Historical Events on 20th February

Events 1 - 181 of 181

1472 - Orkney and Shetland are left by Norway to Scotland, due to a dowry payment.
1525 - Swiss & German mercenaries desert Francois I's army
1547 - King Edward VI of England was enthroned following death of Henry VIII
1613 - Gerard Reynst appointed Dutch gov-gen of East-Indies
1619 - Trial against Johan van Oldenbarnevelt begins in The Hague for alleged crimes against the federal government
1653 - Defeat of Dutch fleet under Adm Van Tromp by Adm Blake off Portsmouth
1673 - 1st recorded wine auction held (London)
1710 - Johan Willem Friso becomes viceroy of Groningen, Netherlands
1724 - George F Handel's opera "Giulio Cesare in Egitto," premieres in London
1725 - 10 sleeping Indians scalped by whites in New Hampshire for £100 a scalp bounty
1732 - Estates of Holland ratifies Treaty of Vienna
Composer George Friedrich HandelComposer George Friedrich Handel 1737 - French minister of Finance, Chauvelin, resigns
1745 - Jacobite troops occupy Fort Augustus, Scotland
1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlie occupies Inverness Castle
1768 - 1st American chartered fire insurance company opens (Penn)
1792 - US postal service created, postage 6 cents - 12 cents depending on distance
1798 - Louis Alexandre Berthier removes Pope Pius VI from power.
1809 - US Supreme Court rules federal government power greater than any state
1810 - Andreas Hofer, Tyrolean patriot and leader of rebellion against Napoleon's forces, executed.
1811 - Austria declares bankruptcy
French Emperor Napoléon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte 1816 - Rossini's opera "Barber of Seville" premieres in Rome
1823 - English Capt James Weddell reaches 74°15' S, 1520 km from S pole
1831 - Polish revolutionaries defeat Russians in battle of Growchow
1832 - Charles Darwin visits Fernando Noronha in Atlantic Ocean
1835 - Concepcion, Chile, destroyed by earthquake; 5,000 die
1839 - Congress prohibits dueling in District of Columbia
1846 - British occupy Sikh citadel of Lahore
1856 - John Rutledge, Liverpool-NY steamer, hits iceberg; many die
1861 - Department of Navy of Confederacy forms (US Civil War)
1861 - Steeple of Chichester Cathedral blown down during a storm
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1864 - Civil War battle of Olustee, Florida
1865 - M I T forms 1st US collegiate architectural school
1869 - Tennessee Governor W C Brownlow declares martial law in Ku Klux Klan crisis
1872 - Hydraulic electric elevator patented by Cyrus Baldwin
1872 - Luther Crowell patents a machine that manufactures paper bags
1872 - Metropolitan Museum of Art opens (NYC)
1872 - Silas Noble & JP Cooley patents toothpick manufacturing machine
1873 - University of California gets its 1st Med School (UC/SF)
1877 - 1st cantilever bridge in US completed, Harrodsburg, Kentucky
1877 - International Association (minor baseball league) organizes
1887 - 1st minor league baseball association organizes (Pittsburgh)
1887 - Germany, Austria-Hungary & France end Triple Alliance
1890 - Amsterdam Theater destroyed by fire
1895 - Congress authorizes a US mint at Denver, Colorodo
1899 - Ill Tel & Tel granted franchise for Chicago freight tunnel system
1901 - 1st territorial legislature of Hawaii convenes
1902 - Heavy surf breaks over Seal Rocks & damages Sutro Baths, SF
1903 - Nick Young remains as NL president as AG Spalding ends challenge
1909 - Publication of the Futurist Manifesto in the French journal Le Figaro.
1912 - Argentina beat the MCC in their inaugural cricket 1st-class fixture
1913 - King O'Malley drives in the first survey peg to mark commencement of work on the construction of Canberra.
