Historical Events on 31st July

Events 1 - 192 of 192

30 BC - Battle of Alexandria: Mark Antony achieves a minor victory over Octavian's forces, but most of his army subsequently deserts, leading to his suicide.
432 - St Sixtus III begins his reign as Catholic Pope
768 - [Philip] begins & ends his reign as Catholic Pope
781 - The oldest recorded eruption of Mt. Fuji (Traditional Japanese date: July 6, 781).
1291 - Egyptian Mamelukken occupies Akko, crusaders driven out of Palestine
1423 - Hundred Years' War: Battle of Cravant - the French army is defeated at Cravant on the banks of the river Yonne.
1451 - Jacques Cœur is arrested by order of Charles VII of France.
1498 - Christopher Columbus discovers island of Trinidad
1588 - English fleet beats Spanish Armada
1620 - Pilgrim Fathers depart (through England) to America
1653 - Fronde-leaders surrender in Bordeaux
1655 - Russo-Polish War (1654-1667): the Russian army enters the capital of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania, Vilnius, which it holds for six years.
1658 - Aurangzeb appoints himself Mongol emperor
1664 - Pierre Corneille's "Othon," premieres in Paris
1667 - Peace of Breda: 2nd English war-Suriname vs New-Netherlands ends
1703 - Daniel Defoe is placed in a pillory for the crime of seditious libel after publishing a politically satirical pamphlet, but is pelted with flowers.
1718 - Battle at Cape Passaro: English fleet destroys Spanish
1737 - Prince Frederick of Wales escapes English court
1741 - Charles Albert of Bavaria invades Upper Austria and Bohemia.
Novelist Daniel DefoeNovelist Daniel Defoe 1751 - Fire in Stockholm destroys 1,000 houses
1771 - Paul Potters "Great ossendrift" sold for Ÿ9050 in Amsterdam
1777 - Marquis de Lafayette, 19, made major-general of Continental Army
1790 - 1st US patent granted, to Samuel Hopkins for a potash process
1792 - Cornerstone laid for 1st US government building: US Mint in Phila
1794 - All Jacobijnse clubs together in Haarlem
1809 - 1st practical US railroad track (wooden, for horse-drawn cars), Phila
1813 - British invade Plattsburgh NY
1849 - Benjamin Chambers patents breech loading cannon
1852 - Hottest July in Netherlands since at least 1783 (68.4°F (20.2°C) avg)
1855 - Hottest July in Stockholm since at least 1756 (21.4°C avg)
1856 - Christchurch, New Zealand is chartered as a city.
1861 - 9,300 mm rainfall in July in Cherrapunji, Assam: world record
1864 - Ulysses S. Grant is named General of Volunteers
1865 - The first narrow gauge mainline railway in the world opens at Grandchester, Australia.
US President Ulysses S. GrantUS President Ulysses S. Grant 1874 - Patrick Francis Healy, SJ, inaugurated as pres of Georgetown U
1876 - US Coast Guard officers' training school established (New Bedford MA)
1893 - Henry Perky patents shredded wheat
1899 - Albert Trott hits Monty Noble over the Pavilion at Lord's
1900 - Boer Generals Prinsloo & Roux surrenders in Brandwater Basin
1901 - Abraham Kuyper becomes premier of Netherlands
1905 - Matumbi rebellion at Samanga German East Africa
1909 - Bill Burns has no-hitter broken up with 2 outs in 9th
1910 - Chic Cub King Cole no-hits St Louis, 4-0 in a 7 inning game
1910 - Clement van Maasdijk gives flying demonstration
1911 - Hungarian education is only taught in German
1912 - RBC soccer team forms in Roosendaal
1912 - US government prohibits movies & photos of prize fights (censorship)
1914 - German Emperor Wilhelm II threatens war, orders Russia to demobilize
1914 - Oil discovered in Lake of Maracaibo
1917 - 3rd battle of Ypres begins
1919 - Germany accepts Weimar Constitution
1922 - 18-year-old Ralph Samuelson rides world's 1st water skis (Minn)
1922 - Italy's general strike against fascist violence
1923 - Belgian Chamber discusses bilinguality at Ghent University
1925 - Last allied occupying troops leave Ruhrgebied
1925 - Unemployment Insurance Act passed in England
1928 - 1st woman to win a track and field olympic gold medal, Halina Konopacka of Poland
1929 - Aristide Briand becomes premier of France
1930 - Lou Gehrig grand slams as Yanks beat Red Sox 14-13
1932 - 27th Davis Cup: France beats USA in Paris (3-2)
1932 - Cleveland Municipal Stadium opens-Phila A's beat Indians 1-0
1932 - George Washington quarter goes into circulation
1932 - German Election (NSDAP gets 37.3%)
1934 - 29th Davis Cup: Great Britain beats USA in Wimbledon (4-1)
1934 - St Louis Cards defeat Cin Reds 8-6 in 18 innings, pitchers Dizzy Dean & Tony Freitos go the distant
1935 - 3rd Dutch government of Colijn sworn in
1936 - Tokyo Japan is awarded the 1940 Olympics (later cancelled)
1937 - Politburo enables Operative Order 00447: execute 193,000 Russians
1938 - NY Yanks suspend Jake Powell, after he said on Chicago radio he'd "hit every colored person in Chicago over head with a club"
1938 - Archaeologists discover engraved gold and silver plates from King Darius in Persepolis.
