Historical Events on 23rd December
All Events Birthdays
Events 1 - 144 of 144
619 - Boniface V begins his reign as Catholic Pope
962 - Byzantine-Arab Wars: Under the future Emperor Nicephorus Phocas, Byzantine troops stormed the city of Aleppo, recovering the tattered tunic of John the Baptist.
1482 - The Peace of Atrecht (now Arras) concluded between Louis XI of France and Maximilian of Austria, ending the War of the Burgundian Succession
1493 - Georg Alt's German translation of Hartmann Schedel's Nuremberg Chronicle is published.
1620 - French huguenots declare war on King Louis XIII
1672 - Giovanni Cassini discovers Rhea, a satellite of Saturn
1688 - King James II, the last Roman Catholic British monarch flees to France from William of Orange
1690 - English astronomer John Flamsteed observes Uranus without realizing it's undiscovered
1715 - Russian/Prussian troops occupy Stralsund
1724 - Emperor Charles VI names Maria Elisabeth land guardian of Aust Neth
1728 - Prussian Emperor Karel VI signs Treaty of Berlin
1751 - France sets plan to tax clergymen
1776 - Continental Congress negotiates a war loan of $181,500 from France
Voice of the American Revolution Thomas Paine 1776 - Thomas Paine writes "These are the times that try men's souls"
1779 - Benedict Arnold court-martialed for improper conduct
1783 - General George Washington resigns his military commission as Commander-in-Chief of the Army to Congress
1788 - Maryland votes to cede a 10 sqaure mile area for District of Columbia
1793 - Thomas Jefferson warned of slave revolts in West Indies
1823 - "Visit from St Nicholas" by C Moore published in Troy (NY) Sentinel
1832 - Dutch troops in Antwerp surrender
1834 - Joseph Hansom of London receives patent for Hansom cabs
1852 - 1st Chinese theater in US, Celestial John, opens in San Francisco
1862 - Union General Ben "Beast" Butler is proclaimed a "felon, outlaw & common enemy of mankind" by Jefferson Davis
1876 - Turkey's 1st constitution proclaimed
1888 - Dutch painter Vincent van Gogh cuts off his left ear with a razor, and sends it to a prostitute for safe keeping
Artist and painter Vincent van Gogh 1893 - Opera "Hansel und Gretel" is produced (Weimar)
1899 - British Field Marshall Lord Roberts departs Southampton to South Africa for the 2nd Boer War
1899 - Tentative Turkish & German treaty on construction of Baghdad railway
1900 - As American forces defeat the Filipino insurgents and impose civil authority, some Filipinos form a Federal Party with a platform recognizing US sovereignty
1907 - 1st all-steel passengar railroad coach completed, Altoona, Pa
1909 - Albert I becomes the third King of the Belgians
1911 - Frank Wedekind's "Oaha, die Satire der Satire" premieres in Munich
1911 - Opera "I Gioielli Della Madonna" is produced (Berlin)
1912 - 1st "Keystone Kops" film, entitled "Hoffmeyer's Legacy"
1912 - Aswan Dam in Nile begins operation
1912 - In Delhi, India, terrorist agitation continues as British Viceroy Lord Hardinge is wounded by a bomb explosion
28th US President Woodrow Wilson 1913 - President Woodrow Wilson signs Federal Reserve Act into law
1914 - World War I: Australian and New Zealand troops arrive in Cairo, Egypt.
1915 - J Kern/S Greene's musical "Very Good Eddie" premieres in NYC
1916 - World War I: Battle of Magdhaba - Allied forces defeat Turkish forces in Egypt's Sinai peninsula.
1917 - 3 British warships come close to Holland
1919 - 1st hospital ship built to move wounded naval personnel launched
1919 - Alice H Parker patents gas heating furnace
1920 - Government of Ireland Act / Home Rule Act passed partitioning Ireland
1921 - Visva-Bharati University is inaugurated.
