Historical Events on 12th March

Events 1 - 183 of 183

538 - Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths, ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Roman general, Belisarius.
1054 - Pope Leo IX escapes captivity & returns to Rome
1088 - Odo of Lagery elected as Pope Urban II, succeeding Victor III
1144 - Gherardo Caccianemici elected Pope Lucius II, succeeding Callistus II
1350 - Orvieto city says it will behead & burn Jewish-Christian couples
1365 - University of Vienna founded
1455 - First record of Johann Gutenberg's Bible, letter dated this day by Enea Silvio Piccolomini refers to the bible printed a year before
1496 - Jews are expelled from Syria
1572 - Luis Vaz de Camoes publishes "Os Lusíados" in Portugal
1594 - Company of Distant established for business on East-Indies
1597 - England routes troops to Amiens
1609 - Bermuda becomes an English colony
1619 - Dutch settlement on Java changes name to Batavia
1622 - Ignatius of Loyola declared a saint
1642 - Abel Tasman is 1st European in New Zealand
1664 - 1st naturalization act in American colonies
1664 - New Jersey becomes a British colony
1689 - Former English King James II lands in Ireland
Astronomer & Physicist Galileo GalileiAstronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei 1737 - Galileo's body moved to Church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy
1755 - 1st steam engine in America installed, to pump water from a mine
1773 - Jeanne Baptiste Pointe de Sable found settlement now known as Chicago
1794 - Theatre Royal in London's Dury Lane opens after being rebuilt
1799 - Austria declares war on France
1832 - The ballet La Sylphide first premieres at the Opéra de Paris.
1848 - 2nd republic established in France
1849 - 1st gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to Calif
1850 - 1st US $20 gold piece issued
Composer Giuseppe VerdiComposer Giuseppe Verdi 1857 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Simon Boccanegra" premieres in Venice
1860 - Congress accepts Pre-emption Bill: free land in West for colonists
1867 - Last French troops leave Mexico
1868 - Great Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa (later renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho)
1868 - US Congress abolishes manufacturer's tax
1868 - Henry O'Farrell attempts to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.
1877 - Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony, Southern Africa.
1881 - Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world's first black international football player and captain.
1884 - Mississippi establishes 1st US state college for women
1888 - 2nd day of the Great blizzard of '88 in NE US (400 die)
1889 - Battle at Metema (Gallabad): Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes IV, defeated
1889 - Start of South Africa's 1st Test, v England, Port Elizabeth
1894 - Pittsburgh issues free season tickets for ladies on Tuesday & Friday
1894 - In Vicksburg, Mississippi, USA, Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time.
1896 - 1st movie in Netherlands (Kalverstr 220)
1897 - Vincent d'Indy's opera "Fervaal" premieres in Brussells
1900 - President Steyn of Orange Free state flees from Bloemfontein
1901 - Ground is broken for Boston's 1st AL ballpark (Huntington Ave Grounds)
1903 - NY Highlanders (Yankees) approved as members of AL
1904 - 1st main line electric train in UK (Liverpool to Southport)
Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew CarnegieIndustrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie 1904 - Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund
1905 - The continuing strikes and disorders that unsettle Italy force out Premier Giovanni Giolitti, though he will return in March, 1906
1906 - Heavy storm ravages Dutch west coast
1908 - Stanley Cup: Mont Wanderers sweep Win Maple Leafs in 2 games
1908 - The Pan-Macedonian group is formed in Athens to support the Greek Struggle for Macedonia.
1909 - Alarmed over increasing German naval strength, Parliament passes a new naval appropriations bill
1910 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers beat Berlin (Kitchener), 7-3
1912 - Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) forms in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low
Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon LowFounder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon Low 1912 - Helen Hayes Theater opens at 238 W 44th St NYC
1912 - Establishment of the first football club in Bulgaria - Botev Plovdiv
1913 - Foundation stone of the Australian capital in Canberra laid
1916 - French airship sinks British submarine D3
1917 - [OS Feb 27] Russian Duma sets up the Provisional Committee; Soviets form Executive Committee
1917 - Stalin, Kamenev & Muranov arrives in Petrograd/St Petersburg
1919 - Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany)
1919 - George Bernard Shaw's "Augustus Does His Bit" premieres in NYC
Playwright George Bernard ShawPlaywright George Bernard Shaw 1925 - British government of Baldwin refuses to ratify Geneva agreement
1926 - Denmark begins unilateral disarmament
1926 - Pope Pius XI names J E van Roey archbishop of Malines Belgium
1928 - In California, the St. Francis Dam fails, killing over 600 people.
