Today in Philosophy History

Social Science Topics: Anthropologist - Egyptologist - Historian - Linguistics - Philologist - Sociologist

Historical Events

Events 1 - 8 of 8

0585-05-28 BC - Solar eclipse, as predicted by Greek philosopher Thales, while Lydians under Alyattes war with the Medes under Cyaxares, leading to a truce. One of the cardinal dates from which other dates calculated.
0399-02-15 - Philosopher Socrates sentenced to death by the city of Athens for corrupting the minds of the youth and of impiety
1600-02-17 - Philosopher Giordano Bruno is burned alive at Campo de' Fiori in Rome, charged of heresy.
1619-11-10 - René Descartes has the dreams that inspire his Meditations on First Philosophy.
Mathematician, Physicist, and Philosopher Blaise PascalMathematician, Physicist, and Philosopher Blaise Pascal 1654-11-23 - French mathematician, scientist, and religious philosopher Blaise Pascal experiences an intense, mystical vision that marks him for life.
1678-06-25 - Elena Cornaro Piscopia is the first woman awarded a doctorate of philosophy.
1964-10-22 - French philosopher/author Jean-Paul Sartre refuses Nobel prize
1977-08-23 - Marxist philosopher Rudolf Bahro imprisoned in German DR

Famous Birthdays

Birthdays 1 - 100 of 378

Philosopher ConfuciusPhilosopher Confucius (0551-09-28 BC) 0551-09-28 BC - Confucius, Chinese philosopher (founder of Confucianism), (d. 479 BC)
0106-01-03 BC - Cicero, Roman statesman and philosopher (d. 43 BC)
1048-05-18 - Omar Khayyám, Persian mathematician, poet and philosopher (d. 1131)
1135-03-30 - Maimonedes, philosopher (d. 1204)
1165-07-28 - Ibn al-'Arabi, Muslim mystic/philosopher
1213-06-10 - Fakhruddin 'Iraqi, Persian philosopher
1433-10-19 - Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher (d. 1499)
1463-10-29 - Alessandro Achillini, Italian physician/philosopher
1502-02-02 - Damião de Góis, Portuguese philosopher (d. 1574)
Roman Statesman & Philosopher CiceroRoman Statesman & Philosopher Cicero (0106-01-03 BC) 1519-06-06 - Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher and botanist (d. 1603)
1533-02-28 - Michel de Montaigne, France, essayist/philosopher
1547-03-01 - Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher (d. 1628)
1550-12-22 - Cesare Cremonini, Italian philosopher (d. 1631)
1552-08-14 - Fra Paolo Sarpi, [Paulus Venetus], expert/philosopher
1568-09-05 - Tommaso Campanella, Italian theologian, philosopher, and poet (d. 1639)
1583-03-03 - Edward Herbert of Cherbury, English military/philosopher
1588-04-05 - Thomas Hobbes, Westport England, philosopher (Leviathan)
1588-09-08 - Marin Mersenne, France, mathematician/musician/philosopher (Cartesian)
Philosopher Thomas HobbesPhilosopher Thomas Hobbes (1588-04-05) 1588-12-10 - Isaac Beeckman, Dutch scientist and philosopher (d. 1637)
1592-01-22 - Pierre Gassendi, Champtercier Provence, scientist/philosopher
1596-03-31 - René Descartes, France, philosopher (he thought, therefore he was)
1613-04-06 - Stjepan Gradić, Croatian philosopher and scientist (d. 1683)
1622-02-24 - Johannes Clauberg, German theologian and philosopher (d. 1665)
1623-05-27 - William Petty, English scientist and philosopher (d. 1687)
1624-01-30 - Arnold Geulincx, South Netherland, philosopher (About Virtue)
1631-12-14 - Anne Conway, Viscountess Conway, English philosopher (d. 1679)
