Historical Events on 23rd February

Events 1 - 182 of 182

303 - Emperor Diocletian begins policy of persecution of Christians razing church at Nicomedia
1455 - Johannes Gutenberg prints 1st book, Bible (estimated date)
1574 - France begins 5th holy war against Huguenots
1660 - Charles XI becomes king of Sweden
1668 - Fire in Wiener Hofburg in Vienna, emperor Leopold I rescued
1672 - Joan Blaeus publishers destroyed by fire in Amsterdam
1689 - Dutch prince William III proclaimed king of England
1778 - Baron von Steuben joins Continental Army at Valley Forge
1792 - Joseph Haydn's 94th Symphony in G, premieres
1792 - Humane Society of Massachusetts incorporated (erected life-saving stations for distressed mariners)
1804 - Conspirators against Napoleon, for restoration of Louis XVIII
King of France Louis XVIIIKing of France Louis XVIII 1813 - 1st US raw cotton-to-cloth mill founded in Waltham, Mass
1820 - Cato Street conspiracy uncovered
1821 - College of Apothecaries organized in Phil; 1st US pharmacy college
1822 - Boston is incorporated as a city
1836 - Alamo besieged for 13 days until 6th March by Mexican army under General Santa Anna; entire garrison eventually killed
1846 - Polish revolutionaries march on Kraków, but are defeated
1847 - Battle of Buena Vista Mexico; Zachary Taylor defeats Mexicans
1854 - Great-Britain & Orange Free state sign Convention of Bloemfontein
1861 - By popular referendum, Texas becomes 7th state to secede from US
1861 - Dutch Premier Floris A van Hall resigns
1861 - Pres-elect Lincoln arrives secretly in Wash DC to take office
1869 - Louisiana governor signs public accommodations law
1870 - Mississippi is readmitted to US
1874 - Mjr Walter Winfield patents game called "sphairistike" (lawn tennis)
1883 - Alabama becomes 1st US state to enact an antitrust law
1883 - American Anti-Vivisection Society organized (Phila)
1886 - Aluminum manufacturing process developed
1886 - London Times publishes world's 1st classified ad
1886 - Tsjaikovski's symphony "Manfred," premieres
1887 - Congress grants Seal Rocks to SF
1887 - French/Italian Riviera struck by Earthquake; 2,000 die
1892 - 1st college student government forms at Bryn Mawr Penn
1894 - Stanley Cup: Montreal AAA's awarded cup by trustees as Ottawa refuses to travel to Toronto to play
1895 - Jaap Eden skates world record 10km (17:56)
1895 - William Heard, AME minister & educator, named minister to Liberia
1896 - Tootsie Roll introduced by Leo Hirshfield
1898 - In France, Emile Zola is imprisoned for writing his "J'accuse" letter accusing government of anti-Semitism & wrongly jailing Alfred Dreyfus
1900 - Battle at Hart's Hill, South-Africa (Boers vs British army)
1900 - Steamer "Rio de Janeiro" sinks in SF Bay
1903 - The US and Cuba sign an agreement by which Cuba releases Guantanamo and Bahia Hondo to the US for naval stations
1903 - The Sultan agrees to an Austro-Russian plan to reform the government of Macedonia in yet another effort to stifle the rising disorder among the rival Bulgarian
1904 - US acquired control of the Panama Canal Zone for $10 million
1904 - Having occupied Korea, Japan signs a treaty with Korea under which it becomes a Japanese protectorate in return for Japanese protection from other powers
1905 - Rotary Club International formed by 4 men in Chicago
1906 - Tommy Burns beats Marvin Hart in 20 for heavyweight boxing title
Tsar Nicholas IITsar Nicholas II 1909 - Russian Tsar Nicholas II dissolves Finnish Diet
1910 - 1st radio contest held (Philadelphia)
1910 - George Bernard Shaw's "Misalliance," premieres in London
1915 - Germany sinks US ships Carib & Evelyn & torpedoes Norwegian ship Regin
1915 - Nevada enforces convenient divorce law
1916 - Congress authorizes McKinley Memorial $1 gold coin
1916 - French artillery kills entire French 72nd division at Samogneux Verdun
1918 - First victory of Red Army over the Kaiser's German troops near Narva and Pskov. Since 1923 this date become the Day of Red Army in honour of this victory.
Italian Dictator Benito MussoliniItalian Dictator Benito Mussolini 1919 - Fascist Party forms in Italy by Benito Mussolini
1921 - 1st US transcontinental air mail flight arrives in NYC from San Francisco
1923 - German Republic day with laws against worker
1923 - Great Britain lowers import duty on German products from 26% to 5%
1927 - Pres Calvin Coolidge creates Federal Radio Commission (FRC)
1934 - Casey Stengel becomes manager of Brooklyn Dodgers
1934 - Coronation of King Leopold III of Belgium
1936 - 1st rocket air mail flight, Greenwood Lake, NY
1938 - Joe Louis KOs Nathan Mann in 3 for heavyweight boxing title
1939 - Lou Thesz beats E Marshall in St Louis, to become wrestling champ
Actress Bette DavisActress Bette Davis 1939 - 11th Academy Awards - "You Can’t Take It With You," Spencer Tracy & Bette Davis wins
1940 - Russian troops conquer Lasi Island
1940 - Walt Disney's animated movie "Pinocchio," released
1941 - Plutonium was first produced and isolated by Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg.
