Historical Events on 20th February

Events 1 - 180 of 180

1472 - Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a dowry payment.
1525 - Swiss & German mercenaries desert Francois I's army
1547 - King Edward VI of England was enthroned following death of Henry VIII
1613 - Gerard Reynst appointed Dutch gov-gen of East-Indies
1619 - Trial against Johan van Oldenbarnevelt begins in The Hague for alleged crimes against the federal government
1653 - Defeat of Dutch fleet under Adm Van Tromp by Adm Blake off Portsmouth
1673 - 1st recorded wine auction held (London)
1710 - Johan Willem Friso becomes viceroy of Groningen, Netherlands
1724 - George F Handel's opera "Giulio Cesare in Egitto," premieres in London
1725 - 10 sleeping Indians scalped by whites in New Hampshire for £100 a scalp bounty
1732 - Estates of Holland ratifies Treaty of Vienna
Composer George Friedrich HandelComposer George Friedrich Handel 1737 - French minister of Finance, Chauvelin, resigns
1745 - Jacobite troops occupy Fort Augustus, Scotland
1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Inverness Castle
1768 - 1st American chartered fire insurance company opens (Penn)
1792 - US postal service created, postage 6 cents - 12 cents depending on distance
1798 - Louis Alexandre Berthier removes Pope Pius VI from power.
1809 - US Supreme Court rules federal government power greater than any state
1810 - Andreas Hofer, Tyrolean patriot and leader of rebellion against Napoleon's forces, executed.
1811 - Austria declares bankruptcy
French Emperor Napoleon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoleon Bonaparte 1816 - Rossini's opera "Barber of Seville" premieres in Rome
1823 - English Capt James Weddell reaches 74°15' S, 1520 km from S pole
1831 - Polish revolutionaries defeat Russians in battle of Growchow
1832 - Charles Darwin visits Fernando Noronha in Atlantic Ocean
1835 - Concepcion, Chile, destroyed by earthquake; 5,000 die
1839 - Congress prohibits dueling in District of Columbia
1846 - British occupy Sikh citadel of Lahore
1856 - John Rutledge, Liverpool-NY steamer, hits iceberg; many die
1861 - Dept of Navy of Confederacy forms
1861 - Steeple of Chichester Cathedral blown down during a storm
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1864 - Civil War battle of Olustee, Florida
1865 - M I T forms 1st US collegiate architectural school
1869 - Tennessee Governor W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis
1872 - Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin
1872 - Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags
1872 - Metropolitan Museum of Art opens (NYC)
1872 - Silas Noble & JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine
1873 - University of California gets its 1st Med School (UC/SF)
1877 - 1st cantilever bridge in US completed, Harrodsburg, Kentucky
1877 - International Association (minor baseball league) organizes
1887 - 1st minor league baseball association organizes (Pittsburgh)
1887 - Germany, Austria-Hungary & France end Triple Alliance
1890 - Amsterdam Theater destroyed by fire
1895 - Congress authorizes a US mint at Denver, Colorodo
1899 - Ill Tel & Tel granted franchise for Chicago freight tunnel system
1901 - 1st territorial legislature of Hawaii convenes
1902 - Heavy surf breaks over Seal Rocks & damages Sutro Baths, SF
1903 - Nick Young remains as NL president as AG Spalding ends challenge
1909 - Publication of the Futurist Manifesto in the French journal Le Figaro.
1912 - Argentina beat the MCC in their inaugural cricket 1st-class fixture
1913 - King O'Malley drives in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Canberra.
