Historical Events on 31st March

Events 1 - 193 of 193

1084 - Anti-pope Clemens crowns German King Hendrik IV as Holy Roman Emperor
1146 - Bernard of Clairvaux preaches his famous sermon in a field at Vézelay, urging the necessity of a Second Crusade. Louis VII is present, and joins the Crusade.
1492 - Queen Isabella & King Ferdinand of Aragon issue Alhambra Decree expelling Jews from Kingdoms of Castile and Aragon
1504 - France & Spain sign ceasefire
1521 - Magelhaes takes possession of Homohon, Archipelago of St Lazarus
1547 - Henry II succeeds Francois I as king of France
1644 - Pope Urbanus VIII & duke of Parma signs Peace of Ferrara
1651 - Great earthquake at Cuzco Peru
1657 - English Parliament makes the Humble Petition to Lord Protector Oliver Cromwell offering him the crown: he declines
1667 - France & England sign anti-Dutch military accord
1683 - Emperor Leopold I/Poland signs covenant against Turkey
1717 - A sermon on "The Nature of the Kingdom of Christ" by Benjamin Hoadly, the Bishop of Bangor, provoked the Bangorian Controversy.
1745 - Jews are expelled from Prague
Social Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von GoetheSocial Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe 1796 - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe's "Egmont" premieres in Weimar
1808 - French created Kingdom of Westphalia orders Jews to adopt family names
1814 - Forces allied against Napoleon capture Paris
1822 - The massacre of the population of the Greek island of Chios by soldiers of the Ottoman Empire following a rebellion attempt, depicted by the French artist Eugène Delacroix.
1831 - Mainzer Rijnvaart Convention ends
1831 - Quebec & Montreal incorporated
1841 - 1st performance of Robert Schumann's 1st Symphony in B
1849 - Col John W Geary arrives as 1st postmaster of SF
1850 - US population hits 23,191,876 (Black population: 3,638,808 (15.7%))
1854 - Treaty of Kanagawa: Commodore Perry forces Japan to opens ports to US
1861 - Confederacy takes over mint at New Orleans (US Civil War)
1862 - Civil War action at Island #10 on Mississippi River
French Emperor Napoléon BonaparteFrench Emperor Napoléon Bonaparte 1863 - Battle of Grand Gulf MS & Dinwiddie Court House VA
1865 - Battle of Boydton, VA (White Oaks Roads, Dinwiddie C H)
1865 - Gen Pickette moves to 5 Forks, abandoning the defense of Peterburg
1866 - The Spanish Navy bombs the harbor of Valparaíso, Chile.
1868 - Chinese Embassy arrives aboard steamship China
1870 - 1st black to vote in US (Thomas P Mundy of Perth Amboy NJ)
1877 - British high director/governor sir Bartle Frere arrives in Capetown
1877 - Test Cricket debut of Fred "Demon" Spofforth, Aust v Eng MCG
1877 - The family with samurai antecedents who responded to the Saigo army in Ōita Nakatsu rebels.
1880 - 1st town completely illuminated by electric lighting (Wabash, IN)
1883 - 1st performance of Caesar Franck's "Le Chasseur Maudit"
1883 - Utrecht begins water pipe system
1885 - Great Britain declares Bechuanaland a protectorate
1889 - 300m high Eiffel Tower officially opens in Paris to commemorate the French Revolution
1900 - At " Surprise of Sanna’s Post" in the Second Boer War 150 troops under Brigadier General Robert Broadwood were killed.
