Historical Events on 21st January
All Events Birthdays
Events 1 - 184 of 184
1077 - German King Heinrich IV petitions Pope Gregory VII for forgiveness
1276 - Pierre de Tarantaise elected Pope Innocence V
1287 - The treaty of San Agayz is signed. Minorca is conquered by King Alfons III of Aragon.
1324 - Zen Buddhist religious debate between Tendai & Shingon
1522 - Head inquisitor Adrian Florisz Boeyens elected pope
1525 - The Swiss Anabaptist Movement is born when Conrad Grebel, Felix Manz, George Blaurock, and about a dozen others baptize each other in the home of Manz's mother in Zürich, breaking a thousand-year tradition of church-state union.
1542 - Parliament passes bill of attainder against Queen Katherine Howard
1664 - Count Miklos of Zrinyi sets out to battle Turkish invasion army
1677 - 1st medical publication in America (pamphlet on smallpox), Boston
1732 - Russia & Persia sign Treaty of Riascha
1749 - The Verona Philharmonic Theatre was destroyed by fire. It was rebuilt in 1754.
1789 - 1st American novel, WH Brown's "Power of Sympathy" is published
1793 - Prussia & Russia sign partition treaty, dividing Poland.
1793 - Louis XVI of France is executed by the guillotine in Paris, following his conviction for high treason.
1813 - Pineapple introduced to Hawaii (or 01/111)
1818 - Keats writes his poem "On a Lock of Milton's Hair"
1821 - Paramaribo Suriname catches fire, 4 die
1824 - Ashantis defeat British at Accra, West Africa
1827 - Freedom Journal, 1st Black paper, begins publishing
1830 - Portsmouth (Ohio) blacks forcibly deported
Novelist Charles Dickens 1846 - 1st edition of Charles Dickens' "Daily News"
1853 - Envelope-folding machine patented by Russell Hawes, Worcester, Mass
1861 - Jefferson Davis of Mississippi and 4 other southern senators resign (U.S Civil War)
1863 - City of Dublin leases part of Cattle Market for 100,000 years
1864 - The Tauranga Campaign of the New Zealand Wars begins
1874 - Franz Grillparzer's "Libussa" premieres in Vienna
1879 - Henrik Ibsen's "Et Dukkehjem" premieres in Copenhagen
1880 - 1st US sewage disposal system separate from storm drains, Memphis, Tennessee
1887 - Amateur Athletic Union (AAU) forms
1887 - Brisbane receives a daily rainfall of 465 millimetres (18.3 inches), a record for any Australian capital city.
President of the Confederate States of America Jefferson Davis 1890 - 1st issue of Propria Cures, Amsterdam student-weekly newspaper
1893 - The Tati Concessions Land, formerly part of Matabeleland, was formally annexed to the Bechuanaland Protectorate which is now Botswana.
1894 - Oscar Fredriksen skates world record 500m in 47.8 sec
1899 - Opel manufactured its first automobile.
1900 - The second contingent of Canadian troops sails from Halifax to fight in South Africa against the Boers
1901 - Clyde Fitch's "Climbers" premieres in NYC
1903 - "Wizard of Oz" premieres in NYC
1903 - Harry Houdini escapes from Halvemaansteeg police station in Amsterdam
1903 - International Theater (Majestic, Park) opens at 5 Columbus Circle NYC
1904 - Leos Janacek's opera "Jenufa" premieres in Brno
1907 - Kenora Thistles sweep Mont Wanderers in 2 for Stanley Cup
1908 - August Strindberg's "Spoksonaten" premieres in Stockholm
1908 - NYC regulation makes it illegal for a woman to smoke in public
Magician & Escape Artist Harry Houdini 1910 - British-Russian military intervention in Persia
1913 - Aristide Briand forms French government
1915 - Kiwanis International founded in Detroit
1919 - Irish militant nationalist party Sinn Fein creates its own parliament in Dublin and declares Ireland independent of Great Britain, sparking the Irish War of Independence
1920 - 14th Davis Cup: Australasia beats Great Britain in Sydney (4-1)
1921 - The Italian Communist Party was founded at Livorno.
