Historical Events on 13th January
All Events Birthdays
Events 1 - 182 of 182
888 - Odo, Count of Paris, becomes King of the Franks.
1099 - Crusaders set fire to Mara, Syria
1404 - The Act of Multipliers is passed by the English Parliament forbidding alchemists to use their knowledge to create precious metals (it was feared that if any alchemist should succeed it would bring ruin upon the state)
1559 - Elizabeth I crowned Queen of England in Westminster Abbey
1605 - The controversial play Eastward Hoe by Ben Jonson, George Chapman, and John Marston is performed, landing two of the authors in prison.
1607 - The Bank of Genoa fails after announcement of national bankruptcy in Spain.
1610 - Galileo Galilei discovers Callisto, 4th satellite of Jupiter
1621 - Jan Pieterszoon Coen's fleet sets sail to Moluccas (from Jacarta)
1630 - Letters Patent issued to Plymouth Colony
1673 - Jean Racine's "Mithridate" premieres in Paris
Satirist Jonathan Swift 1695 - Jonathan Swift ordained an Anglican priest in Ireland
1733 - James Oglethorpe & 130 English colonists arrive at Charleston, SC
1770 - De Beaumarchais' "Les Deux Amis" premieres in Paris
1785 - John Walter publishes first issue of London Times
1794 - Congress changes US flag to 15 stars & 15 stripes
1822 - The design of the Greek flag is adopted by the First National Assembly at Epidaurus.
1830 - Great fire in New Orleans thought to be set by rebel slaves
1840 - The steamship Lexington burns and sinks four miles off the coast of Long Island with the loss of 139 lives.
1842 - Dr. William Brydon, a surgeon in the British Army during the First Anglo-Afghan War, becomes famous for (reputedly) being the sole survivor of an army of 16,500 when he reaches the safety of a garrison in Jalalabad.
1849 - Vancouver Island granted to Hudson's Bay Co
1854 - Anthony Foss patents accordion
1863 - Chenille manufacturing machine patented by William Canter, NYC
1865 - -Jan 15th] BBT & CPT Ft Fisher, NC
1869 - Colored National Labor Union, 1st Black labor convention meets in Wash DC
1873 - P B S Pinchback relinquishes office at Louisiana governor
1874 - Battle between jobless & police in NYC, 100s injuried
1874 - US troops land in Honolulu to protect the king
Composer Richard Wagner 1882 - Richard Wagner completes his opera "Parsifal"
1883 - Fire in Circus Ferroni in Berditschoft, Poland, kills 430
1883 - Henrik Ibsen's "En Folkefiende" premieres in Oslo
1888 - National Geographic Society founded (Washington, DC)
1893 - British Independent Labour Party forms (Keir Hardie as its leader)
1893 - U.S. Marines land in Honolulu from the U.S.S. Boston to prevent the queen from abrogating the Bayonet Constitution.
1894 - Revolution in Sicily crushed by government troops
1895 - Oscar Wilde's "Ideal Husband" premieres in London
1898 - Emile Zola publishes his open letter (J'accuse) in defense of Alfred Dreyfus
Writer/Poet Oscar Wilde 1902 - Textile workers strike in Enschede, Netherlands (until 1st June)
1906 - 1st radio set advertised (Telimco for $7.50 in Scientific American) claimed to receive signals up to one mile
1908 - French pilot Henry Farman is first European to fly 1km circuit
1908 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers sweep Ottawa Victorias in 2 games
1908 - Rhoads Opera House fire in Boyertown, PA killing 171 people.