1942 - Japanese sub fires on oil refinery in Ellwood, Calif
1943 - Gen-Maj Bradley arrives in Dakar & Marrakesh
1943 - German troops pull back through Kasserine-pass Tunisia
1944 - Forced deportation of the Chechen and Ingush people to Central Asia.
1945 - 2nd Dutch government of Gerbrandy forms in London
1945 - Canadian troops occupy Kalkar
1945 - Operation Grenade: Gen Simpsons 9th Army crosses Ruhr
1945 - US Marines raise flag on Iwo Jima, famous photo & statue
1947 - Gen Eisenhower opens drive to raise $170M in aid for European Jews
Medical Researcher and Virologist Jonas SalkMedical Researcher and Virologist Jonas Salk 1954 - 1st mass inoculation with salk vaccine (Pittsburgh)
1954 - Syrian army drives out president Adib el-Shishakli
1955 - Edgar Faure forms French government
1956 - 20th Congress of CPSU closes in Moscow
1957 - "Mr Wonderful" closes at Broadway Theater NYC after 383 performances
1957 - The founding congress of the Senegalese Popular Bloc is opened in Dakar.
1958 - 5-time world driving champion Juan Fangio kidnapped by Cuban rebels
1958 - Arturo Frondizi elected president of Argentina
1958 - Last Municipal arc light, Mission & 25th removed (installed in 1913)
1958 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1959 - Betsy Rawls wins LPGA Lake Worth Golf Open
1959 - KVIE TV channel 6 in Sacramento-Stockton, CA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1960 - Demolition begins on Brooklyn's Ebbets Field (opened in 1913)
1962 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1964 - Charlie Finley signs a 4 year lease to keep A's in Kansas City
1965 - Constance Baker Motley elected Manhattan Borough president
1966 - Military coup in Syria ends Bitar government
1966 - Premier Obote grabs power in Uganda
1967 - 25th amendment (US Presidential succession) adopted
1967 - John Herbert's "Fortune & Men's Eyes," premieres in NYC
1967 - Ted Workman replaces Senator Keith Davey as CFL commissioner
1967 - US troops begin largest offensive of Vietnam War
1968 - Wilt Chamberlain becomes 1st NBAer to score 25,000 points
1969 - Nayif Hawatimah forms Dem People's Front for Liberation of Palestine
1969 - WWVU (now WNPB) TV channel 24 in Morgantown, WV (PBS) 1st broadcast
1970 - Guyana becomes a republic (National Day)
1970 - Holy Eucharist given by women for 1st time in Roman Catholic service
1971 - Boston Bruins begin 13 NHL game win streak
Singer-Songwriter George HarrisonSinger-Songwriter George Harrison 1971 - George Harrison is fined & his driving license is suspended for 1 year
1971 - Lt Calley confessed & implicates Captain Medina
1973 - Gold goes up $10 overnight to record $95 an ounce in London
1974 - Teri Garr appears on Bob Newhart Show in "Confessions of an Orth"
1975 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA Orange Blossom Golf Classic
1975 - In response to the energy crisis, daylight saving time commences nearly two months early in the United States.
1976 - Owners announce spring training won't open without a labor contract
1978 - 20th Grammy Awards: Hotel California, Fleetwood Mac, Debbie Boone wins
1979 - "Sarava" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 140 performances
1979 - Frank Peterson Jr named 1st black general in Marine Corps
1979 - George Harrison releases "George Harrison" album
1980 - 13th Winter Olympic games close at Lake Placid, NY
1980 - Eric Heiden wins all 5 speed skating golds at Lake Placid Olympics
1980 - France performs nuclear test at Muruora Island
1980 - Oil tanker explosion off Pilos, Greece, causes 37-mil-gallon spill
1981 - People mag features drug ordeal of Mackenzie & Papa John Phillips
1981 - Spanish coup under lt-col Antonio Tejero Molina fails
1982 - Michael Frayn's "Noises Off," premieres in London
1983 - 25th Grammy Awards: Roxanna, Toto IV, Men at Work wins
1983 - USFL NJ Generals sign Heisman winner Herschel Walker (3 years-$5 mil)
1983 - The Spanish Socialist government of Felipe González and Miguel Boyer nationalizes Rumasa, a holding of José María Ruiz Mateos.
1983 - The United States Environmental Protection Agency announces its intent to buy out and evacuate the dioxin-contaminated community of Times Beach, Missouri.
