Historical Events on 1st January
All Events Birthdays
Events 1 - 200 of 426
153 BC - Roman consuls begin their year in office.
45 BC - The Julian calendar takes effect for the first time.
1 - Origin of Christian Era
69 - Roman garrison of Mainz uprising
89 - Gov Lucius Antonius Saturninus of Germany becomes emperor of Rome
313 - Start of Roman (Pontifical) Indiction
404 - Last gladiator competition in Rome
630 - The Prophet Muhammad sets out toward Mecca with the army that captures it bloodlessly.
722 - Hofmeier Charles Martel flees from bishop Willibrord
990 - Russia adopts Julian calendar
1259 - Michael VIII Palaiologos is proclaimed co-emperor of the Empire of Nicaea with his ward John IV Laskaris.
1430 - Jews of Sicily are no longer required to attend conversionist services
1438 - Albrecht II von Habsburg becomes king of Hungary
1494 - Juw Dekama elected potentate of Frisia
1502 - Portuguese navigators discover Rio de Janeiro
1504 - King Louis XII loses last bulwark in Naples, Caeta
1515 - Francois, Duke of Angouleme succeeds Louis XII as Francois I of France
1515 - Jews are expelled from Laibach Austria
1515 - King Francis I of France succeeds to the French throne.
1527 - Croatian nobles elect Ferdinand I of Austria as king of Croatia in the Parliament on Cetin.
1573 - Geuzen sets fire to Woudrichem
1583 - 1st day of the Gregorian calendar in Holland & Flanders
1600 - Scotland begins its numbered year on January 1 instead of 25 March.
Astronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei 1610 - German astronomer Simon Marius 1st discovers the Jupiter moons, but does not officially report it, Galileo does on July 1 1610
1622 - Papal Chancery adopts Jan 1 as beginning of the year (was Mar 25)
1651 - Charles II Stuart crowned king of Scotland
1660 - 1st entry in Samuel Pepys' diary
1660 - General Moncks army battles with the Tweed on way to London
1660 - Thomas Fairfax' New Model-army occupies York
1672 - Jean Racine's "Bajazet," premieres in Paris
1673 - Regular mail delivery begins between NY & Boston
1675 - Don Carlos de Gurrea/Aragon becomes Spanish land guardian of S Neth
1689 - Pro-James II-earl of Danby occupies York
1700 - Protestant Western Europe (except England) begin using Gregorian calendar
1700 - Russia begins using the Anno Domini era and no longer uses the Anno Mundi era of the Byzantine Empire.
1707 - John V succeeds his father Pedro II as king of Portugal
1739 - J B C Bouvet de Lozier discovers Bouvet Island, near Antarctica
1770 - Date of action in the opera "Madeleine"
King Charles II 1772 - First traveler's cheques go on sale in London, can be used in 90 European cities
1776 - Gen George Washington hoists Continental Union Flag
1781 - 1,500 soldiers of the 6th Pennsylvania Regiment under General Anthony Wayne's command rebel against the Continental Army's winter camp in Morristown, New Jersey as part of the Pennsylvania (Continentals; Regiment) Mutiny of 1781.
1785 - "Daily Universal Register" (Times of London) publishes 1st issue
1788 - London's Daily Universal Registrar becomes the Times
1788 - Quakers in Pennsylvania emancipate their slaves
1797 - Albany replaces NYC as capital of NY
1798 - Russia appoints 1st Jewish censor to censor Hebrew books
1800 - Dutch East Indies Company dissolves
1801 - The Irish Parliament votes to join the Kingdom of Great Britain, forming the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland
1801 - The dwarf planet Ceres is discovered by Giuseppe Piazzi.
1803 - Emperor Gia Long orders all bronze wares of the Tây Sơn Dynasty to be collected and melted into nine cannons for the Royal Citadel in Huế, Vietnam.
1804 - Haiti gains independence from France (National Day)
1807 - Curacao is taken by English (until March, 1816)
1808 - African Benevolent Society (education) forms
First US President George Washington 1808 - Congress prohibits importation of slaves
1808 - Sierra Leone becomes a British colony
1809 - Holland Brigade under brig gen Chasse reaches Madrid
1814 - Field marshal Blucher's troops cross the Rhine at Kaub
1818 - Official reopening of the White House
1826 - Baron Van der Capellen resigns as governor of Dutch-Indies
1827 - Dutch Trade Company NHM gets opium monopoly on Java
1831 - William Lloyd Garrison publishes 1st issue of abolitionist journal
1833 - British government demands Falkland islands
1833 - Curacao census: 2,602 whites, 6,531 free people & 5,894 slaves
1834 - German Tolunie goes into effect
1838 - 1st official horse race in South Australia-Adelaide
1840 - 1st recorded bowling match in US, Knickerbocker Alleys, NYC
1842 - 1st illustrated weekly magazine in US publishes 1st issue, NYC
1844 - 1st edition of New Rotterdam's Daily (3x per week)
Abolitionist William Lloyd Garrison 1845 - The Cobble Hill Tunnel in Brooklyn is completed.
