Historical Events on 5th March
All Events Birthdays
Events 1 - 189 of 189
363 - Roman Emperor Julian moves from Antioch with an army of 90,000 to attack the Sassanid Empire, in a campaign which would bring about his own death.
1046 - Persian scholar Naser Khosrow begins the seven-year Middle Eastern journey which he will later describe in his book Safarnama.
1179 - 3rd Lateran Council (11th ecumenical council) opens in Rome
1496 - English King Henry VII hands John Cabot (Giovanni Caboto) a commission to explore for new lands
1528 - Utrecht governor Maarten van Rossum plunders The Hague
1558 - Smoking tobacco introduced in Europe by Francisco Fernandes
1579 - Betuwe joins Union of Utrecht
1616 - Astronomical work 'de Revolutionibus' by Nicolaus Copernicus placed on Catholic Forbidden index
1623 - 1st American temperance law enacted, Virginia
Astronomer and Mathematician Nicolaus Copernicus 1645 - Battle of Jankau in Bohemia: Sweden defeats Holy Roman Emperor Ferdinand III
1651 - South Sea dike in Amsterdam breaks after storm
1684 - Emperor Leopold I, Poland & Venice sign Heilig Covenant of Linz
1743 - 1st US religious journal, The Christian History, published, Boston
1746 - Jacobite troops leave Aberdeen
1750 - 1st American Shakespearean production-"altered" Richard III, NYC
1766 - Don Antonio de Ulloa takes possession of Louisiana Terr from French
1770 - Boston Massacre, British troops kill 5 in crowd. Native African American Crispus Attucks 1st to die. Later held up as early black martyr. Galvanised anti-British feelings
Statesman John Hancock 1774 - John Hancock delivers the fourth annual Massacre Day oration, a commemoration of the Boston Massacre, and denounces the presence of British troops in Boston, enhancing Hancock's stature as a leading Patriot
1783 - King Stanislaus Augustus Poniatowski grants rights to Jews of Kovno
1784 - Thomas Townshend, 1st Viscount Sydney is named President of the Board of Trade.
1793 - French troops are defeated by Austrian forces and Liège is recaptured.
1795 - Amsterdam celebrates Revolution on the Dam; Square of Revolution
1795 - Treaty of Basel-Prussia ends war with France
1807 - 1st performance of Ludwig von Beethoven's 4th Symphony in B
1820 - Dutch city of Leeuwarden forbids Jews to go to synagogues on Sundays
1821 - Monroe is 1st US president inaugurated on March 5th, because 4th was Sun
1824 - First Burmese War: The British officially declare war on Burma.
Inventor/Industrialist Samuel Colt 1836 - Samuel Colt manufactures 1st pistol, 34-caliber "Texas" model
1841 - 1st continuous filibuster in US Senate began, lasting until March 11
1842 - Over 500 Mexican troops led by Rafael Vasquez invade Texas, briefly occupy San Antonio and then head back to the Rio Grande.
1848 - Louis Antoine Garnier-Pages is named French minister of Finance.
1849 - Zachary Taylor sworn in as 12th US president
1850 - The Britannia Bridge across the Menai Strait between the Isle of Anglesey and the mainland of Wales is opened.
1856 - Covent Garden Opera House, London, destroyed in a fire
1856 - Georgia becomes 1st state to regulate railroads
Former Slave and Seaman Crispus Attucks 1858 - Abolitionists establish "Crispus Attucks Day" in Boston
1860 - Parma, Tuscany, Modena and Romagna vote in referendums to join the Kingdom of Sardinia.
1862 - Union troops under brig-gen Wright occupy Fernandina Florida
1864 - 1st track meet between Oxford & Cambridge
1868 - Arrigo Boito's opera "Mefistofele," premieres in Milan
1868 - Stapler patented in England by C H Gould
1868 - US Senate organizes to decide charges against President Andrew Johnson
1872 - George Westinghouse Jr patents triple air brake for trains
1877 - Rutherford B. Hayes inaugurated as 19th US president
1894 - Seattle authorizes 1st municipal employment office in US
19th US President Rutherford B. Hayes 1894 - Archibald Philip Primrose, 5th Earl of Rosebery becomes First Lord of the Treasury.