1985 - Indiana basketball coach Bobby Knight throws a chair during a game
1985 - US Senate confirms Edwin Meese III as attorney general
1986 - Despite losing, Red Sox Wade Boggs gets largest arbitration ($1.35M)
1986 - Mary Beth Zimmerman wins LPGA Standard Register/Samaritan Golf Classic
1986 - Nelli Fiere-Cooman runs world record 60 m indoor (7.00 sec)
1987 - Dick Howser retires from managing KC Royals, due to brain tumor
1987 - Russian Writers Union accepts Boris Pasternak posthumous as member
1987 - Supernova 1987A in LMC 1st seen; 1st naked-eye supernova since 1604
1988 - Chicago gives Cubs right to install lights & play up to 18 night games
1988 - Yvonne van Gennip skates female record 3k (4:11.94)
1990 - Ian Smith 173* NZ v India, 136 balls, world record for no 9 bat
1991 - Greg Haugen scores a split decision over Hector "Macho" Camacho
1991 - Military coup in Thailand, Premier Choonhaven arrested
1991 - NC is 1st NCAA basketball team to win 1,500 games
1991 - Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Orix Hawaiian Ladies Golf Open
1991 - US insists Iraq publicly announce it is leaving Kuwait by 12 PM EST
1992 - 16th Winter Olympic games closes in Albertville, France
1992 - Andy Flower scores 115* on ODI debut, Zimbabwe v Sri Lanka
1992 - World Cup scoreline Zimbabwe 4-312, Sri Lanka 7-313
1992 - The Socialist Labour Party is founded in Georgia.
1993 - Gary Coleman wins $1,280,000 lawsuit against parents for high fees
1993 - India complete a 3-0 series drubbing of England
1993 - Sacramento Gold Miners admitted as CFL's 9th franchise (1st US team)
1994 - Indians owner Richard Jacobs announces he will pay $10 million to name baseball field (Jacobs Field) at Gateway (becomes official 3/23)
1995 - "Uncle Vanya" opens at Circle in Sq Theater NYC for 29 performances
1995 - Antoine Nduwayo appointed Premier of Burundi
1995 - Dow Jones closes above 4,000 for 1st time (4,003.33)
1996 - Mark Waugh scores 130 in World Cup vs Kenya, 207 w/brother Steve
1996 - Rajindra Dhanraj takes 9-97 for Trinidad against Leeward Islands
1997 - Ali Abu Kamal opens fire in Empire State Building & kills 1
1997 - American Express Senior Golf Invitational
1997 - Jeff Sluman wins Tucson Golf Classic
1997 - NBC TV shows "Schindler's List," completely uncensored, 65M watch
1997 - Tucson Chrysler Golf Classic
1997 - Scientists in Scotland announced they succeeded in cloning an adult mammal, producing a lamb named "Dolly"
1998 - Howard Stern Radio Show premieres in Charleston SC on WAVF 96.1 FM
1998 - Supreme Court lets Megan's Law stand
1998 - Tornadoes in Florida kills at least 31
Islamic Militant & Terrorist Osama bin LadenIslamic Militant & Terrorist Osama bin Laden 1998 - Osama bin Laden publishes a fatwa declaring jihad against all Jews and Crusaders.
1999 - Kurdish rebel leader Abdullah Öcalan is charged with treason in Ankara, Turkey.
1999 - An avalanche destroys the Austrian village of Galtür, killing 31.
1999 - Hip Hop artist Eminem releases his first major record album 'The Slim Shady LP' (Grammy 2000 - Rap album)
2000 - 42nd Grammy Awards: Smooth, Christina Aguilera wins
2003 - 45th Grammy Awards: Don't Know Why, Norah Jones wins
2005 - Slovakia Summit 2005 begins, marking the first occasion when a sitting American President visits Slovakia; George W. Bush and Vladimir Putin are in attendance.
2005 - Vote of the controversial French law on colonialism, repealed start of 2006.
43rd US President George W. Bush43rd US President George W. Bush 2006 - Dubai Ports World agrees to postpone its plans to take over management of six U.S. ports after the proposal ignited harsh bipartisan criticism on Capitol Hill.
2007 - Japan launches its fourth spy satellite, stepping up its ability to monitor potential threats such as North Korea.
2007 - A train derails on an evening express service near Grayrigg, Cumbria, England, killing one person and injuring 22. This results in hundreds of points being checked over the UK after a few similar accidents.
2008 - a B-2 Spirit of the USAF crashes at Guam. The crew survived but the aircraft was written off, making it the most expensive air crash in human history (the aircraft alone cost $1.2Bn). The B-2 had a perfect safety record before the crash; not one B-2 ever crashed.
2008 - 28th Golden Raspberry Awards: I Know Who Killed Me wins
2010 - Unknown criminals pour more than 2.5 million liters of diesel oil and other hydrocarbons into the river Lambro, in Northern Italy, causing an environmental disaster.
2012 - A series of bomb attacks across 12 Iraqi cities kills 60 and injures 200
2013 - 51 people are killed and 62 are injured in conflict between rival tribes in Darfur, Sudan
2013 - 33rd Golden Raspberry Awards: The Twilight Saga: Breaking Dawn - Part 2 wins

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