Historical Events on 12th March

Events 1 - 182 of 182

538 - Witiges, king of the Ostrogoths, ends his siege of Rome and retreats to Ravenna, leaving the city in the hands of the victorious Roman general, Belisarius.
1054 - Pope Leo IX escapes captivity & returns to Rome
1088 - Odo of Lagery elected as Pope Urban II, succeeding Victor III
1144 - Gherardo Caccianemici elected Pope Lucius II, succeeding Callistus II
1350 - Orvieto city says it will behead & burn Jewish-Christian couples
1365 - University of Vienna founded
1455 - First record of Johann Gutenberg's Bible, letter dated this day by Enea Silvio Piccolomini refers to the bible printed a year before
1496 - Jews are expelled from Syria
1572 - Luis Vaz de Camoes publishes "Os Lusíados" in Portugal
1594 - Company of Distant established for business on East-Indies
1597 - England routes troops to Amiens
1609 - Bermuda becomes an English colony
1619 - Dutch settlement on Java changes name to Batavia
1622 - Ignatius of Loyola declared a saint
1642 - Abel Tasman is 1st European in New Zealand
1664 - 1st naturalization act in American colonies
1664 - New Jersey becomes a British colony
1689 - Former English King James II lands in Ireland
Astronomer & Physicist Galileo GalileiAstronomer & Physicist Galileo Galilei 1737 - Galileo's body moved to Church of Santa Croce in Florence, Italy
1755 - 1st steam engine in America installed, to pump water from a mine
1773 - Jeanne Baptiste Pointe de Sable found settlement now known as Chicago
1794 - Theatre Royal in London's Dury Lane opens after being rebuilt
1799 - Austria declares war on France
1832 - The ballet La Sylphide first premieres at the Opéra de Paris.
1848 - 2nd republic established in France
1849 - 1st gold seekers arrive in Nicaragua en route to Calif
1850 - 1st US $20 gold piece issued
Composer Giuseppe VerdiComposer Giuseppe Verdi 1857 - Giuseppe Verdi's opera "Simon Boccanegra" premieres in Venice
1860 - Congress accepts Pre-emption Bill: free land in West for colonists
1867 - Last French troops leave Mexico
1868 - Great Britain annexes Basutoland in Africa (later renamed the Kingdom of Lesotho)
1868 - US Congress abolishes manufacturer's tax
1868 - Henry O'Farrell attempts to assassinate Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh.
1877 - Great Britain annexes Walvis Bay at Cape colony, Southern Africa.
1881 - Andrew Watson makes his Scotland debut as the world's first black international football player and captain.
1884 - Mississippi establishes 1st US state college for women
1888 - 2nd day of the Great blizzard of '88 in NE US (400 die)
1889 - Battle at Metema (Gallabad): Ethiopian Emperor Yohannes IV, defeated
1889 - Start of South Africa's 1st Test, v England, Port Elizabeth
1894 - Pittsburgh issues free season tickets for ladies on Tuesday & Friday
1894 - In Vicksburg, Mississippi, USA, Coca-Cola is sold in bottles for the first time.
1896 - 1st movie in Netherlands (Kalverstr 220)
1897 - Vincent d'Indy's opera "Fervaal" premieres in Brussells
1900 - President Steyn of Orange Free state flees from Bloemfontein
1901 - Ground is broken for Boston's 1st AL ballpark (Huntington Ave Grounds)
1903 - NY Highlanders (Yankees) approved as members of AL
1904 - 1st main line electric train in UK (Liverpool to Southport)
1904 - Andrew Carnegie establishes Carnegie Hero Fund
1905 - The continuing strikes and disorders that unsettle Italy force out Premier Giovanni Giolitti, though he will return in March, 1906
1906 - Heavy storm ravages Dutch west coast
1908 - Stanley Cup: Mont Wanderers sweep Win Maple Leafs in 2 games
1908 - The Pan-Macedonian group is formed in Athens to support the Greek Struggle for Macedonia.
1910 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers beat Berlin (Kitchener), 7-3
Founder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon LowFounder of Girl Scouts of the USA Juliette Gordon Low 1912 - Girl Guides (Girl Scouts) forms in Savannah, by Juliette Gordon Low
1912 - Helen Hayes Theater opens at 238 W 44th St NYC
1912 - Establishment of the first football club in Bulgaria - Botev Plovdiv
1913 - Foundation stone of the Australian capital in Canberra laid
1916 - French airship sinks British submarine D3
1917 - Russian Dumas sets up Provisional Committee; workers set up Soviets
1917 - Stalin, Kamenev & Muranov arrives in St Petersburg
1919 - Austrian National Meeting affirms Anschluss (incorporate into Germany)
1919 - George Bernard Shaw's "Augustus Does His Bit" premieres in NYC
Playwright George Bernard ShawPlaywright George Bernard Shaw 1925 - British government of Baldwin refuses to ratify Geneva agreement
1926 - Denmark begins unilateral disarmament
1926 - Pope Pius XI names J E van Roey archbishop of Malines Belgium
1928 - In California, the St. Francis Dam fails, killing over 600 people.