1921 - Gangster Carlo Gambino enters the United States as an illegal immigrant on the SS Vincenzo Florio
1922 - BBC Radio began daily newscasts
1922 - Pope Pius XI pleas for peace: encyclical Ubi arcano
Gangster Carlo Gambino 1923 - Yankees pitcher Carl Mays sold to Reds for $85,000
1925 - Sultan Ibn Saud of Nedzjed conquers Djeddah
1926 - KEX-AM in Portland OR begins radio transmissions
1928 - NBC sets up a permanent, coast-to-coast radio network
1930 - Bette Davis arrives in Hollywood under contract to Universal Studios
1930 - Police Bureau of Criminal Alien Investigation started in NYC
1933 - Howie Morenz takes over NHL career goal lead at 251
1933 - Marinus van der Lubbe sentenced to death
1933 - Train crash in Eastern Paris; 230 die
1936 - Colombia becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty
1937 - First flight of the Vickers Wellington bomber.
1938 - Margaret Hamilton's costume catches fire in filming of "Wizard of Oz"
1938 - Discovery of the first modern coelacanth in South Africa.
Actress Margaret Hamilton 1939 - Finnish counter offensive at Summa
1939 - South Australia score 7-821 against Queensland
1940 - John Van Druten's "Old Acquaintance" premieres in NYC
1941 - American forces on Wake Island surrender to Japanese
1941 - British troops overrun Benghazi, Libya
1941 - Japan begins assault on Rangoon, Burma
1942 - Allies air attack on Den Helder
1943 - 1st telecast of a complete opera (Hansel & Gretel), Schenectady, NY
1943 - Gen Montgomery told he is appointed commandant for D-day
1944 - Beginning of harsh winter
1945 - Frederick Astons "Cinderella" premieres in London
1945 - Pope Pius XII encyclical Orientals omnes, about Rutheense church
1946 - Belgian Council of State forms
1946 - Highest ridership in NYC subway history (8.8 million passengers)
1946 - U of Tenn refuses to play Duquesne U, because they may use a black player in their basketball game
1947 - Transistor invented by Bardeen, Brattain & Shockley in Bell Labs
1951 - Last Belgian communities get electricity
1951 - 1st coast-to-coast televised football game (Dumont paid $75,000) LA Rams beat Cleveland Browns 24-17 in NFL championship game
1952 - Alain Bombard arrives in Barbados after 65 days at sea proving his theory that a shipwrecked person could survive with almost no provisions, despite having lost 25 kg (65 lbs)in weight
1953 - Dodgers 2nd baseman Jim "Junior" Gilliam wins NL Rookie of Year
1954 - The first human kidney transplant is performed by Dr. Joseph E. Murray at Peter Bent Brigham Hospital in Boston, Massachusetts.
1957 - Test Cricket debut for Wally Grout & Bobby Simpson v South Africa
1958 - "Party with Comden & Green" opens at John Golden NYC for 38 perfs
1958 - Abdallah Ibrahim forms government of Morocco
1960 - De Quay's Dutch government falls
1960 - King Saudi of Saudi Arabia takes power
1961 - KICU TV channel 43 in Visalia-Fresno, CA (IND) begins broadcasting
1961 - Train accident in Italy, 70 die
Cuban President Fidel Castro 1961 - Fidel Castro announces Cuba will release 1,113 prisoners from failed 1961 Bay of Pigs Invasion for $62M worth of food & medical supplies
1962 - Cuba starts returning US prisoners from Bay of Pigs invasion
1962 - Dallas Texans beat Houston Oilers 20-17 in AFL championship game
1963 - Beach Boys 1st appearance on "Shindig"
1963 - Fire on Greek ship Laconia, 128 die
1964 - India & Ceylon hit by cyclone, about 4,850 killed
1966 - Britain's rock TV show "Ready Steady Go" last program
1967 - Brussels: NATO Council accept "Flexible Response" strategy
1968 - 1st US case of space motion sickness
1968 - 82 members of US intelligence ship Pueblo released by North Korea
1968 - Borman, Lovell & Anders become 1st men to orbit Moon
