Historical Events on 1st July

Events 1 - 200 of 343

69 - Bataafs nobleman Gaius Julius Civilis proclaimed emperor of Syria
70 - Roman General Titus and his forces set up battering rams to assault the walls of Jerusalem
251 - The Battle of Abrittus is won by the Goths against the Romans. Roman Emperors Decius and Herennius Etruscus are killed.
649 - Pope Martinus I elected to succeed Theodore I
1097 - 1st Crusaders defeat Sultan Kilidj Arslan of Nicea
1200 - In China, sunglasses are invented
1233 - Earl Otto II van Gelre grants Arnhem state justice
1252 - King Alfonso X "el Sabio" of Castile/Leon crowned
1253 - Battle at Westkapelle-Floris the Guardian beats Gwijde van Dampierre
1347 - Engagement of Count Louis of Male to Margaretha, daughter of Jan III
1390 - French & Genuese armada sails out against barbarian pirates
1517 - 1st burning of Protestants at stake in Netherlands
Roman Emperor TitusRoman Emperor Titus 1517 - Inquisitor Adrian Boeyens (pope Adrianus VI) becomes cardinal
1535 - Sir Thomas More goes on trial in England charged with treason
1543 - England & Scotland sign Peace treaty of Greenwich
1569 - Latvia Parliament accept Union of Lublin, incorporate into Poland
1600 - Prince Maurits' army occupies Newport Flanders Neth
1656 - 1st Quakers (Mary Fisher/Ann Austin) arrives in Boston (arrested)
1674 - Spain, France & Netherlands form Triple Alliance
1689 - Matsuo Basho, zen poet, leaves for 150 days journey on Honshu Japan
1690 - Battle of Colors: French beats Spanish/Dutch army
1690 - Army of Protestant King William III defeats deposed Roman Catholic King James II in Battle of Boyne in Ireland
1745 - Warship Elisabeth joins Bonnie Prince Charlies frigate Doutelle [OS]
1747 - Battle at Lafeld: France beat British/Dutch army
1776 - 1st vote on Declaration of Independence for Britain's North American colonies
1782 - American privateers attack Lunenburg, Nova Scotia.
1795 - John Rutledge becomes 2nd chief justice of US Supreme Court
French Emperor Napoléon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte 1798 - Napoleon's fleet reaches Alexandria Egypt
1810 - Louis Napoleon resigns as king of the Netherlands
1816 - French frigate Medusa wrecked; basis of Géricault's painting "Raft of the Medusa"
1820 - 1st edition of newspaper "Courrier de la Meuse" published
1823 - 9th US Postmaster General: John McLean of Ohio takes office
1823 - United Provinces of Central America gain independence from Mexico
1831 - Admiral James C Ross reaches magnetic North Pole
1836 - US President Andrew Jackson announces to Congress bequest by James Smithson of 100,000 gold sovereigns to found institution in Washington.
US President & General Andrew JacksonUS President & General Andrew Jackson 1839 - Abdul-Medjid succeeds Mahmud II as Sultan of Turkey
1847 - 1st US postage stamps go on sale, 5 cent Franklin & 10 cent Washington, NYC
1850 - At least 626 ships lie at anchor around SF Bay
1858 - 1st Canadian coins minted (1, 5, 10 and 20 cent)
1858 - The joint reading of Charles Darwin and Alfred Russel Wallace's papers on evolution to the Linnean Society.
1859 - 1st intercollegiate baseball game, Amherst beats Williams 66-32
1859 - Balloon covers a record 809 miles over St Louis
1861 - 1st public schoolhouse opens at Washington & Mason St, SF
1861 - War Dept decrees that Kansas and Tennessee are to be canvassed for volunteers
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1862 - Battle at Booneville Mississippi: Confederate superior power driven out
1862 - Congress outlaws polygamy for the 1st time
1862 - US Civil War: Day 7 of 7 Days-Battle of Malvern Hill (Poindexter's Farm) Union forces repel Confederate attack
1862 - Emperor Alexander II grants Jews right to publish books
1862 - Battle of Holly Spring, MS
1862 - US Internal Revenue Law imposes 1st federal taxes on inheritance, tobacco & on incomes over $600 (progressive rate)
1862 - The Russian State Library is founded.
