Historical Events on 9th July

Events 1 - 194 of 194

455 - Roman military commander Avitus is proclaimed emperor of the Western Roman Empire.
711 - Berbers under Tarik-ibn Ziyad occupies North Spain
1357 - Charles IV, Holy Roman Emperor assists laying the foundation stone of Charles Bridge in Prague.
1371 - Pope Gregory XI names Arnold II of Horne as bishop of Utrecht
1386 - Battle at Sempach: Swiss beat duke Leopold III of Austria
1401 - Turko-Mongol ruler Tamerlane (Timur) destroys Baghdad, killing 20,000
1517 - Gelderse crowd robber murders population of Asperen
1536 - French navigator Jacques Cartier returns to Saint-Malo from Canada
1541 - Estevão da Gama departs Massawa, leaving behind 400 matchlock men and 150 slaves under his brother Christovão da Gama, with orders to help the Emperor of Ethiopia defeat Ahmad ibn Ibrihim al-Ghazi who has invaded his Empire.
French Explorer Jacques CartierFrench Explorer Jacques Cartier 1553 - Battle at Sievershausen Solingen: van Saksen beats Alcibiades
1553 - Lady Jane Grey, daughter of the Duke of Suffolk, is proclaimed queen of England in succession to Edward VI, who died three days earlier having proclaimed both his half-sisters illegitimate. She reigned for nine days before being deposed by Mary Tudor, who had Jane executed the following February.
1572 - 19 Catholic priests hanged in Gorcum
1609 - Emperor Rudolf II grants Bohemian protestants freedom of religion
1672 - Prince Willem III inaugurated as viceroy of Holland/Zealand
1686 - Germany, Sweden & Spain sign anti-French League of Augsburg
1745 - Bonnie Prince Charlie's "Elisabeth" battles with HMS Lion
1755 - Battle at Duquesne (Pittsburgh): French troops beat British
1755 - British General E Braddock mortally wounded during French & Indian War
1766 - British premier Rockingham resigns
1776 - Declaration of Independence is read to George Washington's troops (NY)
1780 - Denmark declares neutrality
1790 - Russo-Swedish War: Second Battle of Svensksund - in the Baltic Sea, the Swedish Navy captures one third of the Russian fleet.
1795 - James Swan pays off the $2,024,899 US national debt
1800 - Mt Vernon Gardens becomes site of 1st summer theater in US
French Emperor Napoléon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte 1807 - Treaties of Tilsit signed by Napoleon I and Alexander I.
1810 - Napoleon annexes the Kingdom of Holland as part of the First French Empire.
1815 - 1st natural gas well in US is discovered
1815 - King Louis XVIII leaves Ghent for France
1815 - Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, Prince de Benevente becomes Prime Minister of France.
1816 - Argentina declares independence from Spain
1835 - St Etienne-Lyons railway opens in France
1842 - Notary Stamp Law passes
1846 - Capt Montgomery claims Yerba Buena (SF) for US
1846 - The territory of the District of Columbia south of the Potomac River (39 mi² or about 100 km²) is returned to Virginia through an Act of Congress.
King of France Louis XVIIIKing of France Louis XVIII 1852 - Fire destroys 1,100 construction sites in Montreal Canada
1853 - Adm Perry & US Navy visit Japan
1860 - Temperature hits 115°F in Ft Scott & 112°F in Topeka Kansas
1862 - Gen John Hunt Morgan captures Tompkinsville, Ky
1863 - R Morgan's: Indiana [->JUL 13]
1863 - Union troops enter Port Hudson
1864 - Battle of Monocacy, MD US1959 CS400
1867 - An unsuccessful expedition led by E.D Young sets out to search for Dr David Livingstone (Scottish missionary and explorer).
