Historical Events on 16th December
All Events Birthdays
Events 1 - 159 of 159
755 - An Lushan revolts against Chancellor Yang Guozhong at Fanyang, initiating the An Shi Rebellion during the Tang Dynasty of China.
882 - Marinus I begins his reign as Catholic Pope succeeding John VIII
1392 - Nanboku-chō - Emperor Go-Kameyama abdicates in favor of rival claimant Go-Komatsu.
1431 - King Henry VI of England crowned king of France
1497 - Portuguese navigator Vasco da Gama sailing along African East Coast names it Natal, first European to sail so far
1538 - King Francois I orders renewed pursuit of Protestants
1575 - The 1575 Valdivia earthquake takes place.
1577 - Danzig surrenders to troops of Polish king Istvan Bathory
1598 - Seven Year War: Battle of Noryang Point - The final battle of the Seven Year War is fought between the Korean and Japanese navies, resulting in a decisive Korean victory.
1617 - Spanish viceroy Hernando Arias de Saavedra founds provinces Rio de la Plata (Argentina)/Guaira (Paraguay)
1631 - Mount Vesuvious, Italy erupts, destroys 6 villages & kills 4,000
English Military and Political Leader Oliver Cromwell 1653 - Parliamentarian General Oliver Cromwell appointed as Lord Protector of England, Scotland and Ireland
1659 - General Monck demands free parliamentary election in Scotland
1689 - English Parliament passes Bill of Rights establishing limits on crown powers and requirement for regular elections
1707 - Last recorded eruption of Mount Fuji in Japan.
1740 - Prussian Libya falls to Silezie
1761 - Seven Years' War: After four-month siege, Russian army under Pyotr Rumyantsev takes Prussian fortress of Kolobrzeg (German: Kolberg).
1767 - Van Ritter von Glucks opera "Alceste" premiers
1773 - Boston tea party incident - Sons of Liberty protesters throw tea shipments into Boston harbour in protest against British imposed Tea Act
1811 - Earthquake hits New Madrid, Missouri, causing widespread damage
1817 - Leaders of Molukkas uprising hanged in Ambon
1824 - Great North Holland Canal opens
1826 - Benjamin W. Edwards rides into Mexican controlled Nacogdoches, Texas and declares himself ruler of the Republic of Fredonia.
1835 - Fire consumes over 600 buildings in NYC
1838 - Boers beat Zulu chieftain Dingaan in South Africa
1850 - Ships the Charlotte-Jane and the Randolph bring the first of the Canterbury Pilgrims to Lyttelton, New Zealand
1857 - Earthquake in Naples, Italy
1858 - Dutch government decides to vacate Schokland Island
1862 - Kingdom of Nepal accepts its constitution
1864 - Battle of Nashville ends after 4400 casualities
1877 - Anton Bruckner's 3rd Symphony in D, premieres
1880 - Transvaal region declares itself as the Republic of South Africa
1884 - Great Britain recognizes King Leopold II's Congo Free State
1886 - Rift at Dutch Reformed Church over "Doleantie"
1890 - Negro Methodist Episcopal Church founded in Jackson, TN
1892 - Commencement of 1st Sheffield Shield cricket game, SA v NSW
1893 - Anton Dvorak's "New World Symphony" premieres
1897 - 1st submarine with an internal combustion engine demonstrated
1900 - Boer army under gen Kritzinger take Cape colony
1900 - A National Civic Federation is formed in the US to arbitrate labor disputes
1901 - Boer general Kritzinger captured
1903 - Majestic Theater, NYC, becomes 1st in US to employ women ushers
1905 - "Variety" covering all phases of show business, 1st published
1907 - Eugene H Farrar is 1st to sing on radio (Bkln Navy Yard NY)
1907 - As a gesture of the US's new presence as a world power, President Roosevelt sends the US Battle Fleet on a round-the-world cruise, visiting ports internationally
1908 - 1st credit union in US forms (Manchester NH)
1909 - A conservative revolution and US pressure forces Nicaraguan President Jose Santos from office
1912 - 1st US postage stamp picturing an airplane, 20 cent parcel post, issued
1912 - Austria-Hungary engage in conflict with Serbia
Comedian/Actor/Filmaker Charlie Chaplin 1913 - Charlie Chaplin began his film career at Keystone for $150 a week
1914 - French offensive in Artois (Pétain)
1914 - World War I: German battleships under Franz Von Hipper bombard the English ports of Hartlepool and Scarborough.
