Historical Events on 1st March
All Events Birthdays
Events 1 - 200 of 271
752 BC - Romulus, first king of Rome, celebrates the first Roman triumph after his victory over the Caeninenses, following the Rape of the Sabine Women.
86 BC - Lucius Cornelius Sulla, at the head of a Roman Republic army, enters Athens, removing the tyrant Aristion who was supported by troops of Mithridates VI of Pontus.
293 - Roman emperor Maximianus introduces tetrarchy
317 - Crispus and Constantine II, sons of Roman Emperor Constantine I, and Licinius Iunior, son of Emperor Licinius, are made Caesares
492 - St Felix III ends his reign as Catholic Pope
492 - St Gelasius I begins his reign as Catholic Pope
705 - John VII begins his reign as Catholic Pope
743 - Slave export by Christians to heathen areas prohibited
918 - Balderik becomes bishop of Utrecht
1260 - Hulagu Khan, grandson of Genghis, conquerors Damascus
1382 - Maillotin uprising against taxes in France
1420 - Pope Martinus I calls for crusade against the Hussite protestants
1457 - The Unitas Fratrum is established in the village of Kunvald, on the Bohemian-Moravian borderland. It is to date the second oldest Protestant denomination.
Roman Emperor Constantine the Great 1562 - Blood bath at Vassy: Gen de Guise allows 1200 huguenots murder
1565 - Portuguese soldier Estácio de Sá founds the city of Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
1587 - Puritan English parliamentary leader Sir Peter Wentworth confined in London Tower
1591 - Pope Gregory XIV threatens to excommunicate French King Henri IV
1593 - The Uppsala Synod is summoned to confirm the exact forms of the Lutheran Church of Sweden.
1628 - Writs are issued in February by Charles I of England mandating that every county in England (not just seaport towns) pay ship tax by this date.
1633 - Samuel de Champlain reclaims his role as commander of New France on behalf of Cardinal Richelieu.
1634 - Battle at Smolensk: Polish King Wladyslaw IV beats Russians
1642 - Georgeana (York) Maine became the 1st incorporated American city
French Explorer Samuel de Champlain 1692 - Sarah Goode, Sarah Osborne, & Tituba arrested for witchcraft in Salem, Massachussets
1711 - "The Spectator" begins publishing (London)
1780 - Pennsylvania becomes 1st US state to abolish slavery (for new-borns only)
1781 - Continental Congress adopts Articles of Confederation
1784 - E Kidner opens 1st cooking school, in Great Britain
1785 - Philadelphia Society for the Promotion of Agriculture organized
1790 - 1st US census authorized
1792 - US Presidential Succession Act passed
1796 - 1st National Meeting in the Hague
1803 - Ohio becomes 17th state
1809 - Embargo Act of 1807 repealed & Non-Intercourse Act signed
1811 - Egyptian king Muhammad Ali Pasha oversees ceremonial murder of 500
1811 - French Civil Code of Criminal law accepted by Netherlands Mamelukes in Cairo's Citadel
1815 - Sunday observance in Netherlands regulated by law
1840 - Adolphe Thiers becomes prime minister of France.
1845 - President Tyler signs a resolution annexing the Republic of Texas
1847 - Michigan becomes 1st English-speaking jurisdiction to abolish the death penalty (except for treason against the state)
1852 - Archibald William Montgomerie, 13th Earl of Eglinton appointed Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
1854 - SS City of Glasgow leaves Liverpool harbor & is never seen again
1854 - German psychologist Friedrich Eduard Beneke disappears; two years later his remains are found in a canal near Charlottenburg.