Philosopher John LockePhilosopher John Locke (1632-08-29) 1632-08-29 - John Locke, Wrington England, empiricist philosopher; disproved substance
1632-11-24 - Baruch "Benedict" de Spinoza, Amsterdam, rationalist philosopher
1638-08-06 - Nicolas de Malebranche, French philosopher
1644-10-14 - William Penn, English Philosopher, Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania (d. 1718)
1646-07-01 - G W Leibniz, German mathematician/philosopher; postulated monads
1647-11-08 - Pierre Bayle, French/Neth theologist/philosopher/writer
1659-03-26 - William Wollaston, Coton England, philosopher
1661-05-25 - Claude Buffier, French philosopher and historian (d. 1737)
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William PennEnglish Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn (1644-10-14) 1662-12-13 - Francesco Bianchini, Italian philosopher and scientist (d. 1729)
1668-06-23 - Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (d. 1744)
1670-11-30 - John Toland, Irish philosopher (d. 1722)
1671-02-26 - Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 3rd Earl of Shaftesbury, English politician and philosopher (d. 1713)
1675-10-11 - Samuel Clarke, English philosopher (d. 1729)
1676-07-21 - Anthony Collins, English philosopher (A discourse on free-thinking)
1678-09-16 - Henry St John, English statesman and philosopher (d. 1751)
1679-01-24 - Christian von Wolff, German philosopher
1683-03-13 - John Theophilus Desaguliers, French-British philosopher (d. 1744)
1685-03-12 - George Berkeley, Ireland, philosopher/bishop of Cloyne
1686-08-12 - John Balguy, English philosopher (d. 1748)
1689-01-18 - Charles de Montesquieu, France, philosopher/writer (Letters Persanes)
1692-05-28 - Joseph Butler, English philosopher (d. 1752)
1694-08-08 - Francis Hutcheson, Irish philosopher (d. 1746)
French Enlightenment Philosopher VoltaireFrench Enlightenment Philosopher Voltaire (1694-11-21) 1694-11-21 - Voltaire, [Francois-Marie Arouet], France, writer, essayist, philosopher and playwright (Candide) (d. 1778)
1694-12-22 - Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer (d. 1768)
1703-10-05 - Jonathan Edwards, East Windsor, Connecticut Colony, Christian preacher, philosopher, and theologian (Original Sin)
1705-08-30 - David Hartley, English philosopher (d. 1757)
1706-11-08 - Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German judge and philosopher (d. 1772)
1709-07-20 - James Harris, philosopher
1710-04-26 - Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (d. 1796)
1711-04-26 - David Hume, Edinburgh, Scottish philosopher and historian (A Treatise of Human Nature)
Philosopher David HumePhilosopher David Hume (1711-04-26) 1711-08-05 - Johan Lulofs, Dutch physicist/philosopher/astronomer
1713-05-06 - Charles Batteux, French philosopher (d. 1780)
1713-09-18 - Jean Allamand, French theologist/natural philosopher
1713-10-05 - Denis Diderot, Langres, France, enlightenment philosopher (Encyclopédie), (d. 1784)
1715-01-10 - Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian (d. 1775)
1715-01-26 - Claude Helvetius, Paris France, philosopher
1715-09-30 - Étienne Bonnot de Condillac, French philosopher (d. 1780)
1717-11-16 - Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert, French Enlightenment philosophe/mathematician (Encyclopédie), (d. 1783)
