Historical Events on 20th March

Events 1 - 190 of 190

141 - 6th recorded perihelion passage of Halley's Comet
1345 - Saturn/Jupiter/Mars-conjunction: thought "cause of plague epidemic"
1525 - Paris' parliament begins pursuit of Protestants
1569 - Duke van Alva leads "tenth penning" in Ponts the Cé
1598 - French King Henri IV & duke van Mercour sign treaty
1600 - The Linköping Bloodbath takes place on Maundy Thursday in Linköping, Sweden.
1602 - United Dutch East Indian Company (VOC) forms
1616 - Walter Raleigh released from Tower of London to seek gold in Guyana
1627 - France & Spain sign accord for fighting protestantism
1697 - Willem de Vlamingh returns to Batavia after exploring "South Land"
1739 - Nadir Shah occupies Delhi in India and sacks the city, stealing the jewels of the Peacock Throne.
1760 - Great Fire of Boston destroys 349 buildings
1800 - French army defeats Turks at Helipolis & advance to Cairo
1800 - Alessandro Volta reports his discovery of the electric battery in a letter to Joseph Banks, president of the Royal Society of London
1814 - Prince Willem Frederik becomes monarch of Netherlands
French Emperor Napoléon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte 1815 - Napoleon enters Paris after escape from Elba, begins 100-day rule
1816 - US Supreme Court affirms its right to review state court decisions
1833 - US & Siam sign commercial treaty
1852 - Harriet Beecher Stowe's "Uncle Tom's Cabin" published (Boston)
1861 - An earthquake completely destroys Mendoza, Argentina.
1863 - Battle of Pensacola FL -evacuated by Federals
1865 - 2nd day of Battle of Bentonville NC
1865 - Michigan authorizes workers' cooperatives
1868 - Jesse James Gang robs bank in Russelville, Kentucky, of $14,000
1883 - Unity treaty of Paris signed: protects industrial property
1885 - John Matzeliger of Suriname patents shoe lacing machine
1885 - Yiddish theater opens in NY with Golldfaden operetta
1886 - 1st AC power plant in US begins commercial operation, Mass
1888 - Start of the Sherlock Holmes Adventure "A Scandal in Bohemia"
Outlaw Jesse JamesOutlaw Jesse James 1888 - The premiere of the very first Romani language operetta staged in Moscow, Russia.
1890 - General Federation of Womans' Clubs founded
1890 - German Emperor Wilhelm II fires republic chancellor Otto Von Bismarck
1896 - Marines land in Nicaragua to protect US citizens
1896 - Uprising in Matabeleland
1897 - 1st US orthodox Jewish Rabbinical seminary (RIETS) incorporates in NY
1897 - 1st known intercollegiate basketball game, Yale beats Penn 32-10
1897 - France signs treaty with emperor Menelik II of Abyssinia
1900 - US Secretary of State John Hay announces that all nations to whom he sent notes calling for an 'open door' policy in China have essentially accepted his stand.
