung, Burma
Jan 26th - Soviet forces reach Auschwitz concentration camp
Jan 27th - Nazi occupiers forbid food transport to West (The Netherlands)
Jan 27th - Russia liberates Auschwitz & Birkenau Concentration Camp (Poland)
Jan 27th - S Romberg, H&D Fields' musical premieres in NYC
Jan 27th - Wally van Hall, Dutch banker and resistance leader, arrested
Jan 28th - Dutch airplanes dump pamphlets on Java
Jan 28th - Gen "Vinegar Joe" Stillwell & truck convoy reopen Burma Road to China
Jan 28th - Swedish ships bring food to starving Netherlands
Jan 30th - "Wilhelm Gustloff" torpedoed off Danzig by Soviet sub-c 9,400 die
Jan 31st - US 4th Infantry division occupies Elcherrath
Jan 31st - Russian troops reach the Oder River, less that 50 miles from Berlin
Feb 1st - US Army arrives at Siegfriedlinie
Feb 2nd - Escape attempt at Mauthausen concentration camp
Feb 3rd - Almost 1,000 Flying Fortresses drop 3,000 tons of bombs on Berlin
Feb 3rd - Walt Disney's "3 Caballeros" released
Soviet Union Premier Joseph StalinSoviet Union Premier Joseph Stalin Feb 4th - Roosevelt, Churchill & Stalin meet at Yalta in the Crimea to discuss the final phase of the war
Feb 5th - Big Racket becomes fastest race horse at 69t.6 kph (440 yd/20.8 s)
Feb 5th - British premier Churchill arrives in Yalta, the Crimea
Feb 5th - US troops under General Douglas MacArthur enter Manilla
Feb 6th - US 8th Air Force bombs Magdeburg/Chemnitz
Feb 6th - Russian Red Army crosses the river Oder
Feb 7th - General Douglas MacArthur returns to Manila
Feb 7th - Harry Truman appoints Irwin C Mollison judge of US Customs Court
Feb 7th - US 76th/5th Infantry divisions begin crossing Sauer
Feb 7th - London, Washington and Moscow discuss final phase of World War II
Feb 8th - Allied air attack on Goch/Kleef/Kalkar/Reichswald
American Football Coach Paul BrownAmerican Football Coach Paul Brown Feb 8th - Paul Brown agrees to coach the new American football expansion team in Cleveland, which would later be named the Cleveland Browns after their coach
Feb 9th - -Feb 10] Germany destroys Ruhrdammen
Feb 9th - WAAF-corporal flies along the tail of a Spitfire
Feb 9th - The Battle of the Atlantic the HMS Venturer sinking U-Boat 864 off the coast of Norway.
Feb 10th - "Rum & Coca Cola" by Andrews Sisters hits #1
Feb 11th - 1st gas turbine propeller-driven airplane flight tested, Downey, CA
Feb 11th - Yalta agreement signed by FDR, Churchill & Stalin
Feb 12th - SF selected for site of UN Conference
Feb 13th - Allied planes bomb Dresden Germany; 135,000 die
Feb 13th - Gerbrandy Dutch government refuses Dutch Jewish right to buy
Feb 13th - USSR captures Budapest, after 49-day battle with Germany; 159,000 die
Feb 14th - US 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
Feb 14th - Peru, Paraguay, Chile & Ecuador joins UN
Feb 14th - World War II: Prague is bombed probably due to a mistake in the orientation of the pilots bombing Dresden.
Feb 14th - World War II: Mostar is liberated by Yugoslav partisans.
Feb 16th - US forces land on Corregidor, complete conquest on March 3
Feb 16th - Venezuela declares war on Nazi Germany
Feb 19th - 980 Japanese soldiers reportedly killed by crocodiles in 2 days on Ramree Island, Burma
Feb 19th - Brotherhood Day-1st celebrated
Feb 19th - US 5th Fleet launches invasion of Iwo Jima against the Japanese with 30,000 US Marines
Feb 21st - Archbishop De Jong calls for help with war casualties
Feb 21st - British Army captures Goch
Feb 21st - US 10th Armour division overthrows Orscholz line
Feb 22nd - Arab League forms (Cairo)
Feb 22nd - British troops take Ramree Island, Burma
Feb 22nd - Canadian 3rd Division occupies Moyland
Feb 23rd - 2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London
Feb 23rd - Canadian troops occupy Kalkar
Feb 23rd - Operation Grenade: Gen Simpsons 9th Army crosses Ruhr
Feb 23rd - US Marines raise flag on Iwo Jima, famous photo and later a statue in the Marine Corps War Memorial
Feb 24th - Egypt & Syria declares war on nazi-Germany
Feb 24th - Manila freed from Japanese
Feb 24th - Nazi occupiers begin state of siege
Feb 24th - Egyptian Premier Ahmed Maher Pasha is killed in Parliament after reading a decree.
Feb 25th - US aircraft carriers attack Tokyo
Feb 25th - World War II: Turkey declares war on Germany.
Feb 26th - Very heavy bombing on Berlin by 8th US Air Force
Feb 27th - Battle of US 94 Infantry
Mar 1st - British 43rd Division under Gen Essame occupies Xanten
Mar 1st - Chinese 30th division occupies Hsenwi
Mar 1st - FDR announces success of Yalta Conference
Mar 1st - Fieldmarshal Kesselring succeeds von Rundstedt as commander
Mar 1st - US infantry regiment captures Mönchengladbach
Mar 2nd - 8th Air Force bombs Dresden
Mar 2nd - King Michael of Romania gives in to Communist government
Mar 3rd - Winston Churchill visits Field Marshal Montgomery's headquarters
Mar 3rd - RAF bombing error hits The Hague killing 511
Mar 3rd - Roermond/Venlo Neth, freed
Mar 3rd - US & Philippine forces recaptures Corregidor
Mar 3rd - US 7th Army occupies last part of Westwall
Mar 4th - Finland declares war on nazi-Germany
Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth IIQueen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II Mar 4th - In the United Kingdom, Princess Elizabeth, later Queen Elizabeth II, joins the British Auxiliary Transport Service as a driver.
Mar 5th - Allies bombs The Hague, Netherlands
Mar 5th - Generals Eisenhower, Patton & Patch meet in Luneville
Mar 5th - US 7th Army Corps captures Cologne
Mar 5th - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
Mar 5th - World War II: The Battle of the Ruhr begins.
Mar 6th - 117 SD-prisoners executed at Savage Farm
Mar 6th - Chinese 38th division occupies Lashio
Mar 6th - Erich Honnecker & Erich Hanke flee nazis
Mar 6th - Federico Garcia Lorca's "La Casa" premieres in Buenos Aires
US General George S. PattonUS General George S. Patton Mar 7th - Attack on car of Netherlands SS Police Chief Hans Rauter by Dutch resistance, Rauter injured
Mar 7th - Cologne taken by allied armies
Mar 7th - US 9th Armoured Division attacks Remagen Germany, crosses Rhine
Mar 7th - Yugoslavia government of Tito forms
Mar 8th - "Kiss Me Kate" opens in Britain
Mar 8th - 53 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
Mar 8th - International Women's Day is 1st observed
Mar 8th - Phyllis M Daley is 1st black nurse sworn-in as US Navy ensign
Mar 9th - 334 US B-29 Superfortresses attack Tokyo with 120,000 fire bomb
Mar 9th - Japanese proclaim "independence" of Indo-China
Mar 10th - Germany blows-up Wessel Bridge on Rhine
Mar 10th - Japan declares Vietnam Independence
Mar 10th - Patton's 3rd Army makes contact with Hodge's 1st Army

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