1863 - -2] Battle at Baltimore: Crump's Crossroads Virginia
1863 - Battle of Gettysburg, Pa; Lee's northward advance halted
1863 - Free city delivery of mail begins in 49 US cities; postage 3 cents per oz
1863 - Slavery abolished in Suriname & Dutch Antilles
1864 - Battle of Petersburg, VA [->JUL 31] -front US3695 CS---
Prime Minister of Canada John A. MacdonaldPrime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald 1867 - The Dominion of Canada is formed, comprising the provinces of New Brunswick, Nova Scotia, Ontario & Quebec, with John A. Macdonald serving as the first Prime Minister
1869 - Dutch newspaper stamp tax repealed
1869 - US mint at Carson City, Nevada opens
1870 - James W Smith of SC is one of 1st African Americans to enter West Point
1871 - The decimal currency system is made uniform in Canada
1873 - Henry Ossian Flipper of Georgia one of the first African Americans enters West Point Military Academy
1873 - Prince Edward Island becomes 7th Canadian province
1874 - 1st Chamber accept law against child labor
1874 - 1st US kidnapping for ransom, 4-year-old Charles Ross, $20,000
Soldier and Former Slave Henry Ossian FlipperSoldier and Former Slave Henry Ossian Flipper 1874 - 1st US zoo opens (Philadelphia)
1875 - Universal Postal Union established
1877 - 1st edition of "Amsterdammer" published
1878 - Treaty of Berlin divides Africa for colonization
1878 - Canada joins the Universal Postal Union.
1879 - Ex-khedive Ismael Pasha sails from Alexandria to Naples
1879 - Charles Taze Russell publishes the first edition of the religious magazine The Watchtower.
1881 - 1st international telephone conversation, Calais, ME-St Stephen, NB
1881 - US Assay Office in St Louis, Missouri opens
1881 - General Order 70, the culmination of the Cardwell-Childers reforms of the British Army's organisation, comes into effect.
1883 - ANWB forms in Utrecht
1885 - The United States terminates reciprocity and fishery agreement with Canada.
Abolitionist Frederick DouglassAbolitionist Frederick Douglass 1889 - Frederick Douglass named Minister to Haiti
1889 - US mint at Carson City, Nevada reopens
1890 - Great-Britain & Germany sign Zanzibar-Helgoland Treaty
1890 - Canada and Bermuda are linked by telegraph cable.
1893 - SF Bay City Club opens 1st US bicycle race track, made of wood
1896 - Harbor of Ymuiden opens
1896 - Wilfrid Laurel sworn in as 1st French speaking premier of Canada
1897 - Bronx acquires Hutton Square
1897 - 14th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Blanche Hillyard beats C Sterry (5-7 7-5 6-2)
1897 - 21st Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Reginald Doherty beats H Mahony (6-4 6-4 6-3)
1898 - Teddy Roosevelt & his Rough Riders charge up San Juan Hill
1899 - Gideon Society established to place bibles in hotels
1899 - SF City Hall turned over to city, after 29 years of building
1902 - Ranji (230) & Newham (153) add 344 for 7th wkt, Sussex v Essex
1902 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Disappearance of Lady Frances Carfax" (BG)
1902 - US Congress passes the Philippines Government Act, providing that the Philippines be governed by a commission appointed by the President, with consent from the senate; Filipinos are to be treated as citizens of their land, no the USA
1903 - 1st Tour de France bicycle race begins
1903 - 20th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Dorothea Chambers beats E Larcombe (4-6 6-4 6-2)
1903 - 27th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Laurence Doherty beats F Riseley (7-5 6-3 6-0)
1904 - 3rd modern Olympic games opens in St Louis
Theoretical Physicist Albert EinsteinTheoretical Physicist Albert Einstein 1905 - Albert Einstein introduces his theory of relativity
1907 - World's 1st air force established (US Army)
1907 - The Orange River Colony, known as the Orange Free State, is granted self-government by the British
1910 - Chicago's Comiskey Park opens - St Louis Browns beat White Sox 2-0
1910 - Union of South Africa becomes a dominion
1910 - White Sox Park (Comiskey Park) opens with 2-0 loss to Browns
1911 - Proclamation removes "Dei Gratia" (by the Grace of God) from Canadian coins
1911 - The German gunboat 'Panther' arrives off Agadir allegedly to protect German interests and nationals in Morocco