1915 - Panama-Pacific International Exposition opens in San Francisco
1917 - Ammunition ship explodes in Archangel harbour, about 1,500 die
1917 - Kern, Bolton & Wodehouse's musical "Oh, Boy!," premieres in NYC
1919 - French premier Clemenceau injured during assassination attempt
1921 - Riza Khan Pahlevi seizes control of Iran
1922 - Marc Connelly & George Kaufman's "To the Ladies," premieres in NYC
1922 - Vilinus, Lithuania, agrees to separate from Poland
1922 - WOR-AM in New York City begins radio transmissions
1923 - Christy Mathewson becomes pres of Boston Braves
1927 - Golfers in SC arrested for violating Sabbath
1929 - American Samoa organizes as territory of US
1929 - Red Sox announce they will play Sunday games at Braves Field
1930 - Capelle soccer team forms
1931 - Congress allows California to build Oakland-Bay Bridge
1932 - Japanese troops occupy Tunhua China
1933 - Curom, Curacaose Broadcast System starts: Princess Juliana's speech
1933 - House of Reps completes congressional action to repeal Prohibition
1933 - Sidney Howard's "Alien Corn," premieres in NYC
1934 - Virgil Thomson's opera "4 Saints in 3 Acts" opens in NYC
1935 - Dane Caroline Mikkelson is 1st woman in land on Antarctica
1937 - 1st automobile/airplane combination tested, Santa Monica, Ca
British Prime Minister Neville ChamberlainBritish Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain 1938 - UK Foreign Sec Eden resigns, says PM Chamberlain appeased Germany
1940 - Larry Clinton & his Orchestra record "Limehouse Blues"
1941 - 1st transport of Jews to concentration camps leave Plotsk Poland
1941 - Nazis order Polish Jews barred from using public transportation
1941 - Romania breaks relations with Netherlands
1942 - Lt E H O'Hare single-handedly shoots down 5 Japanese heavy bombers, becomes America's first World War II flying ace
1943 - Allied troops occupy Kasserine pass in Tunisia
1943 - New volcano Paracutin erupts in farmer's corn patch (Mexico)
1943 - Phil Wrigley & B Rickey charter All-American Girls Softball League
1943 - American movie studio executives agree to allow the Office of War Information to censor movies.
1944 - Batman & Robin comic strip premieres in newspapers
1944 - US takes Eniwetok Island
1944 - World War II: The "Big Week" began with American bomber raids on German aircraft manufacturing centers.
1947 - Chemical mixing error causes explosion that destroys 42 blocks in LA
1947 - Earl Mountbatten of Burma appointed as last viceroy of India
1947 - State of Prussia ceases to exist.
1948 - Czechoslovakia's non-communist minister resigns
1949 - 1st International Pancake Race held (Liberal Ks)
1950 - Dylan Thomas arrives in NYC for his 1st US poetry reading tour
1950 - WOL-AM in Washington DC swaps calls with WWDC
1952 - "African Queen" opens at Capitol Theater in NYC
1952 - 1st black umpire in organized baseball certified (Emmett Ashford)
1953 - August A Busch buys the Cards for $3.75 million
1953 - US Court of Appeals rules that Organized Baseball is a sport & not a business, affirming the 25-year-old Supreme Court ruling
1954 - Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open
1954 - General Zahedi wins election in Persia
1955 - Fay Crocker wins LPGA Serbin Golf Open
1956 - WOSU TV channel 34 in Columbus, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting
1957 - Hughie Tayfield takes 9-113 v England, 13 wkts for match
1958 - Jockey Eddie Arcaro rides his 4,000th winner
1958 - LA Coliseum Comm approves 2-yr pact allows Dodgers to use facility
13th Prime Minister of Canada John Diefenbaker13th Prime Minister of Canada John Diefenbaker 1959 - The Avro Arrow program to design and manufacture supersonic jet fighters in Canada is cancelled by the Diefenbaker government amid much political debate.
1960 - Jimi Hendrix, rock and roll guitarist, plays his first gig.
1962 - John Glenn is 1st American to orbit Earth (Friendship 7)
1963 - End of the Test Cricket careers of Neil Harvey & Alan Davidson
1963 - Willie Mays (SF Giants) signs a record $100,000 per year contract
1965 - Beatles record "That Means a Lot"
1965 - Ranger 8 makes hard landing on the Moon, returns photos, other data
MLB Legend Willie MaysMLB Legend Willie Mays 1965 - Turkish government of Uerguplu forms
1966 - Author Valery Tarsis banished in USSR
1968 - State troopers used tear gas to stop demonstration at Alcorn A & M
1971 - Bruin Phil Esposito is NHL's quickest to score 50 goals in a season
1971 - Maj General Idi Amin Dada appoints himself president of Uganda
1971 - Natl Emergency Center erroneously orders US radio & TV stations to go off the air. Mistake wasn't resolved for 30 minutes
1972 - 1st time Cleveland Cavaliers beat NY Knicks (111-109)
1972 - Ard Schenk becomes world champ skater
NHL Center Phil EspositoNHL Center Phil Esposito 1972 - Sicco Mansholt becomes chairman of European Committee
1973 - 10th time Islanders shut-out-4-0 vs Penguins
1974 - Cher files for separation from husband Sonny Bono
1974 - Gordie Howe comes out of retirement for $1M from Houston Aeros, WHA
1975 - Leonard Baichan scores 105* on Test Cricket debut, v Pakistan Lahore
1975 - Margaret Thatcher elected leader of British Conservative Party
1975 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1975 - A feud begains between the Official Irish Republican Army and the Irish National Liberation Army; the two groups assassinate a number of each other's volunteers until the feud ends in June 1975
British Prime Minister Margaret ThatcherBritish Prime Minister Margaret Thatcher 1976 - Muhammad Ali KOs Jan Pierre Coopman in 5 for heavyweight boxing title
1976 - The Southeast Asia Treaty Organization disbands.
