Historical Events on 12th October

Events 1 - 200 of 202

539 BC - The army of Cyrus the Great of Persia takes Babylon.
638 - Honorius I ends his reign as Catholic Pope; Pope Severinus elected
642 - John IV ends his reign as Catholic Pope
1165 - Rambam reaches Jerusalem
1216 - King John of England loses his crown jewels in The Wash, probably near Fosdyke, perhaps near Sutton Bridge
1279 - Nichiren, a Japanese Buddhist monk founder of Nichiren Buddhism, inscribes the Dai-Gohonzon
1285 - 180 Jews refuse baptism in Munich Germany, they are set on fire
1366 - King Frederick III of Siciliy forbids decorations on synagogues
1398 - the Treaty of Salynas is signed between Grand Duke of Lithuania Vytautas the Great and the Teutonic Knights, who received Samogitia.
1459 - Battle at Ludford Bridge: Richard of York defeated
1492 - Flemish rebel leader Philip van Kleef surrenders
1492 - Christopher Columbus's expedition makes landfall on Caribbean island he names San Salvador (likely Watling Island, Bahamas). The explorer believes he has reached East Asia (OS 21 Oct)
1504 - Queen Isabella I of Spain signs her testament
1509 - Emperor Maximilian leaves Italy
1518 - Pontifical ambassador interrogates Martin Luther
1549 - John Dudley earl of Warwick becomes English premier
1576 - Rudolf II succeeds Maximilian II as Holy Roman Emperor
1609 - Children's rhyme "Three Blind Mice," published in London
1654 - The Delft Explosion (gunpowder) devastates the city in the Netherlands, killing more than 100.
Founder of Protestanism Martin LutherFounder of Protestanism Martin Luther 1659 - English Rump-government fires John Lambert & other generals
1702 - Battle of Bay of Vigo: Dutch & English fleet destroy & occupy Spanish silver fleet & French squadron
1711 - Karel VI Habsburg crowned Roman Catholic emperor
1729 - Willem KH Friso installed as viceroy of Gelderland
1730 - Christian VI succeeds Frederik IV as king of Denmark
1773 - America's first insane asylum opens for 'Persons of Insane and Disordered Minds' in Virginia
1775 - US Navy forms
1776 - British Brigade begins guarding Throgg Necks Road in Bronx
1792 - First celebration of Columbus Day in the USA held in New York
1798 - Flemish uprising against French occupied Boerenkrijg
1798 - Friedrich von Schillers "Wallensteins Lager," premieres in Weimar
1815 - Ex-king Joachim Murat van Naples sentenced to death
1822 - 2nd eruption of Galunggung (Java) destroys summit of mountain
1823 - Charles Macintosh of Scotland begins selling raincoats (Macs)
1833 - Charles Darwin begins return trip to Buenos Aires
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1836 - 18" of snow falls in Bridgewater NY
1850 - 1st women's medical school (Women's Medical College of Penns), opens
1853 - John Morrissey wins boxing title, when Yankee Sullivan leaves ring after 36th round to slug Morrissey's fans
1854 - Lincoln University founded as Ashmun Institute
1860 - British & French troops capture Beijing
1861 - Confederate ironclad Manassas attack Union's Richmond on Mississippi
1862 - JEB Stuart completes his "2nd ride around McClellan"
1862 - Maj Gen Earl Van Dorn assumes command of Conf troops in Missisippi
1862 - Skirmish at Monocacy, Maryland
1871 - Pres Grant condemns Ku Klux Klan
1872 - Montreal Foot Ball Club 1st game playing Quebec City to 0-0 tie
1879 - British troops occupy Kabul Afghanistan
1881 - Henry M Stanley signs contract with Congo monarch
1886 - Hurricane & sea surge kills 250 at Indianola Texas
1886 - Start of Sherlock Holmes "Adventure of 2nd Stain" (BG)
1891 - Astronomical Society of France is inaugurated
1892 - US Pledge of Allegiance 1st recited in public schools during Columbus Day
1898 - Establishment of the first town council in Mateur.