Enlightenment Philosopher Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'AlembertEnlightenment Philosopher Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert (1717-11-16) 1721-12-27 - Franciscus "French" Hemsterhuis, Frisian philosopher
1723-02-23 - Richard Price, Welsh philosopher (d. 1791)
1724-04-22 - Immanuel Kant, Konigsberg Germ, philosopher (Critique of Pure Reason)
1728-12-02 - Ferdinando Galiani, Italian economist/philosopher/diplomat
1729-01-01 - Edmund Burke, British author (Philosophy & Inquiry) [NS=Jan 12]
1729-01-12 - Edmund Burke, British author (Philosophy & Inquiry) [OS=Jan 1]
1729-09-06 - Mozes Mendelssohn, German englightened philosopher (Haksalah)
1729-09-26 - Moses Mendelssohn, philosopher/critic/Bible translator
1733-07-22 - Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian philosopher and writer (d. 1790)
1735-10-25 - James Beattie, Scotland, poet/philosopher (Essay on Truth)
1736-09-16 - Johann N Tetens, German/Danish philosopher/mathematician
1741-11-15 - Johann C Lavater, Swiss vicar/philosopher
Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de CondorcetEnlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet (1743-09-17) 1743-09-17 - Marquis de Condorcet, Aisn France, enlightenment philosopher (Condorcet Method), (d. 1794)
1744-08-25 - Johann G von Herder, German philosopher/theologist/poet
1748-02-15 - Jeremy Bentham, London England philosopher/originator (Utilitarian)
1749-08-28 - Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, Frankfurt, social philosopher (Faust), (d. 1832)
1753-12-19 - John Taylor, Virginia, philosopher (Jeffersonian Democracy)
1753-12-22 - Dugald Stewart, Edinburgh Scot, philosopher (Scottish common sense)
1754-07-20 - Destutt de Tracy, French philosopher (d. 1836)
1756-03-03 - William Godwin, philosopher/political writer (Caleb Williams)
Social Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von GoetheSocial Philosopher Johann Wolfgang von Goethe (1749-08-28) 1756-11-27 - Paul van Hemert, Dutch theologist/philosopher (Kant)
1757-10-26 - Karl Leonhard Reinhold, Austrian philosopher (d. 1823)
1762-05-19 - Johann G Fichte German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre)
1763-06-21 - Pierre P Royer-Collard, French attorney/philosopher
1764-01-01 - John Kinker, Dutch linguist/philosopher/poet (Minderjarige Zangster)
1765-03-27 - Franz Xaver von Baader, German philosopher/theologist
1766-04-15 - Friedrich Bouterwek, German philosopher/critic
1767-06-22 - Wilhelm von Humboldt, German philosopher and statesman (d. 1835)
1768-11-21 - Friedrich Schleiermacher, German theologist/philosopher
1770-08-27 - Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel, German philosopher/inventor (dialectic)
1773-04-06 - James Mill, Scotland, philosopher/historian (Hist of British India)
1773-05-02 - Henrik Steffens, Norwegian philosopher (d. 1845)
1773-08-23 - Jakob F Fries, German philosopher
Philosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph SchellingPhilosopher Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph Schelling (1775-01-27) 1775-01-27 - Friedrich von Schelling, Germany, philosopher (Views on Christianity)
1775-04-22 - Georg Hermes, German philosopher/theologist (Hermenianen)
1776-05-04 - Johann Friedrich Herbart, Germany, philosopher/psychologist