1903 - Richard Pearse flies monoplane several hundred yards (NZ)
German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm IIGerman Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II 1905 - Emperor Wilhelm II of Germany visits Tangier, Morocco and proclaims Germany's support of Moroccan independence and equal opportunity for all powers to trade there
1906 - GB Shaw's German version of "Caesar & Cleopatra" premieres in Berlin
1907 - Romanian Army puts down Moldavian farmers' revolt
1909 - Baseball rules players who jump contracts are suspended for 5 years
1909 - Gustav Mahler conducts NY Philharmonic for his 1st time
1909 - In a diplomatic note to Austria, Serbia recognizes the the Bosnian annexation and promises to maintain friendly relations with Austria
1916 - Dutch government ends all military engagements
1917 - US purchases Danish West Indies for $25M & renames them Virgin Islands
1918 - 1st daylight savings time in US goes into effect
1919 - Strike against Ruhrgebied government of Scheidemann
1920 - British parliament accepts Irish Home Rule law
1921 - British coal miners goes on strike
1922 - KFI-AM in Los Angeles CA begins radio transmissions
1922 - Prince Hendrik opens trade fair building in Amsterdam
1923 - 1st dance marathon-NYC-Alma Cummings sets record of 27 hrs
1923 - French soldiers fire on workers at Krupp factory in Essen; 13 die
1923 - Stanley Cup: Ottawa Senators (NHL) sweep Edm Eskimos (WCHL) in 2 games
1924 - Croydon Airport, London: Imperial Airways established
1924 - London public transport strike ends
1925 - WOWO-AM, Ft Wayne Indiana begins radio transmission (500 watts)
1926 - German Special Court of Justice for state security disbands
1930 - The Motion Pictures Production Code is instituted, imposing strict guidelines on the treatment of sex, crime, religion and violence in film for the next thirty eight years.
1932 - 150 wild swans die in Niagara waterfall
1932 - Ford publicly unveils its V-8 engine
1933 - 1st newspaper published on pine pulp paper, "Soperton News" (Ga)
1933 - Congress authorizes Civilian Conservation Corps
Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf HitlerDictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler 1933 - German Republic gives power to Hitler
1934 - Netherlands Indies BC Ltd begins radio transmission (Indonesia)
1935 - Fusahige Suzuki runs world record marathon (2:27:49)
1939 - Britain & France agree to support Poland if invaded by Germany
1939 - "The Hound of Baskervilles", starring Basil Rathbone as Sherlock Holmes and Nigel Bruce as Dr. Watson for the first time, is released
1940 - Karelo-Finnish SSR becomes 12th Soviet republic (until 1956)
1941 - Ground broken for Union Square Garage, SF
1943 - Rodgers & Hammerstein's "Oklahoma!" premieres in NYC
1943 - US errantly bombs Rotterdam, kills 326
1944 - Hungary orders all Jews to wear yellow stars
1945 - 3rd Algerian division crosses the Rhine
1945 - Sicherheitsdienst murders 10 political prisoners in Zutphen
1945 - Tennessee Williams' "Glass Menagerie" premieres in NYC
Playwright Tennessee WilliamsPlaywright Tennessee Williams 1945 - US artillery lands on Keise Shima/begins firing on Okinawa
1946 - Belgian government of Acker forms
1946 - The first election is held in Greece after World War II.
1948 - Congress passes Marshall Aid Act to rehabilitate war-torn Europe
1949 - Newfoundland becomes Canada's 10th province
1951 - US tanks exceed 38° of latitude in Korea
1953 - US Department of Health, Education & Welfare established
1953 - UN Security Council nominates Dag Hammarskjoeld secretary-general
1954 - US Air Force Academy in Colorado Springs established
1954 - USSR offers to join NATO
1955 - Collie Smith scores 104 on cricket debut WI v Aust, Kingston
1955 - US Assay Office in Seattle, Washington closes Chase National (3rd largest bank) & Bank of the Manhattan Company (15th largest bank) merge to form Chase Manhattan
1958 - US Navy forms atomic sub division
1958 - USSR suspends nuclear weapons tests, & urges US & Britain to do same
1959 - Dalai Lama fled China & was granted political asylum in India
1960 - Gore Vidal's "Best Man" premieres in NYC
1961 - Aklilou Habtewold becomes 1st premier of Ethiopia
1963 - LA ends streetcar service after 90 years
1964 - Pres Jango Goulart of Brazil chased out of office by military
1965 - US ordered the 1st combat troops to Vietnam
1965 - Iberia Airlines Convair 440 crashed into the sea on approach to Tangier killing 47 of 51 occupants.