1918 - Jack Dempsey KOs Carl Morris in 14 seconds
1920 - 8.5 earthquake rocks the Gansu province in China, killing an estimated 200,000
1921 - The Communist Party of South Africa (CPSA) calls for a united front in a pass burning campaign on Dingaan's Day
1922 - Mutual Association of Eastern Colored Baseball Clubs formally organizes
1922 - NSW all out for 786 against South Australia Cricket
1924 - Noel Coward's "Vortex" premieres in London
Archaeologist and Explorer Hiram Bingham 1924 - Hiram Bingham is elected as a Republican to serve in the U.S. Senate forcing him to resign as Governor of Connecticut after serving only one day in office, the shortest term of any Connecticut Governor
1925 - Alpha Phi Omega national service fraternity is founded at Lafayette College.
1926 - Darius Milhauds opera "Le Pauvre Matelot" premieres in Paris
1926 - Kenesaw Mountain Landis renewed 7-years as baseball commissioner
1926 - WOW-AM in Omaha NE begins radio transmissions
1927 - Cricket 1st-class debut of Don Bradman, NSW v South Australia
1929 - Chic Blackhawks 1st game at Chicago Stadium, beat Pittsburgh Pirates, 3-1
Golfer Bobby Jones 1930 - Golfer Bobby Jones wins James E Sullivan Award
1931 - German SPD begins Iron Front against fascism
1933 - Abe de Vries & Sipke Castelein win Elfstedentocht
1936 - John Monks/Fred Finklehoff's "Brother Rat" premieres in NYC
1937 - Theodore Cole and Ralph Roe attempt to escape from the American federal prison on Alcatraz Island in San Francisco Bay; neither is ever seen again.
1938 - Bradman scores 143 South Aust v NSW, 11 fours 91 singles
1939 - Bradman scores 251* SA v NSW, 271 minutes, 38 fours 2 sixes
1940 - British air raid on Mannheim
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis 1940 - Joe Louis KOs Al McCoy in 6 for heavyweight boxing title in Chicago
1941 - Sarawak occupied by Japanese
1942 - Hitler orders combat against partisans in Russia & Balkan
1943 - "Tamiami Champion" (New York to Florida) trains collide, kills 73 & injures 200
1944 - Ardennes campaign ('Battle of the Bulge') begins in Belgium
1944 - German V-2 strikes Antwerp bioscope (638 kill)
1944 - US 2nd Inf division occupies "Heartbreak Crossroads" Wahlerscheid
1945 - Cleveland Rams win NFL championship
1948 - "Lend an Ear" opens at National Theater NYC for 460 performances
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1949 - Sukarno becomes President of Indonesia, Mohammed Hatta Premier
1949 - Svenska Aeroplan Aktiebolaget, later knows as SAAB, is founded in Sweden.
1950 - "Let's Make an Opera" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 5 perfs
1950 - US President Harry Truman proclaims state of emergency against "Communist imperialism"
1953 - 1st White House Press Conference (Pres Eisenhower & 161 reporters)
1953 - Charles E Yeager fly > 2,575 kph in Bell X-1A
1956 - "Fanny" closes at Majestic Theater NYC after 888 performances
1957 - Sir Feroz Khan Noon replaces Ibrahim Ismail Chundrigar as Prime Minister of Pakistan.