1915 - Panama-Pacific International Exposition opens in SF
1917 - Ammunition ship explodes in Archangel harbour, about 1,500 die
1917 - Kern, Bolton & Wodehouse's musical "Oh, Boy!," premieres in NYC
1919 - French premier Clemenceau injured during assassination attempt
1921 - Riza Khan Pahlevi seizes control of Iran
1922 - Marc Connelly & George Kaufman's "To the Ladies," premieres in NYC
1922 - Vilinus, Lithuania, agrees to separate from Poland
1922 - WOR-AM in New York City begins radio transmissions
1923 - Christy Mathewson becomes pres of Boston Braves
1927 - Golfers in SC arrested for violating Sabbath
1929 - American Samoa organizes as territory of US
1929 - Red Sox announce they will play Sunday games at Braves Field
1930 - Capelle soccer team forms
1931 - Congress allows California to build Oakland-Bay Bridge
1932 - Japanese troops occupy Tunhua China
1933 - Curom, Curacaose Broadcast System starts: Princess Juliana's speech
1933 - House of Reps completes congressional action to repeal Prohibition
1933 - Sidney Howard's "Alien Corn," premieres in NYC
1934 - Virgil Thomson's opera "4 Saints in 3 Acts" opens in NYC
1935 - Dane Caroline Mikkelson is 1st woman in land on Antarctica
1937 - 1st automobile/airplane combination tested, Santa Monica, Ca
British Prime Minister Neville ChamberlainBritish Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain 1938 - UK Foreign Sec Eden resigns, says PM Chamberlain appeased Germany
1940 - Larry Clinton & his Orchestra record "Limehouse Blues"
1941 - 1st transport of Jews to concentration camps leave Plotsk Poland
1941 - Nazis order Polish Jews barred from using public transportation
1941 - Romania breaks relations with Netherlands
1942 - Lt E H O'Hare single-handedly shoots down 5 Japanese heavy bombers, becomes America's first World War II flying ace
1943 - Allied troops occupy Kasserine pass in Tunisia
1943 - New volcano Paracutin erupts in farmer's corn patch (Mexico)
1943 - Phil Wrigley & B Rickey charter All-American Girls Softball League
1943 - American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies.
1944 - Batman & Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers
1944 - US takes Eniwetok Island
1944 - World War II: The "Big Week" began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers.
1947 - Chemical mixing error causes explosion that destroys 42 blocks in LA
1947 - Earl Mountbatten of Burma appointed as last viceroy of India
1947 - State of Prussia ceases to exist.
1948 - Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigns
1949 - 1st International Pancake Race held (Liberal Ks)
1950 - Dylan Thomas arrives in NYC for his 1st US poetry reading tour
1950 - WOL-AM in Washington DC swaps calls with WWDC
1952 - "African Queen" opens at Capitol Theater in NYC
1952 - 1st black umpire in organized baseball certified (Emmett Ashford)
1953 - August A Busch buys the Cards for $3.75 million
1953 - US Court of Appeals rules that Organized Baseball is a sport & not a business, affirming the 25-year-old Supreme Court ruling
1954 - Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open
1954 - General Zahedi wins election in Persia
1955 - Fay Crocker wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open
1956 - WOSU TV channel 34 in Columbus, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting
1957 - Hughie Tayfield takes 9-113 v England, 13 wkts for match
1958 - Jockey Eddie Arcaro rides his 4,000th winner
1958 - LA Coliseum Comm approves 2-yr pact allows Dodgers to use facility
1959 - The Avro Arrow program to design and manufacture supersonic jet fighters in Canada is cancelled by the Diefenbaker government amid much political debate.
Rock Guitarist Jimi HendrixRock Guitarist Jimi Hendrix 1960 - Jimi Hendrix, rock and roll guitarist, plays his first gig.
1962 - John Glenn is 1st American to orbit Earth (Friendship 7)
1963 - End of the Test Cricket careers of Neil Harvey & Alan Davidson
1963 - Willie Mays (SF Giants) signs a record $100,000 per year contract
1965 - Beatles record "That Means a Lot"
1965 - Ranger 8 makes hard landing on the Moon, returns photos, other data
1965 - Turkish government of Uerguplu forms
1966 - Author Valery Tarsis banished in USSR
1968 - State troopers used tear gas to stop demonstration at Alcorn A & M
1971 - Bruin Phil Esposito is NHL's quickest to score 50 goals in a season
1971 - General Idi Amin Dada appointed president of Uganda
1971 - Maj General Idi Amin Dada appoints himself president of Uganda
1971 - Natl Emergency Center erroneously orders US radio & TV stations to go off the air. Mistake wasn't resolved for 30 minutes
1972 - 1st time Cleveland Cavaliers beat NY Knicks (111-109)
1972 - Ard Schenk becomes world champ skater
1972 - Sicco Mansholt becomes chairman of European Committee
1973 - 10th time Islanders shut-out-4-0 vs Penguins
1974 - Cher files for separation from husband Sonny Bono
Ice Hockey Legend Gordie HoweIce Hockey Legend Gordie Howe 1974 - Gordie Howe comes out of retirement for $1M from Houston Aeros, WHA
1975 - Leonard Baichan scores 105* on Test Cricket debut, v Pakistan Lahore
1975 - Margaret Thatcher elected leader of British Conservative Party
1975 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1976 - Muhammad Ali KOs Jan Pierre Coopman in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
1976 - The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization disbands.