1859 - Present seal of SF adopted (its 2nd)
1864 - Louis Ducos du Hauron patents movie machine (never built)
1864 - Rebecca Lee (US) becomes 1st black woman to receive a medical degree
1866 - Paraguayan canoes sink 2 Brazilian ironclads on Rio Parana
1867 - Howard University, Washington DC, chartered
1867 - Most of Nebraska becomes 37th US state (expanded later)
1869 - Postage stamps showing scenes are issued for 1st time
1871 - J Milton Turner named minister to Liberia
1872 - Yellowstone becomes world's 1st national park
1873 - E. Remington and Sons in Ilion, New York begins production of the first practical typewriter.
1875 - Congress passes Civil Rights Act; invalidated by Supreme Ct, 1883
1876 - Guernsey Cattle Club forms (Farmington Conn)
1878 - First winter ascent of Aneto
1879 - Library of Hawaii founded
1886 - The Anglo-Chinese School in Singapore is founded by Bishop William Oldham.
1890 - 1st US edition of Sherlock Holmes (Study in Scarlet) published
1893 - Diplomatic Appropriation Act, authorizes the US rank of ambassador
1896 - Battle of Adwa: 80,000 Ethiopians destroy 20,000 Italians in Ethopia
Physicist/Nobel Laureate Henri Becquerel 1896 - Henri Becquerel discovers radioactivity.
1904 - England regains cricket Ashes taking a 3-1 series lead v Australia
1909 - 1st US university school of nursing established, Univ of Minn
1910 - 118 die when three passenger trains buried at Steven's Pass in Cascade Range by the worst snow slide in US history
1912 - U.S. Army Captain Albert Berry performs 1st (attached-type) parachute jump from an airplane
1912 - Isabella Goodwin, 1st US woman detective, appointed, NYC
1913 - 1st state law requiring bonding of officers & state employees, ND
1913 - US federal income tax takes effect (16th amendment)
1914 - Dutch Minister of war H Colijn named director of British Petroleum
1914 - The Republic of China joins the Universal Postal Union.
1916 - Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic
1917 - 1st federal land bank chartered in USA
1917 - U.S. government releases the plaintext of the Zimmermann Telegram to the public.
1919 - The March 1st, or Samil Movement, begins in Korea: it is a demonstration of resistance to Japanese occupation
1920 - Austria becomes a kingdom again, under Adm Horthy
1920 - Buriat ASSR, in RSFSR, constituted
1920 - Nikolaus Horthy is elected Regent of Hungary, which has adopted a constitution on 28 February
1921 - Australia Cricket team complete 5-0 drubbing of England
1921 - Rwanda ceded to Great Britain
1921 - Sailors revolt in Kronstadt, Russia
1923 - Allies occupy Ruhrgebied: killing railroad striker
1924 - Germany's prohibition of Communist Party KPD lifted
1927 - Bank of Italy becomes a National Bank
1928 - Paul Whiteman & orchestra record "Ol' Man River" for Victor Records
Aviator Charles Lindbergh 1932 - Charles Lindbergh Jr (20 months), kidnapped in NJ; found dead May 12
1932 - 12 pro-independence revolutionaries captured in and around Chittagong in Bengal province, British India are sentenced to deportation for life, two to three-year prison terms with the remaining 32 being acquitted.
1932 - The 20 month old son of Charles and Anne Lindbergh is kidnapped from their home in East Amwell, New Jersey in what became known as the "Lindbergh kidnapping"
1933 - Bank holidays declared in 6 states, to prevent run on banks
1934 - Henry Pu Yi crowned emperor Kang Teh of Manchuria
1934 - Primo Carnera beats Tommy Loughran in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1936 - The Hoover Dam is completed.
1936 - A strike occurs aboard the S.S. California, leading to the demise of the International Seamen's Union and the creation of the National Maritime Union.
31st US President Herbert Hoover 1937 - 1st permanent automobile license plates issued (Ct)
1937 - Gov Wouters innaugrates the radio station on the Dutch Antilles
1937 - US Steel raises workers' wages to $5 a day
1939 - Japanese Imperial Army ammunition dump exploded at Hirakata, Osaka, Japan, killing 94.