Famous Deaths

Deaths 1 - 100 of 361

0322-03-07 BC - Aristotle, Greek philosopher (b. 384 BC)
0065-04-12 - Seneca the Younger, Roman philosopher, statesman and dramatist
1109-04-21 - Anselmus, philosopher/archbishop of Canterbury, dies
1123-12-04 - Omar Khayyám, Persian poet, astronomer, mathematician, and philosopher (b. 1048)
1141-02-11 - Hugo of St-Victor, philosopher/theologist/mystic, dies
1164-01-27 - Abraham ibn Ezra, poet/philosopher, dies
1167-02-27 - Robert of Melun, English philosopher/bishop of Hereford, dies
1198-12-10 - Averroes, Arab physician and philosopher (b. 1126)
1204-12-13 - Maimonides, Jewish philosopher/talmudic scholar, dies in Cairo at 69
1279-09-10 - Robert Kilwardby/Anglicus, English philosopher/Cardinal, dies
1293-06-29 - Hendrik van Gent, Flemish neo-Augustian philosopher/theologist, dies
1308-11-08 - Duns Scotus, Scottish philosopher (coined the word dunce), dies at 42
1315-06-29 - Ramon Llull, Spanish philosopher (b. 1235)
1340-10-18 - Henry Henricus of Friemar, Augustine philosopher, dies
1382-07-11 - Nicholas van Oresme, French philosopher/bishop of Lisieux, dies at 62
1416-04-23 - Blaise/Blasius of Parma, Ital astrologist/philosopher/algebra, dies
1457-08-01 - Laurentius Valla, Italian philosopher (Voluptate), dies at about 50
1464-08-11 - Nicholas van Cusa, philosopher/bishop of Brixen, dies
1464-08-17 - Nikolaus von Cusa, German theologist/mathematician/philosopher, dies
1484-08-12 - George of Trebizond, Greek philosopher (b. 1395)
1494-11-17 - Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian philosopher (b. 1463)
1496-03-12 - Johannes de Lapide, [Johan Heynlin], German philosopher, dies
1499-10-01 - Marsilio Ficino, Italian philosopher (b. 1433)
1512-08-02 - Alessandro Achillini, Italian physician/philosopher, dies at 48
1535-07-06 - Sir Thomas More, philosopher, author (Utopia) and statesman, executed (beheaded) for treason at 57
1561-03-25 - Conrad Lycosthenes, French-born German philosopher and encyclopedist (b. 1518)
1572-08-26 - Petrus Ramus, French philosopher (b. 1515)
1574-01-30 - Damião de Góis, Portuguese philosopher (b. 1502)
1588-10-02 - Bernardino Telesio, Italian philosopher (Rerum in Child), dies
1590-10-29 - Dirck Volkertsz Coornhert, theologist/philosopher, dies at about 68
1594-12-05 - Gerardus Mercator, Flemish philosopher/cartographer, dies at 82
1603-02-23 - Andrea Cesalpino, Italian philosopher, physician, and botanist (b. 1519)
1603-11-16 - Pierre Charron, French philosopher/theologian, dies
1609-08-22 - Maharal of Prague, Jewish mystic and philosopher (b. 1525)
1619-02-09 - Lucilio Vanini, Italian philosopher (b. 1585)
Statesman/Philosopher Francis BaconStatesman/Philosopher Francis Bacon (1626-04-09) 1626-04-09 - Francis Bacon, English statesman and philosopher, dies from pneumonia at 65
1628-06-08 - Rudolph Goclenius, German philosopher (b. 1547)
1631-07-19 - Cesare Cremonini, Italian philosopher (b. 1550)
1632-05-25 - Adam Tanner, Austrian mathematician and philosopher (b. 1572)
1633-11-14 - William Ames, English philosopher (b. 1576)
1637-05-19 - Isaac Beeckman, Dutch scientist and philosopher (b. 1588)
1638-11-08 - Johann H Alsted, German theologist/philosopher, dies at 50
1639-05-21 - Giovan D "Tommaso" Campanella, Italian philosopher/poet, dies at 70
1645-08-28 - Hugo Grotius, Dutch philosopher and writer (b. 1583)
1648-08-20 - Edward Herbert of Cherbury, English military/philosopher, dies at 65
1650-02-01 - Rene Descartes, philosopher "I think therefore I am", stops thinking
1650-02-11 - Rene Descartes, philosopher "I think therefore I am", stops thinking
1655-10-24 - Pierre Gassendi, French philosopher, dies at 63
Mathematician, Physicist, and Philosopher Blaise PascalMathematician, Physicist, and Philosopher Blaise Pascal (1662-08-19) 1662-08-19 - Blaise Pascal, French mathematician, physicist, and philosopher (b. 1623)
1665-01-31 - Johannes Clauberg, German theologian and philosopher (b. 1622)
1669-11-20 - Arnold Geulincx, South Neth philosopher (Cholera), dies at 45
1670-11-15 - Jan Amos Komensky [Comenius], Czech-speaking Moravian teacher, educator and writer, dies at 78
1677-02-21 - [Benedictus] Baruch Spinoza, philosopher, dies at 44