1899 - South Africa Boer Republic declares war on England
26th US President Theodore Roosevelt26th US President Theodore Roosevelt 1901 - Theodore Roosevelt renames "Executive Mansion," "The White House"
1903 - Lyric Theater opens at 213 W 42nd St NYC
1907 - Cubs beat Tigers 4 games to 0 with 1 tie in 4th World Series
1913 - John McGraw, after drinking, blames Wilbert Robinson's coaching mistakes for World Series lose, Robertson blames McGraw & is fired
1914 - 1st battle at Ypres, begins
1915 - Ford Motor Company under Henry Ford manufactures its 1 millionth Model T automobile
1915 - Theodore Roosevelt criticizes US citzens who identify themselves, with dual nationalities
1916 - Boston Red Sox beat Bkln Dodgers, 4 games to 1 in 13th World Series
1917 - The First Battle of Passchendaele, now Passendale
1918 - Cloquet fire kills 453 and injures or displaces 52,000 people
1920 - Cleve Indians beat Bkln Dodgers, 5 games to 2 in 17th World Series
1920 - Construction begins on Holland Tunnel connecting NJ & NYC
1920 - Man O'War's last race & win
1920 - Soccer team Quick '20 forms
1923 - NY Giant's Casey Stengel HR beats Yanks 1-0 in World Series
Ford Motor Company Founder Henry FordFord Motor Company Founder Henry Ford 1924 - Sokolnicheskaya Radio begins broadcasting from Moscow
1925 - Albert Michelsen runs world record marathon (2:19:01.8)
1925 - German-Russian trade agreement signed
1927 - Hermann Goerner of Germany raises 24 men weighing 4,123 lbs on a plank with soles of his feet
1928 - 1st use of iron lung (Boston's Children Hospital)
1929 - Cubs blow 8-0 World Series lead, A's score 10 in 1 inning
1931 - 1st International Conference on Calendar Reform
1933 - Alcatraz becomes a federal prison (unofficially)
1933 - John Dillinger escapes from Allen County, OH, jail
1935 - Cole Porters musical "Jubilee," premieres in NYC
1941 - Russian government moves from Moscow to Volga as Nazis close in on Moscow
1942 - Successful Russian counter attack through 37th Guard division
1942 - US navy defeats Japanese in WW II Battle of Cape Esperance
1943 - US bombs Rabaul, New Britain
1944 - German army retreats from Athens
1948 - Casey Stengel takes over as Yankee manager
1950 - "Call Me Madam" opens at Imperial Theater NYC for 644 performances
1952 - Hanif Mohammad scores twin 100s v N Zone (Ind) his 1st fc cricket tons
1952 - KBTV (now KUSA) TV channel 9 in Denver, CO (ABC) begins broadcasting
1953 - US & Greece signs peace treaty (US bases)
1955 - -13] Hurricane Hazel, kills 68 in Haiti
1956 - Marga Klompe becomes 1st Dutch women elected minister
1957 - "Mask & Gown" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 39 performances
1957 - "Simply Heavenly" closes at Playhouse Theater NYC after 62 perfs
1957 - 1st coml flight between California & Antartica
1957 - Canadian Prime Minister Lester Bowles Pearson wins Nobel Peace Prize
1958 - CVP wins municipal elections in Belgium
1958 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1958 - WJRT TV channel 12 in Flint, MI (ABC) begins broadcasting
1959 - At the national congress of APRA in Peru a group of leftist radicals are expelled from the party. They will later form APRA Rebelde.
37th US President Richard Nixon37th US President Richard Nixon 1960 - JFK & Richard Nixon's 3rd presidential debate
1960 - Nikita Khrushchev pounds his shoe at UN General Assembly session
1960 - Inejiro Asanuma is assassinated in Japan by Otoya Yamaguchi, a 17-year-old. The camera was rolling at that time.
