Historical Events on 17th October

Events 1 - 172 of 172

539 BC - King Cyrus The Great of Persia marches into the city of Babylon, releasing the Jews from almost 70 years of exile and making the first Human Rights Declaration.
415 - Jewish autonomy in Palestine ended by the Romans and Raban Gamliel forced from office
532 - Boniface II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
733 - Battle at Poitiers: Charles Martel beats Abd al-Rachmans Omajjaden
1346 - Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England at Calais, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years.
1387 - Swells convent Windesheim initiated
1404 - Cosma de' Migliorati elected Pope Innocentius VII
1448 - Second Battle of Kosovo, where the mainly Hungarian army led by John Hunyadi were defeated by an Ottoman army led by Sultan Murad II.
1456 - The University of Greifswald is established, making it the second oldest university in northern continental Europe (also for a period the oldest in Sweden, and Prussia)
1483 - Tomas de Torquemada appointed inquisitor-general of Spain
1556 - Ex-emperor Karel departs Netherland for Spain
1651 - Future King Charles II flees from England
1660 - Nine Regicides, the men who signed the death warrant of Charles I, are hanged, drawn and quartered, another is hanged.
1691 - New royal charter for Massachusetts, now including Maine, Plymouth
1720 - Pierre de Marivaux' "Arlequin Poli Par l'Amour," premieres in Paris
1740 - Ivan VI becomes Czar of Russia
1777 - British General John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga NY
1781 - Cornwallis defeated at Yorktown
1787 - Boston blacks, petition legislature for equal school facilities
King Charles IKing Charles I 1797 - Peace of Campo Formio: Austrian Dutch possessions & France
1800 - Dutch colony Curacao transfered to England
1806 - Former leader of the Haitian Revolution, Emperor Jacques I of Haiti was assassinated after an oppressive rule.
1808 - Political rights of Jews suspended in Duchy of Warsaw
1814 - London Beer Flood occurs in London killing nine.
1815 - Napoleon arrives in St Helena
1825 - 1st French Liszts operette Don Sanche premieres in Paris
1829 - Delaware River & Chesapeake Bay Canal formally opens
1829 - 1st supposed attack on abandoned German teenager Kaspar Hauser
1831 - Felix Mendelssohn's 1st Piano concert in G, premieres
1850 - Knickerbocker Engine Co Number 5 organized
1855 - Bessemer steelmaking process patented
1860 - 1st British Golf Open: Willie Park Snr shoots a 164 at Prestwick Club, Scotland
1862 - Battle of Leetown & Thoroughfare Gap, VA
1868 - Constitution of Grand Duchy of Luxembourg comes into effect
1871 - Great Britain annexes Griqualand South Africa
1871 - President Grant suspends writ of habeas corpus
1876 - Henry Morton Stanley's reaches Lualaba River
1877 - Henry Morton Stanley reaches Boma during trip cross Africa
1885 - Baseball sets all players salaries at $1,000-$2,000 for 1885 season
Inventor Thomas EdisonInventor Thomas Edison 1888 - Thomas Edison files a patent for the Optical Phonograph (the first movie).
1894 - Ohio national guard kills 3 lynchers while rescuing a black man
1896 - Anton Tsjechovs "Chayka," premieres in St Petersburg
1899 - Sutro railroad sold to Robert F Morrow for $215,000
1904 - Bank of Italy (Bank of America) opens its doors
1907 - Guglielmo Marconi's company begins the first commercial transatlantic wireless service between Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada and Clifden, Ireland.