1930 - Mohandas Gandhi begins 200m (300km) march protesting British salt tax
1930 - Stella Walsh sets record for the 220-yard dash (0:26.1)
1933 - FDR conducts his 1st "fireside chat"
1934 - Acting Pres Constantine Päts commits coup in Tallinn Estonia
32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt 1934 - Josip Broz (Tito) freed from jail
1934 - Paul Hindemith's "Mathis der Maler" premieres in Berlin
1935 - England establishes 30 MPH speed limit for towns & villages
1938 - Nazi Germany invades Austria (Anschluss)
1939 - Pope Pius XII crowned in Vatican ceremonies
1940 - Finland surrenders to Russia during WW II, gives Karelische Isthmus
1941 - German occupiers confiscate AVRO studios in Netherlands
1942 - British troops vacate the Andamanen in Gulf of Bengal
1943 - Soviet troops liberate Wjasma
1945 - 30 Amsterdammers executed by nazi occupiers
1945 - Italy's Communist Party (CPI) calls for armed uprising in Italy
1945 - NY is 1st to prohibit discrimination by race & creed in employment
1945 - USSR returns Transylvania to Romania
1946 - Part of Petsamo province ceded by Soviet Union to Finland
1947 - "Chocolate Soldier" opens at Century Theater NYC for 69 performances
1947 - Belgian government of Huysmans resigns
33rd US President Harry Truman33rd US President Harry Truman 1947 - Pres Harry Truman introduces Truman-doctrine to fight communism
1948 - -5°F lowest temperature ever recorded in Cleveland in March
1950 - Belgium votes (58%) for return of King Leopold III
1950 - Pope Pius XII encyclical "On combating atheistic propaganda"
1951 - Baseball Commish Happy Chandler loses fight (9-7) to stay in office
1951 - Communist troops driven out of Seoul
1954 - 1st performance of Arnold Schoenberg's "Moses und Aaron"
1954 - Anish Kapoor, Mumbai India, Indian born British sculptor
1956 - Dow Jones closes above 500 for 1st time (500.24)
1957 - German DR accepts 22 Russian divisions
1958 - British Empire Day is renamed "Commonwealth Day"
1959 - Dutch Liberal Party wins 2nd parliamentary elections
1959 - US House joins Senate approving Hawaii statehood
1961 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Miami Golf Open
1962 - Dutch Premier De Quay announces secret talks with Indonesia
Musician and Beatle John LennonMusician and Beatle John Lennon 1963 - Beatles perform as a trio, John Lennon is ill with a cold
1964 - 6th Grammy Awards: Days of Wine & Roses, Striesand wins 2
1964 - Jimmy Hoffa sentenced to 8 years
1964 - SN Behrmann's "But for Whom Charlie" premieres in NYC
1964 - WKAB TV channel 32 in Montgomery, AL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1966 - Bobby Hull's 51st goal of season, sets record
1966 - Jockey Johnny Longden retires after 40 years (6,032 wins)
1966 - Love's 1st album released "Love"
1966 - Pioneer Plaza dedicated
1966 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1967 - Austria's Reinhold Bachler ski jumps 505 feet
1967 - Indonesian congress deprives president Sukarno of authority
1968 - Mauritius gains independence from Britain (National Day)
1968 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1969 - 11th Grammy Awards: Mrs Robinson, By the Time I Get to Phoenix wins
1969 - 120 cannabis joints found at George & Patti Harrison's home
1970 - US lowers voting age from 21 to 18
1971 - Syrian premier Hafez Assad elected president
1971 - Turkish Government of Demirel forced to resign by Army
1972 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Lady Eve Golf Open
Ice Hockey Legend Gordie HoweIce Hockey Legend Gordie Howe 1972 - NHL great Gordie Howe retires after 26 seasons
1974 - Bundy victim Donna Manson disappears, Evergreen SC, Olympia, Wash
1975 - Vietcong conquer Ban me Thuot South Vietnam
1976 - South African troops leave Angola
1977 - Chile president Pinochet bans Christian-Democratic Party
1977 - Egypt's Anwar Sadat pledges to regain Arab territory from Israel
1978 - Eric Heiden skates world record 1000m (1:14.99)
1978 - Nancy Lopez wins LPGA Sunstar Golf Classic
1980 - Jury finds John Wayne Gacy guilty of murdering 33 in Chicago
1980 - NY Islanders 3rd scoreless tie, vs Pittsburgh Penguin
1981 - Soyuz T-4 carries 2 cosmonauts to Salyut 6 space station