1940 - Richard Wright's novel "Native Son" is published
1941 - "Captain America" appears in a comic book
1941 - 1st US commercial FM radio station goes on the air, Nashville, Tenn
1941 - Elmer Layden becomes 1st NFL commissioner
1941 - German troops invade Bulgaria
1941 - Himmler inspects Auschwitz concentration camp
1942 - 3 day Battle of Java Sea ends, US suffers a major naval defeat
1942 - Baseball decides that players in military can't play when on furlough
1942 - J Milton Cage Jr's "Imaginary Landscape No 3" premieres in Chicago
1942 - Japanese troops occupy Kalidjati airport in Java
1942 - Suriname camp for NSB people opens to save Jews
1942 - Tito establishes 2nd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia
1943 - Jewish old age home for disabled in Amsterdam raided
1944 - Massive strikes in Northern Italian towns
1944 - U-358 sinks in Atlantic
1945 - British 43rd Division under Gen Essame occupies Xanten
1945 - Chinese 30th division occupies Hsenwi
Conference of the Big Three at Yalta (from left to right) Winston Churchill, Franklin D. Roosevelt and Joseph Stalin
1945 - US infantry regiment captures Mönchengladbach
1946 - British government nationalizes and takes control of the Bank of England, after 252 years
1946 - Panama accepts its new constitution
1947 - International Monetary Fund begins operation
1949 - Joe Louis retires as heavyweight boxing champ
1949 - The Browns, owners of Sportsman's Park, move to evict the Cardinals
1949 - Indonesia seizes Yogyakarta from the Dutch.
1950 - Chiang Kai-shek resumed the presidency of National China on Taiwan
1950 - Klaus Fuchs sentenced to 14 years for atomic espionage (London)
1950 - USSR issues golden rubles
1952 - Egyptian government-Ali Maher Pasja resigns
1952 - Helgoland, in North Sea, returned to West Germany by Britain
Chinese Military and Political Leader Chiang Kai-shek 1953 - Babe Didrikson-Zaharias wins LPGA Sarasota Golf Open
1953 - KAUZ TV channel 6 in Wichita Falls, TX (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - KTNT (now KSTW) TV channel 11 in Tacoma-Seattle, WA (IND) begins
1953 - WJZ-AM in NYC becomes WABC; WJZ-TV in Baltimore final transmission
1953 - WFBG TV (later WTAJ) channel 10 in Altoona, PA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1953 - Joseph Stalin suffers a stroke and collapses. He dies four days later.
1954 - 4 Puerto Ricans open fire in US House of Representatives injuring 5 members
1954 - In spring training, baseballer Ted Williams breaks his collarbone
1954 - Rebellion during visit of pres Naguib in Khartoum Sudan, 30 die
1954 - US explodes Castle Bravo, 15 megaton hydrogen bomb at Bikini Atoll - most powerful nuclear device ever detonated by the US
1955 - Israeli assault on Gaza, kills 48
1955 - KFAR (now KATN) TV channel 2 in Fairbanks, AK (ABC/NBC) 1st broadcast
Baseball Player Ted Williams 1955 - Pakistan v India 5 Test Cricket series ends in a 0-0 draw
1956 - The International Air Transport Association finalizes a draft of the Radiotelephony spelling alphabet for the International Civil Aviation Organization.
1957 - "Ziegfeld Follies of 1957" opens at Winter Garden NYC for 123 perfs
1957 - KTWO TV channel 2 in Casper, WY (NBC/ABC/CBS) begins broadcasting
1957 - Kokomo the Chimp becomes Today Show animal editor
1958 - Gary Sobers 365* v Pak, 614 min, 38 fours, best Cricket before Lara
1958 - Sobers completes 446 stand for 2nd wicket with Conrad Hunte, 260
1958 - West Indies cricket declare at stumps score of 3-790 decl v Pakistan
1958 - Samuel Alphonsus Stritch, is appointed Pro-Prefect of the Propagation of Faith and thus becomes the first American member of the Roman Curia.