1868 - 1st black cabinet member in SC (Francis L Cardozo-sect of state)
Physician and Explorer David LivingstonePhysician and Explorer David Livingstone 1869 - Concord pipe, made from small corn kernels, invented
1872 - Doughnut cutter patents by John Blondel, Thomaston, Me
1876 - Black landowner murdered in Hamburg SC
1877 - First ever Wimbledon tennis championship begins - first offical lawn tennis tournament - men's singles only
1878 - An improved corncob pipe patents by Henry Tibbe, Washington, Mo
1891 - 8th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Lottie Dod beats Blanche Hillyard (6-2 6-1)
1891 - 15th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Wilfred Baddeley beats Joshua Pim (6-4 1-6 7-5 6-0)
1893 - Daniel Williams performs 1st successful open heart surgery without anesthesia
1900 - The Commonwealth of Australia is established by the British House of Commons
Heart surgeon Daniel WilliamsHeart surgeon Daniel Williams 1904 - 10th US Golf Open: Willie Anderson shoots a 303 at Glen View Club IL
1908 - CHU (Christian Historic Union) Dutch political party forms
1910 - Walter Brookins becomes 1st to pilot an airplane to 1 mile altitude
1914 - 1st US duplicate auction bridge championship held, Lake Placid, NY
1915 - Germany surrenders South West Africa to Union of South Africa
1916 - 1st cargo submarine to cross Atlantic arrives in US from Germany
1917 - British warship "Vanguard" explodes at Scapa Flow killing 804
1918 - 101 killed & 171 injured in worst US train wreck, Nashville, Tenn
1918 - Congress creates Distinguished Service Medal
1922 - Johnny Weissmuller swims 1st 100 m free style under 1 minute
1926 - Chiang Kai-shek appointed to national-revolutionary supreme commander
1926 - Coup under Gen Sinel de Cordes in Portugal
1927 - Atty William T Francis named minister to Liberia
1932 - Washington Redskins (then Boston Braves) forms
1932 - Yanks' Ben Chapman hits 2 inside-the-park HRs, tying record
1932 - The state of São Paulo revolts against the Brazilian Federal Government, starting the Constitutionalist Revolution
1933 - Frankford Yellowjackets sold, rechristened Philadelphia Eagles
1934 - SS-Reichsfuehrer Himmler takes command of German Concentration Camps
1937 - 72nd British Golf Open: Henry Cotton shoots a 290 at Carnoustie Golf Links
1939 - A meeting of 6,000 Indians, held at the Indian Sports Ground in Johannesburg South Africa, launch the Passive Resistance Campaign against apartheid and racial policy in South Africa
1940 - 8th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 4-0 at Sportsman's Park, St Louis
1940 - German Evangelist Church protests against euthanasia pogroms
1940 - RAF bombs Germany
1941 - Dutch-American Physicist Abraham Pais is awarded his Ph.D. in Holland five days before a Nazi deadline banning Jews from receiving degrees
1943 - 5th day of battle at Kursk: Germans occupy Verchopenje
1943 - British air raid sinks U-435
1944 - In World War II, US troops secure Saipan as Japan fell
1944 - U-740 sinks
1944 - World's largest circus tent catches fire at Ringling Brother's - Barnum & Bailey 2nd performance, 168 die (Hartford Conn)
1946 - 13th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 12-0 at Fenway Park, Boston
1947 - Britain's Princess Elizabeth & Lt Philip Mountbatten's engagement
Spanish Dictator and General Francisco FrancoSpanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco 1947 - Spain votes for Franco monarchy
1948 - Satchel Paige, 42, debuts in majors pitching 2 scoreless inn for Cleve
1949 - Benjamin Britten's Jump Symphony premieres
1949 - 78th British Golf Open: Bobby Locke shoots a 283 at Royal St George's Golf Club
1950 - 13.15" (33.40 cm) of rainfall, York, Nebraska (state 24-hour record)
1951 - US President Harry Truman asks Congress to formally end state of war with Germany
1953 - 1st helicopter passenger service (NYC)
1953 - Phillies Robin Roberts ends streak of 28 consecutive complete games
1955 - First black executive on White House staff (E Frederic Morrow)
33rd US President Harry Truman33rd US President Harry Truman 1955 - Bill Haley & Comets' "Rock Around the Clock" tops billboards chart
1955 - Strike in Belgium for 5 day work week
1955 - The Russell-Einstein Manifesto is released by Bertrand Russell in London.