1981 - Stephen Sondheim's musical "Marry Me a Little," premieres in NYC
1981 - Walter R T Witschey installs world's largest sundial, Richmond, VA
1982 - 1st-class debut of Courtney Walsh, Jamaica v Leeward Islands
1982 - PLO chief Yassar Arafat appears on "Nightline"
1983 - Don Ritchie runs world record 50 mile (4:51:49)
1984 - National Union of Mine Workers in Britain begins a 51 week strike
1984 - British ice dancing team, Torvill & Dean, become 1st skaters to receive 9 perfect 6.0s in world championships
NBA Legend Larry BirdNBA Legend Larry Bird 1985 - Larry Bird scores Boston Celtic record 60 points
1985 - 11th People's Choice Awards: Clint Eastwood & Meryl Streep win (Motion Picture) and Tom Selleck, Joan Collins & Linda Evans win (TV)
1986 - 210.25 million shares traded in NY Stock Exchange
1986 - Susan Butcher wins 1,158 mile Iditarod Trail Sled Dog Race
1987 - "Les Miserables" opens at Broadway/Imperial NYC for 4000+ perfs
1987 - David Robinson scores 50 points in a NCAA basketball game
1987 - Federal judge dismisses lawsuits sought by Oliver North
1987 - Ice Pairs Championship at Cincinnati won by E Gordeeva & Grinkov (URS)
Actor and Director Clint EastwoodActor and Director Clint Eastwood 1987 - Men's Fig Skating Championship in Cincinnati won by Brian Orser (CAN)
1987 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1989 - 15th People's Choice Awards: Dustin Hoffman & Meryl Streep win (Dramatic Motion Picture) and Bill Cosby & Phylicia Rashad win (TV)
1989 - 2 cyanide-contaminated Chilean grapes found (Philadelphia)
1989 - Madagascar AREMA party wins parliamentary election
1990 - LA Raiders announce they were returning to Oakland
1991 - 5th Soul Train Music Awards: Johnny Gill, Mariah Carey win
1992 - Mauritius becomes a republic while remaining a member of the Commonwealth of Nations.
Singer Mariah CareySinger Mariah Carey 1993 - 317 killed by bomb attacks in Bombay
1993 - Cleveland radio station WMMS-FM/101.7 is bought by Disney
1993 - Entertainment Tonight's 3,000th show
1993 - Inkhata leader Mangosuthu Buthelezi begins 2½ week speech
1994 - Church of England ordains 1st 33 women priests
1995 - Congress party loses India national election
1995 - Dottie Mochrie wins LPGA PING/Welch's Golf Championship
1995 - Ice Dance Championship at Birmingham UK won by Gritshuk & Platov (RUS)
1995 - Ice Pairs Championship at Birmingham won by Radka Kovarikova & Rene Novotny
1995 - Lara scores 139 in ODI v Australia at Port-of-Spain
1995 - Letitia Vriesde runs South American indoor record 800m (2:00.35)
1995 - Men's Figure Skating Champions in Birmingham won by Elvis Stojko (CAN)
1995 - Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champ in Birmingham won by Chen Lu (CHN)
1996 - Leeward Islands beat Trinidad by 73 runs to win Red Stripe Trophy
1998 - "Sound of Music," opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC
1999 - Former Warsaw Pact members the Czech Republic, Hungary and Poland join NATO.
2003 - Zoran Đinđić, Prime Minister of Serbia, is assassinated in Belgrade.
2003 - Elizabeth Smart, was found after having been missing for 9 months.
2004 - Roh Moo-hyun, President of South Korea is impeached by its national assembly for the first time in the nation's history.
2005 - Tung Chee Hwa, the first Chief Executive of Hong Kong, steps down from his post after his resignation is approved by the Chinese central government.
2011 - A reactor at the Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant melts and explodes and releases radioactivity into the atmosphere a day after Japan's earthquake.
2012 - 100 people are killed in ethnic clashes and cattle raids in South Sudan
2012 - 45 people, including children, are massacred by the Syrian Army in Homs
2012 - China records its highest trade deficit in over a decade
2013 - JOGMEC becomes the first to successfully extract methane hydrate from seabed deposits
2013 - The 2013 Papal conclave begins with no new Pope elected on the first day
2014 - 8 people are killed, 70 are injured, & 2 buildings are leveled by a gas explosion in East Harlem, New York

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