1902 - France and Russia issue a joint declaration that approves the Anglo-Japanese Alliance, but stipulates that they have the right to protect interests in China and Korea
Playwright George Bernard ShawPlaywright George Bernard Shaw 1906 - George Bernard Shaw's "Captain Brassbound's Conversion" premieres in London
1911 - National Squash Tennis Association forms (NYC)
1911 - Winter Garden Theater opens at 1634 Broadway NYC
1914 - 1st international figure-skating tournament held in US, New Haven
1916 - Allies attack Zeebrugge Belgium
1917 - After the sinking of 3 more American merchant ships, US President Wilson meets with cabinet, who agree that war is inevitable
1920 - 1st flight from London to South Africa lands (took 1½ months)
1920 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Theresa Weld
1920 - US Mens Figure Skating championship won by Sherwin Badger
1921 - Upper Silesia votes for amalgamation with Germany in a plebiscite that is 63% in favor
1922 - USS Langley is commissioned, US Navy's 1st aircraft carrier
1922 - WIP-AM in Philadelphia PA begins radio transmissions
1923 - Bavarian minister of interior refuses to forbid Nazi Sturm Abteilung
1923 - Belgian Senate rejects Dutch University in Ghent
1924 - Finnair begins scheduled flight of Helsinki-Tallinn
1924 - Stanley Cup: Mont Canadiens (NHL) sweep Vanc Millionaires (PCHA) in 2
1930 - Clessie Cummins sets diesel engine speed record of 129.39 kph
1931 - Bishop Schreiber warns against national-socialism in Berlin
1932 - Kara-Kalpak Autonomous Region in RSFSR becomes Kara-Kalpak ASSR
1933 - Dachau, 1st Nazi concentration camp, completed
1934 - Rudolf Kuhnold demonstrates radar in Kiel Germany
1934 - Female Babe Didrickson pitches hitless inning for Phila A's in exhibition game against Brooklyn Dodgers
Spanish Dictator and General Francisco FrancoSpanish Dictator and General Francisco Franco 1937 - Franco offensive at Guadalajara, Spain
1939 - 7,000 Jews flee German occupied Memel Lithuania
1940 - Paul Reynoud becomes French premier
1941 - Nazi-German/Yugoslav pact drawn
1942 - Convoy PQ13 departs Reykjavik Iceland to Russia
1942 - Gen MacArthur vows, "I shall return"
1942 - Major German assault on Malta
1943 - German U-384 bombed & sinks
1944 - Bus falls off bridge into Passaic River NJ, killing 16
1944 - Mount Vesuvius, Italy, explodes
1945 - US 70th Infantry division/7th Armour division attack Saar
1946 - Belgian government of Spaak resigns
1947 - 180 tonne blue whale (record) caught in South Atlantic
1948 - 1st live televised musical Eugene Ormandy on CBS followed in 90
WW2 General Douglas MacArthurWW2 General Douglas MacArthur 1948 - 20th Academy Awards - "Gentleman's Agreement", L Young, R Colman win minutes by 2nd live televised musical Arturo Toscvanni on NBC
1951 - Indonesian army offensive against Darul Islam on Java
1951 - Fujiyoshida, a city located in Yamanashi Prefecture, Japan, in the center of the Japanese main island of Honshū is founded.
1952 - 24th Academy Awards - "An American in Paris", Humphrey Bogart & Vivian Leigh win
1952 - Final ratification of peace treaty restoring sovereignty to Japan by US Senate
1953 - Senator Edwin C Johnson offers a bill to give clubs the sole
1954 - "King & I" closes at St James Theater NYC after 1246 performances
1954 - 16th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: La Salle beats Bradley 92-76
1954 - 1st newspaper vending machine used (Columbia Pennsylvania)
1955 - KXTV TV channel 10 in Sacramento, CA (CBS) begins broadcasting
1956 - 156-day strike against Westinghouse ends
1956 - E Ochab succeeds Beirut as 1st secretary of Polish CP
1956 - Mount Bezymianny on Kamchatka Peninsula (USSR) explodes
1956 - Tunisia gains independence from France
1956 - USSR performs nuclear test
1956 - Union workers ended a 156-day strike at Westinghouse Electric Corp
1957 - Britain accepts NATO offer to mediate in Cyprus, but Greece rejects it
1958 - 50" snow across the Mason-Dixon line
1958 - Clandestine Burasi Bizim Radio (communist) begins transmitting
