Historical Events on 20th September

Events 1 - 200 of 214

368 - Emperor Valentinianus visits Nijmegen
451 - Roman General Flavius Aetius defeats Attila the Hun at The Battle of the Catalaunian Plainsat (Chalons-sur-Marne) halting Hun invasion of Roman Gaul
622 - Prophet Mohammed/Abu Bakr arrives in Jathrib (Medina)
1066 - Battle of Fulford, Yorkshire: Harald III Hardrada of Norway defeats Northern Saxon Earls Edwin and Morcar
1187 - Saladin begins the Siege of Jerusalem.
1258 - Salisbury Cathedral inaugurated
1378 - Robert de Geneve, "butcher of Cesena" crowned anti-pope Clemens VII
1519 - Ferdinand Magellan starts 1st successful circumnavigation of the world
1530 - Luther advises protestant monarch compromise
1565 - Spaniards capture Fort Caroline Fla & massacre the French
1596 - Diego de Montemayor founded the city of Monterrey in New Spain.
Explorer Ferdinand MagellanExplorer Ferdinand Magellan 1604 - Spanish army under Spinola recaptures Oostende
1620 - Battle at Jassy: Turks beat king Sigismund III of Poland
1643 - First Battle of Newbury (English civil war): King Charles I's forces beaten by a parliamentary army led by the Earl of Essex and Philip Stapleton
1664 - Maryland passes 1st anti-amalgamation law to stop intermarriage of English women & black men
1674 - 2nd West Indies Company forms
1688 - French troops occupies Palts
1697 - Peace of Saki (ends 9 years war)
1737 - Runner Edward Marshall completes his journey in the Walking Purchase forcing the cession of 1.2 million acres (4,860 km²) of Lenape-Delaware tribal land to the Pennsylvania Colony.
King Charles IKing Charles I 1746 - Bonnie Prince Charlie flees to France from Scotland
1777 - Battle of Paoli; British forces under Major General Charles Grey attacked Brigadier General Anthony Wayne's encampment. Claims that the British gave no quarter led to the engagement becoming known (from an American perspective) as the "Paoli Massacre."
1787 - Prince Willem V returns to Hague
1792 - French defeat Prussians at Valmy
1793 - British troops under Major-general Williamson lands on (French) Haiti
1797 - US frigate Constitution (Old Ironsides) launched in Boston
1814 - "Star Spangled Banner" published as a song, lyrics by Francis Scott Key, tune by John Stafford Smith
1830 - 1st Negro Convention of Free Men agree to boycott slave-produced goods
Naturalist Charles DarwinNaturalist Charles Darwin 1833 - Charles Darwin rides horse to Buenos Aires
1835 - Farroupilha's Revolution begins in Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil.
1839 - 1st railroad in Netherland opens (Amsterdam-Haarlem)
1848 - The American Association for the Advancement of Science is created.
1850 - Slave trade abolished in DC, but slavery allowed to continue
1854 - Battle of the Alma: first major battle of Crimean War. British and French alliance defeat the Russians
1859 - George Simpson patents electric range
1860 - First British royalty to visit US, Prince of Wales (later King Edward VII)
1861 - Battle of Lexington, MI-captured by Union
1863 - Battle of Shepardstown VA
1863 - Civil War Battle of Chickamauga, near Chattanooga Tenn, ends
King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel IIKing of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II 1870 - Italian army under Victor Emmanuel II seizes Rome from the French
1870 - Mayor William Tweed accused of robbing NY treasury
1870 - Pope Pius IX surrenders to King Victor Emmanuel
1871 - Bishop John Coleridge Patteson martyred on the island of Nukapu, a Polynesian outlier island now in the Temotu province of the Solomon Islands. He was the first bishop of Melanesia.
1873 - Panic sweeps NY Stock Exchange (railroad bond default/bank failure) NY shut banks for 10 days due to a bank scandal
1876 - Ottawa Football Club forms
1877 - Chase National Bank opens in NYC (later merges into Chase Manhattan)
1879 - Ulysses S. Grant and family go to SF for elaborate extended visit
21st US President Chester A. Arthur21st US President Chester A. Arthur 1881 - Chester A. Arthur sworn in as 21st president
1884 - 6.2 mile Arlberg railroad tunnel completed in Austria
1884 - Equal Rights Party nominates female candidates for Pres & VP
1891 - The first gasoline-powered car debuts in Springfield, Massachusetts, United States.