1912 - Bulgaria, Greece & Serbia declares war on Turkey
1916 - Dutch women demonstrate for female suffrage
1917 - 1st British bombing of Germany
1918 - De Kooy airport in Netherlands opens
1918 - Yugoslavia proclaims itself a republic
1919 - Radio Corporation of America (RCA) created
1920 - Chicago Bears (as Decatur Staleys) play 1st NFL game, win 7-0
1921 - Belgium's public library law goes into force
1922 - Scottish worker begins hunger march from Glasgow on London
Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo MarconiInventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi 1923 - Catholic University of Nijmegen Neth opens
1927 - Ban Johnson, in failing health, retires as AL president
1931 - Al Capone convicted of tax evasion, sentenced to 11 years in prison
1933 - Albert Einstein arrives in US, a refugee from Nazi Germany
1934 - "The Aldrich Family" premieres on radio
1935 - Pacific Association of AAU votes not to participate in Berlin Olympics
1940 - German occupiers issue identity cards
1941 - 1st US destroyer (Kearney) torpedoed in WW II, off Iceland
1943 - Liberators sink U-540 & U-631
1945 - Juan Peron becomes dictator of Argentina
1951 - Egyptian army fires on British troops
1954 - Phila Eagle Adrian Burk passes for 7 touchdowns vs Wash (49-21)
1955 - Lee Merriwether joins Today Show panel
1956 - England's 1st large scale nuclear power station opens
1956 - Pakistan defeat Australia by nine wickets at 1st attempt
Theoretical Physicist Albert EinsteinTheoretical Physicist Albert Einstein 1957 - "Copper & Brass" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 36 performances
1957 - Britain's Queen Elizabeth & Prince Philip visit the White House
1957 - Dike Marken-Dutch mainland closed
1957 - French author Albert Camus awarded Nobel Prize in Literature
1957 - II Tsjoendrigar becomes premier of Pakistan
1959 - "Billy Barnes Revue" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 87 perfs
1959 - Queen Elizabeth is fined $140 for withdrawing her race horse
1959 - Stinchcomb Memorial in Cleveland Metroparks' dedicated
1960 - "Tenderloin" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 216 performances
1960 - US & Britain sign accord for nuclear sub bases
1961 - 22nd congress of CPSU opens in Moscow
1961 - Battle of Paris-police kill 210 Algerians
1961 - NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 33,100 m
1961 - NY Museum of Modern Art hangs Henri Matisse's "Le Bateau" upside-down It wasn't corrected until December 3rd
1962 - Yanks beat Giants for 20th world championship
Impressionist Painter Henri MatisseImpressionist Painter Henri Matisse 1963 - "Jennie" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 82 performances
1964 - Yanks fire Manager Yogi Berra
1965 - "On A Clear Day You Can See Forever" opens in NYC for 280 perfs
1965 - WBMG TV channel 42 in Birmingham, AL (CBS) begins broadcasting
1967 - "Hair" premieres on Broadway
1967 - Barbra Streisand stars on "Belle of 14th Street" special on CBS
1967 - Memorial service for Brian Epstein at New London Synagogue
1967 - Pete Knight in X-15 reaches 85 km
1967 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1969 - NY Nets move from Comack to Island Garden, Hempstead NY
1969 - Plastic Ono Band's "Cold Turkey" is released in UK
1969 - Soyuz 7 returns to Earth
1970 - Anwar Sadat sworn in as president of Egypt
1971 - Cleveland Metroparks' Rocky River Nature Center opens
1971 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Quality-First Golf Classic
Singer-songwriter & Actress Barbra StreisandSinger-songwriter & Actress Barbra Streisand 1971 - Pittsburgh Pirates beat Balt Orioles, 4 games to 3 in 68th World Series
1972 - 1st time Islanders shut-out-5-0 vs Penguins
1972 - Bob Randall's "6 Rooms Riv Vu," premieres in NYC
1972 - Chuck Berry's "My Ding-a-ling," is #1
1973 - 5-mo oil embargo by Arab states against US & Netherlands begins
1973 - Arabs decrease oil production
1974 - "Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope" closes at Playhouse NYC after 1065 per
1974 - NBA New Orleans Jazz begin a 28 game road losing streak
1974 - Washington Capitals 1st NHL home victory, beating Chicago 4-3
1974 - Oakland A's beat LA Dodgers, 4 games to 1 in 71st World Series makes A's only team other than Yanks to win 3 straight series
1975 - 1st Space Shuttle main engine test at Natl Space Tech Labs, Miss
1975 - UN passes resolution saying "Zionism is a form of racism"
1976 - China PR performs nuclear test at Lop Nor PRC
1976 - Coldest World Series game Yankees vs Cincinnati, 39 degrees F (until 1997)
1977 - Canada begins regular live TV coverage of Parliament