1956 - Dick Clark's 1st appearance as host of American Bandstand
1957 - 24th All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 6-6 at Sportsman's Park, St Louis
1957 - Discovery of element 102 (Nobelium) announced
1958 - Giant splash caused by fall of 90 million tons of rock & ice into Lituya Bay, Alaska washes 1,800 feet up the mountain
Radio and Television Personality Dick ClarkRadio and Television Personality Dick Clark 1959 - Marlene Hagge wins LPGA Hoosier Golf Open
1959 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Hoosier Celebrity Golf Tournament
1962 - US performs atmospheric nuclear test at Johnston Island
1963 - 34th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 5-3 at Municipal Stadium, Cleve
1963 - All star MVP: Willie Mays (SF Giants)
1963 - Crusher Lisowski beats Verne Gagne in Minneapolis, to become NWA champ
1963 - Federation of Malaysia forms
1965 - 94th British Golf Open: Peter Thomson shoots a 285 at Royal Birkdale
1965 - John Edrich completes 310* v NZ in 532 minutes, 52 fours 5 sixes
MLB Legend Willie MaysMLB Legend Willie Mays 1965 - Senators Frank Howard ties record with 7 strikeouts in DH
1966 - 95th British Golf Open: Jack Nicklaus shoots 282 at Muirfield Gullane
1967 - 13th LPGA Championship won by Kathy Whitworth
1967 - WRET TV channel 36 in Charlotte, NC (NBC/CBS) begins broadcasting
1968 - 15.68" (39.83 cm) of rainfall, Columbus, Miss (state 24-hour record)
1968 - 39th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 1-0 at Astrodome, Houston
1968 - All star MVP: Willie Mays (SF Giants)
1969 - Tom Seaver's no-hit bid against Cubs ends with 1 out in 9th
LPGA Golfer Kathy WhitworthLPGA Golfer Kathy Whitworth 1970 - In Atlanta, Chief-No-ka-homa is joined by cousin Chief Round-the-Horn
1971 - Henry Kissinger visits China PR
1972 - 1st tour of Paul McCartney & Wings (France)
1972 - 86th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: S Smith beats I Nastase (46 63 63 46 75)
1972 - Kathy Ahern wins LPGA George Washington Golf Classic
1972 - USSR performs underground nuclear test
1972 - Kwame Nkrumah, re-buried in Nkroful Ghana
1972 - Springhill Massacre: British snipers shoot dead five Catholic civilians and wounded two others in Springhill, Belfast.
1973 - 9th Maccabiah games opens in Tel Aviv, Israel
First President of Ghana Kwame NkrumahFirst President of Ghana Kwame Nkrumah 1974 - Trudeau's Liberal Party wins Canadian parliamentary election
1975 - The National Assembly of Senegal passes a law that paves way for a (albeit highly restricted) multi-party system.
1976 - England all out for 71 v WI at Old Trafford, Holding 14 5-7-17-5
1976 - Houston Astro Larry Dierker no-hits Montreal Expos, 6-0
1976 - Uganda asks UN to condemn Israeli hostage rescue raid on Entebbe
1977 - 106th British Golf Open: Tom Watson shoots a 268 at Turnberry Scotland
1978 - "Hello, Dolly!" closes at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC after 152 perfs
1978 - American Nazi Party holds a rally at Marquette Park, Chicago
Golfer Tom WatsonGolfer Tom Watson 1978 - Jane Blalock wins LPGA Wheeling Golf Classic
1978 - Nearly 100,000 demonstrators march on Wash DC for ERA
1979 - Dr Walter Massey named director of Argonne national Lab
1979 - Voyager 2 flies past Jupiter
1979 - A car bomb destroys a Renault owned by famed "Nazi hunters" Serge and Beate Klarsfeld at their home in France. A note purportedly from ODESSA claims responsibility.
1980 - 7 die in a stampede to see Pope John Paul II in Brazil
1980 - Dutch war criminal Pieter Menten sentenced to 10 years
1980 - Walt Disney's "Fox & The Hound" released
1981 - Jacksons begin a 36-city tour
1982 - Botham scores 208 in 225 balls, England v India at The Oval
264th Pope John Paul II264th Pope John Paul II 1982 - Pan Am Boeing 727 crashes in Kenner La, killing 153
1984 - 12th Century York Minster damaged in lightening storm
1984 - Yvonne Ryding of Sweden crowned 33rd Miss Universe
1985 - South Africa police arrested Dutch ANC'er Klaas de Jong
1986 - Atlanta's Dale Murphy doesn't play ending consecutive streak at 740
1986 - Attorney General's Commission on pornography links hard-core porn to sex crimes
1986 - Padres trade pitcher Tim Stoddard to Yankees for pitcher Ed Whitson
1986 - The New Zealand parliament pass the Homosexual Law Reform Bill legalising consensual sex between men aged 16 and older
1987 - 1 million South Koreans demonstrate against Chun Doo Hwan regime
1987 - Colonel Oliver North admits to shredding Iran-Contra evidence
1988 - Chris Speier hits for the cycle & Ernest Riles hits 10,000th Giant HR
Composer Georges BizetComposer Georges Bizet 1988 - Jessye Norman begins recording Bizet's "Carmen"
1988 - Nolan Ryan is 7th to win 100 game on 2 teams, as Astro beat Mets 6-3
1989 - 103rd Wimbledon Mens Tennis: B Becker beats Stefan Edberg (60 76 64)
1989 - 96th Wimbledon Women's Tennis Open: S Graf beats M Navratilova (6-2 6-7 6-1)
1989 - Penny Hammel wins LPGA Jamie Farr Toledo Golf Classic
1989 - Two bombs explode in Mecca, killing one pilgrim and wounding 16 others.