1910 - JM Synge's "Deirdre of the Sorrows" premieres in Dublin
1911 - Gerhart Hauptmann's "Die Ratten" premieres in Berlin
1911 - Roald Amundsen anchors at Walvis Bay, southwestern Africa
Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann 1911 - South Africa's 1st win over Australia, at Adelaide
1912 - -40°F (-40°C), Oakland, Maryland (state record)
1913 - Delta Sigma Theta, the world's largest Black Women's Sorority is founded at Howard University, Washington DC
1914 - IWW-leader/songwriter Joe Hill arrested "Girl from Utah" East-Prussia
1915 - Earthquake in Avezzano Italy kills 29,800
1915 - Winston Churchill, First Lord of the Admiralty, presents plan for assault on Dardanelles
1919 - Dutch Soccer team OSV forms
1920 - NY Times editorial (falsely) reports rockets can never fly
1922 - Buck Weaver, a Black Sox, applies unsuccessfully for reinstatement
1922 - Conference of Cannes concerning German retribution payments ended
1922 - WHA-AM in Madison WI begins radio transmissions
1923 - Taking advantage of the chaotic condition of Germany, Hitler stages a demonstration of 5000 storm troopers and denounces the 'November crime'
1924 - Nationalist Wafd-party wins Egyptian parliament elections
1927 - US & Mexico battle over oil interests
1928 - RCA and GE install three test television sets in homes in Schenectady, New York allowing American inventor E.F.W. Alexanderson to demonstrate the first home television receiver which delivered a poor and unsteady 1.5 square inch picture
1929 - Humanist Society established, Hollywood, California
1930 - "Mickey Mouse" comic strip 1st appears
1934 - The Candidate of Science degree is established in the USSR.
1935 - Plebiscite in Saar indicates a desire (90.3%) to join Nazi Germany
1938 - The Church of England accepts the theory of evolution.
1939 - Belgian premier signs Burgos Treaty for trade relations with Franco
1939 - The Black Friday bush fires burn 20,000 square kilometres of land in Australia, claiming the lives of 71 people.
1942 - Allied Conference on war trials
1942 - German U-boats begin harassing shipping on US east coast
Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford 1942 - Henry Ford patents a method of constructing plastic auto bodies
1942 - Interallied war trial conference publishes St James Declaration
1942 - World War II: First use of aircraft ejection seat by a German test pilot in a Heinkel He 280 jet fighter.
1943 - British premier Winston Churchill arrives in Casablanca
1943 - Hitler declares "Total War"
1943 - Russian offensive at Don under general Golikov
1943 - US infantry captures Galloping Horse Ridge, Guadalcanal
1945 - Prokofchev's 5th Symphony premieres in Moscow
1948 - 1st country music TV show, Midwestern Hayride, premieres on WLW Cin
1949 - "Along 5th Avenue" opens at Broadhurst Theater NYC for 180 perfs
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1951 - German general Christian Hansen freed early from Dutch prison
1953 - Gas explosion in Belgium coal mine kills 14
1953 - KOLD TV channel 13 in Tucson, AZ (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - Marshal Josip Tito chosen president of Yugoslavia
1954 - Military rule in Egypt; 318 Muslim Brotherhood members arrested
1954 - WEAR TV channel 3 in Pensacola-Mobile, FL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1957 - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Allen Tate
1957 - Mickey Wright wins Sea Island Golf Open
1957 - NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 19-10
1957 - Wham-O Company produces the 1st Frisbee
Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett 1957 - "All that Fall", first radio play by Samuel Beckett, aired on BBC Third Programme
1958 - 9,000 scientists of 43 nations petition UN for nuclear test ban
1958 - US newspaper "Daily Worker" ceases publication
1958 - Moroccan Liberation Army ambushes Spanish patrol in the Battle of Edchera.
1959 - French President Charles de Gaulle grants amnesty to 130 Algerians sentenced to death
1959 - King Boudouin promises Belgian Congo independence
1962 - "Do Re Mi" closes at St James Theater NYC after 400 performances
1962 - Wilt Chamberlain of Warriors scores then NBA-record 73 pts vs Chicago
NBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain 1963 - AFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 21-14
1963 - NFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 30-20
1964 - Karol Wojtyla becomes archbishop of Krakow
1964 - Hindu-Muslim rioting breaks out in the Indian city of Calcutta - now Kolkata - resulting in the deaths of more than 100 people.