1977 - West German commandos storm hijacked Lufthansa in Mogadishu, Somalia freeing all 86 hostages & killing 3 of 4 hijackers
1978 - NY Islanders start a streak of 23 undefeated games at home (15-0-8)
1978 - NY Yankees beat Dodgers, 4 games to 2 in 75th World Series
1978 - Pres Carter signs bill restoring Jefferson Davis citizenship
1978 - USSR performs underground nuclear test
1978 - Yanks win 22nd World Championship capping their great comeback year
1979 - "Beatlemania" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 920 perfs
1979 - D Bautista of Mexico completes 20,000 m walk in record 1:20:06.8
Catholic Missionary Mother TeresaCatholic Missionary Mother Teresa 1979 - Mother Teresa of India, awarded Nobel Peace Prize
1979 - Pittsburgh Pirates beat Balt Orioles, 4 games to 3 in 76th World Series
1979 - Pres Carter signs legislation creating Dept of Education
1980 - 1st-class debut of Mike Whitney, NSW v Qld (2-52 & 1-39)
1982 - 1st live orch on commerical network since 1954 (National Symphony)
1982 - Emmy News & Documentaries Award presentation
1982 - Robin Yount is 1st to have 2 4-hit games in a World Series
1982 - Sam Shepard's "True West" premieres in NYC
1982 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1983 - Nobel prize for economy awarded to Gerard Debreu
1983 - STS-9 vehicle moves to Vandenberg AFB due to SRB nozzle problem
1984 - Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Bruce Merrifield
1985 - French author Claude Simon won the Nobel Prize in literature
1985 - Lou Piniella named NY Yankee manager
1986 - US Senate approved immigration bill prohibiting hiring of illegal aliens & offered amnesty to illegals who entered prior to 1982
1986 - Yitzak Rabin forms Israeli government
1987 - "Late Nite Comic" closes at Ritz Theater NYC after 4 performances
1987 - 1st indoor World Series game (Minnesota Metrodome)
1987 - 1st Lady Nancy Reagan undergoes a modified radical mastectomy
1988 - 31 reported dead as Ugandan jetliner crashes in fog near Rome
1988 - Dallas Green replaces Lou Pinella as manager of NY Yankees
1988 - Lyndon LaRouche pleads innocent to fraud, conspiracy indictment
1988 - Phillip Morris announces $11 Billion tender offer for Kraft
1988 - Rockin Robin beats "Sensational" Sherri Martel for WWF woman's title
1988 - Traveling Wilbury's 1st release "Handle With Care"
1989 - Earthquake in SF (6.9) cancels 3rd game of World Series, kills 67
1990 - "Jackie Mason - Brand New" opens at Neil Simon NYC for 216 perfs
1990 - "Les Miserables," opens at Imperial Theatre, NY & His Majesty's Theatre, Perth
1991 - Angel Cordero is 3rd jockey to win 7,000 horse races
1991 - Atlanta Braves beat Pittsburgh Pirates for NL pennant in 7 games
1991 - News anchor Bree Walker Lampley files an FCC complaint that LA radio KFI-AM personally attacked her by discuss her having a disformed baby
1991 - Pitts Penguin Paul Coffey sets NHL defenseman scoring record with 1,053 career points (309 goals & 744 assists)
1992 - 1st World Series with non-US team, Toronto loses 3-1 to Braves
1993 - Dottie Mochrie wins LPGA World Championship of Women's Golf
1994 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA World Championships of Women's Golf
The Pianoman Billy JoelThe Pianoman Billy Joel 1994 - Billy Joel performs opening concert at Cleveland's Gund Arena
1994 - Kapil Dev's final one-day international (v West Indies)
1995 - Keith Moore sentenced to 6 years for robbing Sting of $9,000,000
1996 - "Taking Sides," opens at Atkinson Theater NYC
1998 - At Jesse, in the Niger Delta, Nigeria, a petroleum pipeline explodes killing about 1200 villagers, some of whom are scavenging gasoline.
2000 - Train crash at Hatfield, north of London, leading to collapse of Railtrack.
2003 - The pinnacle was fitted on the roof of Taipei 101, a 101-floor skyscraper in Taipei, allowing it to surpass the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur by 50 meters (165 feet) and become the World's tallest highrise.
2003 - Eunuchs in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh float the political party Jiti Jitayi Politics.
2005 - The Colbert Report first airs.
2006 - The United States population reaches 300 million.
2007 - The Dalai Lama receives the United States Congressional Gold Medal.
2012 - The exoplanet Alpha Centauri Bb is discovered orbiting Alpha Centauri
2012 - Lance Armstrong loses a host of endorsements in the wake of his doping scandal
2012 - Tens of thousands protest austerity measures in Greece
2013 - 59 people are killed in a wave of attacks on Shia Muslims in Iraq

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