33rd US President Harry Truman 1958 - Bogota warehouse fire kills 82
1959 - Snow falling in Lowarai Pass West Pakistan kills 48
1960 - "Wildcat" opens at Alvin Theater NYC for 172 performances
1960 - TWA 266 & United 826 collide over Staten Island, kills 134
1961 - "Evening with Yves Montand" opens at John Golden NYC after 55 perfs
1962 - David Lean's film "Lawrence of Arabia" premieres, starring Peter O'Toole
1962 - NY Giant YA Title sets NFL season touchdown pass record at 33 with 6 touchdowns vs Dallas (41-31)
1962 - Nepal gets constitution/becomes Constitutional Hindu Monarchy
1964 - US performs nuclear test at Pacific Ocean
1965 - Gemini 6 returns to Earth
1965 - Pioneer 6 launched into solar orbit
1965 - Taufa'ahau Tupou IV, becomes King of Tonga
1966 - The Beatles release "Everywhere it's Christmas" in UK
Rock Guitarist Jimi Hendrix 1966 - Jimi Hendrix Experience releases its 1st single, "Hey Joe," in the UK
1967 - Wilt Chamberlain of NBA Phila 76ers scores 68 points vs Chicago
1968 - KFIZ TV channel 34 in Fond du Lac, WI begins broadcasting
1969 - British House of Commons votes 343-185 to abolish the death penalty
1969 - "War is Over! If You Want It, Happy Christmas from John & Yoko" posters begin appearing
1970 - 1st successful landing on Venus (USSR)
1970 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1971 - Bangladesh (East Pakistan) declares independence from Pakistan
NBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain 1971 - Don McLean's 8+ minute version of "American Pie" released
1971 - India's army occupies Dacca, West Pakistani troops surrenders
1972 - Bangladesh Constitution goes into effect
1972 - Miami Dolphins become 1st undefeated NFL team (14-0-0)
1973 - O J Simpson becomes 1st NFLer to rush 2,000 yard in a season
1973 - US kidnap victem Paul Getty III freed
1974 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1974 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1975 - 1st broadcast of "One Day at a Time" on CBS TV
1975 - Bill Veeck buys 80% of White Sox from John Allyn
1976 - Andrew Young named Ambassador & Chief US Delegate to UN
1976 - Charlie Finley's $10 million damage suit against Bowie Kuhn begins
1976 - Government halts swine flu vaccination prog following reports of paralysis
1976 - Liberian tanker stranded at Nantucket, 180,000 barrels oil in sea
US President & Actor Ronald Reagan 1978 - Ronald Reagan denounces President Jimmy Carter's recognition of China PR
1978 - Cleveland, Ohio becomes the first post-Depression era city to default on its loans, owing $14,000,000 to local banks.
1979 - 68th Davis Cup: USA beats Italy in San Francisco (5-0)
1979 - QB Roger Staubach's last regular season game with the Dallas Cowboys
1979 - 4 British Army soldiers are killed by a PIRA landmine near Dungannon, County Tyrone. Another British Army soldier was killed by a PIRA landmine near Forkill, County Armagh
1980 - President-elect Reagan announces Alexander Haig as secretary of state
1981 - Dutch Van Agt's 2nd government falls
1982 - Tom Seaver agrees to new contract with Mets
1982 - The Federal Reserve announces that the operating capacity of factories has gone down to 67.8%.
1983 - Spokesperson for The Who announces the group is disbanding
MLB Catcher and Manager Yogi Berra 1983 - Yogi Berra named Yankee manager for 2nd time
1983 - Riverside, California; judge denies cerebral palsy victim Elizabeth Bouviato request to starve herself to death in a county hospital
1985 - Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 51-L mission
1986 - Revolt in Kazakhstan against Communist party, known as Zheltoksan, which becomes the first sign of ethnic strife during Gorbachev's tenure
1987 - Roh Tae Woo elected president of South Korea
1988 - Political cult leader Lyndon LaRouche convicted of tax, mail fraud
1989 - Commencement of 1st Test Cricket play at Bellerive Oval, Hobart (v SL)
1989 - Geoff Marsh completes 355* for WA against South Australia
1989 - Protest breaks out in Timişoara in response to an attempt by the government to evict dissident Hungarian pastor, László Tőkés.
1990 - Jean-Bertrand Aristide elected pres of Haiti
1990 - KUSW, Salt Lake City Utah, final shortwave radio transmissions
1990 - Rev Jean Betrand Aristide elected president of Haiti
1991 - Fla Marlins sign their 1st player, 16 year old pitcher Clemente Nunez
1991 - UN reverses ruling that Zionism is racism by 111-25 (13 abstain) vote
1991 - Independence of the Republic of Kazakhstan.
1993 - "Red Shoes" opens at Gershwin Theater NYC for 5 performances
Actress Shannen Doherty 1993 - Shannen Doherty (Brenda) is fired from Beverly Hills 90210
1994 - Davy Jones (Monkees), charged with DWI
1997 - President Clinton names his Labrador retriever "Buddy"
1998 - Iraq disarmament crisis: Operation Desert Fox - the United States and United Kingdom bomb targets in Iraq.
2012 - 4 people are killed after Cyclone Evan strikes Fiji
2012 - Corinthians defeat Chelsea 1-0 to win the 2012 FIFA Club World Cup
2012 - A gang rape of a woman on a bus in India that resulted in her death leads to national and international outrage
2013 - 21 people are killed and 20 are injured after a bus falls from an elevated highway in Manila, Philippines
— Historical Events on this Day —