1966 - 1st black selected for pres cabinet (LBJ selects Robert C Weaver-HUD)
1966 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1967 - Coup in Togo
1967 - Rolling Stones appear on Ed Sullivan Show
1968 - "Hallelujah, Baby!" closes at Martin Beck Theater NYC after 293 perfs
36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson 1968 - "Illya Darling" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 320 perfs
1968 - Minn North Stars center Bill Masterton fatally injured (dies on 15th)
1970 - Riots begin in the Ballymurphy area of Belfast
1971 - "Soon" closes at Ritz Theater NYC after 3 performances
1972 - Former umpire, now housewife Bernice Gera wins her suit against baseball, initiated on March 15, 1971 to be allowed to umpire
1972 - An army commander stages a bloodless coup in Ghan, while the prime minister is in London
1973 - "Tricks" closes at Alvin Theater NYC after 8 performances
1973 - Lasse Daniel Efskind skates world record 1000m (1:17.6)
1974 - Super Bowl VIII: Miami Dolphins beat Minnesota Vikings, 24-7 in Houston Super Bowl MVP: Larry Csonka, Miami, RB
1974 - Seraphim is elected Archbishop of Athens and All Greece.
Politician, statesman Henry Kissinger 1975 - Henry Kissinger hints at military action against oil countries in case of "actual strangulation of the industrialized world" in the wake of oil shock
1976 - Sarah Caldwell is 1st woman to conduct at NY's Metropolitan Opera House as she led orchestra in a performance of "La Traviata"
1978 - NASA select its first American women astronauts
1979 - Charlie Daniels hosts Volunteer Jam
1979 - YMCA files libel suit against Village People's YMCA song
1980 - "King of Schnorrers" closes at Playhouse Theater NYC after 63 perfs
1980 - Head of narcotic brigade arrested for drug smuggling in Belgium
1980 - Togo's constitution becomes effective
1981 - Barbara Sonntag, Colo, crochets record 147 stitches/min for 1/2 hour
1981 - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to May Swenson & Howard Nemerov
NHL Right Winger Mike Bossy 1981 - Islander's Mike Bossy's 15th career hat trick-4 goals
1982 - Hank Aaron & Frank Robinson elected to Hall of Fame
1982 - Air Florida 737 took off in a snowstorm, crashes into 14th St Bridge in Washington, DC, & falls into Potomac River, killing 78
1983 - AMA urges ban on boxing sites Muhammad Ali's deteriorating condition
1983 - Quebec Nordiques play 251st NHL game without being shut out
1984 - TV anchor Christine Craft wins $325,000 in her case against KMBC-TV
1985 - 23rd Tennis Fed Cup: Czech beats USA in Nagoya Japan (2-1)
Baseball Player Hank Aaron 1985 - 99-yr-old Otto Bucher scores a hole-in-one at Spanish golf course
1985 - Blackhawk Doug Wilson failed on 12th penalty shot against Islanders
1985 - Cerberal Palsy telethon raises $17,100,000
1985 - Express train derails in Ethiopia, killing at least 428
1986 - NCCA institutes eligibility requirements based on college exams
1986 - South Yemen Pres Ali Nasser Mohammed's bodyguard shoots opponents
1987 - Seven top New York Mafia bosses sentenced to 100 years in prison each
1987 - West German police arrest Mohammed Ali Hamadi, suspect in 1985 hijacking
1988 - LA Dodger/SD Padre Steve Garvey retires
1988 - Supreme Court rules (5-3) public school officials have broad powers to censor school newspapers, plays & other expressive activities
1989 - "Ryan's Hope" ends 13½ year run on ABC-TV
1989 - Computers across Britain hit by "Friday the 13th"/Jerusalem virus
1989 - Jerry Parks, Oklahoma defensive back, charged with shooting a teammate