1961 - "Let It Ride" opens at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC for 68 performances
1961 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1962 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1962 - US/USSR sign joint space effort in telecommunications & meteorology
1962 - Infamous Columbus Day Storm strikes the U.S. Pacific Northwest with record wind velocities; 46 dead and at least U.S. $230 million in damages
1963 - "Student Gypsy" closes at 84th St Theater NYC after 16 performances
1963 - Archaeological digs begin at Masada, Israel
1963 - At 4 AM, traffic on Bay Bridge is 1-way on each deck
1964 - 1st time 3 people in space
1964 - KCSM TV channel 60 in San Mateo-SF, CA (PBS) begins
1964 - Launch of Voskhod 1, 1st 3 man crew (Komarov, Feokistov, Yegorov)
1964 - Voskhod 1 launched: 1st flight with 3 cosmonauts
First Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita KhrushchevFirst Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union Nikita Khrushchev 1964 - WSBK TV channel 38 in Boston, MA (IND/ABC/CBS/NBC) begin
1964 - WUCM TV channel 19 in University Center, MI (PBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - Jimi Henrix Experience fors with Noel Redding & Mitch Mitchell
1967 - St Louis Cards beat Boston Red Sox, 4 games to 3 in 64th World Series as Lou Brock steals a record 7 bases in 1 World Series
1968 - "Noel Coward's Sweet Potato" closes at Barrymore NYC after 17 perfs
1968 - 19th Olympic games open at Mexico City, Mexico
1968 - Equatorial Guinea (Spanish Guinea) declares independence from Spain
1968 - Norma Enriqueta Basilio Satelo is 1st woman to light Olympic flame
1969 - 1st time 5 people in space
1969 - KDB-AM in Santa Barbara CA changes call letters to KAPN
1969 - KHOF (now KAGL) TV ch 30 in San Bernardino/Glenda, CA (IND) begins
1969 - Soyuz 7 is launched
1970 - Rock Memorabilia Auction at Filmore East
1971 - "Jesus Christ Superstar" opens at Mark Hellinger NYC for 711 perfs
1972 - "Hurry, Harry" opens at Ritz Theater NYC for 2 performances
1972 - 46 sailors injured in race riot on aircraft carrier Kitty Hawk
1972 - Billy Harris failed in 1st Islander penalty shot
1972 - Mariner 9 takes pictures of Martian north pole
1973 - Israeli counter offensive in southern Syria
1973 - Juan Peron elected president of Argentina
38th US President Gerald Ford38th US President Gerald Ford 1973 - Nixon nominates Gerald Ford to replace Spiro Agnew as VP
1974 - 1st time Wash Caps are shutout as they are beat 6-0 by Minnesota
1975 - Archbishop Oliver Plunkett became 1st Irish-born saint in 7 centuries
1975 - Jacqueline Hansen runs women's world record marathon (2:38:19)
1975 - NASA launches space vehicle S-195
1976 - 4th Space Shuttle Enterprise, approach & land test (ALT) flight
1976 - Hua Guo-feng succeeds Mao Tse-tung as chairman of Communist Party
1977 - "Throwaway Game" Catfish Hunter loses WS 6-1 resting Yank pitchers
1977 - 4th test of space shuttle Enterprise
1977 - Psychic Romark attempts to drive blindfolded, smashed into cop van
1977 - US Supreme Court heard arguments in "reverse discrimination" case of
1977 - Allan Bakke, white student denied admission to University of California Med School
1978 - Representatives of Israel & Egypt open talks in Washington
1978 - Sid Vicious charged in murder of girlfriend Nancy Spungen
1979 - Pressure in nucleus of tropical cyclone at Guam hits record 870 hpa
Musician Sid ViciousMusician Sid Vicious 1979 - The lowest recorded non-tornadic atmospheric pressure, 87.0 kPa (870 mbar or 25.69 inHg), occurred in the Western Pacific during Typhoon Tip.