1990 - 104th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: S Edberg beats B Becker (62 62 36 36 64)
1990 - Richard Hadlee takes 5-53 to end his Test Cricket career with 431 wkts
Cricketer Richard HadleeCricketer Richard Hadlee 1991 - "Little Night Music" opens at New York State Theater NYC for 7 perfs
1991 - 62nd All Star Baseball Game: AL wins 4-2 at SkyDome, Toronto
1991 - All star MVP: Cal Ripken Jr (Balt Orioles)
1991 - South Africa readmitted to Olympics
1992 - Kim Basinger gets 1,959th star on Hollywood's Walk of Fame
1992 - Space Shuttle STS 50 (Columbia 13) lands
1994 - 11,000th HR in NY Yankees history (Matt Nokes)
1994 - Sonia O'Sullivan runs world record 2k (5:25.36)
1994 - Soyuz TM-19 lands
1995 - "Play's the Thing" opens at Criterion Theater NYC for 75 performances
Tennis Player Pete SamprasTennis Player Pete Sampras 1995 - 109th Wimbledon Mens Tennis: Pete Sampras beats B Becker (67 62 64 62)
1995 - Jack Nicklaus wins Golf's British Open (4th to win all 4 majors)
1995 - Kathryn Marshall wins LPGA Jamie Farr Toledo Golf Classic
1995 - US international postage rates rise to 60 cents per ounce
1995 - Former South Africa President F. W. de Klerk is implicated of knowing and condoning a 'dirty tricks' campaign that was waged against the ANC between 1990 and the 1994 election in a bid to destabilise the organisation
1996 - 67th All Star Baseball Game: NL wins 6-0 at Veterans Stadium, Phila
Golfer Jack NicklausGolfer Jack Nicklaus 1996 - All star MVP: Mike Piazza (LA Dodgers)
1996 - US Senate approves 90 cent raise to $4.25 minimum wage
1997 - Baseball's triple A American Association (formed in 1902) votes to disband
1997 - Mike Tyson is banned from boxing for biting Holyfield's ear
1999 - Days of student protests begin after Iranian police and hardliners attack a student dormitory at the University of Tehran.
2000 - 107th Wimbledon Women's Tennis: Venus Williams beats L Davenport (6-3 7-6)
2000 - 114th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Pete Sampras beats P Rafter (6-7 7-6 6-4 6-2) winning his 13th Grand Slam tennis title
Tennis Player Venus WilliamsTennis Player Venus Williams 2000 - Police fired tear gas at fans during a World Cup qualifying soccer game between Zimbabwe and South Africa, setting off a stampede that killed twelve people in Harare, Zimbabwe
2001 - 115th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Goran Ivanišević beats P Rafter (6-3 3-6 6-3 2-6 9-7)
2002 - The African Union is established in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia. The first chairman is Thabo Mbeki, President of South Africa.
2002 - 73rd All Star Baseball Game: 7-7 tie when both teams ran out of available pitchers at Miller Park, Milwaukee
2006 - At least 122 people are killed after a Sibir Airlines Airbus A310 passenger jet, carrying 200 passengers on board veers off the runway while landing at Irkutsk Airport in Siberia in wet conditions.
2006 - Italy beats France 5-3 for soccer's 18th World Cup in Germany
Tennis Player Roger FedererTennis Player Roger Federer 2006 - 120th Wimbledon Men's Tennis: Roger Federer beats Rafael Nadal (6-0 7-6 6-7 6-3)
2009 - Joe Sakic retires after 21 NHL seasons with the Quebec Nordiques/Colorado Avalanche franchise, finishing with 625 goals and 1,641 points
2011 - South Sudan gains independence and secedes from Sudan.

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