Historical Events on 17th October

Events 1 - 172 of 172

539 BC - King Cyrus The Great of Persia marches into the city of Babylon, releasing the Jews from almost 70 years of exile and making the first Human Rights Declaration.
415 - Jewish autonomy in Palestine ended by the Romans and Raban Gamliel forced from office
532 - Boniface II ends his reign as Catholic Pope
733 - Battle at Tours (Poitiers): Charles Martel's Frankish and Burgundian forces beat those of al-Andalus under Abdul Rahman Al Ghafiqi halting influence of Islam
1346 - Battle of Neville's Cross: King David II of Scotland is captured by Edward III of England at Calais, and imprisoned in the Tower of London for eleven years.
1387 - Swells convent Windesheim initiated
1404 - Cosma de' Migliorati elected Pope Innocentius VII
1448 - Second Battle of Kosovo, where the mainly Hungarian army led by John Hunyadi were defeated by an Ottoman army led by Sultan Murad II.
1456 - The University of Greifswald is established, making it the second oldest university in northern continental Europe (also for a period the oldest in Sweden, and Prussia)
King of England Edward IIIKing of England Edward III 1483 - Tomas de Torquemada appointed inquisitor-general of Spain
1556 - Ex-emperor Karel departs Netherland for Spain
1651 - Future King Charles II flees from England
1660 - Nine Regicides, the men who signed the death warrant of Charles I, are hanged, drawn and quartered, another is hanged.
1691 - New royal charter for Massachusetts, now including Maine, Plymouth
1720 - Pierre de Marivaux' "Arlequin Poli Par l'Amour," premieres in Paris
1740 - Ivan VI becomes Czar of Russia
1777 - British General John Burgoyne surrenders at Saratoga NY
King Charles IKing Charles I 1781 - Cornwallis defeated at Yorktown
1787 - Boston blacks, petition legislature for equal school facilities
1797 - Peace of Campo Formio: Austrian Dutch possessions & France
1800 - Dutch colony Curacao transfered to England
1806 - Former leader of the Haitian Revolution, Emperor Jacques I of Haiti was assassinated after an oppressive rule.
1808 - Political rights of Jews suspended in Duchy of Warsaw
1814 - London Beer Flood occurs in London killing nine.
1825 - 1st French Liszts operette Don Sanche premieres in Paris
1829 - Delaware River & Chesapeake Bay Canal formally opens
1829 - 1st supposed attack on abandoned German teenager Kaspar Hauser
1831 - Felix Mendelssohn's 1st Piano concert in G, premieres
1850 - Knickerbocker Engine Co Number 5 organized
1855 - Bessemer steelmaking process patented
1860 - 1st British Golf Open: Willie Park Snr shoots a 164 at Prestwick Club, Scotland
1862 - Battle of Leetown & Thoroughfare Gap, VA
1868 - Constitution of Grand Duchy of Luxembourg comes into effect
1871 - Great Britain annexes Griqualand South Africa
1871 - President Grant suspends writ of habeas corpus during US Civil War
1876 - Henry Morton Stanley's reaches Lualaba River
1877 - Henry Morton Stanley reaches Boma during trip cross Africa
Prime Minister of Canada John A. MacdonaldPrime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald 1878 - After serving as the opposition for five years, John A. Macdonald is re-elected as Prime Minister of Canada
1885 - Baseball sets all players salaries at $1,000-$2,000 for 1885 season
1888 - Thomas Edison files a patent for the Optical Phonograph (the first movie).
1894 - Ohio national guard kills 3 lynchers while rescuing a black man
1896 - Anton Tsjechovs "Chayka," premieres in St Petersburg
1899 - Sutro railroad sold to Robert F Morrow for $215,000
1904 - Bank of Italy (Bank of America) opens its doors
1907 - Guglielmo Marconi's company begins the first commercial transatlantic wireless service between Glace Bay, Nova Scotia, Canada and Clifden, Ireland.
Inventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo MarconiInventor and Nobel Laureate Guglielmo Marconi 1912 - Bulgaria, Greece & Serbia declares war on Turkey
1916 - Dutch women demonstrate for female suffrage
1917 - 1st British bombing of Germany
1918 - De Kooy airport in Netherlands opens
1918 - Yugoslavia proclaims itself a republic
1919 - Radio Corporation of America (RCA) created
1920 - Chicago Bears (as Decatur Staleys) play 1st NFL game, win 7-0
1921 - Belgium's public library law goes into force
1922 - Scottish worker begins hunger march from Glasgow on London
1923 - Catholic University of Nijmegen Neth opens
1927 - Ban Johnson, in failing health, retires as AL president
1931 - Al Capone convicted of tax evasion, sentenced to 11 years in prison
Theoretical Physicist Albert EinsteinTheoretical Physicist Albert Einstein 1933 - Albert Einstein arrives in US, a refugee from Nazi Germany
1934 - "The Aldrich Family" premieres on radio
1935 - Pacific Association of AAU votes not to participate in Berlin Olympics
1940 - German occupiers issue identity cards
1941 - 1st US destroyer (Kearney) torpedoed in WW II, off Iceland
1943 - Liberators sink U-540 & U-631
1945 - Loyalty Day in Argentina, mass demonstrations held to release Juan PerĂ³n
1951 - Egyptian army fires on British troops
1954 - Phila Eagle Adrian Burk passes for 7 touchdowns vs Wash (49-21)
1955 - Lee Merriwether joins Today Show panel
1956 - England's 1st large scale nuclear power station opens
1956 - Pakistan defeat Australia by nine wickets at 1st attempt
1957 - "Copper & Brass" opens at Martin Beck Theater NYC for 36 performances
1957 - Britain's Queen Elizabeth & Prince Philip visit the White House
1957 - Dike Marken-Dutch mainland closed
Author Albert CamusAuthor Albert Camus 1957 - French author Albert Camus awarded Nobel Prize in Literature
1957 - II Tsjoendrigar becomes premier of Pakistan
1959 - "Billy Barnes Revue" closes at John Golden Theater NYC after 87 perfs
1959 - Queen Elizabeth is fined $140 for withdrawing her race horse
1959 - Stinchcomb Memorial in Cleveland Metroparks' dedicated
1960 - "Tenderloin" opens at 46th St Theater NYC for 216 performances
1960 - US & Britain sign accord for nuclear sub bases
1961 - 22nd congress of CPSU opens in Moscow
1961 - Battle of Paris-police kill 210 Algerians
1961 - NASA civilian pilot Joseph A Walker takes X-15 to 33,100 m
Impressionist Painter Henri MatisseImpressionist Painter Henri Matisse 1961 - NY Museum of Modern Art hangs Henri Matisse's "Le Bateau" upside-down It wasn't corrected until December 3rd
1962 - Yanks beat Giants for 20th world championship
1963 - "Jennie" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 82 performances
1964 - Yanks fire Manager Yogi Berra
1965 - "On A Clear Day You Can See Forever" opens in NYC for 280 perfs
1965 - WBMG TV channel 42 in Birmingham, AL (CBS) begins broadcasting
1967 - "Hair" premieres on Broadway
1967 - Barbra Streisand stars on "Belle of 14th Street" special on CBS
1967 - Memorial service for Brian Epstein at New London Synagogue
Singer-songwriter & Actress Barbra StreisandSinger-songwriter & Actress Barbra Streisand 1967 - Pete Knight in X-15 reaches 85 km
1967 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1969 - NY Nets move from Comack to Island Garden, Hempstead NY
1969 - Plastic Ono Band's "Cold Turkey" is released in UK
1969 - Soyuz 7 returns to Earth
1970 - Anwar Sadat sworn in as president of Egypt
1971 - Cleveland Metroparks' Rocky River Nature Center opens
1971 - Judy Rankin wins LPGA Quality-First Golf Classic
1971 - Pittsburgh Pirates beat Balt Orioles, 4 games to 3 in 68th World Series
1972 - 1st time Islanders shut-out-5-0 vs Penguins
1972 - Bob Randall's "6 Rooms Riv Vu," premieres in NYC
1972 - Chuck Berry's "My Ding-a-ling," is #1
1973 - 5-mo oil embargo by Arab states against US & Netherlands begins
1973 - Arabs decrease oil production
1974 - "Don't Bother Me, I Can't Cope" closes at Playhouse NYC after 1065 per
1974 - NBA New Orleans Jazz begin a 28 game road losing streak
1974 - Washington Capitals 1st NHL home victory, beating Chicago 4-3
1974 - Oakland A's beat LA Dodgers, 4 games to 1 in 71st World Series makes A's only team other than Yanks to win 3 straight series
1975 - 1st Space Shuttle main engine test at Natl Space Tech Labs, Miss
1975 - UN passes resolution saying "Zionism is a form of racism"
1976 - China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
1976 - Coldest World Series game Yankees vs Cincinnati, 39 degrees F (until 1997)
1977 - Canada begins regular live TV coverage of Parliament
1977 - West German commandos storm hijacked Lufthansa in Mogadishu, Somalia freeing all 86 hostages & killing 3 of 4 hijackers