1940 - 38 U boats sinks this month (196,000 ton)
1940 - Riech's commissar Seyss-Inquart bans homosexuals
1941 - U boats sink 21 allied ships this month: 94,000 ton
1942 - German SS gases 1,000 Jews in Minsk, Belorussia
1942 - U boats sank 96 allied ships this month: 476,000 ton
1943 - Transport nr 58 departs with French Jews to nazi Germany
1944 - Last deportation train out Mechelen departs to Auschwitz
1944 - Transport nr 77 departs with French Jews to nazi-Germany
1944 - US troops occupy Sansapor New-Guinea
1945 - Pierre Laval, the fugitive former leader of Vichy France, surrenders to Allied soldiers in Austria.
1948 - "Brigadoon" closes at Ziegfeld Theater NYC after 581 performances
1948 - Pres Harry Truman dedicates Idlewild Field (Kennedy Airport), NY
1949 - Lightning strikes a baseball field in Fla, kills SS & 3rd baseman
1951 - Japan Airlines is established.
1953 - Dept of Health, Education & Welfare created
1954 - Mil Braves' Joe Adcock sets record of 18 total bases (4 hrs, 1 double)
1954 - First ascent of K2, by an Italian expedition led by Ardito Desio.
1955 - Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Battle Creek Golf Open
1955 - KRNT (now KCCI) TV channel 8 in Des Moines, IA (CBS) 1st broadcast
1955 - WHIS (now WVVA) TV channel 6 in Bluefield, WV (NBC) 1st broadcast
1956 - Laker takes 10-53 in Australia's 2nd innings, 19-90 for match
1958 - Anti-Chinese uprising in Tibet
1959 - 1st exhibit of bongos at Cleveland Metroparks Zoo opens
1960 - Elijah Muhammad, leader of Nation of Islam, calls for a black state
1960 - KSOO (now KSFY) TV channel 13 in Sioux Falls, SD (NBC) 1st broadcast
1960 - Patty Berg wins LPGA American Women's Golf Open
1961 - 31st All Star Baseball Game: 1-1 tie ends by rain at Fenway, Boston
1961 - Israel welcomes its 1,000,000th immigrant
1962 - Federation of Malaysia forms
1962 - Statham is Test crickets' leading wkt-taker (229), beating Lindwall
1963 - Arturo Illia elected president of Argentina
1963 - Cleve ties record of 4 consecutive HRS (Held, Ramos, Francona, Brown)
1963 - Indians' Woodie Held, Pedro Ramos, Tito Francona, & Larry Brown hit consecutive home runs in one inning (vs California Angels)
1964 - Al Parker glides 644 miles without any motor
1964 - Rolling Stone concert in Ireland halts after 12 minutes due to riot
1964 - US Ranger 7 takes 4,316 pictures before crashing on Moon
1965 - Cigarette Ads banned on British TV
Musician and Beatle John LennonMusician and Beatle John Lennon 1966 - Alabamans burn Beatle products due to John Lennon's anti-Jesus remark
1967 - Rolling Stone Mick Jagger & Keith Richards end 1 month jail sentence
1968 - Beatles close Apple Boutique, giving clothes away for free
1969 - KWIH TV channel 44 in Winona, MN (IND) begins broadcasting
1969 - Mariner 6 flies past Mars
1969 - National Guard mobilizes in racial disturbances in Baton Rouge, La
1970 - 37th NFL Chicago All Star Game: Kansas City 24, All Stars 3 (69,940)
1970 - Chet Huntley retires from NBC, ends "Huntley-Brinkley Report"
1970 - Black Tot Day: The last day of the officially sanctioned rum ration in the Royal Navy.