1959 - Archbishop Makarios returns to Cyprus after 3 years
1959 - Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Golden Triangle Festival Golf Tournament
1961 - Cellist Jacqueline du Prés debut in Wigmore Hall
1961 - President Kennedy establishes the Peace Corp
1962 - American Airlines 707 plunges nose 1st into Jamaica Bay NY killing 95
1962 - K-Mart opens
1962 - US/British nuclear test experiment in Nevada
1963 - 200,000 French mine workers strike
1965 - Australia suspends champ swimmer Dawn Fraser for 10-yrs for misconduct
1965 - Gas explosion kills 28 in apartment complex (La Salle, Quebec)
1965 - WPSX TV channel 3 in Clearfield, PA (PBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - Ba'ath-party takes power in Syria
1966 - Venera 3 becomes 1st man-made object to impact on a planet (Venus)
1967 - Dominica & St Lucia gain independence from Britain
1967 - US House of Representatives expels Rep Adam Clayton Powell Jr (307 to 116)
1967 - Queen Elizabeth Hall in the South Bank Centre opens in London
1967 - WMET (now WHSW) TV channel 24 in Baltimore, MD (IND) 1st broadcast
1968 - NBC's unprecedented on-air announcement, Star Trek will return
1968 - Pirate Radio Atlantis South (England) begins test transmitting
1968 - Political Party Radikalen (PPR) established in Netherlands
1968 - Vatican City's Apostolic Constitution of 1967 goes into effect
1969 - "Red, White, & Maddox" closes at Cort Theater NYC after 41 perfs
1969 - After 88 weeks Sgt Pepper drops off the charts
Rocker Jim Morrison 1969 - Jim Morrison arrested for exposing himself at Dinner Key Auditorium
1969 - NY Yankees' Mickey Mantle retires
1969 - Pirate Radio 259 begins operation off the French coast
1970 - Atje Keulen-Deelstra becomes world champion all-round ladies skater
1970 - Charles Manson's album "Lie" is released
1970 - End of US commercial whale hunting
1970 - Kreisky's social democrats win Austrian parliamentary election
1970 - White government of Rhodesia declares independence from Britain
1971 - Bomb attack on the Capitol in Wash DC
1971 - Clandestine Radio Deutsche Reich (Germany) begins transmitting on FM
1972 - Club of Rome publishes report "Boundaries on the Growth"
1972 - David Rabe's "Sticks & Bones" premieres in NYC
1972 - KHMA TV channel 11 in Houma, LA (IND) begins broadcasting
NBA Legend Wilt Chamberlain 1972 - Wilt Chamberlain is 1st NBA player to score 30,000 points
1972 - Two Catholic teenagers were shot dead by the Royal Ulster Constabulary while 'joy riding' in a stolen car in Belfast
1973 - Robert Joffrey Dance Company opens
1973 - Robyn Smith becomes 1st female jockey to win a major race
1974 - George Harrison announces his concert tour of US in November
1974 - Ian & Greg Chappell make 264 partnership v NZ cricket at Wellington
1974 - Watergate grand jury indicts 7 presidential aides
1975 - 17th Grammy Awards: I Honestly Love You, Marvin Hamlisch win
1975 - Eagles' "Best of My Love" reaches #1
1975 - Colour television transmissions begin in Australia.
1977 - Bank of America adopts the name VISA for their credit cards
1977 - US extends territorial waters to 200 miles
Singer-Songwriter George Harrison 1978 - "Timbuktu!" opens at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC for 243 performances
1978 - Charlie Chaplin's coffin and remains are stolen from a Swiss cemetery
1979 - "Sweeney Todd" opens at Uris Theater NYC for 557 performances
1980 - Commonwealth Trade Union Council established
1980 - Hilbert van der Duim becomes world champion all-round skater
— Historical Events on this Day —