1958 - Greek Clandestine Radio (communist), Voice of Truth 1st transmission
1962 - Sjoukje Dijkstra becomes world champion figure skater
1963 - 1st "Pop Art" exhibition (NYC)
1964 - ESRO established, European Space Research Organization
1965 - 27th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Michigan 91-80
1965 - Venkataraghavan takes 8-72 v NZ at Delhi
Civil Rights and Women's Rights Activist Dorothy HeightCivil Rights and Women's Rights Activist Dorothy Height 1965 - Civil and Women's Rights Activist Dorothy Height has her first column published in the weekly African-American newspaper called the "New York Amsterdam News"
1966 - Marilynn Smith wins LPGA St Petersburg Women's Golf Open
1967 - The Supremes release "The Happening"
1967 - WOET (now WPTD) TV channel 16 in Dayton, OH (PBS) begins broadcasting
1968 - LBJ signs a bill removing gold backing from US paper money
1968 - Military intervene in South-Yemen (leftist ministers resign)
1969 - Abebe Bikila's auto-accident, near Addis Ababa
1969 - US president Nixon proclaims he will end Vietnam war in 1970
1971 - Boston Bruins win 13th straight NHL game
1971 - Northern Ireland Prime Minister James Chichester-Clark resigns in protest at what he views as a limited security response by the British government
1972 - 19 mountain climbers killed on Japan's Mount Fuji during an avalanche
1972 - S Mansholt succeeds Malfatti as chairman of European Committee
36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson36th US President Lyndon B. Johnson 1972 - Donegall Street bombing: the Provisional Irish Republican Army detonate its first car bomb on Donegall Street in Belfast; four civilians, two RUC officers and a UDR soldier killed while 148 people were wounded
1973 - Roberto Clemente elected to Hall of Fame, 11 weeks after his death
1973 - NBC TV premiere of pilot episode of "Police Story", based on Los Angeles Police Dept. Joseph Wambaugh's writings
1976 - Jevgeni Kulikov skates world record 1000m (1:15.70)
1976 - Patricia Hearst convicted of armed robbery
1977 - Communists/socialists win French municipal elections
1977 - Parisians elect former PM Jacques Chirac as 1st mayor in a century
1977 - Premier Indira Gandhi loses election in India
1978 - Flyers' Rick MacLeash scores on 6th penalty shot against Islanders
1979 - Columbia flies on Shuttle carrier aircraft to Kennedy Space Center
1980 - The Mi Amigo ship containing England's pirate Radio Caroline sinks
4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi4th Prime Minister of India Indira Gandhi 1980 - US appeals to International Court on hostages in Iran
1981 - Argentine ex-president Isabel Peron sentenced to 8 years
1981 - Jean Harris sentenced 15-to-life for slaying of Scarsdale Diet Dr
1982 - 1st-class debut of Richie Richardson, Leeward Is v Barbados
1982 - France performs nuclear test
1982 - Joan Jett & Blackhearts' "I Love Rock 'n' Roll" goes #1 for 7 wks
1982 - Rev A Treurnicht forms Conservative Party of South Africa
1983 - Kathy Whitworth wins LPGA Women's Kemper Golf Open
1984 - Andy Kaufman & Fred Blassie's "My Breakfast With Blassie" premieres
1984 - Senate rejects amendment to permit spoken prayer in public schools
1985 - Libby Riddles is 1st woman to win Iditarod Trail Dog Sled Race
1986 - 228 KPH gust of wind strikes Cairngorm (UK record)
1986 - Jacques Chirac forms French government
1987 - FDA approves sale of AZT (AIDS treatment)
LPGA Golfer Kathy WhitworthLPGA Golfer Kathy Whitworth 1987 - NASA launches Palapa B2P
1987 - Soap opera "Capitol" final episode
1987 - Soviet filmmakers arrive in Hollywood for an entertainment summit
1987 - Yvonne van Gennip skates ladies' world record 5 km (7:20.36)
1988 - David Henry Hwang's "M. Butterfly," premieres in NYC
1988 - Laura Davies wins Circle K LPGA Tucson Golf Open
1988 - Mike Tyson KOs Tony Tubbs in 2 for heavyweight boxing title
1988 - Eritrean War of Independence: Having defeated the Nadew Command, the Eritrean People's Liberation Front enters the town of Afabet, victoriously concluding the Battle of Afabet.