1980 - "Your Arm's Too Short to Box" closes at Ambassador NYC after 149 perfs
1980 - 7 stabbed at Blood, Sweat & Tears concert in LA
1980 - Amy Alcott wins LPGA Inamori Golf Classic
1981 - "Marlowe" opens at Rialto Theater NYC for 48 performances
1981 - 15th Country Music Association Award: Barbara Mandrell & George Jones wins
1982 - 38.6 cm (15.2") of rainfall, Angoon Alaska (state record)
1982 - Milwaukee Brewer Paul Molitor getrs world sereis record 5 hits
1983 - 5225 Loral & 5424 Covington
1984 - IRA bombs hotel where British PM Margaret Thatcher is staying, 5 die
1985 - Challenger moves to Vandenberg AFB for mating of STS 61A mission
1985 - Intl Physicians for Prevention of Nuclear War receives Nobel Prize
1985 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1986 - California Angels within 1 pitch of pennant victory lose to Red Sox
1986 - Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom and Prince Philip, Duke of Edinburgh visit the People's Republic of China
Queen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth IIQueen of the United Kingdom Elizabeth II 1987 - 21st Country Music Association Award: Hank William Jr wins
1987 - George Harrison releases "Got My Mind Set On You"
1987 - Minnesota Twins beat Detroit Tigers for AL pennant
1987 - Oscar Arias (Costa Rican Pres) wins Nobel Peace Prize
1988 - George W H Bush & Michael Dukakis meet in 2nd debate
1988 - Israel & China sign trade deal, plan diplomatic relations
1989 - Herschel Walker is traded from Cowboys to Vikings for 12 players
1989 - Musical "Buddy" with Paul Hipp premieres in London
1990 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1991 - Boxer Hector Comacho arrested for driving while getting oral sex
1991 - Mike Lerch of Princeton ties NCAA record with 370 receiving yards
1991 - Statler Brothers Show premieres on TNN
1991 - Wrestler Rip Oliver forced to retire after being injured by Crush
1991 - Doug Flutie of BC Lions sets CFL passing record of 582 yards despite losing to Edmonton 45-38 in overtime
1992 - 5.8 earthquake at Cairo (at least 510 die)
1992 - Arecibo radio telescope begins Microwave search for occupied planets
1992 - Brett "Hitman" Hart beats Ric Flair for WWF Heavyweight title
1992 - Expo '92 closes in Seville Spain
1992 - Howard Stern radio show premieres in Albany NY (WQBK 103.5 & 103.9 FM)
1992 - Microwave Observing Project begins (seeking alien life)
1992 - Wash Redskin Art Monk sets NFL record with 820th reception
1993 - "Mixed Emotions" opens at John Golden Theater NYC for 48 performances
1994 - Contact with Venus orbitter Magellan broken
1994 - Iranian Fokker's F28 explode between Isfahan & Teheran: 66 killed
1995 - "Patti LuPone on Broadway" opens at Walter Kerr NYC for 46 perfs
1997 - David Duval wins Michelob Championship at Kingsmill Golf Club
1997 - Juli Inkster wins LPGA Samsung World Championship
1997 - Transamerica Senior Golf
1997 - Sidi Daoud massacre in Algeria; 43 killed at a fake roadblock.
1999 - Pervez Musharraf takes power in Pakistan from Nawaz Sharif through a bloodless coup.
1999 - The Day of Six Billion: The proclaimed 6 billionth living human in the world is born.
2000 - The USS Cole is badly damaged in Aden, Yemen, by two suicide bombers, killing 17 crew members and wounding at least 39
2002 - Terrorists explode two bombs in Bali's nightclub district killing 202 and injuring 209 mostly foreign tourists
2005 - The second Chinese human spaceflight Shenzhou 6 launched carrying Fèi Jùnlóng and Niè Hǎishèng for five days in orbit.
2012 - The United Nations Security Council unanimously approves of an African-led force to oust Islamist militants in northern Mali
2012 - The European Union wins the 2012 Nobel Peace Prize, sparking a series of critical commentary
2013 - 50 people are killed after a truck veers of a cliff in  La Convencion Province, Peru

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