1977 - "My Fair Lady" closes at St James Theater NYC after 384 performances
British Prime Minister Margaret ThatcherBritish Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher 1977 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1978 - 4th People's Choice Awards: John Wayne & Barbra Streisand win (Motion Picture) and James Garner & Mary Tyler Moore win (TV)
1978 - Bob Backland beats Billy Graham in NY, to become WWF wrestling champ
1978 - Egypt announces it is pulling its diplomats out of Cyprus
1978 - Jane Blalock wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1979 - "Comin' Uptown" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 45 performances
1981 - Flight readiness firing of Columbia's main engines; 20 seconds
1981 - James Sanford equals 50m indoor world record (5.61 sec)
Actor John WayneActor John Wayne 1982 - NY Islanders wins then NHL record 15th straight game
1983 - Japan launches Tenma satellite to study x-rays (450/570 km)
1983 - Roland Liboton becomes world champ cross-country cycling
1985 - After defending his WBC flyweight championship, Sot Chitalada's check for $104,000 is stolen by a ringside pickpocket
1986 - LA Dodger Orel Hershiser is 1st to win a $1M salary by arbitration
1986 - Mike Tyson sexually harasses a woman in Albany NY
1987 - Bomb blamed on Unabomber explodes by computer store in Salt Lake City
1987 - David Hartman quits ABC's "Good Morning America," after 11 years
Heavyweight Boxing Champion Mike TysonHeavyweight Boxing Champion Mike Tyson 1988 - 500 die in heavy rains in Rio de Janeiro Brazil
1988 - Andre Hoffmann skates world record 1500m (1:52.06)
1988 - Brian Boitano wins Olympic gold medal in figure skating
1988 - Cornelia Oschkenat hurdles indoor world record 50m (6.58 sec)
1988 - Kelly Hrudy's 5th Islander shut-out win-Hartford 3-0
1988 - Peter Kalikow purchases NY Post from Rupert Murdoch for $37.6 million
1988 - Rob Druppers runs world record indoor 1000m (2:16.2)
1988 - Stefka Kostadinova high jumps indoor world record (2.06 m)
1989 - Members of 1949 Oklahoma football team cancelled an April reunion because of deplorable conduct of Oklahoma players
1989 - An IRA bomb destroys a section of a British Army barracks in Ternhill, England
Media Mogul Rupert MurdochMedia Mogul Rupert Murdoch 1991 - "Taking Steps" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 78 performances
1991 - 33rd Grammy Awards: Another Day in Paradise, Mariah Carey
1991 - A gigantic statue of Albania's long-time dictator, Enver Hoxha, is brought down in the Albanian capital, Tirana, by mobs of angry protesters.
1992 - "Private Lives" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 37 performances
1992 - Orthodox patriarch Shenouda III visits Netherlands
1992 - Ross Perot says he'll run for President on Larry King Show
1993 - Florida Marlins open their 1st spring training camp
Singer Mariah CareySinger Mariah Carey 1993 - Lisa Walters wins LPGA Itoki Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open
1993 - NY Islanders retire Billy Smith's number 31
1994 - 3 Afghans take 70 Pakistani children hostage
1994 - Johann Olav Koss skates world record 10 km (13:30.55)
1994 - Pope John Paul II demands juristic discrimination of homosexuals
1997 - "Stanley" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC
1997 - SF Giants Barry Bonds signs record $22.9M 2 year contract
1998 - Tara Lipinski wins Olympic figure skating gold medal
1998 - UN Sec-Gen Kofi Annan lands in Baghdad, for peace negotiations
1998 - US movie box office hits quickest $1 billion for year (51 days)
264th Pope John Paul II264th Pope John Paul II 2002 - In Reqa Al-Gharbiya, Egypt, a fire on a train injures over 65 and kills at least 370.
2003 - During a Great White concert in West Warwick, Rhode Island, a pyrotechnics display sets the club ablaze, killing 100 and injuring over 300 others.
2005 - Spain becomes the first country to vote in a referendum on ratification of the proposed Constitution of the European Union, passing it by a substantial margin, but on a low turnout.
2010 - In Madeira Island, Portugal, heavy rain causes floods and mudslides, leaving at least 32 deaths in the worst disaster on the history of the archipelago.
2012 - Scientists successfully regenerate Silene stenophylla from a 31,800 year old piece of fruit, greatly surpassing the previous record of 2,000 years
2012 - South Korea angers North Korea as it proceeds with live fire drills in disputed Korean sea borders
2013 - Estonia becomes the first country to establish a national system of fast chargers for electric cars
2013 - Kepler-37b, the smallest known exoplanet, is discovered

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