1930 - Mohandas Gandhi begins 200m (300km) march protesting British salt tax
1930 - Stella Walsh sets record for the 220-yard dash (0:26.1)
1933 - FDR conducts his 1st "fireside chat"
1934 - Acting Pres Constantine Päts commits coup in Tallinn Estonia
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1934 - Josip Broz (Tito) freed from jail
1934 - Paul Hindemith's "Mathis der Maler" premieres in Berlin
1935 - England establishes 30 MPH speed limit for towns & villages
1938 - Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)
1939 - Pope Pius XII crowned in Vatican ceremonies
1940 - Finland surrenders to Russia during WW II, gives Karelische Isthmus
1941 - German occupiers confiscate AVRO studios in Netherlands
1942 - British troops vacate the Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
1943 - Soviet troops liberate Wjasma
1945 - 30 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
1945 - Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy
1945 - NY is 1st to prohibit discrimination by race & creed in employment
1945 - USSR returns Transylvania to Romania
1946 - Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland
1947 - "Chocolate Soldier" opens at Century Theater NYC for 69 performances
1947 - Belgian government of Huysmans resigns
33rd US President Harry Truman33rd US President Harry Truman 1947 - Pres Harry Truman introduces Truman-doctrine to fight communism
1948 - -5°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March
1950 - Belgium votes (58%) for return of King Leopold III
1950 - Pope Pius XII encyclical "On combating atheistic propaganda"
1951 - Baseball Commish Happy Chandler loses fight (9-7) to stay in office
1951 - Communist troops driven out of Seoul
1954 - 1st performance of Arnold Schoenberg's "Moses und Aaron"
1956 - Dow Jones closes above 500 for 1st time (500.24)
1957 - German DR accepts 22 Russian divisions
1958 - British Empire Day is renamed "Commonwealth Day"
1959 - Dutch Liberal Party wins 2nd parliamentary elections
1959 - US House joins Senate approving Hawaii statehood
LPGA Golfer Mickey WrightLPGA Golfer Mickey Wright 1961 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Miami Golf Open
1962 - Dutch Premier De Quay announces secret talks with Indonesia
1963 - Beatles perform as a trio, John Lennon is ill with a cold
1964 - 6th Grammy Awards: Days of Wine & Roses, Striesand wins 2
1964 - Jimmy Hoffa sentenced to 8 years
1964 - SN Behrmann's "But for Whom Charlie" premieres in NYC
1964 - WKAB TV channel 32 in Montgomery, AL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1966 - Bobby Hull's 51st goal of season, sets record
1966 - Jockey Johnny Longden retires after 40 years (6,032 wins)
NHL Legend Bobby HullNHL Legend Bobby Hull 1966 - Love's 1st album released "Love"
1966 - Pioneer Plaza dedicated
1966 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1967 - Austria's Reinhold Bachler ski jumps 505 feet
1967 - Indonesian congress deprives president Sukarno of authority
1968 - Mauritius gains independence from Britain (National Day)
1968 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1969 - 11th Grammy Awards: Mrs Robinson, By the Time I Get to Phoenix wins
1969 - 120 cannabis joints found at George & Patti Harrison's home
1970 - US lowers voting age from 21 to 18
1971 - Syrian premier Hafez Assad elected president
1971 - Turkish Government of Demirel forced to resign by Army
1971 - Thousands of Belfast shipyard workers march demanding the introduction of Internment for members of the Irish Republican Army
1972 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Lady Eve Golf Open
Ice Hockey Legend Gordie HoweIce Hockey Legend Gordie Howe 1972 - NHL great Gordie Howe retires after 26 seasons
1974 - Bundy victim Donna Manson disappears, Evergreen SC, Olympia, Wash
1975 - Vietcong conquer Ban me Thuot South Vietnam
1976 - South African troops leave Angola
1977 - Chile president Pinochet bans Christian-Democratic Party
1977 - Egypt's Anwar Sadat pledges to regain Arab territory from Israel
1978 - Eric Heiden skates world record 1000m (1:14.99)
1978 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Sunstar Golf Classic
1980 - Jury finds John Wayne Gacy guilty of murdering 33 in Chicago
Serial Killer John Wayne GacySerial Killer John Wayne Gacy 1980 - NY Islanders 3rd scoreless tie, vs Pittsburgh Penguin
