Historical Events on 17th September

Events 1 - 200 of 231

335 - Church of Holy Sepulchre initiated in Jerusalem
642 - Arabs conquer Alexandria, library destroyed
1156 - Emperor Frederick Barbarossa issues the 'Privilegium Minus' decree, which elevated Austria to a duchy.
1176 - At the Battle of Myriokephalon the Byzantines fail to recover Anatolia from Turkish rule.
1394 - Jews are expelled from France by order of King Charles VI
1462 - The Battle of Świecino (or Battle of Żarnowiec) is fought during Thirteen Years' War.
1562 - Council of Trente takes ecclesiastical canon
1584 - Gent surrenders to Duke of Parma
1595 - Pope Clemens VIII recognizes Henri IV as king of France
1598 - Netherland sailors discover Mauritius
1630 - The city of Boston, Massachusetts is founded.
1631 - Battle of Breitenfeld: King Gustaaf Adolf of Sweden defeats Johann Tserclaes, Count of Tilly.
Holy Roman Empire Frederick BarbarossaHoly Roman Empire Frederick Barbarossa 1644 - French troops occupy Mainz
1678 - France & Spain sign Treaties of Nijmegen
1683 - Antonie van Leeuwenhoek reports existence of bacteria
1691 - Massachusetts Bay Colony granted new charter
1730 - Turkish coup under Mahmud I; Sultan Ahmed III flees
1737 - Georg-August University opens in Göttingen
1745 - Edinburgh occupied by Jacobites under Charles Edward Stuart (aka the Young Pretender or Bonny Prince Charlie)
1776 - The Presidio of San Francisco is founded in New Spain.
1778 - 1st treaty between the US & Indian tribes signed (Fort Pitt)
1787 - Prussian troops conquer Gorinchem
1787 - US constitution adopted by Philadelphia convention
1789 - William Herschel discovers Mimas, satellite of Saturn
1809 - Peace between Sweden and Russia in the Finnish War. The territory to become Finland is ceded to Russia by the Treaty of Fredrikshamn.
1819 - First whaling ship arrives in Hawaii
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1835 - Charles Darwins lands on Chatham Galapagos-archipelago
1849 - Harriet Tubman 1st escapes slavery in Maryland with two of her brothers
1850 - Great fire in San Francisco
1859 - Joshua Abraham Norton, born in England but a resident of San Francisco, proclaims himself his Imperial Majesty Emperor Norton I, Emperor of the United States of America. Eccentric possibly, but 30,000 turned up for his funeral.
1859 - James Donnelly is sentenced to hang for murdering Patrick Farrell, but a petition for clemency reduces his sentence to 7 years in Kingston Penitentiary
1861 - First class for escaped slaves taught by Mary Peake at Fortress Monroe Virginia (now Hampton University).
Squatter James DonnellySquatter James Donnelly 1862 - Battle of Antietam, bloodiest day in Civil War (Sharpsburg Md), 23,110 die
1862 - Battle of Cumberland Gap, TN-evacuted by Federals
1862 - Battle of Mumfordville, KY-US Col J Wilder surrenders city
1862 - American Civil War: The Allegheny Arsenal explosion results in the single largest civilian disaster during the war; 78 workers killed.
1863 - Pope Pius IX encyclical On persecution in New Grenada
1864 - Grant approves Sheridan's plan for Shenandoah Valley Campaign
1871 - Mont Cenis railway tunnel Switzerland opens
1872 - Phillip W Pratt patents his sprinkler system for extinguishing fires
1873 - 19 students attend opening class at Ohio State University
1876 - Race riots in SC
1897 - 3rd US Golf Open: Joe Lloyd shoots a 162 at Chicago GC in Wheaton Ill
1899 - 1st British troops leave Bombay for South Africa
1900 - Commonwealth of Australia proclaimed
1900 - Philippine-American War: Filipinos under Juan Cailles defeat Americans under Colonel Benjamin F. Cheatham at Mabitac.