1922 - 1st slalom ski race run, Murren, Switzerland
1925 - Albanian parliament announces itself a republic; Ahmed Zogoe president
1926 - Belgian parliament accepts Locarno treaties
1927 - 1st national opera broadcast from a US opera house (Faust, Chicago)
1929 - Robert Sherriff's "Journey's End" premieres in London
1932 - USSR & Finland stop non-attack treaty
1935 - 12.0" (30.5 cm) of rain falls, Quinault RS, Wash (state record)
1935 - WFI-AM in Philadelphia Penn merges with WLIT as WFIL (now WEAZ)
1935 - Wilderness Society incorporated in USA
1938 - Dutch government starts obligatory unemployment insurance
Playwright Moss Hart 1939 - George Kaufman & Moss Hart's "American Way" premieres in NYC
1939 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Joan Tozzer
1939 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Robin Lee
1940 - Foreign correspondents in Netherlands subjected to censorship
1941 - 1st anti-Jewish measures in Bulgaria
1941 - 1st commercial extraction of magnesium from seawater, Freeport, TX
1941 - Australian and British troops attack Tobruk, Libya
1941 - British communist newspaper "Daily Worker" banned
1942 - Bronx magistrate rules all pinball machines illegal
1942 - Count Basie records "One O'Clock Jump"
1942 - Japanese air raid on Rabaul, New Britain
1942 - Tito's partisans occupy Foca
1943 - Soviet forces reconquer Worosjilowsk
1943 - Soviet forces reconquer Gumrak airport near Stalingrad
1943 - Admiral Sir Andrew Cunningham, Royal Navy, promoted to Admiral of the Fleet
1944 - 447 German bombers attack London
1944 - 649 British bombers attack Magdeburg
1945 - British troops land on Ramree, near coast of Burma
1946 - "Nellie Bly" opens at Adelphi Theater NYC for 16 performances
1947 - "Sweethearts" opens at Shubert Theater NYC for 288 performances
1947 - Arthur Honegger's 4th Symphony premieres in Basel
1948 - W Indies v England, Test debut Walcott, Weekes & Jim Laker
1949 - 1st inaugural parade televised (Harry Truman)
1950 - "Lend an Ear" closes at National Theater NYC after 460 performances
1950 - NY jury finds former State Dept official Alger Hiss guilty of perjury
Poet, Author and Nobel Laureate T. S. Eliot 1950 - T. S. Eliot's "Cocktail Party" premieres in NYC
1951 - Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Tampa Women's Golf Open
1952 - Nehru's Congress party wins general election in India
1953 - John Foster Dulles appointed as US Secretary of State
1954 - 1st gas turbine automobile exhibited (NYC)
1954 - USS Nautilus, the first nuclear-powered submarine, launched on the Thames, Connecticut.
1956 - "Comedy in Music (Victor Borge)" closes at Golden NYC after 849 perfs
1956 - William Shawn succeeds Harold Ross as editor of New Yorker
1957 - KSAT TV channel 12 in San Antonio, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
1958 - KMOT TV channel 10 in Minot, ND (NBC) begins broadcasting
1958 - Phillies agree to televise 78 games into NYC (doesn't happen)
1960 - Little Joe 4 suborbital Mercury test reaches 16 km
1960 - Rock falls traps 437 at Coalbrook, South Africa; 417 die of methane poisoning
1961 - "Conquering Hero" closes at ANTA Theater NYC after 8 performances
1961 - KIFI TV channel 8 in Idaho Falls, ID (NBC) begins broadcasting
1961 - Portuguese rebels seize cruise ship Santa Maria
1962 - JFK arrives in Uruguay
LPGA Golfer Mickey Wright 1962 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Sea Island Women's Golf Invitational
1962 - Snow falls in San Francisco
1964 - Carl T Rowan named director of US Information Agency
1965 - Iranian premier Hassan Ali Mansur assassinated by 17-year-old Mohammad Bokharaei, a member of the Fadayan-e Islam.
1967 - AFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 30-23
1967 - US female Figure Skating championship won by Peggy Fleming
1967 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Gary Visconti
1968 - AFL Pro Bowl: East beats West 25-24
1968 - NFL Pro Bowl: West beats East 38-20
1968 - US B-52 bomber with nuclear bomb on board crashes in Greenland
1968 - Vietnam War: Battle of Khe Sanh - One of the most publicized and controversial battles of the war begins.
1969 - 22nd NHL All-Star Game: West beat East 3-3 at Montreal
1970 - PanAm Boeing 747 1st flight NY-London
1971 - "Alias Smith & Jones" premieres on ABC TV
1972 - Assam's North East Frontier Agency becomes Arunachal Pradesh terr
1972 - Belgian government of Eyskens-Cools forms
1972 - Manipur, Meghalaya & Tripura become separate states of Indian union
1972 - Mizoram, formerly part of Assam, creates an Indian union territory
1972 - Tripura becomes a full-fledged state in India.