1902 - Chicago White Sox Jim Callahan no-hits Detroit Tigers, 3-0
1904 - George Ade's "College Widow," premieres in NYC
1904 - Orville & Wilbur Wright fly a circle in their Flyer II
1905 - Cleveland makes AL record 7 errors in an inning
1906 - Cunard Line's RMS Mauretania is launched at the Swan Hunter & Wigham Richardson shipyard in Newcastle, England.
1907 - Pitts Nick Maddox no-hits Bkln Dodgers, 2-1
Aviator Wilbur WrightAviator Wilbur Wright 1908 - Chicago White Sox Frank Smith 2nd no-hitter, beats Phila 1-0
1909 - The British Parliament passes the South Africa Act; it calls for union of Cape Colony, Natal, Orange River Colony, and Transvaal; and both English and Dutch as official languages
1911 - Yanks set team record 12 errors in a double header
1913 - 19th US Golf Open: Francis Ouimet shoots a 304 at The Country Club MA
1914 - John Redmond urges Irish Volunteers to enlist in the British Army
1917 - British assault on Polygon Forest, France
1917 - Paraguay becomes a signatory to the Buenos Aires copyright treaty.
1918 - Royal Dutch Blast furnace & Steel factory opens in Hague
Golf Pioneer Jim BarnesGolf Pioneer Jim Barnes 1919 - 2nd PGA Championship: Jim Barnes at Engineers CC Roslyn NY
1919 - Babe Ruth ties Ned Williamson's major league mark of 27 HRs
1919 - Booth Tarkington's "Clarence," premieres in NYC
1920 - Foundation of the Spanish Legion.
1922 - Goodman & Atteridge's musical "Passing Show," premieres in NYC
1922 - Rogers Hornsby ends hitting streak of 33 games
1922 - Franco Ventriglia, Fairfield, Connecticut, opera singer, (d. 2012)
1924 - Carl Mays is 1st pitcher to win 20 games seasons for 3 different teams
Baseball Legend Babe RuthBaseball Legend Babe Ruth 1924 - Cub's Grover Cleveland Alexander beats NY Giants to win 300th game
1930 - Syro-Malankara Catholic Church is formed by Archbishop Mar Ivanios.
1931 - Lou Gehrig's 4 RBIs break his old RBI mark of 175 en route to 184
1932 - Chicago Cubs clinch the NL pennant
1932 - Dutch South Seas rebaptized in IJsselmeer
1932 - Gandhi begins hunger strike against treatment of untouchables
1933 - Pittsburgh Steelers (as Pirates) play 1st NFL game, lose 23-2
1935 - Pitts Crawfords beat NY Cubans to win Negro NL Championship, 3-0
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma GandhiPacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi 1938 - Dmitri Shostakovitch's Suite for jazz orchestra, premieres
1938 - Emlyn Williams' "Corn is Green," premieres in London
1939 - British navy captures German U-27 boat
1939 - Joe Louis KOs Bob Pastor in 11 for heavyweight boxing title
1942 - Gunther Hagg becomes world champ of all records from 1500m to 5000m
1943 - Liberator bomber sinks U-338
1944 - Nijmegen is liberated from German occupation
1944 - Polish forces free Terneuzen Neth
1945 - German rocket engineers begin work in US
1946 - Churchill argues for a 'United States of Europe'
1946 - The first Cannes Film Festival is held.
Boxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe LouisBoxer and World Heavyweight Champion Joe Louis 1948 - "Magdalena" opens at Ziegfeld Theater NYC for 48 performances
1948 - Mexican Baseball league disbanded
1949 - Dutch Guilder devalued 30.3%
1949 - Tennis player Pancho Gonzales turns professional
1951 - 1st North Pole jet crossing
1951 - NL President Ford Frick elected 3rd commissioner of baseball
1951 - Swiss males votes against female suffrage
1952 - KPTV TV channel 12 in Portland, OR (IND) begins broadcasting
1953 - Cubs Ernie Banks hits his 1st major league HR
1954 - 1st FORTRAN computer program run
1954 - 1st National People's Congress adopts Chinese constitution
MLB shortstop Ernie BanksMLB shortstop Ernie Banks 1954 - KETC TV channel 9 in Saint Louis, MO (PBS) begins broadcasting
1954 - Los Stravinsky's "In Memoriam Dylan Thomas," premieres in Angeles
1954 - Roger Bannister awarded Britain's Silver Pears Trophy
1954 - New Zealand's Special Committee on Moral Delinquency in Children and Adolescents reports just ten days after concluding hearings.
1955 - Willie Mays (Giants) homers off Vern Law (Pirates) in both ends of DH
1955 - Willie Mays is 7th player to reach 50 HRS in a season
1958 - Baltimore Oriole knuckler Hoyt Wilhelm no-hits NY Yankees 1-0
MLB Legend Willie MaysMLB Legend Willie Mays 1958 - Ferhat Abbas forms Algerian government in exile (Cairo)
1958 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1959 - Beverly Hanson wins LPGA Links Golf Invitation Open
1960 - UN General Assembly admit 13 African countries & Cyprus (96 nations)
1960 - WFSU TV channel 11 in Tallahassee, FL (PBS) begins broadcasting
1961 - After 84 1/3 innings Bill Fischer gives up a base on balls
1961 - James Meredith refused access as a student in Mississippi
1961 - USSR performs nuclear test at Novaya Zemlya USSR
1961 - Roger Maris hits home run # 59 & barely misses # 60 in game 154 of the season. Yanks clinch pennant #26
American Baseball Player Roger MarisAmerican Baseball Player Roger Maris 1962 - Ben Bella wins 1st elections in independent Algeria
1962 - Gov R Barnett refuses to admit a black to Miss Univ (James Meredith)
1963 - JFK proposes a joint US-Soviet voyage to the moon
1964 - Gunter Grass' "Die Plebejern proben den Aufstand," premieres in Berlin
1964 - Paramount Theater (NYC) presented the Beatles with Steve & Eydie
1965 - WXXW (now WYCC) TV channel 20 in Chicago, IL (PBS) begins broadcasting
1966 - US Surveyor B launched toward Moon; crashed Sept 23
1967 - Benin separates from Nigeria
1967 - British liner Queen Elizabeth II launched at Clydebank Scotland
35th US President John F. Kennedy35th US President John F. Kennedy 1967 - Hurricane Beulah hits Texas-Mexican border, kills 38
1967 - WCAE TV channel 50 in St John, IN (PBS) begins broadcasting
1967 - WCIX TV channel 6 in Miami, FL (CBS) begins broadcasting
1968 - Mickey Mantle hits final career homer # 536
1969 - 18th Ryder Cup: Draw, 16-16 at Royal Birkdale, England
1969 - Archies' "Sugar Sugar" hits #1
1969 - Pitts Pirate Bob Moose no-hits NY Mets, 4-0
1970 - Jim Morrison found not guilty of "lewd" behavior
1970 - Luna 16 lands on Moon's Mare Fecunditatis, drills core sample
1972 - Police find cannabis growing on Paul & Linda McCartney's farm
Tennis Player and Three-Time Major Champion Bobby RiggsTennis Player and Three-Time Major Champion Bobby Riggs 1973 - Billy Jean King beats Bobby Riggs in battle-of-sexes tennis match
1973 - Willie Mays announces retirement at end of 1973 season
1975 - 21st Ryder Cup: US, 21-11 at Laurel Valley Golf Club (Ligonier, Pennsylvania, US)
1975 - David Bowie's "Fame," single goes #1 for 2 weeks
1975 - Gary Sentman draws a record 176 lb longbow to a maximum 28½" draw
1976 - Metroliner official opens in Brussels
1976 - Playboy releases Jimmy Carter's interview that he lusts for women
1976 - Sid Berstein offers $230 million charity concert for Beatle reunion
1977 - "Estrada" opens at Majestic Theater NYC for 7 performances
39th US President Jimmy Carter39th US President Jimmy Carter 1977 - Vietnam & Djibouti ask for membership in UN
1978 - "Eubie!" opens at Ambassador Theater NYC for 439 performances
1978 - USSR performs nuclear test at Eastern Kazakh/Semipalitinsk USSR
1978 - Yamada Mumon Roshi visits Benedictine Abbey of Maria Laach Germany
1979 - Coup in Central African Rep: David Dacko overthrows emperor Bokassa I
1979 - Jose E dod Santos becomes president of Angola
1979 - NASA launches HEAO
1979 - Lee Iacocca is elected president of the Chrysler Corporation.