1677-09-11 - James Harrington, English political philosopher (b. 1611)
1679-12-04 - Thomas Hobbes, English philosopher (b. 1588)
1683-05-02 - Stjepan Gradić, Croatian philosopher and scientist (b. 1613)
Philosopher Thomas HobbesPhilosopher Thomas Hobbes (1679-12-04) 1687-09-01 - Henry More, English philosopher (b. 1614)
1687-12-16 - William Petty, English scientist and philosopher (b. 1623)
1695-11-16 - Pierre Nicole, French philosopher (b. 1625)
1704-10-28 - John Locke, English philosopher (2 treatises of government), dies at 72
1714-10-05 - Kaibara Ekiken, Japanese philosopher (b. 1630)
1715-10-13 - Nicolas Malebranche, French philosopher (b. 1638)
1716-11-14 - Gottfried W Leibniz, German philosopher/theologist, dies at 70
1718-07-30 - William Penn, English Philosopher, Quaker and founder of Pennsylvania (No cross, no crown), dies at 73
1722-03-11 - John Toland, Irish philosopher (b. 1670)
1723-08-21 - Dimitrie Cantemir, philosopher/monarch of Moldova 1710-11, dies at 49
English Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William PennEnglish Philosopher and Founder of Pennsylvania William Penn (1718-07-30) 1729-03-02 - Francesco Bianchini, Italian philosopher and scientist (b. 1662)
1729-12-13 - Anthony Collins, Engl philosopher (On Liberty & Necessity), dies at 53
1744-01-23 - Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (b. 1668)
1744-02-29 - John Theophilus Desaguliers, French philosopher (b. 1683)
1748-09-21 - John Balguy, English philosopher (b. 1686)
1751-12-12 - Henry St John, 1st Viscount Bolingbroke, English statesman and philosopher (b. 1678)
1752-06-16 - Joseph Butler, English philosopher (b. 1692)
1753-03-12 - George Berkeley, philosopher/bishop (Cloyne), dies on 68th birthday
1754-04-09 - Christian von Wolff, German philosopher, dies at 75
1757-08-28 - David Hartley, English philosopher (b. 1705)
Christian Preacher and Philosopher Jonathan EdwardsChristian Preacher and Philosopher Jonathan Edwards (1758-03-22) 1758-03-22 - Jonathan Edwards, American Christian preacher, philosopher, and theologian (Original Sin), dies at 54
1762-05-26 - Alexander Gottlieb Baumgarten, German philosopher (b. 1714)
1768-03-01 - Hermann Samuel Reimarus, German philosopher and writer (b. 1694)
1768-11-04 - Johan Lulofs, Dutch physicist/philosopher/astronomer, dies at 57
1771-12-26 - Claude Adrien Helvétius, French philosopher (b. 1715)
1772-03-29 - Emanuel Swedenborg, Swedish philosopher and mathematician (b. 1688)
1772-06-18 - Johann Ulrich von Cramer, German judge and philosopher (b. 1706)
1775-10-18 - Christian August Crusius, German philosopher and theologian (b. 1715)
Philosopher David HumePhilosopher David Hume (1776-08-25) 1776-08-25 - David Hume, Scottish philosopher and historian (A Treatise of Human Nature), dies of abdominal cancer at 65
1780-07-14 - Charles Batteux, French philosopher (b. 1713)
1780-08-03 - Etienne B de Condillac, French philosopher (sensualism), dies at 64
1782-12-27 - Henry Home, Lord Kames, Scottish philosopher (b. 1697)
1783-10-29 - Jean-Baptiste Le Rond d'Alembert, French philosophe/mathematician, dies at 66
1784-07-31 - Denis Diderot, French writer/philosopher, dies at 70
1786-01-04 - Mozes Mendelssohn, Jewish/German philosopher (Haksalah), dies at 56
1787-02-12 - Ruggiero Boscovich, Ital physicist/astronomer/philosopher, dies at 75
Enlightenment Philosopher Denis DiderotEnlightenment Philosopher Denis Diderot (1784-07-31) 1787-03-02 - Jean SOME Allamand, French theologist/natural philosopher, dies at 73
1787-10-30 - Ferdinando Galiani, Italian economist/philosopher/diplomat, dies at 58
1790-07-07 - Franciscus "Frans" Hemsterhuis, Frisian philosopher, dies at 68
1790-07-17 - Adam Smith, Scottish economist and philosopher (b. 1723)
1790-12-12 - Mikhail Shcherbatov, Russian philosopher and writer (b. 1733)
1793-10-16 - John Hunter, eminent doctor and philosopher (b. 1728
1794-03-28 - Marquis de Condorcet, French enlightenment philosopher, is murdered or commits suicide in prison at 50
Enlightenment Philosopher Marquis de CondorcetEnlightenment Philosopher Marquis de Condorcet (1794-03-28) 1796-10-07 - Thomas Reid, Scottish philosopher (b. 1710)


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