1966 - 25,000 anti war demonstrators march in NYC
1966 - Labour Party wins British parliamentary election
1966 - USSR launches Luna 10, 1st lunar orbiter
Rock Guitarist Jimi HendrixRock Guitarist Jimi Hendrix 1967 - 1st time Jimi Hendrix burns his guitar (London)
1968 - LBJ announces he will not seek re-election
1968 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Palm Beach County Golf Open
1968 - Pirate Radio Station Pegaus (NZ) begins transmitting
1968 - Seattle's AL club is named Pilots
1969 - George Harrison & Patti Boyd are fined £250 each for illegal drugs
1970 - Federal bankruptcy court allows Seattle Pilots to be sold to Milwaukee
1970 - Explorer 1 re-enters the Earth's atmosphere after 12 years in orbit
1970 - Following an Orange Order parade, intense riots erupt on the Springfield Road in Belfast; violence lasts for three days, and the British Army used CS gas for the first time in large quantities
1971 - South Africa national debt hits 5.45 billion
1971 - William Calley sentenced to life for Mi Lai Massacre
Singer-Songwriter George HarrisonSinger-Songwriter George Harrison 1972 - Official Beatles Fan Club closes down
1973 - Flyers score 8 goals in 1 period vs Islanders, on 60 shots
1973 - Ken Norton defeats Muhammad Ali in a 12 round split decision
1975 - 37th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: UCLA beats Kentucky 92-55
1975 - John Wooden's final game, UCLA, wins 10th NCAA championship in 12 yrs
1976 - Cleveland Cavaliers clinch their 1st ever NBA playoff bearth
1976 - NJ Court rules Karen Anne Quinlan may be disconnected from respirator
1977 - Michael Cristofer's "Shadow Box" premieres in NYC
1978 - Red Rum wins 3rd consecutive Grand National & retires
1978 - USSR launches Kosmos 1000 navigational satellite
1978 - Wings release "London Town" album
1979 - The last British soldier leaves the Maltese Islands. Malta declares its Freedom Day (Jum il-Helsien).
1980 - Larry Holmes TKOs Leroy Jones in 8 for heavyweight boxing title
WBA World Heavyweight Champion Mike WeaverWBA World Heavyweight Champion Mike Weaver 1980 - Mike Weaver KOs John Tate in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1980 - President Jimmy Carter deregulates banking industry
1980 - The Chicago, Rock Island and Pacific railroad operates its final train after being ordered to liquidate its assets due to bankruptcy and debt owed to creditors.
1981 - 1st Golden Raspberry Awards: Can't Stop the Music wins
1981 - 53rd Academy Awards - "Ordinary People", R De Niro & Sissy Spacek win
1982 - Arkas tanker at Montz La, spills 1.47 million gallons of oil
1982 - Rock group Doobie Brothers split up
1983 - Earthquake in Colombia kills some 5,000 people
1983 - Marsha Norman's "'night, Mother" premieres in NYC
1984 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1985 - 15th Easter Seal Telethon raises $27,400,000
1985 - 4th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Old Dominion beats Ga 70-65
39th US President Jimmy Carter39th US President Jimmy Carter 1985 - El Salvador's Pres Duartes' Christian-Democrats win election
1985 - Wrestlemania I at Madison Square Garden NY, Hogan & Mr T beat Piper & Orndorf
1986 - 167 die when Mexicana Airlines Boeing 727 crashes
1986 - 48th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Louisville beats Duke 72-69
1986 - English Hampton Court palace destroyed by fire, 1 dead
1986 - Six metropolitan county councils are abolished in England.