1846 - Yucatan declares independence from Mexico
1847 - Michigan is 1st state to abolish capital punishment
1847 - Neth's Haarlem's Current newspaper starts publishing
1848 - Britain takes Mosquito Coast from Nicaragua
1851 - City of Glasgow steamer inaugurates Philadelphia-Liverpool line
1852 - 1st US public bath opens, in NYC
1852 - National debt of Britain & Ireland is 765,126,582 pounds
1852 - Netherlands begins issuing postage stamps
1853 - 1st practical fire engine (horse-drawn) in US enters service
1854 - Lincoln University, a black college, chartered (Oxford, Penn)
1858 - Canada begins using decimal currency system
1860 - Slavery ends of in Neth Indies
1861 - Porfirio Diaz conquers Mexico City
1861 - President Lincoln declares slavery in Confederate states unlawful
1862 - 1st US income tax (3% of incomes > $600, 5% of incomes > $10,000)
1862 - Battle of Ft McRee, FL Battle of Port Royal, SC (Port Royal Ferry)
1863 - 1st homestead under the Homestead Act claimed, near Beatrice, Nebr
1863 - Battle of Galveston, Texas-Confederates recapture the city
1863 - Emancipation Proclamation (ending slavery) issued by Lincoln
Composer Franz Schubert 1863 - Franz Schubert's "Missa Solemnis," premieres in Leipzig
1865 - -Apr 26th] Carolinas' campaign
1871 - Belgium disbands salt tax
1873 - Origin of Japanese Era
1874 - New York City annexes the Bronx
1876 - The Reichsbank opens in Berlin.
1877 - England's Queen Victoria proclaimed empress of India
1879 - John Brahms' Violin Concerto in D major premieres in Leipzig
1880 - Building of Panama Canal, begins
1881 - Dr John H Watson is introduced to Sherlock Holmes
1886 - 1st Tournament of Roses (Pasadena California)
1890 - Eritrea is consolidated into a colony by the Italian government.
1891 - French troops occupy Nioro, West-Sudan, 3000 killed
1891 - King Pakketvaart sails to Neth Indies
1892 - Ellis Island becomes reception center for new immigrants
1893 - 1st US college extension courses for credit, Univ of Chicago
1893 - Japan adopts the Gregorian calendar
1894 - Denmark adopts Mid-European time
1894 - Manchester Ship Canal in England opens to traffic
1895 - Norway adopts Mid-European time
Physicist and Nobel Laureate Wilhelm Röntgen 1896 - Wilhelm Röntgen announces his discovery of x-rays
1897 - 1st football game between black colleges-Atlanta U 10, Tuskegee 0
1898 - Brooklyn merges with NY to form present City of NY
1898 - Lightship replaces whistling buoy at mouth of SF Bay
1898 - d'Annunzio's "Sogno d'un mattino di primavera," premieres in Rome
1899 - Cuba liberated from Spain by US (Natl Day) (US occupies till 1902)
1899 - Spanish rule ends in Cuba.
1900 - 1st date in John dos Passos' USA trilogy (The 42nd Parallel)
1900 - British protectorates of Northern & Southern Nigeria established
1900 - Compulsory education in Netherlands goes into effect
1901 - Australia declares independence from federation of UK colonies
1901 - Nigeria becomes a British protectorate.
1902 - 1st Rose Bowl game (Pasadena, California) (U of Mich-49, Sanford-0)
1902 - Nathan Stubblefield makes 1st public demonstration of radio, Penn
1904 - Neth Indies colony begins opium production
1905 - 9 hour work day for diamond miners
1906 - Dutch law makes driver's license mandatory
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt 1907 - Pres Theodore Roosevelt shakes a record 8,513 hands in 1 day
1908 - 1st time, ball signifying new year dropped at Times Square
1908 - Jack Hobbs makes his Test debut at the MCG (83 & 28)
1909 - Robert Fowler runs then world record marathon (2:52:45.4)
1909 - Drilling begins on the Lakeview Gusher.
1910 - Simpson-Hayward (England) takes 6-43 on debut with underarm lobs
1911 - Belgian Mining law introduces 9½ hour work day
1911 - South Australia transfers Northern Territory to federal government
1912 - 1st running of SF's famed "Bay to Breakers" race (7.63 miles/12.3 km)
1912 - Sun Yat-sen forms Chinese Republic
1912 - The Republic of China is established.