1989 - Ruins of Mashkan-shapir (occupied 2050-1720 BC) found in Iraq
1989 - Subway gunman Bernhard Goetz begins 1-year jail sentence
1990 - 1st elected African American Governor inaugurated (Douglas Wilder-Virginia)
1991 - 12th ACE Cable Awards: Weather Channel wins the Golden CableACE for the coverage of the hurricane "Hugo"
1991 - 42 killed in exhibition soccer match in Johannesburg, South Africa
Golfer and Five-Time Major Championship Winner Phil Mickelson 1991 - Phil Mickelson wins PGA Northern Telecom Golf Open
1991 - Pres Mario Soares of Portugal re-elected
1991 - Soccer stadium riot in Orkney, South Africa, at least 40 die
1991 - UN Secretary General Javier Perez de Cuellar meets with Saddam
1991 - Soviet troops continue attack on Vilnius, capital of Lithuania; 13 people killed and 140 injured as
1992 - Excavation of new ballpark at Gateway (Jacobs Field) begins
1992 - US serial killer Jeffrey Dahmer pleads guilty but insane
1992 - Japan apologizes for forcing Korean women into sexual slavery during World War II.
1993 - STS-54 (Endeavour) launches into orbit
Serial Killer Jeffrey Dahmer 1993 - Super Bowl XXVII in Pasadena - Cowboys beat Bills
1993 - French, British, and US fighter jets launch bombing raids in southern Iraq
1994 - Italian government of Ciampi resigns
1994 - Tonya Harding's bodyguard, Shawn Eric Eckardt & Derrick Brian Smith arrested & charged with conspiracy in attack of skater Nancy Kerrigan
1995 - 26 HNL teams unanimously ratify agreement to end NHL strike
1995 - America3 becomes 1st all-female crew to win an America's Cup race
1997 - Radical guerrillas hold 72 hostages and shoot at police outside the Japanese Embassy in Lima, Peru
1998 - "Patti LaBelle On Broadway" opens at St James Theater NYC
1998 - CBS pays $4 billion to televise AFC games for 8-years
Basketball Superstar Michael Jordan 1999 - Basketball player Michael Jordan announces his retirement only to return in 2001
2000 - Microsoft chairman Bill Gates steps aside as chief executive and promotes company president Steve Ballmer to the position
2001 - Earthquake measuring magnitude 7.6 strikes El Salvador, killing more than 840 people
2002 - 28th People's Choice Awards: Tom Hanks & Julia Roberts win (Dramatic Motion Picture) and Kelsey Grammer, Ray Romano & Jennifer Aniston win (TV)
2002 - In a controversial move, Marty Schottenheimer is fired as head coach of the Washington Redskins after just one season
2003 - Rock musician Pete Townshend of The Who was arrested in London on suspicion of possessing indecent images of children. He was later cleared.
Rapper Eminem 2003 - 30th American Music Award: Sheryl Crow & Eminem win
2004 - Harold Shipman, a British GP who is believed to have killed more than 200 of his patients in Manchester, is found hanged in his prison cell
2007 - Two thirds of the Venus's southern hemisphere suddenly brightened as something triggered aerosols to form at a furious rate.
2009 - Global shipping experiences a drop in trade, as exports from South Korea dropping an annualised 30%, with Taiwan and Japan experiencing a 42% and 27% drop respectively
2012 - Italian cruiseliner Costa Concordia runs aground at Isola de Giglio, Italy, causing 32 deaths
2013 - Argo wins the Golden Globe awards for best drama and best director
2014 - 14 people are killed and 7 are injured after an explosion in an illegal gambling hall in Kaili City, China
Football Star Cristiano Ronaldo 2014 - Cristiano Ronaldo wins the 2013 FIFA Ballon d'Or
— Historical Events on this Day —