1900 - USA, Anthracite coal miners go out on strike for better wages until the October 25, by which time the owners are persuaded that their stand is harming President McKinley's campaign
1901 - Battle of Blood River Port: Boer Gen Botha beats Major Gough's cavalry
1901 - Battle at Elands River Port: Boer Gen Smuts destroys unit 17th Lancers
1902 - US protests anti-semitism in Romania
1903 - Boston Pilgrims clinch AL pennant, beating Cleveland, 14-3
1906 - Playing as "Sullivan," Columbia University jr Eddie Collins debuts with A's
1908 - Thomas Selfridge becomes first fatality of powered flight
1909 - Denis Peyrony and Louis Capitan discover the skull of an adult male Neanderthal (La Ferrassie 1) during excavations in a rock shelter near La Ferrassie, France
1911 - 1st transcontinental airplane flight, NY-Pasadena in 82 hrs 4 min
1911 - 25th US Women's Tennis: Hazel H Wightman beats F Sutton (8-10 6-1 9-7)
1912 - Center fielder Casey Stengel breaks in with Brooklyn & hits 4 singles
1914 - Andrew Fisher becomes Prime Minister of Australia for the third time.
1916 - 40,000 Amsterdam demonstrators demand general voting right
Pilot The Red BaronPilot The Red Baron 1916 - World War I: Manfred von Richthofen [The Red Baron], a flying ace of the German Luftstreitkräfte, wins his first aerial combat near Cambrai, France.
1920 - Cards set a record of 12 consecutive hits in 4th (10) & 5th (2) innings
1920 - National Football League organizes in Canton Ohio 12 teams pay $100 each to join American Prof Football Association
1922 - Bicyclist Piet Moeskops becomes world sprint champ
1922 - Radio Moscow begins transmitting (12 KWs-most powerful station)
1923 - Sutton Vane's "Outward Bound," premieres in London
1924 - Italy signs treaty of Rapallo
1926 - Hurricane hits Miami & Palm Beach Florida; about 450 die
1927 - 47th US Men's Tennis: Rene Lacoste beats William T Tilden (11-9 6-3 11-9)
Aviator Charles LindberghAviator Charles Lindbergh 1927 - Charles Lindbergh visits San Francisco
1928 - 48th US Men's Tennis: Henri Cochet beats F T Hunter (4-6 6-4 3-6 7-5 6-3)
1928 - Hurricane hits Lake Okeechobee Florida drowning 1,800-2500
1928 - Pitcher Ray Boggs hits 3 batters in 1 inning
1929 - British troops begin withdrawal from occupied Germany
1931 - 1st LP record demonstrated (RCA Victor, NYC), venture failed
1931 - Operetta "Victoria & Her Husband," premieres in London
1931 - Red Sox Earl Webb sets record with 65 en route to 67 doubles
1934 - RCA Victor re leases 1st 33 1/3 rpm recording (Beethoven's 5th)
1934 - USSR joins League of Nations (Netherland, Switz & Portugal vote no)
1935 - Manuel Luis Quezón y Molina chosen 1st president of Philippines
1937 - 1st NFL game in Washington, DC; Redskins beat NY Giants 13-3
Tennis Champion Alice MarbleTennis Champion Alice Marble 1938 - 52nd US Womens Tennis: Alice Marble beats Nancye Wynne Bolton (6-0 6-3)
1938 - 58th US Mens Tennis: J Donald Budge beats C Gene Mako (6-3 6-8 6-2 6-1)
1938 - British premier Neville Chamberlain leaves Munich
1938 - Don Budge wins US Tennis open & completes Grand Slam
1939 - German U-29 sinks British aircraft carrier Courageous, 519 die
1939 - Poland's president Moscicki & PM Slawoj-Skladkowski flee to Romania
1939 - Russia invades Eastern Poland, takes 217,000 Poles prisoner
1939 - Soviet Union invades Poland during WW II
British Prime Minister Neville ChamberlainBritish Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain 1939 - Taisto Mäki becomes the first man to run the 10,000 metres in under 30 minutes, in a time of 29:52.6
1940 - Nazis deprive Jews of possessions
1941 - Cards' Stan Musial makes his major league debut, going 2-for-4
1941 - World War II: A decree of the Soviet State Committee of Defense, restoring Vsevobuch in the face of the Great Patriotic War, is issued
1941 - The New Zealand Labour Party abolish the death penalty (It is reintroduced by the National government in 1950 before being finally removed from the statute book in 1961)
1943 - Load of "ammunition in transit" explodes at Norfolk Naval Air Station
1943 - Red Army recaptures Brjansk
MLB Legend Stan MusialMLB Legend Stan Musial 1943 - World War II: The Russian city of Bryansk is liberated from Nazis.