1913 - Serbia & Greece declare war on Bulgaria
1914 - Gen. J.B.M. Hertzog founds the Free State National Party
1915 - Australia begins Commonwealth Lighthouse Service
1915 - Australian Survey Corps becomes part of Military Forces
1916 - British court martial (Easter uprising)
1916 - Coca-Cola brings current coke formula to the market
MLB Shortshop Honus WagnerMLB Shortshop Honus Wagner 1916 - Honus Wagner, 42, is oldest to hit an inside-the-park HR
1916 - First day of the Battle of the Somme: the British Army suffers its worst day, losing 19,240 men (WWI)
1917 - 257cm-mirror for Mount Wilson Observatory mounted
1917 - Race riots in East St Louis Illinois (40 to 200 reported killed)
1917 - Reds' Fred Toney pitches completes doubleheader victories over Pirates
1917 - Robins (Dodgers) play their 1st Sunday game in Brooklyn
1919 - US 1st class postage drops from 3 cents to 2 cents
1919 - Scheveningen soccer team forms in Scheveningen
1920 - Wash Senator Walter Johnson no-hits Boston Red Sox, 1-0
MLB Pitcher Walter JohnsonMLB Pitcher Walter Johnson 1920 - 55th British Golf Open: George Duncan shoots a 303 at Royal Cinque Ports Golf Club
1921 - The Communist Party of China is founded.
1923 - 1st permanent radio network-AT&T (WEAF NY & WMAF Mass)
1924 - Dircet regular transcontinental airmail service between New York and San Francisco forms
1925 - NY Giant Hack Wilson hits 2 HRs in 3rd inning beating Phillies, 16-7
1925 - SDAP wins 4 chairs in Second-Parliamentary election
1925 - Secretary of State for Dominion Affairs created in UK
1926 - Canada restores gold standard
1929 - US Immigration law of 1924 in effect
1929 - US cartoonist Elzie Segar creates "Popeye"
1930 - Great Britain signs accord for Independence of Iraq
1931 - Cleveland Municipal Stadium is completed
1931 - Ice vending machines introduced in LA 25 lbs, 15 cents
1931 - Phillies Chuck Klein hits for cycle vs Chicago Cubs
1931 - Trans African Railway in use (Benguela, Angola-Jadotville, Congo)
1932 - 45th Wimbledon Womens Tennis: Helen Moody beats Helen Jacobs (6-3 6-1)
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1932 - NY Gov FDR nominated for president at Dem Convention in Chicago
1932 - NY newspaper Evening Standard goes bankrupt
1933 - German nazi regime declares that married women shouldn't work
1933 - Strauss & von Hofmannsthal's opera "Arabella," premieres in Dresden
1933 - The Canadian Parliament suspends all Chinese immigration.
1934 - 1st x-ray photo of entire body, Rochester, NY
1935 - Algemeen Nederlands Persbureau (ANP, General Ducth Press Agency) forms in Amsterdam
1936 - AVRO radio broadcast studios in Hilversum opens
1936 - Watchfulness Committee forms in Amsterdam
1937 - Britain begins using 999 emergency phone number
1937 - Rev Martin Niemöller (Bekennende Kirche) arrested in Germany
Spanish Dictator and General Francisco FrancoSpanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco 1937 - Spanish bishops support Franco & fascists
1938 - 58th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Don Budge beats Henry Austin (61 60 63)
1938 - The South African Press Association (SAPA) is established as a non-governmental institution by South Africa's major newspapers to facilitate the sharing of news, both national and international
1940 - Australia refuses entry to Dutch Jewish refugees
1941 - 1st coml TV licenses granted-W2XBS-WNBT (NBC) & WCBW (CBS), NYC
1941 - Bulova Watch Co pays $9 for 1st ever network TV commercial
1941 - Joe DiMaggio on way to 56, ties Willie Keeler's 44 game hit streak
Baseball Player Joe DiMaggioBaseball Player Joe DiMaggio 1941 - WCBW (now WCBS) TV channel 2 in NY, NY (CBS) begins broadcasting
1941 - WNBT TV (W2XBS, Now WNBC) channel 4 in NYC (NBC) begins broadcasting
1942 - German troops conquer Sebastopol
1943 - "Pay-as-you-go" - 1st withholding tax from paychecks
1944 - 2500+ killed in London/SE England by German flying bombs
1944 - Bretton Woods Conference starts, establishing IMF & World Bank
1944 - Earl Claus von Stauffenberg promoted to colonel
1944 - General Eisenhower visits front in Normandy
1944 - US headquarter moves to Colombières Normandy
1944 - Von Rundstedt against Keitel: "Signs peace, idiots!"