1987 - 49th NCAA Men's Basketball Championship: Indiana beats Syracuse 74-73
1988 - Last East Limburg coal mine closes in Gent Belgium
1988 - NY Islanders celebrate Denis Potvin night
1988 - Pulitzer prize awarded to Toni Morrison for "Beloved"
1989 - Donald Trump purchases Eastern's Northeast Shuttle
1990 - "Carol & Company" starring Carol Burnette premieres on NBC-TV
1990 - Dionisio Castro cycles world record 20km (57:18.4)
Businessman & T.V. Personality Donald TrumpBusinessman & T.V. Personality Donald Trump 1990 - Riots began in London over the new poll tax laws
1991 - 10th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Tennessee beats Virginia 70-67
1991 - 20th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Amy Alcott
1991 - Albania offers 1st multi-party election in 50 years
1991 - Danny Bonaduce attacks a transvestite prostitute in Phoenix Az
1991 - Georgian SSR votes on whether to remain in the Soviet Union
1991 - Musical "Will Rogers Follies" premieres in NYC
1991 - Soviet Rep of Georgia endorsed independence; Warsaw Pact dissolves
1991 - St Louis Blues Brett Hull scores his 86th goal
1991 - The Establishment of Islamic Constitutional Movement - Hadas in Kuwait.
1992 - Delhi beat Tamil Nadu on 1st innings to win cricket Ranji Trophy
1992 - UN Security Council voted to ban flights & arms sales to Libya
1994 - James Farentino pleads no contest to stalking ex-girl Tina Sinatra
NHL Goal Scorer Brett HullNHL Goal Scorer Brett Hull 1994 - Walkway from Cleveland's Tower City to Jacobs Field officially opens
1994 - Human evolution: The journal Nature reports the finding in Ethiopia of the first complete Australopithecus afarensis skull.
1995 - 1st game at Coors Stadium Colo (replacement Rockies beat Yanks 4-1)
1995 - Bombay beat Punjab on 1st innings to win cricket Ranji Trophy
1995 - Federal judge orders injunction to end baseball strike
1996 - "Getting Away With Murder" closes at Broadhurst NYC after 17 perfs
1996 - "Midsummer Night's Dream" opens at Lunt-Fontanne NYC for 66 perfs
1996 - 15th NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: Tenn beats Georgia 83-65
1996 - 1st Opening Day in history in March takes place in Seattle
1996 - 25th Nabisco Dinah Shore Golf Championship won by Patty Sheehan
1996 - Karnataka defeat Tamil Nadu on 1st innings to win Ranji Trophy
1996 - Radio Canada International's final shortwave broadcast
LPGA Golfer Patty SheehanLPGA Golfer Patty Sheehan 1996 - Space Shuttle STS 76 (Atlantis 16), lands
1996 - Wrestlemania XII - Shawn Michaels beats Brett Hart for WWF title
1997 - "Daytime to Remember" a series showing old soaps premieres on ABC-TV
1997 - 59th NCAA Mens Basketball Championship: Ariz beats Kentucky 84-79 (OT)
1997 - Pioneer 10 ends its mission
1998 - Tampa Bay Devil Rays 1st game they host Detroit Tigers
1999 - "10 Things I Hate About You", a modernization of Shakespeare's The Taming of the Shrew, starring Julia Stiles and Heath Ledger, is released
2002 - 21st NCAA Women's Basketball Championship: at San Antonio
2004 - In Fallujah, Iraq, 4 American private military contractors working for Blackwater USA, are killed and their bodies mutilated after being ambushed.
2007 - In Sydney, Australia, 2.2 million people take part in the first Earth Hour.
Actress Julia StilesActress Julia Stiles 2008 - Aloha Airlines, a bankrupt airline, permanently ends passenger service
2012 - Fiji Floods kill 2 people and force thousands to be evacuated
2013 - 14 Boko Haram suspects are killed in a Nigerian Army raid
2013 - 11 people are killed in flooding at Port Louis, Mauritius
2013 - 2 people die from bird flu (type H7N9) in China

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