1981 - Soyuz T-4 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6 space station
1981 - Stephen Sondheim's musical "Marry Me a Little," premieres in NYC
1981 - Walter R T Witschey installs world's largest sundial, Richmond, VA
1982 - 1st-class debut of Courtney Walsh, Jamaica v Leeward Islands
1982 - PLO chief Yassar Arafat appears on "Nightline"
1983 - Don Ritchie runs world record 50 mile (4:51:49)
1984 - National Union of Mine Workers in Britain begins a 51 week strike
1984 - British ice dancing team, Torvill & Dean, become 1st skaters to receive 9 perfect 6.0s in world championships
NBA Legend Larry BirdNBA Legend Larry Bird 1985 - Larry Bird scores Boston Celtic record 60 points
1985 - 11th People's Choice Awards: Clint Eastwood & Meryl Streep win (Motion Picture) and Tom Selleck, Joan Collins & Linda Evans win (TV)
1986 - 210.25 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
1986 - Susan Butcher wins 1,158 mile Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race
1987 - "Les Miserables" opens at Broadway/Imperial NYC for 4000+ perfs
1987 - David Robinson scores 50 points in a NCAA basketball game
1987 - Federal judge dismisses lawsuits sought by Oliver North
1987 - Ice Pairs Championship at Cincinnati won by E Gordeeva & Grinkov (URS)
NBA Center David RobinsonNBA Center David Robinson 1987 - Men's Fig Skating Championship in Cincinnati won by Brian Orser (CAN)
1987 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1989 - 15th People's Choice Awards: Dustin Hoffman & Meryl Streep win (Dramatic Motion Picture) and Bill Cosby & Phylicia Rashad win (TV)
1989 - 2 cyanide-contaminated Chilean grapes found (Philadelphia)
1989 - Madagascar AREMA party wins parliamentary election
1990 - LA Raiders announce they were returning to Oakland
1991 - 5th Soul Train Music Awards: Johnny Gill, Mariah Carey win
Singer Mariah CareySinger Mariah Carey 1992 - Mauritius becomes a republic while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
1993 - 317 killed by bomb attacks in Bombay
1993 - Cleveland radio station WMMS-FM/101.7 is bought by Disney
1993 - Entertainment Tonight's 3,000th show
1993 - Inkhata leader Mangosuthu Buthelezi begins 2½ week speech
1994 - Church of England ordains 1st 33 women priests
1995 - Congress party loses India national election
1995 - Dottie Mochrie wins LPGA PING/Welch's Golf Championship
1995 - Ice Dance Championship at Birmingham UK won by Gritshuk & Platov (RUS)
1995 - Ice Pairs Championship at Birmingham won by Radka Kovarikova & Rene Novotny
1995 - Lara scores 139 in ODI v Australia at Port-of-Spain
1995 - Letitia Vriesde runs South American indoor record 800m (2:00.35)
1995 - Men's Figure Skating Champions in Birmingham won by Elvis Stojko (CAN)
1995 - Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Birmingham won by Chen Lu (CHN)
1996 - Leeward Islands beat Trinidad by 73 runs to win Red Stripe Trophy
1998 - "Sound of Music," opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC
1999 - Former Warsaw Pact members the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland join NATO.
2003 - Zoran Đinđić, Prime Minister of Serbia, is assassinated in Belgrade.
2003 - Elizabeth Smart, was found after having been missing for 9 months.
2004 - Roh Moo-hyun, President of South Korea is impeached by its national assembly for the first time in the nation's history.
2005 - Tung Chee Hwa, the first Chief Executive of Hong Kong, steps down from his post after his resignation is approved by the Chinese central government.
2011 - A reactor at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant melts and explodes and releases radioactivity into the atmosphere a day after Japan's earthquake.
2012 - 100 people are killed in ethnic clashes and cattle raids in South Sudan
2012 - 45 people, including children, are massacred by the Syrian Army in Homs
2012 - China records its highest trade deficit in over a decade
2013 - JOGMEC becomes the first to successfully extract methane hydrate from seabed deposits
2013 - The 2013 Papal conclave begins with no new Pope elected on the first day
2014 - 8 people are killed, 70 are injured, & 2 buildings are leveled by a gas explosion in East Harlem, New York

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