1979 - The Punjab wing of the Unity Centre of Communist Revolutionaries of India (Marxist-Leninist) formally splits and constitutes a parallel UCCRI(ML).
1979 - Assassination of French left-wing militant Pierre Goldman.
1980 - Bronze plaque dedicated to memory of Thurman Munson at Yankee Stadium
MLB Third Baseman George BrettMLB Third Baseman George Brett 1980 - George Brett goes 0-for-4 dropping his avg below .400 for good
1980 - Spectacular Bid runs in Belmont alone as 3 horses drop out
1981 - 24th Ryder Cup: US, 18½-9½ at Walton Heath Golf Club (Walton-on-the-Hill, Surrey, England)
1981 - Joe Danelo kicks then NY Giant record 55 yard field goal
1981 - Sandra Haynie wins LPGA Henredon Golf Classic
1982 - Jalaluddin takes a one-day hat-trick Pakistan v Australia
1982 - NFL players begin a 57 day strike
1983 - 3,112 turn out to see Pirates play NY Mets at Shea Stadium
1983 - Cryptographic Communications System & Method (RSA) patented
1984 - "Cosby Show" premieres on NBC-TV
1984 - Cubs break 2 million in home attendance for 1st time
1984 - Suicide car bomb attacks US Embassy annex in Beirut, kills 23
1985 - Curtis Strong is convicted for selling cocaine to pro baseball players
1985 - Walt Disney World's 200-millionth guest
1986 - Wichita State Shockers blow a 35-3 lead; lose 36-35 to Morehead State
1987 - "Big River" closes at Eugene O'Neill Theater NYC after 1005 perfs
Actor Bruce WillisActor Bruce Willis 1987 - 39th Emmy Awards: LA Law, Bruce Willis & Sharon Gless win
1987 - Alain Prost wins record 28th Formula one auto race
1987 - Dwight Clark ends NFL streak of 105 consecutive game receptions
1987 - Jan Stephenson wins LPGA SAFECO Golf Classic
1987 - Walter Payton scores NFL record 107th rushing touchdown
1988 - Darrell Evans hits his 400th career home run
1988 - Greg Louganis wins Olympic gold medal in springboard diving
1988 - Wade Boggs is 1st player to get 200 hits for 6 consecutive seasons
1989 - FW De Klerk sworn in as president of South Africa
NFL Running Back Walter PaytonNFL Running Back Walter Payton 1989 - Musical "Miss Saigon," premieres in London
1989 - USAir overshoots runway at LaGuardia Airport in NYC, 2 people die
1990 - Both Germanys ratify reunification
1990 - US performs nuclear test at Nevada Test Site
1990 - South Ossetia declares its independence from Georgia.
1991 - Lion's Terry Taylor reinstated after 1 year drug related suspension
1992 - Colleen Walker wins LPGA SAFECO Golf Classic
1992 - France votes in favor of Maastricht treaty
1992 - Leanza Cornett (Florida), 21, crowned 66th Miss America 1993
1992 - Phils' Mickey Moradini makes an unassisted triple play
1992 - Space shuttle STS-47 (Endeavour 2) lands
1994 - Space shuttle STS-64 (Discovery 20), lands
1995 - Cincinnati Reds becomes 1st team to clinch NL Central
1997 - Yanks clinch 37th appearance in post season, 3rd consecutive
1998 - Solheim Cup
2000 - Patent on RSA cryptograph algorithm ends
2000 - The British MI6 Secret Intelligence Service building is attacked by a Russian-built Mark 22 anti-tank missile.
43rd US President George W. Bush43rd US President George W. Bush 2001 - In an address to a joint session of Congress and the American people, U.S. President George W. Bush declares a "war on terror".

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