1978 - NY Islanders start a streak of 23 undefeated games at home (15-0-8)
1978 - NY Yankees beat Dodgers, 4 games to 2 in 75th World Series
1978 - Pres Carter signs bill restoring Jefferson Davis citizenship
1978 - USSR performs underground nuclear test
1978 - Yanks win 22nd World Championship capping their great comeback year
1979 - "Beatlemania" closes at Winter Garden Theater NYC after 920 perfs
1979 - D Bautista of Mexico completes 20,000 m walk in record 1:20:06.8
Catholic Missionary Mother TeresaCatholic Missionary Mother Teresa 1979 - Mother Teresa of India, awarded Nobel Peace Prize
1979 - Pittsburgh Pirates beat Balt Orioles, 4 games to 3 in 76th World Series
1979 - Pres Carter signs legislation creating Dept of Education
1980 - 1st-class debut of Mike Whitney, NSW v Qld (2-52 & 1-39)
1982 - 1st live orch on commerical network since 1954 (National Symphony)
1982 - Emmy News & Documentaries Award presentation
1982 - Robin Yount is 1st to have 2 4-hit games in a World Series
1982 - Sam Shepard's "True West" premieres in NYC
1982 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1983 - Nobel prize for economy awarded to Gerard Debreu
1983 - STS-9 vehicle moves to Vandenberg AFB due to SRB nozzle problem
1984 - Nobel prize for chemistry awarded to Bruce Merrifield
1985 - French author Claude Simon won the Nobel Prize in literature
1985 - Lou Piniella named NY Yankee manager
1986 - US Senate approved immigration bill prohibiting hiring of illegal aliens & offered amnesty to illegals who entered prior to 1982
1986 - Yitzak Rabin forms Israeli government
1987 - "Late Nite Comic" closes at Ritz Theater NYC after 4 performances
1987 - 1st indoor World Series game (Minnesota Metrodome)
1987 - 1st Lady Nancy Reagan undergoes a modified radical mastectomy
1988 - 31 reported dead as Ugandan jetliner crashes in fog near Rome
1988 - Dallas Green replaces Lou Pinella as manager of NY Yankees
1988 - Lyndon LaRouche pleads innocent to fraud, conspiracy indictment
1988 - Phillip Morris announces $11 Billion tender offer for Kraft
1988 - Rockin Robin beats "Sensational" Sherri Martel for WWF woman's title
1988 - Traveling Wilbury's 1st release "Handle With Care"
1989 - Earthquake in SF (6.9) cancels 3rd game of World Series, kills 67
Playwright and screenwriter Neil SimonPlaywright and screenwriter Neil Simon 1990 - "Jackie Mason - Brand New" opens at Neil Simon NYC for 216 perfs
1990 - "Les Miserables," opens at Imperial Theatre, NY & His Majesty's Theatre, Perth
1991 - Angel Cordero is 3rd jockey to win 7,000 horse races
1991 - Atlanta Braves beat Pittsburgh Pirates for NL pennant in 7 games
1991 - News anchor Bree Walker Lampley files an FCC complaint that LA radio KFI-AM personally attacked her by discuss her having a disformed baby
1991 - Pitts Penguin Paul Coffey sets NHL defenseman scoring record with 1,053 career points (309 goals & 744 assists)
1992 - 1st World Series with non-US team, Toronto loses 3-1 to Braves
1993 - Dottie Mochrie wins LPGA World Championship of Women's Golf
1994 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA World Championships of Women's Golf
Pianist, songwriter, and composer Billy JoelPianist, songwriter, and composer Billy Joel 1994 - Billy Joel performs opening concert at Cleveland's Gund Arena
1994 - Kapil Dev's final one-day international (v West Indies)
1995 - Keith Moore sentenced to 6 years for robbing Sting of $9,000,000
1996 - "Taking Sides," opens at Atkinson Theater NYC
1998 - At Jesse, in the Niger Delta, Nigeria, a petroleum pipeline explodes killing about 1200 villagers, some of whom are scavenging gasoline.
2000 - Train crash at Hatfield, north of London, leading to collapse of Railtrack.
2003 - The pinnacle was fitted on the roof of Taipei 101, a 101-floor skyscraper in Taipei, allowing it to surpass the Petronas Twin Towers in Kuala Lumpur by 50 meters (165 feet) and become the World's tallest highrise.
2003 - Eunuchs in the Indian state of Madhya Pradesh float the political party Jiti Jitayi Politics.
2005 - The Colbert Report first airs.
2006 - The United States population reaches 300 million.
2007 - The Dalai Lama receives the United States Congressional Gold Medal.
2012 - The exoplanet Alpha Centauri Bb is discovered orbiting Alpha Centauri
Professional Road Cyclist and Testicular Cancer Survivor Lance ArmstrongProfessional Road Cyclist and Testicular Cancer Survivor Lance Armstrong 2012 - Lance Armstrong loses a host of endorsements in the wake of his doping scandal
2012 - Tens of thousands protest austerity measures in Greece
2013 - 59 people are killed in a wave of attacks on Shia Muslims in Iraq

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