1896 - Italian premier Crispi resigns
1896 - Italian governor of Eritrea, Gen Baldissera, reaches Massawa
1897 - American Negro Academy forms
1899 - 1st performance of Edward MacDowell's 2nd Concerto in D
1900 - American Hall of Fame founded
1903 - Definitive treaty for construction of Baghdad railway drawn up
1904 - Nikola Tesla, in Electrical World and Engineer, describes the process of the ball lightning formation.
1907 - 1st radio broadcast of a musical composition aired
1907 - The second Duma opens in St. Petersburg, Russia and 40,000 demonstrators have to be dispersed by Russian troops.
Electrical and Mechanical Engineer Nikola Tesla 1908 - 1st ascent of Mt Erebus, Antarctica
1910 - Ramon Inclan's "La Farsa Infantil de la Cabeza del Dragon," premieres
1910 - Stanley Cup: Montreal Wanderers beat Ottawa Senators, 3-1
1912 - Spanish steamer "Principe de Asturias" sinks NE of Spain, 500 die
1912 - Italian forces are the first to use airships for military purposes, using them for reconnaissance behind Turkish lines.
1915 - World War I: The LZ 33, a zeppelin, is damaged by enemy fire and stranded south of Ostend.
1917 - US President Woodrow Wilson is inaugurated for a second term
28th US President Woodrow Wilson 1919 - Louis Hirsch & Harold Atteridge's musical premieres in NYC
1921 - The Durban Land Alienation Ordinance passes, enabling the Durban City Council to exclude Indians from ownership or occupation of property in white areas, South Africa
1921 - The US warns Costa Rica and Panama to settle disputes peacefully
1922 - "Nosferatu" premieres in Berlin
1923 - Montana & Nevada become 1st states to enact old age pension laws
1924 - Computing-Tabulating-Recording Corp becomes IBM
1924 - Frank Carauna, becomes 1st to bowl 2 successive perfect 300 games
1924 - King Hussein of Hedzjaz appoints himself kalief
1927 - 1,000 US marines land in China to protect American property
1928 - Karl Zuckmayer's "Der Hauptmann von Köpenick," premieres in Berlin
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi 1931 - Gandhi & British viceroy Lord Irwin sign pact
1933 - FDR proclaims 10-day bank holiday
1933 - Germany's Nazi Party wins majority in parliament (43.9%-17.2M votes)
1934 - Mother-in-law's day 1st celebrated (Amarillo, Tx)
1935 - 1st premature baby health law in US (Chicago)
1936 - Spitfire makes its 1st flight (Eastleigh Aerodrome in Southampton)
1936 - 8th Academy Awards - "Mutiny on the Bounty," Victor McLaglen & Bette Davis wins
1942 - Bosnia Tito establishes 3rd Proletarit Brigade in Bosnia
1942 - Dmitri Shostakovitch' 7th Symphony, premieres in Siberia
Actress Bette Davis 1942 - Japanese troop march into Batavia
1943 - Anti-fascist strikes in Italy
1943 - RAF bombs Essen Germany
1944 - 1st performance of Walter Piston's 2nd Symphony
1945 - Allies bombs The Hague, Netherlands
1945 - Generals Eisenhower, Patton & Patch meet in Luneville
1945 - US 7th Army Corps captures Cologne
1945 - US Ladies Figure Skating championship won by Gretchen Merrill
1945 - World War II: The Battle of the Ruhr begins.
1946 - Winston Churchill's "Iron Curtain" speech (Fulton Missouri) popularizes the term and draws attention to division of Europe
Soldier, Author and British Prime Minister Winston Churchill 1946 - Hungarian Communists and Social Democrats co-found the Left Bloc.
1948 - US rocket flies record 4800 kph to 126km height
1949 - Bradman plays his last innings in 1st-class cricket, gets 30
1949 - The Jharkhand Party is founded in India.