Baseball Player Hank GreenbergBaseball Player Hank Greenberg 1945 - 1st of the superstars returns from the WW II, Hank Greenberg homers
1945 - 55th Postmaster General: Robert E Hannegan of Mo takes office
1945 - Allies troop land on Balikpapan
1946 - Rajah cedes Sarawak to British crown
1946 - US drops atom bomb on Bikini atoll (4th atomic explosion)
1947 - 192m long passenger ship Willem Ruys (Achille Lauro) launched
1947 - British Dominion Affairs office becomes Commonwealth Relations office
1948 - Bradman scores 128 Australia v Surrey, 141 mins, 15 fours
MLB Catcher Roy CampanellaMLB Catcher Roy Campanella 1948 - Brooklyn's Roy Campanella debuts as catcher
1948 - NYC subway fare goes to 10 cents, bus fare to 7 cents and combo fare at 12 cents
1949 - 63rd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Ted Schroeder beat Drobny (3-6 6-0 6-3 4-6 6-4)
1949 - Bao Dai's Republic of Vietnam gains independence from France
1949 - WBRC TV channel 6 in Birmingham, AL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1949 - WCCO TV channel 4 in Minneapolis-St Paul, MN (CBS) begins broadcasting
1950 - "Lost in the Stars" closes at Music Box Theater NYC after 281 perfs
1950 - 1st 407 US soldiers flown to South Korea
1950 - NYC bus fare rises to 10 cents equal to subway fare, combo fare at 15 cents
1950 - WHBF TV channel 4 in Rock Island, IL (CBS) begins broadcasting
1951 - Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Eastern Golf Open
1951 - Cleve Indian Bob Feller, 3rd no-hitter beats Det Tigers, 2-1
1953 - KLAS TV channel 8 in Las Vegas, NV (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - KTVH (now KWCH) TV channel 12 in Hutchinson-Wichita, KS (CBS) begins
1954 - Cards' Joe Cunningham hits 2 HRs for record 3 HRs in his 1st 2 days
1954 - Test Cricket debut of Khalid Hassan, 16 yrs 352, then world record
1954 - WDBO (now WCPX) TV channel 6 in Orlando, FL (CBS) begins broadcasting
Tennis Player and Five-Time Major Champion Tony TrabertTennis Player and Five-Time Major Champion Tony Trabert 1955 - 69th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Tony Trabert beats Kurt Nielsen (6-3 7-5 6-1)
1955 - KOTA TV channel 3 in Rapid City, SD (ABC/NBC) begins broadcasting
1956 - Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Western Golf Open
1956 - Elvis Presley wearing a tuxedo appears on Steve Allen Show
1956 - Ibrahim Hashiroe succeeds Said el-Moefti as premier of Jordan
1957 - International Geophysical Year begins (until Dec 31, 1958)
1957 - WRLP TV channel 32 in Greenfield/Keene/Brat, MA (IND) 1st broadcast
1958 - The Canadian Broadcasting Corporation links television broadcasting across Canada via microwave.
Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis PresleySinger & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley 1959 - Heinrich Lubke elected pres of West-Germany
1959 - Israeli Knesset agrees to weapon sales to West-Germany
1959 - WVTV TV channel 18 in Milwaukee, WI (IND) begins broadcasting

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