1970 - 7,511th performance of Agatha Christie's play "The Mousetrap" (record)
1970 - French author Régis Debray freed in Bolivia
Novelist Agatha Christie 1970 - NY World Trade Center reaches highest point (411 m)
1970 - USSR performs nuclear test
1970 - A Protestant man is shot dead at his home in Belfast, North Ireland
1971 - British Prime Minister Edward Heath visits Northern Ireland and expresses his determination to end the violence
1972 - 16 plane crash survivors rescued after 70d, survived by cannabalism
1972 - 6.25 Earthquake destroys central Managua Nicaragua, 10,000 die
1972 - Chandrasekhar takes 8-79 India v England at Delhi
1972 - Islanders end 15 games winless streak
1972 - "Immaculate Reception" Steelers turns around a 7-6 defeat with a last second touchdown reception against Raiders to win 13-7
1973 - 6 Persian Gulf nations double their oil prices
1973 - French Caravelle crashes in Morocco, 106 killed
1974 - "Good News" opens at St James Theater NYC for 16 performances
1974 - Leningrad: premier of Dmitri Sjotakovitsj' Michelangelo-liederen
1975 - Congress passes Metric Conversion Act
1975 - Peter Seitz makes Andy Messersmith & Dave McNally free agents
1978 - Islanders scored 7 goals in 1 period against NY Rangers, Trottier scores 8 points vs Rangers, 5 goals-NHL record 6 pts in 1 period
1979 - NY Islanders greatest shutout lose (8-0) vs Chicago Black Hawks
1979 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1980 - Sam Shepard's "True West" premieres in NYC
1981 - Geoff Boycott becomes leading run-scorer in Test Cricket with 8033
1982 - The United States Environmental Protection Agency announces it has identified dangerous levels of dioxin in the soil of Times Beach, Missouri.
1983 - Journal Science publishes 1st report on nuclear winter
1984 - Viv Richards scores 208 in Test Cricket at MCG
1986 - Experimental airplane Voyager, piloted by Dick Rutan & Jeana Yeager, complete 1st nonstop, round-the-world flight without refueling lands
38th US President Gerald Ford 1987 - Lynette "Squeaky" Fromme, serving a life sentence for attempted assassination of Pres Gerald R Ford escapes from Alderson Prison
1990 - "Lettice & Lovage" closes at Barrymore Theater NYC after 284 perfs
1990 - Slovenians vote to secede from Yugoslavia
1991 - NY Daily News publisher Kevin Maxwell resigns
1994 - Baseball owners impose salary cap, fiercely opposed by players
1994 - Fearing arrest by the FBI, Whitey Bulger flees Boston, and successfully hides from law enforcement for the next 16 years
1996 - 4 women ordained priests in Jamaica, 1st in 330-year Anglican history
1997 - Chicago Bulls coach Phil Jackson is quickest to reach 500 wins (682 games)
1997 - Colorado Avalanche Jari Kurri is 8th NHLer to score 600 career goals
1997 - Terry Nichols found guilty of manslaughter in Oklahoma bombing
1997 - US Agriculture Dept estimates it costs $149,820 to raise a child to 18
NHL Right Winger Jari Kurri 2002 - A MQ-1 Predator is shot down by an Iraqi MiG-25, making it the first time in history that an aircraft and an unmanned drone had engaged in combat.
2003 - PetroChina Chuandongbei natural gas field explosion, Guoqiao, Kai, Chongqing, China, killing at least 234.
2004 - Macquarie Island in the Southern Ocean is hit by an 8.1 magnitude earthquake.
2005 - Azerbaijan Airlines Flight 217 from Baku, Azerbaijan, to Aktau, Kazakhstan crashes shortly after takeoff killing 23 people.
2005 - Chad declares a state of war against Sudan following a December 18 attack on Adré, which left about 100 people dead.
2012 - 200 civilians are killed by Syrian government warplanes in Helfaya, Syria
2012 - The Seleka rebel coalition takes over Bambari, the third largest town in the Central African Republic
— Historical Events on this Day —