1971 - Apollo 15 astronauts take 6½ hour electric car ride on Moon
1971 - Deventer Soccer team Go Ahead Eagles forms
1972 - Dick Allen is 7th to hit 2 inside-the-park homers in a game
1972 - Thomas Eagleton withdraws as Democratic VP candidate
1973 - ABA Virginia Squires trade Julius Erving to NY Nets
1973 - Delta Airlines DC-9 crashes in fog at Logan Airport, Boston, killing all but one of 89 aboard. Lone survivor dies 6 months later
1973 - Frank Hayes scores 106 on Test Cricket debut v WI as England lose
1976 - Seychelles Independence (Independence day)
1976 - Waldemar Cierpinski runs Olympic marathon (2:09:55.0)
1977 - Debbie Austin wins LPGA Pocono Northeast Golf Classic
1977 - E Henry Knoche, ends term as deputy director of CIA
1977 - John F Blake promoted from acting to deputy director of CIA
1978 - Gunman shoots his way into Iraqi Embassy in Paris
1978 - NY Yanks now 7½ out of 1st, picked up 7 games in previous 2 weeks
1978 - Pete Rose ties NL record hitting streak at 44
1979 - "But Never Jam Today" opens at Longacre Theater NYC for 7 performances
1980 - John Phillips of Mamas & Papas is arrested on drug charges
1980 - Rangers snap Orioles pitcher Steve Stone's 14-game winning streak
1980 - Soyuz 37 crew returns to Earth aboard Soyuz 36
1980 - USSR performs nuclear Test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1981 - 42 day old, 2nd major league baseball strike ends
1981 - Arnette Hubbard installed as 1st woman president of Natl Bar Association
1982 - 46 kids & 7 adults die as 2 buses & several cars collide in France
1982 - Car/bus collision near Beaune, France, 53 die
1982 - Finland, Italy, Germany, Austria & France form American European Football Federation (AEFF)
1982 - USSR performs nuclear Test
1983 - 38th US Women's Open Golf Championship won by Jan Stephenson
1983 - B Robinson, J Marichal, G Kell, & W Alston inducted into Hall of Fame
1983 - Dutch July avg temp is 20.1°C; warmest July since 1852
1984 - Leeza Gibbon's 1st appearance on Entertainment Tonight
1984 - US men's gymnastics team won team gold medal at LA Summer Olympics
1984 - Venz commandos terminate hijacking of an aircraft, 2 killed
1987 - "Living Daylights" premieres in US
1987 - Battle between Iranian pilgrims & Saudi-Arabian troops, 402 killed
1987 - Eddie Murray hits his 300th HR
1987 - Guns & Roses song "Appetite for Destruction" is released
1987 - Oriole Eddie Murray hits his 299th & 300th career home runs
1987 - Rockwell International awarded contract to build a 5th shuttle
1987 - A rare, class F-4 tornado rips through Edmonton, Alberta, killing 27 people and causing $330 million in damage.
1988 - Ayako Okamoto wins LPGA Greater Washington Golf Open
1988 - Jose Canseco is 1st to hit 30 HRs in 1st 3 years
1988 - Last Playboy club closes (Lansing Michigan)
1988 - Miami Dolphins beat SF 49ers 27-21 in London
1988 - Willie Stargell became 200th man inducted in Baseball's Hall of Fame
1988 - 32 people are killed and 1,674 injured when a bridge at the Sultan Abdul Halim ferry terminal collapses in Butterworth, Malaysia.
1989 - Twins trade AL Cy Young Award winner Frank Viola to Mets
1990 - Bosnia-Hercegovina declares independence
1990 - Nolan Ryan becomes 20th major league pitcher to win 300 games
1991 - Russia & US sign long range nuclear weapons reduction pact
1991 - Senate votes to allow women to fly combat aircraft
1991 - The Medininkai Massacre in Lithuania. Soviet OMON attacks Lithuanian customs post in Medininkai, killing 7 officers and severely wounding one other.
1992 - Jeff Rouse swims world record/OR 100m backstroke (53.86 sec)
1992 - Kieren John Perkins swims world record/OR 1500m free style (14:43.4)
1992 - Tamas Darnyi swims world record/Olympics 200m backstroke (1:59.36)
1992 - Thai Airbus crashes into mountain at Kathmandu, 113 die
1992 - Yang Wenyi swims world record/OR 50m freestyle (24.79 sec)
1993 - A's trade Rickey Henderson to Blue Jays
1993 - Allman Bros guitarist Dickey Betts arrested for shoving 2 cops
1993 - Inkatha-arm forces killed 49 ANC-followers in Johannesburg
1993 - Prince Ronald "Ronnie" Mutebi crowned king of Uganda
1994 - 102.7°F (39.3°C) in Pleschen, East-Germany
1994 - 28th Curtis Cup: Draw, 9-9
1994 - Arcen Limburg averages 71.6°F (22.0°C) in July: record
1994 - Helen Alfredss wins LPGA Ping Welch's Golf Championship
1994 - Neth averages 21.4°C; their warmest July since 1783
1994 - Phil Rizzuto (Yanks) & Steve Carlton (Phils) enter the Hall of Fame
1994 - Sergei Bubka ploe vaults his 35th world record (6.14 m)
1994 - Stockholms avgs 21.5°C; their warmest July since 1855
1994 - UN votes 12-0 (2 abstentions) to authorize use of force against Haiti
1997 - A's trade Mark McGwire to St Louis Cards
1999 - Discovery Program: Lunar Prospector - NASA intentionally crashes the spacecraft into the Moon, thus ending its mission to detect frozen water on the moon's surface.
2002 - Polaroid Corporation is purchased by One Equity Partners, creating a new company that now operates under the Polaroid Corporation name, launching a new era for Polaroid.
2006 - Fidel Castro hands over power temporarily to brother Raúl Castro. This leads to a celebration in Little Havana (La Pequeña Habana in Spanish), Miami, Florida, where many Cuban Americans participated.
2007 - Operation Banner, the presence of the British Army in Northern Ireland, and longest-running British Army operation ever, comes to an end.
2012 - Two car bombs kill 21 people in Baghdad, Iraq
2012 - A second power grid failure in two days leaves 670 million people in India without power

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