1952 - Terence Rattigan's "Deep Blue Sea," premieres in London
1954 - "Girl in Pink Tights" opens at Mark Hellinger NYC for 115 perfs
1955 - WBBJ TV channel 7 in Jackson, TN (ABC) begins broadcasting
1956 - "King Kong," 1st televised
1956 - Mickey Wright wins LPGA Jacksonville Golf Open
1957 - Eamon de Valera's Fianna Fail-party wins election in Ireland
LPGA Golfer Mickey Wright 1957 - Sgt Bilko satirizes Elvis Presley (Elvis Pelvin)
1958 - Explorer 2 fails to reach Earth orbit
1958 - KDUH TV channel 4 in Scottsbluff-Hay Spring, NB (ABC) 1st broadcast
1959 - Iran & US sign economic & military treaty
1960 - Elvis Presley ends 2-year hitch in US Army
1960 - Ice Dance Championship at Vancouver won by Denny & Jones (GRB)
1960 - Ice Pairs Championship at Vancouver won by Wagner & Paul (CAN)
1960 - Men's Figure Skating Championship in Vancouver won by Alain Giletti (FRA)
1960 - Worlds Ladies' Figure Skating Champions in Vancouver won by Carol E Heiss (USA)
Singer & Cultural Icon Elvis Presley 1960 - The Aquatic Ape Hypothesis originates when Alister Hardy publicly announces his idea that ape-human divergence may have been due to a coastal phase.
1962 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1963 - Beatles record "From Me to You" & "Thank You Girl"
1964 - Atlanta Mayor Ivan Allen Jr, announces a baseball team is moving there
1964 - Emergency crisis proclaimed in Ceylon due to social unrest
1965 - 1st performance of Walter Piston's 8th Symphony
1965 - Ernie Terrel beats Eddie Machen in 15 for heavyweight boxing title
1965 - March Intifada: A Leftist uprising erupts in Bahrain against British colonial presence.
1966 - 75 MPH air currents causes BOAC 707 crash into Mount Fuji, 124 die
1966 - Bob Seagren pole vaults 5.19m indoor world record
1966 - Player reps elect Marvin Miller, as exec dir of Players' Association
1966 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1967 - WEDN TV channel 53 in Norwich, CT (PBS) begins broadcasting
1968 - US launches Solar Explorer 2 to study the Sun
1969 - Gold reaches then record high ($47 per ounce) in Paris
1969 - Gustav Heinemann elected president of West Germany
1969 - Joe Orton's "What the Butler Saw" premieres in London
1970 - Edison Theater opens at 240 W 47th St NYC
1970 - Nuclear non-proliferation treaty goes into effect
1970 - SDS Weathermen terrorist group bomb 18 West 11th St in NYC
1970 - Dubnium atoms are first detected conclusively.
Rock Vocalist Robert Plant 1971 - "Stairway to Heaven" by Led Zeppelin is first played live at Ulster Hall, Belfast by Robert Plant, Jimmy Page, John Bonham and John Paul Jones.