1944 - British Premier Winston Churchill travels to US
1944 - Dutch begin railroad strike against German occupiers
1944 - Operation Market Garden: British airborne division lands Arnhem Neth
1946 - "Gypsy Lady," opens at Century Theater NYC for 79 performances
1946 - "If the Shoe Fits," opens at Century Theater NYC for 20 performances
1947 - Jackie Robinson is named Rookie of Year by Sporting News
1947 - James Forrestal sworn in as 1st US secretary of defense
Baseball Player Jackie RobinsonBaseball Player Jackie Robinson 1947 - US Department of Defense forms
1948 - KCOP TV channel 13 in Los Angeles/Hollywood, CA (IND) begins
1948 - WLS TV channel 7 in Chicago, IL (ABC) begins broadcasting
1949 - 128 die as fire guts Canadian passenger steamer Noronic in Toronto
1949 - 8th Ryder Cup: US beats Europe, 7-5 at Ganton GC, England
1949 - North Atlantic Treaty Council meets for 1st time
1949 - WFAA TV channel 8 in Dallas-Fort Worth, TX (ABC) begins broadcasting
1950 - San Francisco 49ers (formerly AAFC) play 1st NFL game, lose 21-17
1951 - "Borscht Capades" opens at Royale Theater NYC for 90 performances
1951 - Romanian bishop A Pacha of Timisoara sentenced to 18 years
1952 - "I am an American Day" & "Constitution Day" renamed "Citizenship Day"
1953 - 1st successful separation of Siamese (conjoined) twins
MLB shortstop Ernie BanksMLB shortstop Ernie Banks 1953 - Ernie Banks becomes Chicago Cubs 1st black player
1954 - Rocky Marciano KOs Ezzard Charles in 8 for heavyweight boxing title
1955 - "Ankles Aweigh" closes at Mark Hellinger Theater NYC after 176 perfs
1955 - Future Hall of Famer Oriole Brooks Robinson goes 2-4 in his 1st game
1956 - Black students enter Clay Ky elementary school
1956 - Yanks clinch pennant #22 on Mantle's 50th homer of year
1956 - Television is first broadcast in Australia.
1957 - KETV TV channel 7 in Omaha, NB (ABC) begins broadcasting
1957 - Scott Crossfield takes X-15 up for 1st powered flight
Heavyweight Boxing Champion Rocky MarcianoHeavyweight Boxing Champion Rocky Marciano 1957 - Thailand military coup under marshal Sarit Thanarat
1957 - Two male attorneys "stand in" as actress Sophia Loren & producer Carlo Ponti wed by proxy in Juarez, Mexico
1957 - The North East Humanists group is founded in Newcastle upon Tyne.
1958 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1959 - 59th US Golf Amateur Championship won by Jack Nicklaus
1959 - Transit 1A, 1st navigational satellite launched; failed to orbit
1959 - Typhoon kills 2,000 in Japan & Korea
1960 - "Vintage '60" closes at Brooks Atkinson Theater NYC after 8 perfs
1960 - Cuba nationalizes US banks
1961 - Minnesota Vikings' 1st NFL game (beat Chicago Bears 37-13)
Playwright, novelist, and poet Samuel BeckettPlaywright, novelist, and poet Samuel Beckett 1961 - Samuel Beckett's "Happy Days," premieres in NYC
1961 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1961 - Fran Tarkenton plays his first NFL Game against the Chicago Bears, coming off the bench to lead the Vikings to a 37-13 victory, also becoming the only QB to throw four touchdown passes in his first career game
1962 - Justice Dept files 1st suit to end segregation in public schools
1962 - US space officials announce selection of 9 new astronauts
1963 - "Fugitive" premieres on ABC TV
1963 - Train struck makeshift bus full of migrant workers, killing 32
Quarterback Fran TarkentonQuarterback Fran Tarkenton 1964 - "Bewitched" premieres on ABC TV
1964 - Beatles are paid a then record $150,000 for a concert (Kansas)
1964 - Mickey Mantle gets hits #1999, 2000 & 2001 & his 450th HR
1964 - Supremes release "Baby Love"
1965 - WPHL TV channel 17 in Philadelphia, PA (IND) begins broadcasting