1989 - Baseball announces Reds manager Pete Rose is under investigation
1989 - Richard J Kerr replaces Robert M Gates as deputy director of CIA
1990 - LA Lakers retires Kareem Abdul-Jabbar's #33
Singer Gloria EstefanSinger Gloria Estefan 1990 - Singer Gloria Estefan breaks her collarbone in a bus accident
1991 - Court awards Peggy Lee $3 million in suit against Disney
1991 - Michael Jackson signs $65M 6 album deal with Sony records
1991 - Supreme Court rules unanimously employers can't exclude women from jobs where exposure to toxic chemicals could potentially damage fetus
1991 - US forgives $2 billion in loans to Poland
1992 - Janice Pennington is awarded $1.3M for accident on Price is Right set
1992 - Noriega's wife Felicidad arrested for stealing buttons from dresses
1993 - Dan Jansen skates world record 500m (36.02 sec)
1993 - IRA-bomb kills 3 year old in Warrington England
1994 - "Cyrano - The Musical" closes at Neil Simon NYC after 137 perfs
1994 - "Flowering Peach" opens at Lyceum Theater NYC for 41 performances
1994 - "No Man's Land" closes at Criterion Theater NYC after 61 performances
Playwright and screenwriter Neil SimonPlaywright and screenwriter Neil Simon 1994 - 14th Golden Raspberry Awards: Indecent Proposal wins
1994 - Brett Hart wins WWF championship at Wrestlemania X
1994 - El Salvador's 1st pres election following 12-year-old civil war
1994 - Laura Davies wins LPGA Standard Register Ping Golf Tournament
1994 - Mashonaland U-24 beat Matabeleland on 1st inn to win Logan Cup
1994 - Wrestlemania X at Madison Square Garden NY, Bret Hart pins Yokozuna
1994 - Zulu-king Goodwill Zwelithini founds realm in South Africa
1995 - Dow-Jones hits 4083.68 (record)
1995 - Poison Gas released in Tokyo subway 12 killed, 4,700 injured
1995 - Beatles song, "Baby It's You", with late John Lennon as lead singer, is released, 1st Fab Four single in more than 30 years
1996 - "Love Thy Neighbor" opens at Booth Theater NYC
1996 - Erik & Lyle Menendez found guilty of killing their parents
1996 - UK admits humans can catch CJD (Mad Cow Disease)
LPGA Golfer Laura DaviesLPGA Golfer Laura Davies 1997 - "Play On!" opens at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC for 61 performances
1997 - Liggett admits cigarettes are addictive
1997 - Mens Figure Skating Championship in Lausanne won by Elvis Stojko (CAN)
1999 - Legoland California, the first and only Legoland outside of Europe, opens in Carlsbad, California.
1999 - 19th Golden Raspberry Awards: An Alan Smithee Film: Burn Hollywood Burn wins
2000 - Jamil Abdullah Al-Amin, a former Black Panther once known as H. Rap Brown, is captured after a gun battle that leaves a Georgia sheriff's deputy dead.
2000 - Pope John Paul II visits Holy Land - Jordan, Israel, Palestine
2001 - Petrobras 36 Oil Platform, the world's largest oil rig, sinks with 400,000 US gallons of fuel and crude oil aboard, after suffering three explosions on March 15
Singer-songwriter Alicia KeysSinger-songwriter Alicia Keys 2002 - 16th Soul Train Music Awards: The O'Jays, Dr. Dre & Alicia Keys wins
2004 - Stephen Harper wins the leadership of the newly created Conservative Party of Canada, becoming the party's first leader.
2004 - 18th Soul Train Music Awards: R. Kelly, Janet Jackson, Outkast & Beyoncé win
2005 - A magnitude 6.6 earthquake hits Fukuoka, Japan, its first major quake in over 100 years. One person is killed, hundreds are injured and evacuated.
2006 - Cyclone Larry makes landfall in eastern Australia, destroying most of the country's banana crop.
2006 - Over 150 Chadian soldiers are killed in eastern Chad by members of the rebel UFDC. The rebel movement sought to overthrow Chadian president Idriss Deby.
2012 - 50 people are killed and 240 injured in a wave of terror attacks across 10 cities in Iraq
R&B Singer R. KellyR&B Singer R. Kelly 2012 - Disney movie John Carter records one of the largest losses in cinema history with a $200 million dollar write down
2013 - Pierre Deligne wins the 2013 Abel Prize in mathematics

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