1973 - 3rd NFL Pro Bowl: AFC beats NFC 33-28
1973 - Leslie Nielson appears on M*A*S*H in "Ringbanger"
1974 - Gold hits record $161.31/silver hits record $3.97 an ounce in London
1975 - 28th NHL All-Star Game: Wales beat Campbell 7-1 at Montreal
1976 - Supersonic Concorde, 1st commercial flights, by Britain & France
1977 - Italy legalizes abortion
39th US President Jimmy Carter 1977 - US President Jimmy Carter pardons almost all Vietnam War draft evaders
1978 - Bee Gees' "Saturday Night Fever" album goes #1 for 24 weeks
1979 - Neptune becomes outermost planet (Pluto moves closer)
1979 - Price of gold increases to record $875 troy oz
1979 - Super Bowl XIII: Pittsburgh Steelers beat Dallas Cowboys, 35-31 in Miami Super Bowl MVP: Terry Bradshaw, Pittsburgh, QB
1980 - Gold hits record $850 an ounce
1980 - Les Henson, Virginia Tech, makes 89' 3" basketball field goal
1981 - "Shakespeare's Cabaret" opens at Bijou Theater New York City for 54 performances
1981 - Bernhard Goetz is assault for 1st time on a New York City subway train
1981 - Norman Stronge and his son James (both former Ulster Unionist Members of Parliament) are assassinated by the Irish Republican Army at their home Tynan Abbey, which is then burnt down
1982 - "Little Me" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 36 performances
1982 - NY Islanders begin then NHL record 15 game winning streak
1983 - Bollingen Prize for poetry awarded to Anthony E Hecht
US President & Actor Ronald Reagan 1983 - President Reagan certifies El Salvador human-rights abuses have decreased making country eligible for US military aid
1984 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Scott Hamilton
1985 - -19°F (-28°C), Caesar's Head, South Carolina (state record)
1985 - -34°F (-37°C), Mt Mitchell, North Carolina (state record)
1985 - Bomb attack on Borobudur temple in Java
1985 - Dennis Potvin ties Bobby Orr's career record of 270 NHL goals
1986 - 100 participate in Nude Olympics race in 38°F (3°C), Indiana
1986 - Allison J Brown, 17, of Oklahoma, crowned 4th Miss Teen USA
1986 - Bomb attack in East-Beirut, 27 killed
1987 - B.B. King donates his 7,000 record collection to the University of Mississippi
1987 - B.B. King is inducted into the "Rock and Roll Hall of Fame"
1987 - Muddy Waters is inducted into the "Rock and Roll Hall of Fame"
Blues Musician Muddy Waters 1988 - US accepts immigration of 30,000 US-Vietnamese children
1989 - A woman is assaulted & raped in room of an Oklahoma football player
1989 - Wayne Gretzky passes Marcel Dionne to become NHL's 2nd all time scorer
1990 - 41st NHL All-Star Game: Wales beat Campbell 12-7 at Pittsburgh
1990 - Bob Goodenow succeeds Alan Eagleson as NHL players association exec director
1990 - John McEnroe becomes 1st ever player to be expelled from the Australian Open
1990 - Patty Sheehan wins LPGA Jamaica Golf Classic
1991 - CBS News correspondant Bob Simon captured by Iraqis in Persian Gulf
1992 - Bill Cowher becomes the head coach of the Pittsburgh Steelers, becoming only the second head coach of the team since 1970 (Chuck Noll)
1992 - UN serves Libya a resolution to hand over intelligence agents accused of two airliner bombings
NFL Head Coach Bill Cowher 1993 - Johan Koss skates world record 5 km in 6:38.77
1993 - Nigerian singer Fela Kuti arrested on suspicion of murder
1994 - Dow Jones passes 3900 (record 3,914.20)
1994 - Lorena Bobbitt found temporarily insane when she cut off her husband's penis
1995 - 52th Golden Globes: Forrest Gump, Tom Hanks, Jessica Lange
1996 - 53th Golden Globes: Mel Gibson, Nicole Kidman, John Travolta
1996 - Karrie Webb wins LPGA HealthSouth Inaugural Golf Tournament
1996 - US male Figure Skating championship won by Rudy Galindo
1997 - An inquiry in North Wales names more than 80 child abusers
1998 - Pope John Paul II visits Cuba
1999 - In one of the largest drug busts in American history, the US Coast Guard intercepts a ship carrying 4,300 kg of cocaine.
Actress Nicole Kidman 2002 - The Canadian Dollar sets all-time low against the US Dollar (US$0.6179).
2004 - Canada: The residence of reporter Juliet O'Neill is searched by the Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) investigating leaks concerning the deportation of Maher Arar.
2004 - NASA's MER-A (the Mars Rover Spirit) ceases communication with mission control. The problem lies with Flash Memory management and is fixed remotely from Earth on February 6.
2005 - In Belmopan, Belize, the unrest over the government's new taxes erupts into riots.
2007 - Awashima Marine Park in Japan catches a video tape of the rare frilled shark.
2008 - Black Monday in worldwide stock markets. FTSE 100 had its biggest ever one-day points fall, European stocks closed with their worst result since 9/11, and Asian stocks drop as much as 15%.
2008 - The Eyak language in Alaska becomes extinct as its last native speaker dies.
2013 - 30 people are killed in a car bombing in Salamiyeh, Syria
2013 - 41 people are injured after two trains collide in Vienna, Austria
2013 - 18 people are killed and 24 are injured after a bus falls down a ravine in Yungas, Bolivia
2013 - 1 person is killed and 15 are injured by a magnitude 5.9 earthquake in Indonesia
2013 - Jeroen Dijsselbloem, Netherlands’ Minister of Finance, becomes the President of the Euro Group
— Historical Events on this Day —