1913 - Post office begins parcel post deliveries
1914 - 1st scheduled airline flight, St Petersburg-Tampa (Tony Jannus pilot)
1914 - Klaas ter Laan becomes Neth's 1st socialist mayor (Zaandam)
1914 - Northern & Southern Nigeria united in British colony of Nigeria
1915 - DW Griffith shows "Clansman" at a sneak preview
1915 - Jews of Laibach Austria expelled
1916 - 1st football game in Rose Bowl (Washington State-Brown)
1916 - 1st issue of "Journal of Negro History" published
1918 - Last day of the Julian calendar in Finland
1919 - Belorussian SSR established
Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford 1919 - Edsel Ford succeeds his father, Henry Ford, as president of the Ford Motor Company.
1920 - The Belorussian Communist Organisation is founded as a separate party.
1922 - Vancouver, BC starts driving on the right side of road
1923 - Union of Socialist Soviet Republics established
1923 - Britain's Railways are grouped into the Big Four: LNER, GWR, SR, and LMSR.
1924 - Grossdeutsche Volksgemeinschaft/Volkische Block replaces NSDAP
1925 - Norway's capital Christiania changes name to Oslo
1926 - Flood in Rhine strikes Cologne
1927 - Communist uprising in West Java
1927 - Dodgers announce release of future Hall of Fame Zack Wheat
1927 - Turkey adopts the Gregorian calendar: December 18, 1926 (Julian), is immediately followed by January 1, 1927 (Gregorian).
1928 - 1st US air-conditioned office building opens, San Antonio
1928 - Algemeene Vereeniging Radio Omroep (AVRO) begins broadcasting (Neth)
1929 - Roy Riegels runs 60 yds the wrong way with Rose Bowl fumble recovery
1930 - Earl Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to 2nd lieutenant
1930 - Jurgens & Van den Berg merge with Lever Brothers to form Unilever
1932 - Jacob Cocey Sr chosen as mayor of Massillon Ohio
1932 - Rasse und Siedlungshauptamt publishes Himmler's wedding laws
1932 - The United States Post Office Department issues a set of 12 stamps commemorating the 200th anniversary of George Washington's birth.
1934 - Alcatraz officially becomes a federal prison
1934 - Federal Deposit Insurance Corp (US bank guarantor) effective
1934 - International Telecommunication Union established
1934 - Nazi Germany passes the "Law for the Prevention of Genetically Diseased Offspring".
1935 - 1st Sugar Bowl & 1st Orange Bowl
1935 - Associated Press inaugurates Wirephoto
1935 - Eastern Airlines hires Eddie Rickenbacker as GM
1935 - Pres Mustapha Kemal Pasha names himself "Ataturk: Father of Turkey"
1936 - 1st newspaper to microfilm its current issues, NY Herald Tribune
1937 - Anastasio Somoza becomes president of Nicaragua
1937 - Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to captain
1937 - US Army Air Corps physiological research laboratory completed, Ohio
1937 - Safety glass in vehicle windscreens becomes mandatory in Great Britain.
1939 - Sydney, Australia, swelters in 45 ˚C (113 ˚F) heat, a record for the city.
1941 - Netherlands begins taxing wages
1941 - Russian general Zhukov appointed chief of general staff
1942 - Rose Bowl football match played in North Carolina due to Japanese threat - Oregon State 20, Duke University 16
1942 - US & 25 other countries sign a united declaration against the Axis
1943 - Count Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to lt-colonel
1943 - Negro League star Josh Gibson suffers a nervous breakdown
1944 - 1st feature-length foreign movie, African Journey, shown on TV, NYC
1944 - Army defeats Navy 10-7 in football "Arab Bowl," Oran, North Africa
1944 - Gen Clark replaces Gen Patton as commander of 7th Army
1945 - France joins the UN
1945 - German air raid on allied airports at Eindhoven/Saint-Trond/Brussels
1946 - ENIAC, US 1st computer finished by Mauchly/Eckert
1946 - Emperor Hirohito of Japan announces he is not a god
1946 - National Assembly proclaims Hungary a republic
1947 - Benelux agress to work related issues
1947 - Britain nationalizes its coal industry
1947 - WTTG TV channel 5 in Washington, DC (MET) begins broadcasting
1948 - 1st color newsreel filmed (Pasadena, California)
1948 - Bradman scores 132 in the 1st innings of the 3rd Test v India
1948 - Britain nationalizes its railways
1948 - General Agreement on Tariffs & Trade effective
— Historical Events on this Day —