1966 - Cleve pitchers set AL record striking out 19 batters in 1st 9 innings
1967 - "Mission Impossible" premieres on CBS-TV
1967 - Mount Washington cog railway train derails, kills 8 (NH)
Baseball Legend Mickey MantleBaseball Legend Mickey Mantle 1967 - New Orleans Saints 1st NFL game, they lose to LA Rams 27-13
1967 - Shirley Englehorn wins LPGA Shirley Englehorn Golf Invitational
1968 - Gaylord Perry (Giants) no-hits St Louis Cardinals, 1-0
1968 - Zond 5 completes circumnavigation of Moon
1970 - Jordan launches offensive against guerrilla army
1970 - WSWP TV channel 9 in Grandview, WV (PBS) begins broadcasting
1972 - "M*A*S*H," premieres on NBC TV
1972 - BART begins passenger service in SF
1972 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Quality First Golf Classic
1972 - Tanzania troops march in to Uganda
1974 - Courageous (US) beats Southern Cross (Aust) in 23rd America's Cup
1975 - Rollout of 1st space shuttle orbiter Enterprise (OV-101)
1976 - Amnesty International receives Erasmus-prize
1976 - NASA publicly unveils space shuttle Enterprise in Palmdale, Calif
Beatles Drummer Ringo StarrBeatles Drummer Ringo Starr 1976 - Ringo Starr releases "Ringo's Rotogravure" album
1977 - 22nd Ryder Cup: US, 12½-13½ at Royal Lytham & St Annes England
1977 - China performs nuclear test at Lop Nor, PRC
1977 - Dave Kingman hits his 1st Yankee homer, Reggie hits 2 more
1977 - Fleetwood Mac's "Rumors" is #1 for 19th straight week
1978 - 30th Emmy Awards: All in the Family, Ed Asner & Sada Thompson win
1978 - Begin, Sadat & Carter sign Camp David accord
1978 - Donna Caponi Young wins LPGA Sarah Coventry Golf Tournament
1978 - Red Sox finally beat Yanks in Sept 1978, 7-3
1979 - Pietro Mennea runs world record 200 m (19.72")
MLB Third Baseman George BrettMLB Third Baseman George Brett 1979 - Royals' George Brett is 6th to have 20 doubles/triples/HRs in a season
1980 - "Divine Madness" starring Bette Midler, premieres
1980 - Iraq under Saddam Hussein signs accord with Algeria
1980 - Solidarity labor union in Poland forms
1980 - South Korea opposition leader Kim Dae Jung sentenced to death
1980 - Oak A's Rick Langford is removed with 2 outs in 9th inning ending his consecutive complete-game streak at 22
1981 - Fernando Valenzuela sets NL rookie record with 8th shutout of season
1982 - NJ Devils 1st exhibition game, beating Caps 3-1 in Hershey Pa
Actress/Singer Bette MidlerActress/Singer Bette Midler 1983 - Chicago White Sox clinch their 1st-ever AL West championship
1983 - Vanessa Williams (NY), 20, crowned 56th Miss America 1984, 1st black
1984 - Brian Mulroney sworn in as Canada's 18th PM succeeding John Turner
1984 - Dwight Gooden ties record of 32 strikeouts in consecutive games
1984 - Reggie Jackson is 13th to hit 500 HRs
1984 - USSR performs underground nuclear test
1985 - Soyuz T-14 carries 3 cosmonauts to Salyut 7 space station
1986 - Bomb attack in Paris, 6 killed
MLB Right Fielder Reggie JacksonMLB Right Fielder Reggie Jackson 1986 - Marina Stepanova of USSR sets 400m hurdle woman's record (52.94)
1986 - Mets clinch NL East Championship
1986 - US Senate confirms William Rehnquist as 16th chief justice
1987 - Phila celebrates 200th anniversary of Constitution
1988 - 24th Olympic games open at Seoul, Korea
1988 - Jeff Reardon becomes 1st to record 40 or more saves in both AL & NL
1988 - Military coup in Haiti: Lt Gen Avril takes control, Henri Namphy flees
1989 - -21] Hurricane Hugo, kills 85 in Charleston SC
1989 - 41st Emmy Awards: LA Law, Cheers, Dana Delany & Candice Bergen win
1989 - Beth Daniel wins LPGA SAFECO Golf Classic
1989 - Emmy Creative Arts Award presentation

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