1972 - Greek composer Mikis Theodorakis leaves communist party
1973 - Yankee pitchers Peterson & Kekich announce they swapped wives
1974 - "Candide" opens at Broadway Theater NYC for 740 performances
1974 - Ralph Stewart failed in 2nd Islander penalty shot
1976 - British pound falls below $2 for 1st time
1977 - 3rd People's Choice Awards: John Wayne & Barbra Streisand win (Motion Picture) and Telly Savalas & Mary Tyler Moore win (TV)
Actress Mary Tyler Moore 1978 - "Hello, Dolly!" opens at Lunt-Fontanne Theater NYC for 152 perfs
1978 - Landsat 3 launched from Vandenberg AFB, Calif
1979 - Voyager I's closest approach to Jupiter (172,000 miles)
1979 - Iran resumes petroleum exports
1980 - Earth satellites record gamma rays from remnants of supernova N-49
1981 - "Bring Back Birdie" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 4 perfs
1981 - Ice Dance Championship at Hartford won by Jayne Torvill & Christopher Dean (GRB)
1981 - Ice Pairs Champ at Hartford won by Irina Vorobieva & I Lisovski (URS)
1981 - Men's Figure Skating Champions in Hartford won by Scott Hamilton (USA)
1981 - US government grants Atlanta $1 million to search for black boy murderer
1982 - Gaylord Perry (with 297 wins) signs with Seattle Mariners
1982 - Russian spacecraft Venera 14 lands on Venus sends back data
23rd Australian Prime Minister Bob Hawke 1983 - Bob Hawke (Labour) defeats Australian PM Malcolm Fraser (Cons)
1983 - NSW beat Western Australia by 54 runs to win Sheffield Shield
1984 - Supreme Court (5-4): city may use public money for Nativity scene
1984 - US accuse Iraq of using poison gas
1985 - NY Islander Mike Bossy is 1st to score 50 goals in 8 straight seasons
1985 - Mexican authorities find the body of US drug agent Enrique "Kike" Camarena Salaazar
1986 - "Today" tabloid launched (Britain's 1st national color newspaper)
1988 - Constitution of Turks and Caicos Islands is restored and revised.
NHL Right Winger Mike Bossy 1989 - 19th Easter Seal Telethon raises $37,002,000
1989 - Blains McCallister wins Honda Golf Classic shooting 266
1989 - Elly Verhulst runs world record 3000 m indoor (8:33.82)
1991 - Iraq repealed its annexation of Kuwait
1991 - Reggie Miller (Indiana) begins NBA free throw streak of 52 games
1992 - Ethic committee votes to reveal congressmen who bounced checks
1993 - Boston Celtic Larry Bird undergoes backfusion surgery
1993 - Fokker 100 crashes at Skopje Macedonia, 81 die
1993 - Marlins beat Astros 12-8 in their 1st spring training game
1994 - Dottie Mochrie wins Chrysler-Plymouth Tournament of Golf Championship
NBA Legend Larry Bird 1994 - Largest milkshake (1,955 gallons of chocolate-Nelspruit South Africa)
1994 - PBA National Championship won by David Traber
1994 - Singer Grace Slick arrested for pointing a gun at a cop
1995 - 21st People's Choice Awards: Tom Hanks & Jodie Foster win (Dramatic Motion Picture) and Tim Allen & Roseanne win (TV)
1995 - Estonia Centrumlinkse Coalition party wins parliamentary election
1995 - Graves of Tsar Nicholas II and family found in St Petersburg
1995 - Marc Velzeboer skates world record 3 km short track (5:00.26)
1996 - Earl Weaver & Jim Bunning, elected to Hall of Fame
Tsar Nicholas II 1997 - Tommy Lasorda, Nellie Fox & Willie Wells for Hall of Fame
1999 - Paul Okalik is elected first Premier of Nunavut.
2001 - In Mecca, 35 Muslim pilgrims are crushed to death during the annual Hajj pilgrimage.
2003 - In Haifa, 17 Israeli civilians are killed by a Hamas suicide bomb in the Haifa bus 37 massacre.
2005 - The Burkinabé Party for Democracy and Socialism holds its first National Convention.
2006 - 78th Academy Awards - "Crash," Philip Seymour Hoffman & Reese Witherspoon win
2009 - Moises Alou announces he will retire following the World Baseball Classic
MLB Outfielder Moises Alou 2012 - 27 members of Iraq's security force are killed by gunmen disguised as police in Haditha
2012 - Tropical Storm Irina kills 65 in Madagascar
2013 - The Dow Jones surpasses its 2007 pre-financial crisis levels for the first time
2013 - Venezuelan Vice-President Nicolás Maduro assumes the presidency after the death of Hugo Chávez
2013 - Willcom announces the world’s smallest mobile phone, weighing 32 grams
2014 - A survey by the European Union Agency for Fundamental Rights reports that about 1/3 of women in the European Union have experienced physical or sexual violence since the age of 15
— Historical Events on this Day —