1977 - "My Fair Lady" closes at St James Theater NYC after 384 performances
1977 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1978 - 4th People's Choice Awards: John Wayne & Barbra Streisand win (Motion Picture) and James Garner & Mary Tyler Moore win (TV)
1978 - Bob Backland beats Billy Graham in NY, to become WWF wrestling champ
1978 - Egypt announces it is pulling its diplomats out of Cyprus
1978 - Jane Blalock wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
Actor John WayneActor John Wayne 1979 - "Comin' Uptown" opens at Winter Garden Theater NYC for 45 performances
1979 - 11 loyalists known as the "Shankill Butchers" are sentenced to life in prison for 19 murders; the gang was named for its late-night kidnapping, torture and murder (by throat slashing) of random Catholic civilians in Belfast
1981 - Flight readiness firing of Columbia's main engines; 20 seconds
1981 - James Sanford equals 50m indoor world record (5.61 sec)
1982 - NY Islanders wins then NHL record 15th straight game
1983 - Japan launches Tenma satellite to study x-rays (450/570 km)
1983 - Roland Liboton becomes world champ cross-country cycling
1985 - After defending his WBC flyweight championship, Sot Chitalada's check for $104,000 is stolen by a ringside pickpocket
1986 - LA Dodger Orel Hershiser is 1st to win a $1M salary by arbitration
Heavyweight Boxing Champion Mike TysonHeavyweight Boxing Champion Mike Tyson 1986 - Mike Tyson sexually harasses a woman in Albany NY
1987 - Bomb blamed on Unabomber explodes by computer store in Salt Lake City
1987 - David Hartman quits ABC's "Good Morning America," after 11 years
1988 - 500 die in heavy rains in Rio de Janeiro Brazil
1988 - Andre Hoffmann skates world record 1500m (1:52.06)
1988 - Brian Boitano wins Olympic gold medal in figure skating
1988 - Cornelia Oschkenat hurdles indoor world record 50m (6.58 sec)
1988 - Kelly Hrudy's 5th Islander shut-out win-Hartford 3-0
1988 - Peter Kalikow purchases NY Post from Rupert Murdoch for $37.6 million
1988 - Rob Druppers runs world record indoor 1000m (2:16.2)
Media Mogul Rupert MurdochMedia Mogul Rupert Murdoch 1988 - Stefka Kostadinova high jumps indoor world record (2.06 m)
1989 - Members of 1949 Oklahoma football team cancelled an April reunion because of deplorable conduct of Oklahoma players
1989 - An IRA bomb destroys a section of a British Army barracks in Ternhill, England
1991 - "Taking Steps" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 78 performances
1991 - 33rd Grammy Awards: Another Day in Paradise, Mariah Carey
1991 - A gigantic statue of Albania's long-time dictator, Enver Hoxha, is brought down in the Albanian capital, Tirana, by mobs of angry protesters.
Singer Mariah CareySinger Mariah Carey 1992 - "Private Lives" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 37 performances
1992 - Orthodox patriarch Shenouda III visits Netherlands
1992 - Ross Perot says he'll run for President on Larry King Show
1993 - Florida Marlins open their 1st spring training camp
1993 - Lisa Walters wins LPGA Itoki Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open
1993 - NY Islanders retire Billy Smith's number 31
1994 - 3 Afghans take 70 Pakistani children hostage
1994 - Johann Olav Koss skates world record 10 km (13:30.55)
1994 - Pope John Paul II demands juristic discrimination of homosexuals
1997 - "Stanley" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC
MLB Legend Barry BondsMLB Legend Barry Bonds 1997 - SF Giants Barry Bonds signs record $22.9M 2 year contract
1998 - Tara Lipinski wins Olympic figure skating gold medal
1998 - UN Sec-Gen Kofi Annan lands in Baghdad, for peace negotiations
1998 - US movie box office hits quickest $1 billion for year (51 days)
2002 - In Reqa Al-Gharbiya, Egypt, a fire on a train injures over 65 and kills at least 370.
2003 - During a Great White concert in West Warwick, Rhode Island, a pyrotechnics display sets the club ablaze, killing 100 and injuring over 300 others.
2005 - Spain becomes the first country to vote in a referendum on ratification of the proposed Constitution of the European Union, passing it by a substantial margin, but on a low turnout.
2010 - In Madeira Island, Portugal, heavy rain causes floods and mudslides, leaving at least 32 deaths in the worst disaster on the history of the archipelago.
2012 - Scientists successfully regenerate Silene stenophylla from a 31,800 year old piece of fruit, greatly surpassing the previous record of 2,000 years
2012 - South Korea angers North Korea as it proceeds with live fire drills in disputed Korean sea borders
2013 - Estonia becomes the first country to establish a national system of fast chargers for electric cars
2013 - Kepler-37b, the smallest known exoplanet, is discovered

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